Comparative Criminal Procedure

History, Processes and Case Studies
Author: Raneta Lawson Mack
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780837740331
Category: Criminal procedure
Page: 312
View: 6092

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"The current globalization of informational access, criminal activity and terrorist interdiction highlights the criminal justice processes in countries around the world. In this emerging global community, comparative analysis of criminal justice is important for gaining an understanding of the complex values that define conceptions of justice across the globe. This book takes a holistic approach to comparative analyses by examining individual processes as a means to highlight differences among systems, while simultaneously exploring and illustrating the historical and procedural contexts that explain why those differences occur."--Résumé de l'éditeur.

Legal Dissonance

The Interaction of Criminal Law and Customary Law in Papua New Guinea
Author: Shaun Larcom
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782386491
Category: Social Science
Page: 188
View: 4501

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Papua New Guinea’s two most powerful legal orders — customary law and state law —undermine one another in criminal matters. This phenomenon, called legal dissonance, partly explains the low level of personal security found in many parts of the country. This book demonstrates that a lack of coordination in the punishing of wrong behavior is both problematic for legal orders themselves and for those who are subject to such legal phenomena Legal dissonance can lead to behavior being simultaneously promoted by one legal order and punished by the other, leading to injustice, and, perhaps more importantly, undermining the ability of both legal orders to deter wrongdoing.

Plea Bargaining in National and International Law


Author: Regina Rauxloh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415597862
Category: Law
Page: 285
View: 7932

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Plea bargaining is one of the most important and most discussed issues in modern criminal procedure law. Based on historical and comparative legal research, the author has analysed the wide-spread use of plea bargaining in different criminal justice systems. The book sets out in-depth studies of consensual case dispositions in the UK, examining how plea bargaining has developed and spread in England and Wales. It also goes on to discusses in detail the problems that this practise poses for the rule of law by avoiding procedural safe-guards. The book draws on empirical research in its examination of the absence of informal settlements in the former GDR, offering a unique insight into criminal procedure in a socialist legal system that has been little studied. Drawing on her research findings, the author goes on to discuss the extent to which plea bargaining should be developed in the International Criminal Court in The Hague, as the question of this practise is set to be one of the seminal debates in the development of international criminal procedures in the new International Criminal Court. Plea Bargaining in National and International Law will be of particular interest to academics and students of international criminal law, criminal procedures and comparative law.

International and Comparative Criminal Justice

A critical introduction
Author: Mark J. Findlay
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136184155
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 8007

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International criminal justice is in transition. This book explores the growing internationalisation of criminal justice as a phenomenon of global governance. It provides students with a critical understanding of the international institutions for regulating transnational crime, the development of alternative justice processes across the globe, and international and supra-national co-operation criminal justice policies and practices. Key topics covered include: The historical development of International Criminal Justice institutions and traditions International Restorative Justice Victim communities and collaborative justice The relationship between crime and war International Human Rights The ‘War on Terror’ The globalisation of crime and control Developments in global governance, communitarian justice and accountability This text will familiarize students with the literature and debates surrounding international criminal justice and enable them to critically appreciate their theoretical and policy context. In doing so, it encourages students to assess the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to the study of global justice and the analysis of comparative policy convergence and research. It will also help students to reflect on, and communicate in an informed and critical way theoretical accounts and empirical studies within the field of international criminal justice. This book will be essential reading for upper level undergraduates taking courses in criminal law, international relations and governance and postgraduates engaged in international criminal justice, international law, regulation and governance and human rights.

Comparative Criminal Justice


Author: Francis Pakes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351708260
Category: Social Science
Page: 276
View: 1733

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This book offers a scholarly introduction to comparative criminal justice. It examines and reflects on the ways different countries and jurisdictions deal with the main stages in the criminal justice process, from policing, to systems of trial, to sentencing, and punishment. This popular bestseller has been fully updated and expanded for the fourth edition. This textbook provides the reader with: a comparative perspective on criminal justice and its main components a knowledge of methodology for comparative research and analysis a discussion of global trends such as the global drop in crime, the punitive turn, penal populism, privatization, international policing and international criminal tribunals an understanding of the emerging concepts in comparative criminal justice, such as security, surveillance, crimmigration and penal exceptionalism a global and historical consideration of the death penalty and international criminal justice increased attention to environmental crime, genocide and policy brutality. The new edition has been fully updated to keep abreast with this growing field of study and research, to include a broader coverage of judicial decision makers; a new chapter on the death penalty in comparative perspective; and further coverage of key topics such as global policing and electronic monitoring, and new insights into measuring and understanding crime and punishment globally. In this book, lists of further reading, study questions and boxed case studies help bring comparative criminal justice alive for students and instructors alike. This book is perfect reading for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates taking courses in comparative criminal justice and those who are engaged in the study of global responses to crime.

Victims’ Rights in Flux: Criminal Justice Reform in Colombia


Author: Astrid Liliana Sánchez-Mejía
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331959852X
Category: Law
Page: 265
View: 5177

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Contributing to the literature on comparative criminal procedure and Latin American law, this book examines the effects of adversarial criminal justice reforms on victim’s rights by specifically analyzing the Colombian criminal justice reform of the early 2000s. This research focuses on the production, interpretation, and implementation of rules and institutions by exploring how different actors have employed the concept of victims and victims’ rights to promote their agendas in the context of criminal justice reforms. It also analyzes how the goals of these agendas have interplayed in practice. By the early 2000s, it seemed that the Colombian criminal justice system was headed towards a process characterized by broader victim participation, primarily because of the doctrine of the Constitutional Court on victims’ rights. But in 2002, the Colombian Attorney General promoted a more adversarial criminal justice reform. This book argues that this reform represented a sudden and unpredicted reversal of the Constitutional Court’s doctrine on victim participation, even though one of the central justifications for the reform was the need to satisfy human rights standards and adhere to the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court on victims’ rights. In the criminal justice reform of the early 2000s and its subsequent modifications, the promotion of a dichotomous interpretation of the adversarial model—which conceived the criminal process as a competition between prosecution and defense—served to limit victim participation. This study examines how conceptions of victims’ rights emerged out of the struggles between different and at times competing agendas. In the Colombian process of reform, victims’ rights have been invoked both as a justification for criminal sanctions and as an explanation for crime prevention and restorative justice. After assessing quantitative and qualitative data, this book concludes that punitive approaches to victims’ rights have prevailed over restorative justice perspectives. Furthermore, it argues that punitiveness in the criminal justice system has not resulted in more protection for victims. Ultimately, this research reveals that the adversarial criminal justice reform of the early 2000s has not substantially improved the protection of victims’ rights in Colombia.

Criminal Evidence and Human Rights

Reimagining Common Law Procedural Traditions
Author: Paul Roberts,Jill Hunter
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847319467
Category: Law
Page: 450
View: 2264

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Criminal procedure in the common law world is being recast in the image of human rights. The cumulative impact of human rights laws, both international and domestic, presages a revolution in common law procedural traditions. Comprising 16 essays plus the editors' thematic introduction, this volume explores various aspects of the 'human rights revolution' in criminal evidence and procedure in Australia, Canada, England and Wales, Hong Kong, Malaysia, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, Singapore, Scotland, South Africa and the USA. The contributors provide expert evaluations of their own domestic law and practice with frequent reference to comparative experiences in other jurisdictions. Some essays focus on specific topics, such as evidence obtained by torture, the presumption of innocence, hearsay, the privilege against self-incrimination, and 'rape shield' laws. Others seek to draw more general lessons about the context of law reform, the epistemic demands of the right to a fair trial, the domestic impact of supra-national legal standards (especially the ECHR), and the scope for reimagining common law procedures through the medium of human rights. This edited collection showcases the latest theoretically informed, methodologically astute and doctrinally rigorous scholarship in criminal procedure and evidence, human rights and comparative law, and will be a major addition to the literature in all of these fields.

Criminal Procedures

Cases, Studies, and Executive Materials
Author: Marc L. Miller,Ronald F. Wright
Publisher: Aspen Publishers
ISBN: 1454897945
Category: Law
Page: 1440
View: 4906

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Criminal Procedures: Cases, Statutes, and Executive Materials, Sixth Edition is noted for its comprehensive coverage and excellent selection and editing of cases and materials. The book is known for its special focus on a rich selection of materials from multiple institutions, including primary materials from U.S. Supreme Court cases, state high court cases, state and federal statutes, rules of procedure, and police and prosecutorial policies, along with materials from social science studies. The new Sixth Edition retains the casebook’s engaging writing style and division of materials into “teachable chunks.” Updated cases are chosen for their contemporary accuracy and feel to complement essential cases of historical value. Taken together, the principal materials highlight procedural variety, focus on real process topics, provide the political context, and consider the impact of procedures on the various parties involved. The scholarly expertise and experience of the authors is especially reflected in the Criminal Procedure II materials, which includes coverage of prosecutorial charging, plea bargaining, and sentencing. Their frequent use of Problems gives instructors options for applying concepts and doctrines in realistic practice settings. New to the Sixth Edition: Two new authors join the editorial team: Jenia Iontcheva Turner of SMU Dedman School of Law and Kay L. Levine of Emory University School of Law. With her doctoral training in Socio-Legal Studies and her balanced experience as a prosecutor and a defense attorney in state court, Professor Levine sharpens the focus of the book on the real-world operation of courtroom actors in high-volume state systems. With her background in international criminal tribunals and comparative criminal procedure, Professor Turner strengthens the comparisons between court systems in the U.S. and those around the world. As experienced and celebrated classroom teachers, both Professors Turner and Levine bring closer attention to student learning needs in every chapter of the book. More examples and discussion demonstrate the effects of new technologies on criminal procedure. A revamped Chapter 1 offers a deeper exploration of competing models of policing and useful background about policing organizations. Reorganized Chapters 2 and 7 introduce students to the shifting analytical frameworks that the U.S. Supreme Court now employs to evaluate searches in the context of technological devices that store and collect large amounts of data. Chapter 6 relies on current newsworthy debates about police use of force to explore the alternatives and supplements to the exclusionary rule remedy. A revamped Chapter 12 surveys the major changes in the use of money bail and risk assessment algorithms, previewing the prospects for further system reforms. Chapter 13 covers newsworthy recent changes in the charging policies and diversion practices of prosecutors’ offices, especially those in urban areas such as Philadelphia. Chapter 17 expands its coverage of the tensions between fair trials and public trials, including new materials on public access to court files and statistics. A refocused Chapter 19 provides a more detailed and vivid portrait of sentencing hearings and the use of risk assessment instruments. Professors and students will benefit from: Materials that support class discussion, including criminal court actors beyond the Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court: the vision is “street level federalism” Materials that portray for students the range of current practices in criminal justice rather than a rushed historical narrative about doctrinal trends A supporting website that offers exemplar documents from legal practice, recent news with relevance for criminal procedure, and brief video lectures to introduce each major unit Emphasis on high-volume practical issues in criminal procedure instead of intricate but rarely-encountered questions Intuitive organization—tracking the typical sequence of events in criminal investigations and in the criminal courts—that makes it easy to see connections among different areas of the law

The Legal Process and the Promise of Justice

Studies Inspired by the Work of Malcolm Feeley
Author: Rosann Greenspan,Hadar Aviram,Jonathan Simon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108415687
Category: Law
Page: 250
View: 1615

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Malcolm Feeley's classic scholarship on courts, criminal justice, legal reform, and the legal complex, examined by law and society scholars.

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems


Author: Erika Fairchild,Harry R. Dammer
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 412
View: 907

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Covers law enforcement functions and organizations, criminal procedures, courts and trials, sentencing, prison operations, and other criminal justice processes.

Comparative and International Criminal Justice Systems

Policing, Judiciary, and Corrections, Third Edition
Author: Obi N. I. Ebbe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466560347
Category: Law
Page: 324
View: 9111

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Comparative and International Criminal Justice Systems: Policing, Judiciary, and Corrections, Third Edition examines the history, dynamics, structure, organization, and processes in the criminal justice systems in a number of selected countries. Designed for courses in comparative criminal justice systems, comparative criminology, and international criminal law, it explores systems in the United States, Ireland, Israel, Argentina, Sierra Leone, China, Russia, and Poland. A descriptive and quantitative analysis of criminal justice processes, this text goes beyond a mere analysis of individual systems. Instead, the book compares these criminal justice models with each other and contrasts them with: United Nations conventions World Courts of Justice International Court of Justice International Military Tribunal International Criminal Tribunal International Criminal Court Understanding these comparisons is crucial for a proper grasp of transnational crimes. The book shows how the national criminal justice systems and the United Nations judicial systems complement each other when adjudicating transnational crimes in the international community. It analyzes the nature of crime and criminal law, explores basic theories of crime, and discusses the various sources of international law. It also examines the inherent pitfalls in comparing international crime rates and discusses terrorism and its control. Unique to this edition is a thorough, unbiased study of the Islamic justice system. Each chapter focuses on a select region and includes crime data and arrest, prosecution, and conviction rates where appropriate. This allows readers looking for information on the criminal justice systems of any part of the world to easily find the relevant section. A sound approach to understanding the laws of various nations, and international, criminal, and humanitarian laws, this volume provides sage insight into the sociological explanations of criminal law and crime.

Betrayal of Due Process

A Comparative Assessment of Plea Bargaining in the United States and Canada
Author: Hedieh Nasheri
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761811091
Category: Law
Page: 200
View: 1799

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Betrayal of Due Process is a landmark study of the criminal justice systems of two common-law nations, the United States and Canada. By focusing on plea bargaining, which is one of the most dominant practices in the criminal justice system of both countries, Nasheri makes a historical comparison of guilty plea practices and ideologies. She draws on historical, criminological, sociological, and political perspectives to construct her argument. Because plea bargaining is a crucial part of the criminal justice system yet has received little scholarly attention, this much-needed book fills a wide gap in legal scholarship.

Jenseits der Menschenrechte

Die Rechtsstellung des Individuums im Völkerrecht
Author: Anne Peters
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161527494
Category: Law
Page: 559
View: 1868

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Grundthese des Buches ist, dass ein Paradigmenwechsel stattgefunden hat, der den Menschen zum primaren Volkerrechtssubjekt macht. Diese These wird vor dem Hintergrund der Ideengeschichte und Dogmatik der Volkerrechtspersonlichkeit des Menschen entfaltet und auf die Rechtspraxis in zahlreichen Teilrechtsgebieten, angefangen vom Recht der internationalen Verantwortung uber das Recht des bewaffneten Konflikts, das Recht der Katastrophenhilfe, das internationale Strafrecht, das internationale Umweltrecht, das Konsularrecht und das Recht des diplomatischen Schutzes, das internationale Arbeitsrecht, das Fluchtlingsrecht bis hin zum internationalen Investitionsschutzrecht gestutzt. Der neue Volkerrechtsstatus des Menschen wird mit dem Begriff des subjektiven internationalen Rechts auf den Punkt gebracht.

Library Journal


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Libraries
Page: N.A
View: 5665

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Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Also issued separately.

Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut
Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310402247X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 608
View: 7668

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Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«

China’s Death Penalty

History, Law and Contemporary Practices
Author: Hong Lu,Terance D. Miethe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135914923
Category: Law
Page: 192
View: 7469

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By all accounts, China is the world leader in the number of legal executions. Its long historical use of capital punishment and its major political and economic changes over time are social facts that make China an ideal context for a case study of the death penalty in law and practice. This book examines the death penalty within the changing socio-political context of China. The authors'treatment of China' death penalty is legal, historical, and comparative. In particular, they examine; the substantive and procedures laws surrounding capital punishment in different historical periods the purposes and functions of capital punishment in China in various dynasties changes in the method of imposition and relative prevalence of capital punishment over time the socio-demographic profile of the executed and their crimes over the last two decades and comparative practices in other countries. Their analyses of the death penalty in contemporary China focus on both its theory - how it should be done in law - and actual practice - based on available secondary reports/sources.

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica


Author: Encyclopaedia Britannica Publishers, Inc. Staff
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780852293157
Category: Reference
Page: 1178
View: 8954

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"[1] Propaedia: outline of knowledge, guide to the Britannica. -- [2] Micropaedia: ready reference and index. 10 v. -- [3] Macropaedia: knowledge in depth. 19 v."