History and Context in Comparative Public Policy


Author: Douglas E. Ashford
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822976803
Category: Political Science
Page: 376
View: 3024

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Douglas E. Ashford joins a growing number of scholars who have questioned the behavioralist assumptions of much policy science. The essays in this volume show why policy analysis cannot be confined to prevailing methods of social science. Policy-making behavior involves historical, contextual, and philosophical factors that also raise critical questions about the concepts and theory of the discipline. Ashford asks difficult questions about the contextual, conjunctural, and unintentional circumstances that affect actual decision-making. His bridging essays summarize opposing viewpoints and conflicting interpretations to help form a new agenda for comparative policy analysis.

Comparative public policy

issues, theories, and methods
Author: Craig Liske,William Loehr,John F. McCamant
Publisher: Halsted Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 300
View: 8445

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The Politics of Shale Gas in Eastern Europe

Energy Security, Contested Technologies and the Social Licence to Frack
Author: Andreas Goldthau
Publisher: Cambridge Studies in Comparati
ISBN: 1107183944
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 180
View: 3564

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Uses a policy regime approach to conduct a comparative analysis of the public policies of shale gas in Eastern Europe.

In Defense of Pluralism

Policy Disagreement and its Media Coverage
Author: Éric Montpetit
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316565394
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 7499

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The work of early pluralist thinkers, from Arthur Bentley to Robert Dahl, inspired much optimism about democracy. They argued that democracy was functioning well, despite disagreements arising among the diversity of interests represented in policy-making processes. Yet it is unlikely that anyone paying attention to news coverage today would share such optimism. The media portray current policy-making processes as intractably polarized, devoid of any opportunity to move forward and adopt essential policy changes. This book aims to revive our long-lost sense of optimism about policy-making and democracy. Through original research into biotechnology policy-making in North America and Europe, Éric Montpetit shows that the depiction of policy-making offered by early pluralist thinkers is not so far off the present reality. Today's policy decision-making process - complete with disagreement among the participants - is consistent with what might be expected in a pluralist society, in sharp contrast with the negative image projected by the media.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy


Author: Robert E. Goodin
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199269280
Category: Political Science
Page: 983
View: 4082

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This is part of a ten volume set of reference books offering authoritative and engaging critical overviews of the state of political science. This work explores the business end of politics, where theory meets practice in the pursuit of public good

Comparative Public Policy and Citizen Participation

Energy, Education, Health and Urban Issues in the U.S. and Germany
Author: Charles R. Foster
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483154238
Category: Political Science
Page: 268
View: 9560

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Comparative Public Policy and Citizen Participation: Energy, Education, Health, and Urban Issues in the U.S. and Germany focuses on the processes involved in policy formulation and the functions of citizens in such activity. Concerns include education, energy and environmental policies, decision making, and delivery of human services. The selection first analyzes the policy-making procedures in the United States, including participation of the poor in poverty programs, welfare reform, energy legislation, and federal aid to elementary and secondary education. The book then discusses the participation of citizens in decision-making processes in energy and environmental policy. The necessity of citizens’ participation, failure of political parties, local decision making, and approval procedures for the federal emissions protection act are elaborated. The publication underscores citizens' participation at government expense, including federal experience with intervenor funding, congressional activities, and signs of change in the public sector. The text also takes a look at education as loosely coupled systems in West Germany and the United States; experiences with participation in the continuing education of teachers in West Germany, and participation of citizens in the delivery of human services. The book is a dependable reference for readers interested in the processes involved in policy formulation and the role of citizens in such undertaking.

A Handbook of Comparative Social Policy, Second Edition


Author: Patricia Kennett
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1782546537
Category: Political Science
Page: 424
View: 7422

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'This extensively revised edition of A Handbook of Comparative Social Policy provides up-to-date and valuable insights on key concepts and issues, such as globalization, crime, diversity, housing, child poverty, gender inequality, and social policy regimes. To write about these topics, editor Patricia Kennett has gathered an excellent team of researchers, who deal with both the developing and the advanced industrial world. Students of comparative social policy would benefit from engaging with this illuminating Handbook.' Daniel Béland, JohnsonShoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, Canada The current context of social policy is one in which many of the old certainties of the past have been eroded. The predominantly inward-looking, domestic preoccupation of social policy has made way for a more integrated, international and outward approach to analysis which looks beyond the boundaries of the state. It is in this context that this Handbook brings together the work of key commentators in the field of comparative analysis in order to provide comprehensive coverage of contemporary debates and issues in cross-national social policy research. Organized around five themes, this thoroughly revised and updated second edition explores the contextual, conceptual, analytical and processual aspects of undertaking comparative social research. The contributions highlight specific areas of comparative social policy including child poverty and well-being, patterns of housing provision and housing inequalities, and social protection in East Asia as well as crime and criminology in a global context. The authors of the Handbook explore continuing and emerging themes as well as issues which are of particular relevance to understanding the contemporary social world. International in scope, this authoritative Handbook presents original cutting-edge research from leading specialists and will become an indispensable source of reference for anyone interested in comparative and international social research. It will also prove a valuable study aid for undergraduate and postgraduate students from a range of disciplines including social policy, sociology, politics, urban studies and public policy.

Public Policy in Latin America

A Comparative Survey
Author: John W. Sloan
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 9780822973966
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 4544

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The study of Latin America has long been an ideological battleground. Scholars disagree on every major issue: the impact of the U.S. influence in the region, the political orientation of the middle class, the role of the military, the rate of socioeconomic change, and the viability of reform. Public Policy in Latin America is a masterful synthesis of scholarship on the region. Sloan studies political phenomena not by making superficial comparisons between leaders, parties or styles, but by examining what governments do-the creation of public policy through political process. The decisions to stress accumulation versus distribution of economic goods, the role of the bureaucracy, and the quality of political participation tell more about a nation than what party or persons are in power.

Contemporary Approaches to Public Policy

Theories, Controversies and Perspectives
Author: B. Guy Peters,Philippe Zittoun
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137504943
Category: Political Science
Page: 206
View: 4773

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This book considers a range of contemporary approaches to public policy studies. These approaches are based on a number of theoretical perspectives on decision-making, as well as alternative perspectives on policy instruments and implementation. The range of approaches covered in the volume includes punctuated equilibrium models, the advocacy-coalition framework, multiple streams approaches, institutional analyses, constructivist approaches, behavioural models, and the use of instruments as an approach to public policy. The volume concludes with a discussion of fundamental issues of democracy in public policy.

Internationale Organisationen


Author: Volker Rittberger,Bernhard Zangl,Andreas Kruck
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 353119514X
Category: Social Science
Page: 279
View: 9458

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Internationale Organisationen mit globaler oder regionaler Reichweite (z.B. UN, IWF, Weltbank, WTO, EU) spielen eine zunehmend wichtige Rolle bei der Schaffung und Implementierung von internationalen Normen und Regeln, mithin bei Global Governance. Die Sicherheit, das ökonomische Wohlergehen, der Schutz der Menschenrechte und die ökologischen Lebensbedingungen von Menschen weltweit werden von der Fähigkeit bzw. Unfähigkeit internationaler Organisationen, Kooperation und Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates möglich zu machen und zu stabilisieren, beeinflusst. Das Lehrbuch will die Leserin bzw. den Leser daher theoretisch informiert und empirisch fundiert mit den Entstehungsbedingungen, der Entwicklung, Funktionsweise und den Tätigkeiten internationaler Organisationen vertraut machen. Es führt in die wichtigsten Theorien über internationale Organisationen ein und bietet einen historischen Überblick über internationale Organisationen in verschiedenen Politikfeldern. Das Lehrbuch analysiert ferner die Akteure, Strukturen und Prozesse, die die Entscheidungsfindung in internationalen Organisationen prägen. Schließlich werden die Tätigkeiten eines breiten Spektrums internationaler Organisationen und deren Beitrag zur kooperativen Bearbeitung grenzüberschreitender Probleme in den Sachbereichen „Sicherheit“, „Wirtschaft“, „Umwelt“ und „Menschenrechte“ untersucht.

Mind the Gap

Perspectives on Policy Evaluation and the Social Sciences
Author: Jos Vaessen,Frans L. Leeuw
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412815525
Category: Political Science
Page: 254
View: 3266

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Over the past twenty to thirty years, evaluation has become increasingly important to the field of public policy. The number of people involved and specializing in evaluation has also increased markedly. Evidence of this trend can be found in the International Atlas of Evaluation, the establishment of new journals and evaluation societies, and the increase in systems of evaluation. Increasingly, the main reference point has become an assessment of the merit and value of interventions as such rather than the evaluator's disciplinary background. This growing importance of evaluation as an activity has also led to an increasing demand for the type of competencies evaluators should have. Evaluation began as a niche area within the social and behavioral sciences. It subsequently became linked to policy research and analysis, and has, more recently, become trans-disciplinary. This volume demonstrates an association between the evaluation tradition in a particular country or policy field and the nature of the relationship between social and behavioral science research and evaluative practice. This book seeks to offer comprehensive data, which lead to conclusions about patterns that transcend the gap between evaluation and the social scientific disciplines. Mind the Gap has a twofold aim. The first is to highlight and characterize the gap between evaluation practices and debates, and the substantive knowledge debates within the social and behavioral sciences. The second is to show why this gap is problematic for the practice of evaluation, while at the same time illustrating possible ways to build bridges. The book is centered on the value of producing useful evaluations grounded in social science theory and research.

The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration


Author: Steven J. Balla,Martin Lodge,Edward C. Page
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199646139
Category: Political Science
Page: 645
View: 8174

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This Handbook brings together a collection of leading international authors to reflect on the influence of central contributions, or classics, that have shaped the development of the field of public policy and administration. The Handbook reflects on a wide range of key contributions to the field, selected on the basis of their international and wider disciplinary impact. Focusing on classics that contributed significantly to the field over the second half of the 20th century, it offers insights into works that have explored aspects of the policy process, of particular features of bureaucracy, and of administrative and policy reforms. Each classic is discussed by a leading international scholars. They offer unique insights into the ways in which individual classics have been received in scholarly debates and disciplines, how classics have shaped evolving research agendas, and how the individual classics continue to shape contemporary scholarly debates. In doing so, this volume offers a novel approach towards considering the various central contributions to the field. The Handbook offers students of public policy and administration state-of-the-art insights into the enduring impact of key contributions to the field.

The Dynamics of Public Policy

Theory and Evidence
Author: Adrian Kay
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1847203000
Category: Political Science
Page: 157
View: 1904

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. . . this is a first rate book. It draws on a wide range of reading philosophy, economics and politics and teases out a number of important ideas. . . for academics and postgraduates it surely will be essential reading and I think has pushed the study of public policy forward. Michael Connolly, Political Studies Review In The Dynamics of Public Policy, Adrian Kay sets out the crucial methodological, theoretical and empirical implications of two important trends in the social sciences: a frequently expressed ambition for analysis of movies not stills and the regular observation that policy, politics and governance is becoming more complex. Beginning with a discussion of the centrality of temporality, change and history to the social sciences, he develops the provocative claim that existing models of the policy process are of limited value in understanding and explaining policy dynamics. Instead, the author argues that it is only through structured narratives that we can really understand and explain complex policy histories. He sets out a methodology for structuring policy narratives and illustrates the claims of the book through four detailed case studies: health policy and pharmaceutical regulation in the UK; and agricultural policy and budget policy in the EU. Adrian Kay s book will appeal to academics in the fields of policy analysis, public administration and public sector management as well as political science and political theory.

The Reach and Grasp of Policy Analysis

Comparative Views of the Craft
Author: Richard I. Hofferbert
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 9780817304645
Category: Political Science
Page: 176
View: 1923

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Hofferbert identifies the seeds of apparent decline of the “policy analysis industry” in its own institutional features, and he proposes specific alternatives for the policy-analyst/policy-maker relationships that offer the most promise of mutual benefit.

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics


Author: Susan Carol Stokes
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199278480
Category: Political Science
Page: 1021
View: 8616

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The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics offers a critical survey of the field of empirical political science through the collection of a set of chapters written by 48 top scholars in the discipline of comparative politics

The Handbook of Social Policy


Author: James Midgley,Martin Tracy,Martin B. Tracy,Michelle Livermore
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761915614
Category: Social Science
Page: 550
View: 2560

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The Handbook of Social Policy is a comprehensive examination of the development, implementation and impact of social policy. The international team of contributors documents the substantial body of knowledge about government social policies and the forces which drive it. The book defines social policy, examines the history of social policy, discusses social services, explores the political economy of social policy, views American social policy in an international context, and speculates on the future of social policy.

Comparative Political Systems

Policy Performance and Social Change
Author: Charles F. Andrain
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9781563242809
Category: Political Science
Page: 243
View: 8950

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This book focuses on the economic changes produced by different political systems and on the social impact of regime transformations. It addresses several key policy issues: How does the policy process operate in various types of political systems? What impact do public policies and policy outcomes wield on transformations in a political system? How does public policy preference in different political systems affect democracy, capitalism, and socialism?

Handbook of Comparative Public Budgeting and Financial Management


Author: Thomas Dexter Lynch
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824787738
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 2137

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Part of the Public Administration and Public Policy series, this text offers a comprehensive and comparative look at the practice of public budgeting and financial management - examining state-of-the-art developments, analysis and current data in this area of public administration.;The book's contributors present a comprehensive review of cross-national, state and local government budgeting and financial management - providing, all of the relevant information on this topic.