Comparative and International Research in Education

Globalisation, Context and Difference
Author: Michael Crossley,Keith Watson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415191210
Category: Education
Page: 177
View: 5671

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From the foreword: This book is a major contribution to the field of comparative and international education. It has been co-authored by two distinguished figures, who write with authority and clarity, and who present conceptual insights which add creative and intellectual vitality to the field at a time of major change and development. Changing geopolitical relations, the acceleration of globalisation and major advances in information and communication technology have all transformed and revitalised international and comparative research in education. This multidisciplinary book critically examines the implications of this change for those engaged in such work worldwide. Groundbreaking and insightful, it draws on the latest research and developments in the field to give a comprehensive overview and analysis of the contemporary condition of this valuable form of research. Drawing upon the authors' extensive international experience, the text: * Re-assesses the diverse and multidisciplinary origins of this field of study: * Documents the increased orientation towards research; * Explores the changing nature of the problems and issues faced by both new and experienced researchers; * Puts forward a coherent and well-informed case for a thorough reconceptualisation of the field as a whole. The book argues eloquently for increased cultural and contextual sensitivity in educational research and development in order that the field might make a more effective contribution to educational theory, policy and practice. This multidisciplinary work will be welcomed by a wide range of theorists and researchers in education and the social sciences, as well as teachers, policymakers and anyone concerned with improving dialogue and understanding across cultures and nations.

Introduction to Comparative and International Education


Author: Jennifer Marshall
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473908779
Category: Education
Page: 240
View: 8728

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Comparative and international education is an increasingly important area of study. This book introduces major themes surrounding globalisation and education, giving you a nuanced understanding of key debates, thinkers and sources of information. Important theories and research exploring how globalisation has influenced educational practice are critically examined, providing you with an understanding of relevant social, economic, historical and cultural factors. Coverage includes: Case studies from around the world raising thought-provoking questions on chapter topics How to undertake research using significant secondary sources of comparative international data (including OECD, PISA, TIMMS) The relationship between development, education and inequality The purpose and role of multicultural and citizenship education Gender and education in a global context This is essential reading for students on undergraduate Education Studies degrees, and for similar courses covering comparative and international education.

Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Netherlands Antilles


Author: Emel Thomas
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1623564301
Category: Education
Page: 432
View: 8325

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Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Netherlands Antilles provides a contemporary survey of education development and key educational issues in the region. The chapters cover: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, the Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Saint Eustatius and Saint Maarteen), Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Turks and Caicos Islands. The book includes discussions of the impact of local, regional and global occurrences, including social, political and geographical events, on education systems and schooling in the region. As a whole, the book provides a comprehensive reference resource for contemporary education policies in the Caribbean, and explores some of the problems these countries face during the process of development. It is an essential reference for researchers, scholars, international agencies and policy-makers at all levels.

Globalization and International Education


Author: Robin Shields
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441125043
Category: Education
Page: 160
View: 4036

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Globalization and International Education introduces key international issues in education and considers the changes in education stemming from the rapid social, economic and cultural transformations associated with globalization. Grounded in a strong conceptual, theoretical framework, this accessible text will guide the reader through this evolving area. Reflective exercises, chapter summaries and useful websites will encourage and support student learning and the application of new concepts. Recent debate and developments are considered, including: - international aid, education and development - education in conflict and emergencies - education and the 'knowledge economy' Globalization and International Education is essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students studying education.

The Transnationally Partnered University

Insights from Research and Sustainable Development Collaborations in Africa
Author: P. Koehn,M. Obamba
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137481757
Category: Education
Page: 273
View: 7141

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Analyzing the growing importance of the transnational higher education landscape and the role of African universities, Koehn and Obamba show how transnational partnerships among universities can inform policy, strengthen synergies between knowledge producers and knowledge users, and advance sustainable-development practice.

Education Studies

An Issue Based Approach
Author: Will Curtis,Stephen Ward,John Sharp,Les Hankin
Publisher: Learning Matters
ISBN: 1473904447
Category: Education
Page: 264
View: 8512

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Education Studies continues to grow as a popular undergraduate area of study. This core text addresses themes common to all Education Studies courses. It benefits from a large list of chapters from key contributors at key institutions. This third edition has been completely revised and updated with the addition of seven new chapters. Themes newly explored include gender, research, the power of money and status and alternatives to schooling. This fully comprehensive text is accessibly written, with learning features throughout to encourage students to approach issues critically. Fully up-to-date and covering a huge range of themes for Education Studies students.

English and Development

Policy, Pedagogy and Globalization
Author: Elizabeth J. Erling,Philip Seargeant
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847699480
Category: Education
Page: 296
View: 5722

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This book investigates the relationship between English and personal and national development, as this is both discursively promoted (particularly through language policy) and practically realized in developing societies. It addresses the effects that the increased use of English and the promotion of English-language education are having in developmental contexts, and their impact on broader educational issues, on local language ecologies and on questions of cultural identity. It investigates these issues by drawing together a series of original examinations and case studies by a range of leading scholars working in this burgeoning field. The chapters focus on a variety of contexts from around the world, and the volume as a whole surveys and critiques the positioning and influence of English as a catalyst for development in the 21st century.

School Effectiveness and Improvement Research, Policy and Practice

Challenging the Orthodoxy?
Author: Christopher Chapman,Paul Armstrong,Alma Harris,Daniel Muijs,David Reynolds,Pam Sammons
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136487468
Category: Education
Page: 312
View: 829

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This book provides a contemporary overview of school effectiveness and improvement. It charts the development theory and research in this area and looks at the contribution made to policy and practice. It also challenges some assumptions that have become ingrained into the theoretical and methodological traditions of the field. By challenging these orthodoxies, it provides a framework that sets a new agenda and repositions the field to meet the emerging challenges of the twenty-first century. It argues that traditional measures of school effectiveness are challenged as systems have attempted to adapt to a complex range of emerging agendas. New theoretical perspectives are required which consider 'education' and a 'broader set of outcomes'. This shift requires a rethink of how effectiveness and improvement have been understood by the field, and a reconstruction by policy makers and practitioners. Attention must be given to promoting equity as well as effectiveness so that one school or student's gain no longer means another's loss. The field must develop new methodologies if inequities are to be challenged and a broader set of outcome measures are to be developed. The two questions guiding this book are: How can educational effectiveness and improvement research and practice support the development of a more equitable education service? What are the key indicators of educational effectiveness and improvement and what are the new methodologies required to facilitate a shift from 'school' effectiveness and improvement to 'educational' effectiveness and improvement? This book uses lenses of research, policy and practice to explore these key questions and articulate what such a repositioning may look like and how it may be achieved. It will prove invaluable for teachers, school leaders and anyone involved in policy and educational research.

Education and Religion

Global Pressures, Local Responses
Author: Keith Watson,William I. Ozanne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135753326
Category: Education
Page: 157
View: 9071

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In most countries, whether secular or otherwise, education and religion are closely interlinked and no matter how hard the state tries, it can be very difficult to remove the ties between them. This book investigates the links between education, religion and politics. The dominant feature in creating a common culture between peoples, each of which has its own distinct heritage and practices, is religion. Globalisation is leading to a redefinition of the state, community and local identity, this latter often perceived as resistance against the forces of unity, whether through culture, economic activity or language. Recent world events have focused attention on the interplay between education, religion and politics like never before. Even more pertinent is the fact that the involvement of politics in decisions about religion and education is often central and impossible to disentangle. Education and Religion covers all the major religious traditions – Buddhist, Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh – and cites global examples throughout the world. It aims to understand the underlying complexities in the struggle to reconcile education, religion and politics in an informative and sensitive way. This book was originally published as a special issue of Comparative Education.

Introduction to Comparative and International Education


Author: Jennifer Marshall
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473908779
Category: Education
Page: 240
View: 7210

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Comparative and international education is an increasingly important area of study. This book introduces major themes surrounding globalisation and education, giving you a nuanced understanding of key debates, thinkers and sources of information. Important theories and research exploring how globalisation has influenced educational practice are critically examined, providing you with an understanding of relevant social, economic, historical and cultural factors. Coverage includes: Case studies from around the world raising thought-provoking questions on chapter topics How to undertake research using significant secondary sources of comparative international data (including OECD, PISA, TIMMS) The relationship between development, education and inequality The purpose and role of multicultural and citizenship education Gender and education in a global context This is essential reading for students on undergraduate Education Studies degrees, and for similar courses covering comparative and international education.

Globalization and Change in Higher Education

The Political Economy of Policy Reform in Europe
Author: Beverly Barrett
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319523686
Category: Education
Page: 323
View: 8534

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This book sets out political economy explanations for higher education policy reform in Europe in the initial decades of the 21st century. With a sustained focus on the national level of policy implementation, institutional change is considered in relationship to broader trends in economic development and globalization. Since the concept of a “Europe of Knowledge” was presented by the European Commission in 1997, the pursuit of global competitiveness sets the context for the international initiative of the Bologna Process that has created the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Growing from 29 to 48 participating countries, there are three core explanations for change in the policy process: globalization (economic), intergovernmentalism (political), and Europeanization (social). As part of multi-method research analysis, this book presents qualitative case studies on Portugal and Spain to consider points of comparison, including national governance history and modernization of higher education institutions. The structure of government in these countries affects the policy reforms. Ultimately, the Bologna Process serves as a model for integration of higher education reform in other world regions. This book is essential reading for students, researchers, and policy makers in the fields of education, economics, and public policy.

Challenges to Teacher Education in Difficult Economic Times

International perspectives
Author: Joan Stephenson,Lorraine Ling
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135101442
Category: Education
Page: 264
View: 9010

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Teacher education in a financial crisis – what are the consequences and how can probity be maintained? Education, like most other parts of everyday life, is experiencing the challenges brought about by global financial constrictions. This book presents the experiences and views of practising teacher educators from multiple countries and continents on how the melt-down in world economics has affected and will continue to affect teacher education and concomitant experiences in schooling. The ramifications are seen to extend into every aspect of teacher preparation, continuing staff development and teacher support, and there are significant implications for the quality of teaching and learning, and the ethos and standing of the process of education as a whole. Drawing on educational theory and social, political, and economic discourses, the book addresses issues such as policy, philosophy, organisation, funding, resources, modes of teaching and learning, curricular change, recruitment and retention, amongst others, and provides a snap-shot across diverse contexts. It aims to provide an evaluative, analytical but reflective picture of teacher education in the light of the world economic crisis, whilst exploring good practice and suggesting future strategies to develop the quality of teacher education and professional support, teaching and learning. The volume provides an insight into the need for a new paradigm for teacher education: one that involves teacher educators in devising a discourse of positive and radical change. It will be a valuable resource for teacher educators, educational leaders, policy makers, educational commentators and teachers seeking to engage with the scholarship of teaching as a means to engage in continuous professional development.

Environmental Anthropology

Future Directions
Author: Helen Kopnina,Eleanor Shoreman-Ouimet
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135044120
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 1634

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This volume presents new theoretical approaches, methodologies, subject pools, and topics in the field of environmental anthropology. Environmental anthropologists are increasingly focusing on self-reflection - not just on themselves and their impacts on environmental research, but also on the reflexive qualities of their subjects, and the extent to which these individuals are questioning their own environmental behavior. Here, contributors confront the very notion of "natural resources" in granting non-human species their subjectivity and arguing for deeper understanding of "nature," and "wilderness" beyond the label of "ecosystem services." By engaging in interdisciplinary efforts, these anthropologists present new ways for their colleagues, subjects, peers and communities to understand the causes of, and alternatives to environmental destruction. This book demonstrates that environmental anthropology has moved beyond the construction of rural, small group theory, entering into a mode of solution-based methodologies and interdisciplinary theories for understanding human-environmental interactions. It is focused on post-rural existence, health and environmental risk assessment, on the realm of alternative actions, and emphasizes the necessary steps towards preventing environmental crisis.

Globalization

Educational Research, Change and Reform
Author: Nicholas Sun-keung Pang
Publisher: Chinese University Press
ISBN: 9789629962685
Category: Education
Page: 312
View: 5515

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Bringing together a group of international authors, this book attempts to examine the effects of globalization on educational policies and practices under the following themes: (1) the roles of educational research in the era of globalization and how comparative education can contribute to such investigation; (2) the relationships between the development of higher education and globalization in different countries; and (3) the impacts of globalization on school education and how schools can respond to the challenges ahead.

Globalization and Japanese "Exceptionalism" in Education

Insiders' Views into a Changing System
Author: Ryoko Tsuneyoshi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317426614
Category: Education
Page: 216
View: 7121

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Globalization is the most common overriding characteristic of our time, with societies all over the world struggling to change their educational systems to meet what are perceived to be the needs of globalization. This book provides an insider's account of how the Japanese educational system is trying to meet that challenge while placing the developments in a larger international context. Distinguishing itself from other books in the same genre, this volume (1) brings in the diversity of insiders‘ reactions concerning globalization reform in education, while placing such actions in the larger international context, and (2) covers a wide span of education (elementary to higher education) and shows how the globalization reforms as a whole are affecting Japanese education. With a focus on insiders’ accounts, this book brings in information that is little known outside of Japan. It also links globalization processes in Japanese society, school education and higher education, accounting for similarities and differences across educational levels, providing insight into the multifaceted processes affecting the Japanese education system. Chapters include: From High School Abroad to College in Japan: The Difficulties of the Japanese Returnee Experience The University of Tokyo PEAK Program: Venues into the Challenges Faced by Japanese Universities Why Does Cultural Diversity Matter? Korean Higher Education in Comparative Perspective

Comparative and International Education

Issues for Teachers, Second Edition
Author: Kathy Bickmore,Ruth Hayhoe,Caroline Manion,Karen Mundy,Robyn Read
Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press
ISBN: 1551309513
Category: Education
Page: 436
View: 5171

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In our increasingly globalized world, it is vital to explore major issues in education today through an international and intercultural lens. Thoroughly updated and expanded, this comprehensive new edition introduces students to research in comparative and international education while providing an overview of educational practices in diverse settings. Contributors draw on comparative research from the Americas, Australia, Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, and engage with such themes as the history and philosophy of comparative education, the right to education, alternative pedagogies, gender, Indigenous knowledge, peacebuilding, international assessments, and global citizenship. The updates to this edition include new chapters on human rights education and the internationalization of schooling, and a greater focus on issues of diversity and social justice education. Designed as a resource for teacher education programs, each chapter highlights the significance and the implications of the particular topic for teachers. Comparative and International Education features a vivid portrayal of global educational practices, contributions from preeminent scholars from around the world, and invaluable teaching tools, including discussion questions, video suggestions, and further readings. This essential collection will be an indispensable resource for teachers, teachers-in-training, and students of comparative and international education.

Comparative Education

The Dialectic of the Global and the Local
Author: Robert F. Arnove,Carlos Alberto Torres,Stephen Franz
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442217774
Category: Education
Page: 472
View: 7270

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Comparative Education: The Dialectic of the Global and the Local remains the same groundbreaking book when it first debuted its collection of outstanding scholars in examining the changing transnational landscape of education. With the addition of new coeditor Stephen Franz, the book provides new perspectives on the dynamic interplay of global, national, and local forces as they shape the functions and outcomes of education systems. The book calls for a rethinking of the nation-state as the basic unit for analyzing school-society relations and emphasizes the need to study social movements in relation to educational reforms. It also emphasizes the value of feminist, postcolonial, and culturally sensitive perspectives for inquiry into the potential of education systems to contribute to individual development and social change. This new edition incorporates recent developments in scholarship, especially in education policy and practice, the impact of the global economic crisis, and a new chapter on education in the European Union.

Comparative Education Research

Approaches and Methods
Author: Mark Bray,Bob Adamson,Mark Mason
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402061889
Category: Education
Page: 444
View: 912

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Approaches and methods in comparative education research are of obvious importance, but do not always receive adequate attention. This book contributes new insights within the longstanding traditions of the field. A particular feature is the focus on different units of analysis. Individual chapters compare places, systems, times, cultures, values, policies, curricula and other units. These chapters are contextualised within broader analytical frameworks which identify the purposes and strengths of the field. The book includes a focus on intra-national as well as cross-national comparisons, and highlights the value of approaching themes from different angles. The book will be of great value not only to producers of comparative education research but also to consumers who wish to understand more thoroughly the parameters and value of the field.

International Handbook on Globalisation, Education and Policy Research

Global Pedagogies and Policies
Author: Joseph Zajda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402029608
Category: Education
Page: 828
View: 7853

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The aim of this Handbook is to present a global overview of developments in education and policy change during the last decade. It has the objective of providing both a strategic education policy statement on recent shifts in education and policy research globally and offers new approaches to further exploration, development and improvement of education and policy making. The Handbook attempts to address some of the above issues and problems confronting educators and policy makers globally. Different articles seek to conceptualize the on-going problems of education policy formulation and implementation, and provide a useful synthesis of the education policy research conducted in different countries, and practical implications. The Handbook, by focusing on such issues as - the OECD (2001) model of the knowledge society, and associated strategic challenge and 'deliverable goals' (OECD 2001:139) - UNESCO-driven lifelong learning paradigm, and its relevance to education policy makers, globally - different models of policy planning, and equity questions that are raised by centralization/decentralization, diversity/uniformity and curriculum standardization issues - the 'crises' of educational quality, the debate of standards and excellence, and good and effective teaching. - will contribute to a better and more holistic understanding of the education policy and research nexus; offering possible strategies for the effective and pragmatic policy planning and implementation at the local, regional and national levels.