Comparative Public Policy in Latin America


Author: Jordi Díez,Susan Franceschet
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442610905
Category: Political Science
Page: 315
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This pioneering collection offers a comprehensive investigation into how to study public policy in Latin America. While this region exhibits many similarities with the North American and European countries that have traditionally served as sources for generating public policy knowledge, Latin American countries are also different in many fundamental ways. As such, existing policy concepts and frameworks may not always be the most effective tools of analysis for this unique region. To fill this gap, Comparative Public Policy in Latin America offers guidelines for refining current theories to suit Latin America's contemporary institutional and socio-economic realities. The contributors accomplish this task by identifying the features of the region that shape public policy, including informal norms and practices, social inequality, and weak institutions. This book promises to become the definitive work on contemporary public policy in Latin America, essential for those who study the area as well as comparative public policy more broadly.

Anthropology of Policy

Perspectives on Governance and Power
Author: Cris Shore,Susan Wright
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134827024
Category: Social Science
Page: 312
View: 4958

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Arguing that policy has become an increasingly central concept and instrument in the organisation of contemporary societies and that it now impinges on all areas of life so that it is virtually impossible to ignore or escape its influence, this book argues that the study of policy leads straight into issues at the heart of anthropology.

Globalism and Comparative Public Administration


Author: Jamil Jreisat
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351565389
Category: Political Science
Page: 237
View: 2527

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Globalization, rapidly evolving communication and information technology, and the spread of democracy across the world are reshaping public organizations and changing governance. Yet, graduate students and public administration academics have limited resources with which to develop a real-world understanding of the conceptual evolution and the changing contextual relationships in the field. Helping to fill this void, Globalism and Comparative Public Administration examines comparative public administration from the 1960s to the present—providing an integrated and realistic view of the comparative perspective and its rationale. It explores the development and contributions of the comparative approach and explains how it is essential for developing the depth and breadth needed to transform public administration to a global field of learning and practice. Building on the success of the 2002 edition, the book covers new topics and offers expanded discussions on globalism, governance, and global ethics. From classic models to novel concepts and practices, this volume provides an exhaustive view of the development of the comparative perspective and its contributions of practical administrative knowledge that are applicable beyond national boundaries.

Comparative Public Policy

Patterns of Post-war Transformation
Author: Francis Geoffrey Castles
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 7404

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'. . . the author has achieved his goal of capturing the large picture of economic transformation and public policy in Western capitalism, post World War II. This book poses problems for all kinds of theories. Castles has simplified our empirical world while questioning our theoretical maps. the tables that at first sight appear off-putting have the compelling fascination of a Guinness Book of Records for grown ups. Not the least of its attractions is that it is an interesting read.' - Grant Jordan, Political Studies 'This innovative book presents a wealth of background data and a huge range of findings. This is a most scholarly text.' - Economic Outlook and Business Review 'Castles has written an accessible and comprehensive analysis of the evolution of public policy in the industrialized world since 1945. All students of comparative public policy will want to have this book close at hand as a ready guide and a source of superb statistical data to a complicated and fascinating set of policy issues.' - Peter J. Katzenstein, Cornell University, US Comparative Public Policy provides the first truly systematic and comprehensive account of the transformation of the post-war state in the advanced countries of the Western world. the author generates new research findings which show how the economic, social and political changes of the post-war era have reshaped modern public policy across the OECD region.

Comparative Public Administration

The Essential Readings
Author: Eric Edwin Otenyo,Nancy S. Lind
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0762313595
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 980
View: 8515

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Volume 15 of Comparative Public Administration, titled Research in Public Policy Analysis and Management, offers a four-part approach that includes comparative public administration, administrative development and development administration, institutional management, and new public management and reforms. These elements discuss the fundamentals of public administration in detail while also investigating the changes that occur in administrative institutions. *Discusses the fundamentals of public administration *Investigates the changes occurring in administrative institutions *Includes content about internatonal organizations

History and Context in Comparative Public Policy


Author: Douglas E. Ashford
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822976803
Category: Political Science
Page: 376
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Douglas E. Ashford joins a growing number of scholars who have questioned the behavioralist assumptions of much policy science. The essays in this volume show why policy analysis cannot be confined to prevailing methods of social science. Policy-making behavior involves historical, contextual, and philosophical factors that also raise critical questions about the concepts and theory of the discipline. Ashford asks difficult questions about the contextual, conjunctural, and unintentional circumstances that affect actual decision-making. His bridging essays summarize opposing viewpoints and conflicting interpretations to help form a new agenda for comparative policy analysis.

Analysis and Public Policy

Successes, Failures and Directions for Reform
Author: Stuart Shapiro
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1784714763
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 192
View: 9644

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How do we incorporate analytical thinking into public policy decisions? Stuart Shapiro confronts this issue in Analysis and Public Policy by looking at various types of analysis, and discussing how they are used in regulatory policy-making in the US. By looking at the successes and failures of incorporating cost-benefit analysis, risk assessment, and environmental impact assessment, he draws broader lessons on its use, focusing on the interactions between analysis and political factors, legal structures and bureaucratic organizations as possible areas for reform. Utilizing empirical and qualitative research, Shapiro analyzes four different forms of analysis: cost-benefit analysis, risk assessment, environmental impact assessment, and impact analysis. After interviewing nearly fifty individuals who have served in high levels of government, and who have made countless regulatory policy decisions in their careers, Shapiro argues that advocates must become less ambitious and should craft requirements for simpler and clearer analysis. Such analysis, particularly if informed by public participation, can do a great deal to improve government decisions. As this book details the relationship between analysis and institutional factors such as politics, bureaucracy, and law, it is appropriate for a variety of readers, such as scholars of policy, students, scholars of regulation, and congressional and state legislative staff looking to create new analytical requirements.

Asia after the Developmental State

Disembedding Autonomy
Author: Toby Carroll,Darryl S. L. Jarvis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107137160
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 344
View: 4242

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Disembedding autonomy : Asia after the developmental state / Toby Carroll and Darryl S.L. Jarvis -- The origins of East Asia's developmental states and the pressures for change / Richard Stubbs -- Globalization and development : the evolving idea of the developmental state / Shigeko Hayashi -- Late capitalism and the shift from the development state to the variegated market state / Toby Carroll -- Capitalist development in the 21st century : states and global competitiveness / Paul Cammack -- From Japan's Prussian path to China's Singapore model : learning authoritarian developmentalism / Mark Thompson -- What does China's rise mean for the developmental state paradigm? / Mark Beeson -- The state and development in Malaysia : race, class and markets / Darryl S.L. Jarvis -- Survival of the weakest? : the politics of independent regulatory agencies in Indonesia / Jamie Davidson -- The Pandora's box of neoliberalism : housing reforms in China and South Korea / Siu-yau Lee -- Health care and the state in China / M. Ramesh and Azad Bali -- Wither the developmental state? : adaptive state entrepreneurship and social policy expansion in China / Ka Ho Mok -- Public-private partnerships in the water sector in Southeast Asia : trends, issues and lessons / Schuyler House and Wu Xun -- Higher education and the developmental state : the view from East and Southeast Asia / Anthony Welch -- State, capital, and the politics of stratification : a comparative study of welfare regimes in marketizing Asia / Jonathan London -- Modifying recipes : insights on Japanese electricity sector reform and lessons for China / Scott Victor Valentine

Politics of Bureaucracy


Author: B. Guy Peters,Guy Peters
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134648162
Category: Political Science
Page: 400
View: 2107

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First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Public Policy beyond the Financial Crisis

An International Comparative Study
Author: Philip Haynes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136265260
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 3434

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The economic crisis of 2008-2009 and beyond has provided the greatest challenge to public policy in the developed world since the Second World War, as the use of public monies to support banks and declining tax revenues have resulted in rising government borrowing and national debt. This book evaluates the failures of public policy in the half decade before the crisis, using the conceptual framework of complex systems. This analysis reveals the fundamental failings of globalization and the lack of a robust and resilient public sector paradigm to assist countries in economic recovery. The research has benefited from UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) funding for a Knowledge Exchange that applied the most relevant and applied aspects of complex systems theory to contemporary policy problems. Innovative statistical methods are used to profile and group countries both before and after the 2008-09 crisis. This shows the countries that are best prepared for the ongoing and prolonged Euro zone crisis of 2010-12. The book proposes a new model of public policy that asserts itself over the paradigm of market liberalism and places the public values of full employment, sustainability and equality at the top of the post crisis policy agenda.

Comparative Think Tanks, Politics and Public Policy


Author: James G. McGann,Erik C. Johnson
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781781958995
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 2576

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Análise comparativa sobre política, sistema político, democracia, número de partidos, natureza da sociedade civil, política econômica, cultura filantrópica, liberdade de imprensa, renda, número de universidades nos seguintes países Estados Unidos, Canadá, Costa do Marfim, México, Brasil, Venezuela, Alemanha, Hungria, Rússia, Israel, Egito, Iran, Angola, África do Sul, Vietnam, China, Paquistão, Índia, Austrália e Japão.

Comparative public policy

issues, theories, and methods
Author: Craig Liske,William Loehr,John F. McCamant
Publisher: Halsted Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 300
View: 4046

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The Scandinavian Model

Welfare States and Welfare Research
Author: Robert Erikson
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780873323482
Category: Social Science
Page: 251
View: 6907

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Leading Scandinavian scholars offer perspectives on the mixed-economy welfare states of the region.

Comparative Policy Studies

Conceptual and Methodological Challenges
Author: I. Engeli,C. Rothmayr Allison,Christine Rothmayr Allison
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113731415X
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 5147

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In the first volume of its kind, a collection of top policy scholars combine empirical and methodological analysis in the field of comparative policy studies to provide compelling insights into the formulation, implementation and evaluation of policies across regional and national boundaries.

Contemporary Approaches to Public Policy

Theories, Controversies and Perspectives
Author: B. Guy Peters,Philippe Zittoun
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137504943
Category: Political Science
Page: 206
View: 6351

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This book considers a range of contemporary approaches to public policy studies. These approaches are based on a number of theoretical perspectives on decision-making, as well as alternative perspectives on policy instruments and implementation. The range of approaches covered in the volume includes punctuated equilibrium models, the advocacy-coalition framework, multiple streams approaches, institutional analyses, constructivist approaches, behavioural models, and the use of instruments as an approach to public policy. The volume concludes with a discussion of fundamental issues of democracy in public policy.

The Politics of Shale Gas in Eastern Europe

Energy Security, Contested Technologies and the Social Licence to Frack
Author: Andreas Goldthau
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316877434
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 4175

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Fracking is a novel but contested energy technology – so what makes some countries embrace it whilst others reject it? This book argues that the reason for policy divergence lies in procedures and processes, stakeholder inclusion and whether a strong narrative underpins governmental policies. Based on a large set of primary data gathered in Poland, Bulgaria and Romania, it explores shale gas policies in Central Eastern Europe (a region strongly dependent on Russian gas imports) to unveil the importance of policy regimes for creating a 'social license' for fracking. Its findings suggest that technology transfer does not happen in a vacuum but is subject to close mutual interaction with political, economic and social forces; and that national energy policy is not a matter of 'objective' policy imperatives, such as Russian import dependence, but a function of complex domestic dynamics pertaining to institutional procedures and processes, and winners and losers.

Public Policy and Program Evaluation


Author: Evert Vedung
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351495607
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 8545

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Evaluation is a controversial and little-understood strategy of public governance, control, and decision making. As early as classical antiquity, scholars were summoned to court to counsel kings. Public policy and program evaluation is a recent addition to the great chain of attempts to use the brainpower of scholars and scientists to further the interests of the state. Evaluation scholars are asked to provide retrospective assessments of the implementation, output, and outcome of government measures in order to effect deeper understanding and well-grounded decisions on the part of those in charge of government operations. Evaluation is the process of distinguishing the worthwhile from the worthless, the precious from the useless; evaluation implies looking backward in order to be able to steer forward better. Written from a political science perspective, Public Policy and Program Evaluation provides an overview of the possibilities and limits of public sector evaluation. Evert Vedung examines evaluation as a mechanism for monitoring, systematizing, and grading government activities and their results so that public officials, in their future-oriented work, will be able to act as responsibly, creatively, and efficiently as possible. Topics discussed include: "Evaluation, Rationality, and Theories of Public Management"; "Models of Evaluation"; "Internal or External Evaluation"; "Impact Assessment as Tryout and Social Experimentation"; "Process Evaluation and Implementation Theory"; "The Eight-Problems Approach to Evaluation"; and "Uses and Users of Evaluation." All evaluation rests upon the idea that perceptions, opinions, intentions, judgments—in short, everything concerned with the world of human consciousness—play such interesting roles in political and administrative action that their functions are worth investigating. Through experience, humans may learn from past actions. The interventions of the modern state are so extensive, their execu

Success and Failure in Public Governance

A Comparative Analysis
Author: M. A. P. Bovens,Paul T'Hart,B. Guy Peters
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1843762854
Category: Political Science
Page: 712
View: 4876

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Why do some policies succeed so well while others, in the same sector or country, fail dramatically? The aim of this book is to answer this question and provide systematic research on the nature, sources and consequences of policy failure. The expert contributors analyse and evaluate the success and failure of four policy areas (Steel, Health Care, Finance, HIV and the Blood Supply) in six European countries, namely France, Germany, the Netherlands, the UK, Spain and Sweden. The book is therefore able to compare success and failure across countries as well as policy areas, enabling a test of a variety of theoretical assumptions about policy making and government.

The Routledge Handbook of European Public Policy


Author: Nikolaos Zahariadis,Laurie Buonanno
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317404025
Category: Political Science
Page: 400
View: 6828

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The Routledge Handbook of European Public Policy provides an in-depth and systematic understanding of EU policies. It covers theoretical approaches on the policy process and the various stages of public policy-formulation and decision making; and discusses key questions of contemporary European governance. The handbook introduces major concepts, trends, and methodologies in a variety of comparative settings thereby providing the first systematic effort to include theoretical and substantive analyses of European public policies in a single volume. The handbook is divided into four sections: Concepts and approaches in EU policymaking; Substantive policies of the EU, including economic and social, fiscal and monetary, areas of freedom, security and justice, and external policies; Elements of the policy cycle; Themes ranging from crisis and resistance to controversies in education. This handbook will be an essential reference for students and scholars of the European Union, public policy, social policy and more broadly for European and comparative politics.