Climate Change and Climate Modeling

Author: J. David Neelin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139491377
Category: Science
Page: N.A
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Provides students with a solid foundation in climate science, with which to understand global warming, natural climate variations, and climate models. As climate models are one of our primary tools for predicting and adapting to climate change, it is vital we appreciate their strengths and limitations. Also key is understanding what aspects of climate science are well understood and where quantitative uncertainties arise. This textbook will inform the future users of climate models and the decision-makers of tomorrow by providing the depth they need, while requiring no background in atmospheric science and only basic calculus and physics. Developed from a course that the author teaches at UCLA, material has been extensively class-tested and with online resources of colour figures, Powerpoint slides, and problem sets, this is a complete package for students across all sciences wishing to gain a solid grounding in climate science.

The Monsoons and Climate Change

Observations and Modeling
Author: Leila Maria Véspoli de Carvalho,Charles Jones
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319216503
Category: Science
Page: 253
View: 3844

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This book presents a global overview examining monsoon variability in South Asia, Australian, South America and North American, as well as a focus on glaciers and monsoon systems. Monsoon systems are important components of the Earth's climate and play fundamental roles in water and energy balances. The variability and changes in the monsoons affect millions of people and the economies of many countries. This book presents the physical mechanisms involved with monsoon systems, including recent modeling advances addressing climate changes and future projections. The Monsoons and Climate Change will be of interest to both graduate students and researchers.

Modelling the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources

Author: C. Fai Fung,Ana Lopez,Mark New
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444348175
Category: Science
Page: 200
View: 4491

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The quantitative assessment of the impact of climate change on water availability and water resources management requires knowledge of climate, hydro(geo)logical and water resources models, and particularly the relationships between each of them. This book brings together world experts on each of these aspects, distilling each complex topic into concise and easy to understand chapters, in which both the uses and limitations of modelling are explored. The book concludes with a set of case studies using real-life examples to illustrate the steps required and the problems that can be faced in assessing the potential impacts of climate change on water resource systems. For students, scientists, engineers and decision-makers alike, this book provides an invaluable and critical look at the information that is provided by climate models, and the ways it is used in modelling water systems. A key focus is the exploration of how uncertainties may accrue at each stage of an impacts assessment, and the reliability of the resulting information. The book is a practical guide to understanding the opportunities and pitfalls in the quantitative assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation in the water resource sector.

Frontiers of Climate Modeling

Author: J. T. Kiehl,V. Ramanathan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139453233
Category: Science
Page: N.A
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The physics and dynamics of the atmosphere and atmosphere-ocean interactions provide the foundation of modern climate models, upon which our understanding of the chemistry and biology of ocean and land surface processes are built. Originally published in 2006, Frontiers of Climate Modeling captures developments in modeling the atmosphere, and their implications for our understanding of climate change, whether due to natural or anthropogenic causes. Emphasis is on elucidating how greenhouse gases and aerosols are altering the radiative forcing of the climate system and the sensitivity of the system to such perturbations. An expert team of authors address key aspects of the atmospheric greenhouse effect, clouds, aerosols, atmospheric radiative transfer, deep convection dynamics, large scale ocean dynamics, stratosphere-troposphere interactions, and coupled ocean-atmosphere model development. The book is an important reference for researchers and advanced students interested in the forces driving the climate system and how they are modeled by climate scientists.

An Introduction to Three-dimensional Climate Modeling

Author: Warren M. Washington,Claire L. Parkinson
Publisher: University Science Books
ISBN: 9781891389351
Category: Nature
Page: 353
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Warren M. Washington is consultant and advisor to a number of government officials and committees on climate-system modelling. Now along with Claire Parkinson (NASA) he gives the reader insight into the complex field of climate modelling.

Detecting and Modelling Regional Climate Change

Author: Manola Brunet India,Manola Brunet,Diego Lopez Bonillo,Diego Lopez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540422396
Category: Nature
Page: 651
View: 3030

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For the very first time, this book provides updated, integrated and organized, theoretical and methodological information on regional climate change and the associated environmental and socio-economic impacts on a regional scale. The most recent findings in the field of long-term climate change, which improve our understanding of the global climate puzzle, will be presented. Readers are introduced to state-of-the-art research in downscaling and GCMs, which involve the construction of reliable regional climate scenarios and the solution to key problems regarding the assessment of the impacts of climate change in the most important geographical areas of the world, from the Arctic to Antarctic regions, with special emphasis on the Northern Hemisphere.

Climate Change Modelling for Local Adaptation in the Hindu Kush - Himalayan Region

Author: Armando Lamadrid,Ilan Kelman
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1780524870
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 4528

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This book presents a portrait of the social advantages and limitations of climate change related modeling in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region. It addresses the implied but largely uncritiqued relationships between scientific modeling knowledge and local adaptation responses. It also presents theoretical perspectives on modeling and adaptation,

Crop Growth Simulation Modelling And Climate Change

Author: Mohanty, M.,Sinha, Nishant K.,Hati, K. M.,Chaudhary, R. S.,Patra, A.K.
Publisher: Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 9386102293
Page: 331
View: 4718

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This book on “Crop Growth Simulation Modelling and Climate Change”. A group of authors have dealt with different aspects of crop modelling viz., Crop growth simulation models in agricultural crop production, Applications of Crop Growth Simulation Models in Climate Change Assessments, Biophysical impacts and priorities for adaptation of agricultural crops in a changing climate, Climate change projections – India’s Perspective, Impact of Rising Atmospheric CO2 concentration on Plant and Soil processes, Modelling the impact of climate change on soil erosion in stabilization and destabilization of soil organic carbon, Simulating Crop Yield, Soil Processes, Greenhouse Gas Emission and Climate Change Impacts with APSIM, InfoCrop Model, CropSyst model and its application in natural resource management, Climate change and crop production system: assessing the consequences for food security, A biophysical model to analyze climate change impacts on rainfed rice productivity in the mid-hills of Northeast India, AquaCrop Modelling: A Water Driven Simulation Model, Conservation Agriculture: A strategy to cope with Climate Change, Effect of climate change on productivity of wheat and possible mitigation strategies using DSSAT model in foot hill of Western Himalayas, Integrating Remote Sensing Data in Crop Process Models, Climate change impact assessment using DSSAT model, Decision Support System for Managing Soil Fertility and Productivity in Agriculture, De-Nitrification De-Composition Model - An Introduction for SOC Simulations, Crop Simulation Modeling for Climate Risk assessment: Adaptation and Mitigation Measures and Rules of Simulations, Rothamsted Carbon (RothC) Model and its Application in Agriculture etc.

Climate Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling

Author: Gordon Bonan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107043786
Category: Mathematics
Page: 482
View: 6233

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Provides an essential introduction to modeling terrestrial ecosystems in Earth system models for graduate students and researchers.

Changing the Atmosphere

Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance
Author: Clark A. Miller,Paul N. Edwards
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262632195
Category: Political Science
Page: 385
View: 5950

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Incorporating historical, sociological, and philosophical approaches, Changing the Atmosphere presents detailed empirical studies of climate science and its uptake into public policy.

Global Climate Change and California

Potential Impacts and Responses
Author: Joseph B. Knox,Ann Foley Scheuring
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520076600
Category: Science
Page: 184
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California's extraordinary ecological and economic diversity has brought it prosperity, pollution, and overpopulation. These factors and the state's national and international ties make California an essential test case for the impact of global climate change--temperature increases, water shortages, more ultraviolet radiation. The scientists in this forward-looking volume give their best estimates of what the future holds. Beginning with an overview by Joseph Knox, the book discusses the greenhouse effect, the latest climate modeling capabilities, the implications of climate change for water resources, agriculture, biological ecosystems, human behavior, and energy. The warning inherent in a scenario of unchecked population growth and energy use in California applies to residents of the entire planet. The sobering conclusions related here include recommendations for research that will help us all prepare for potential climate change.

Climate Change, Ecology and Systematics

Author: Trevor R. Hodkinson,Michael B. Jones,Stephen Waldren,John A. N. Parnell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139500473
Category: Science
Page: N.A
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Climate change has shaped life in the past and will continue to do so in the future. Understanding the interactions between climate and biodiversity is a complex challenge to science. With contributions from 60 key researchers, this book examines the ongoing impact of climate change on the ecology and diversity of life on earth. It discusses the latest research within the fields of ecology and systematics, highlighting the increasing integration of their approaches and methods. Topics covered include the influence of climate change on evolutionary and ecological processes such as adaptation, migration, speciation and extinction, and the role of these processes in determining the diversity and biogeographic distribution of species and their populations. This book ultimately illustrates the necessity for global conservation actions to mitigate the effects of climate change in a world that is already undergoing a biodiversity crisis of unprecedented scale.

Wildlife Responses to Climate Change

North American Case Studies
Author: Stephen H. Schneider
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781559639255
Category: Nature
Page: 437
View: 1900

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Wildlife Responses to Climate Change is the culmination of a three-year project to research and study the impacts of global climate change on ecosystems and individual wildlife species in North America. In 1997, the National Wildlife Federation provided fellowships to eight outstanding graduate students to conduct research on global climate change, and engaged leading climate change experts Stephen H. Schneider and Terry L. Root to advise and guide the project. This book presents the results, with chapters describing groundbreaking original research by some of the brightest young scientists in America. The book presents case studies that examine: ways in which local and regional climate variables affect butterfly populations and habitat ranges how variations in ocean temperatures have affected intertidal marine species the potential effect of reduced snow cover on plants in the Rocky Mountains the potential effects of climate change on the distribution of vegetation in the United States how climate change may increase the susceptibility of ecosystems to invasions of non-native species the potential for environmental change to alter interactions between a variety of organisms in whitebark pine communities of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem Also included are two introductory chapters by Schneider and Root that discuss the rationale behind the project and offer an overview of climate change and its implications for wildlife.Each of the eight case studies provides important information about how biotic systems respond to climatic variables, and how a changing climate may affect biotic systems in the future. They also acknowledge the inherent complexities of problems likely to arise from changes in climate, and demonstrate the types of scientific questions that need to be explored in order to improve our understanding of how climate change and other human disturbances affect wildlife and ecosystems.Wildlife Responses to Climate Change is an important addition to the body of knowledge critical to scientists, resource managers, and policymakers in understanding and shaping solutions to problems caused by climate change. It provides a useful resource for students and scientists studying the effects of climate change on wildlife and will assist resource managers and other wildlife professionals to better understand factors affecting the species they are striving to conserve.

A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling

Author: Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on a National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309259770
Category: Science
Page: 294
View: 9565

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As climate change has pushed climate patterns outside of historic norms, the need for detailed projections is growing across all sectors, including agriculture, insurance, and emergency preparedness planning. A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling emphasizes the needs for climate models to evolve substantially in order to deliver climate projections at the scale and level of detail desired by decision makers, this report finds. Despite much recent progress in developing reliable climate models, there are still efficiencies to be gained across the large and diverse U.S. climate modeling community. Evolving to a more unified climate modeling enterprise-in particular by developing a common software infrastructure shared by all climate researchers and holding an annual climate modeling forum-could help speed progress. Throughout this report, several recommendations and guidelines are outlined to accelerate progress in climate modeling. The U.S. supports several climate models, each conceptually similar but with components assembled with slightly different software and data output standards. If all U.S. climate models employed a single software system, it could simplify testing and migration to new computing hardware, and allow scientists to compare and interchange climate model components, such as land surface or ocean models. A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling recommends an annual U.S. climate modeling forum be held to help bring the nation's diverse modeling communities together with the users of climate data. This would provide climate model data users with an opportunity to learn more about the strengths and limitations of models and provide input to modelers on their needs and provide a venue for discussions of priorities for the national modeling enterprise, and bring disparate climate science communities together to design common modeling experiments. In addition, A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling explains that U.S. climate modelers will need to address an expanding breadth of scientific problems while striving to make predictions and projections more accurate. Progress toward this goal can be made through a combination of increasing model resolution, advances in observations, improved model physics, and more complete representations of the Earth system. To address the computing needs of the climate modeling community, the report suggests a two-pronged approach that involves the continued use and upgrading of existing climate-dedicated computing resources at modeling centers, together with research on how to effectively exploit the more complex computer hardware systems expected over the next 10 to 20 years.

Precipitation statistics from regional climate model at resolutions relevant for soil erosion

Author: Fosser, Giorgia
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
ISBN: 3731502275
Page: 218
View: 3643

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A major source of uncertainty in regional climate model simulations arises from the convection parameterisation. Increasing spatial resolution to the so-called convection-permitting scale allows switching off most of the convective parameterisations. Several studies prove the benefits of this spatial scale, but none of them is based on climatological time-scale (i.e. 30 years) as this research.

Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents

Author: Warren Washington
ISBN: 1430316969
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 300
View: 5653

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Warren M. Washington, Senior Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado, was among the first scientists to pioneer the development of climate models that are used for evaluation of humankind's impact on the global environment. His modeling work has helped understand climate change including global warming. Over the last 30 years, he has had Presidential Appointments under the Carter, Reagan, Clinton, and G.W. Bush administrations and he has served on many science committees and the including National Science Board, which he chaired from 2002 to 2006. He is a former President of the American Meteorological Society and a member of both the National Academy of Engineering and the American Philosophical Society. This autobiography provides information about how he became a scientist and his insights into science policy. Throughout the book, footnotes and internet web sites are used were more information is provided.

Climate Change: An Encyclopedia of Science and History [4 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of Science and History
Author: Brian C. Black,David M. Hassenzahl Ph.D.,Jennie C. Stephens,Gary Weisel,Nancy Gift
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598847627
Category: Science
Page: 1774
View: 4996

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This book provides a holistic consideration of climate change that goes beyond pure science, fleshing out the discussion by considering cultural, historical, and policy-driven aspects of this important issue. • Contributions from more than 100 experts • Excerpts from reports from international organizations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) • Transcripts of speeches from world leaders on the climate change issue • Sidebars on the "climate-history connection" explore the possible links between climate and key events through history, such as the Classical Maya collapse • Essential, annotated primary sources • Quotes from policy makers, scientists, eyewitnesses to climate change, and social and cultural leaders

Remote Sensing and Climate Modeling: Synergies and Limitations

Author: Martin Beniston,Michel M. Verstraete
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306481499
Category: Science
Page: 346
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1 2 Michel M. VERSTRAETE and Martin BENISTON 1 Space Applications Institute, EC Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy 2 Department of Geography, University of Fribourg, Switzerland This volume contains the proceedings ofthe workshop entitled “Satellite Remote Sensing and Climate Simulations: Synergies and Limitations” that took place in Les Diablerets, Switzerland, September 20–24, 1999. This international scientific conference aimed at addressing the current and pot- tial role of satellite remote sensing in climate modeling, with a particular focus on land surface processes and atmospheric aerosol characterization. Global and regional circulation models incorporate our knowledge ofthe dynamics ofthe Earth's atmosphere. They are used to predict the evolution of the weather and climate. Mathematically, this system is represented by a set ofpartial differential equations whose solution requires initial and bo- dary conditions. Limitations in the accuracy and geographical distribution of these constraints, and intrinsic mathematical sensitivity to these conditions do not allow the identification of a unique solution (prediction). Additional observations on the climate system are thus used to constrain the forecasts of the mathematical model to remain close to the observed state ofthe system.

Economics of Climate Change in the Arab World

Case Studies from the Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia and the Republic of Yemen
Author: Dorte Verner,Clemens Breisinger,Manfred Wiebelt,Perrihan Al-Riffai,Olivier Ecker,Jose Funes,Richard Robertson,Rainer Thiele,Tingju Zhu
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821398482
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 152
View: 7273

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This book assesses the impacts of climate change on the economy, agricultural sector, and households in three of the MENA countries; Syria, Tunisia and Yemen. The major channels of impact for global climate change are through changing world food (and energy) prices, especially since all the countries