Cleaning and Controversy

The Parthenon Sculptures, 1811-1939
Author: Ian Jenkins
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: 9780861591466
Category: Art
Page: 65
View: 6529

Continue Reading →

In 1937-8, in preparation for a new gallery given by Lord Duveen, an unauthorised cleaning of the Parthenon Sculptures in The British Museum was carried out. Initially the incident was hidden from the public, but it soon got into the press and a scandal ensued. Sixty years later, in response to a revival of public interest in this episode, an international conference was organised by the Greek and Roman Department of The British Museum to re-examine the controversial cleaning and its aftermath. The aim of the conference was to examine documentary and visual evidence for the cleaning, to assess how and to what extent it had altered the surface of the affected sculptures, and to look at wider issues relating to the history and ideas of conservation. In this volume Ian Jenkins has gathered together all the relevant documents, including reports, eyewitness accounts, correspondence and newspaper cuttings. He has evaluated these documents against the history of the cleaning of the Parthenon Sculptures since they first came to London and the evidence of the sculptures themselves as they now appear.

Stealing History

Tomb Raiders, Smugglers, and the Looting of the Ancient World
Author: Roger Atwood
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 9781429901352
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 5260

Continue Reading →

Roger Atwood knows more about the market for ancient objects than almost anyone. He knows where priceless antiquities are buried, who is digging them up, and who is fencing and buying them. In this fascinating book, Atwood takes readers on a journey through Iraq, Peru, Hong Kong, and across America, showing how the worldwide antiquities trade is destroying what's left of the ancient sites before archaeologists can reach them, and thus erasing their historical significance. And it is getting worse. The discovery of the legendary Royal Tombs of Sipan in Peru started an epidemic. Grave robbers scouring the courntryside for tombs--and finding them. Atwood recounts the incredible story of the biggest piece of gold ever found in the Americas, a 2,000-year-old, three-pound masterpiece that cost one looter his life, sent two smugglers to jail, and wrecked lives from Panama to Pennsylvainia. Packed with true stories, this book not only reveals what has been found, but at what cost to both human life and history.

The Parthenon


Author: Mary Beard
Publisher: Profile Books
ISBN: 1847650635
Category: Social Science
Page: 220
View: 4661

Continue Reading →

The ruined silhouette of the Parthenon on its hill above Athens is one of the world's most famous images. Its 'looted' Elgin Marbles are a global cause celebre. But what actually are they? In a revised and updated edition, Mary Beard, award winning writer, reviewer and leading Cambridge classicist, tells the history and explains the significance of the Parthenon, the temple of the virgin goddess Athena, the divine patroness of ancient Athens.

The Nation and Its Ruins

Antiquity, Archaeology, and National Imagination in Greece
Author: Yannis Hamilakis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199230382
Category: Art
Page: 352
View: 1714

Continue Reading →

This is an illustrated study examining how classical antiquities and archaeology contributed to the production of the modern Greek nation and its national imagination, and how, in return, national imagination has created and shaped classical antiquities and archaeological practice from the 19th century to the present.

The Idea of Cultural Heritage


Author: Derek Gillman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521192552
Category: Architecture
Page: 204
View: 688

Continue Reading →

This book reviews the competing claims that works of art belong either to a particular people and place, or to humankind.

Classical Art

A Life History from Antiquity to the Present
Author: Caroline Vout
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400890276
Category: Art
Page: 376
View: 5304

Continue Reading →

How did the statues of ancient Greece wind up dictating art history in the West? How did the material culture of the Greeks and Romans come to be seen as "classical" and as "art"? What does "classical art" mean across time and place? In this ambitious, richly illustrated book, art historian and classicist Caroline Vout provides an original history of how classical art has been continuously redefined over the millennia as it has found itself in new contexts and cultures. All of this raises the question of classical art's future. What we call classical art did not simply appear in ancient Rome, or in the Renaissance, or in the eighteenth-century Academy. Endlessly repackaged and revered or rebuked, Greek and Roman artifacts have gathered an amazing array of values, both positive and negative, in each new historical period, even as these objects themselves have reshaped their surroundings. Vout shows how this process began in antiquity, as Greeks of the Hellenistic period transformed the art of fifth-century Greece, and continued through the Roman empire, Constantinople, European court societies, the neoclassical English country house, and the nineteenth century, up to the modern museum. A unique exploration of how each period of Western culture has transformed Greek and Roman antiquities and in turn been transformed by them, this book revolutionizes our understanding of what classical art has meant and continues to mean.

Feather Crown

The Eighteen Feasts of the Mexica Year
Author: Gordon Brotherston
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 106
View: 2128

Continue Reading →

An examination of the feasts of the Aztec or Mexica people, the correlations with other divisions of the year (solar, sidereal and civil), their interface with the Christian calendar, and the philosophical and imaginative wealth embedded in the feasts.

The Forest, Source of Life

The Kelabit of Sarawak
Author: Monica Janowski
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: 9780861591435
Category: History
Page: 154
View: 5249

Continue Reading →

A study of the way in which the Kelabit utilise raw materials from the rainforest to construct a socially ordered world. Catalogues of the collections made by the author for the British and Sarawak Museums are included, with frequent links to the main text, and there are numerous photographs of items being made and in use. The volume will be of interest to scholars of Borneo, and to those interested in the social and symbolic significance of material culture.

The Greeks in the East


Author: Alexandra Villing
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 123
View: 1518

Continue Reading →

Based on papers presented at the twenty-first British Museum Classical Colloquium in December 1997, this volume presents important research on Greek activity and influence in the east, with some papers having been brought up to date for publication.

Prehistoric Metal Artefacts from Italy (3500-720BC) in the British Museum


Author: Anna Maria Bietti Sestieri
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: 9780861591596
Category: Social Science
Page: 351
View: 8425

Continue Reading →

The current conception of the absolute chronology of the Italian Copper Age to the end of the Early Iron Age is set out in this new title from the British Museum. Some 850 objects have been arranged chronologically from the Copper Age, through the Bronze Age, to the Early Iron Age. Within these headings, the objects are organised typologically e.g. axes, swords etc. A major result of this study has been the reassembly of several groups of bronzes probably originally from hoards. Each entry includes a description, bibliography and comparanda, and line drawing or photograph.

Etruscan Bucchero in the British Museum


Author: Philip Perkins
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: 9780861591657
Category: Art
Page: 136
View: 2573

Continue Reading →

Bucchero is the most distinctive class of ceramic produced in Etruria, Italy, between the 7th and the 5th centuries BC. This publication aims to provide a complete up-to-date listing and description of the collection of bucchero in the British Museum; a collection that consists of over three hundred items including examples of all the important regional productions of bucchero. A previous partial publication of the collection in 1932 is now out-dated and in need of replacement. In addition to being a new, complete, fully referenced and illustrated catalogue, technical aspects of the production of the vessels have been meticulously studied in order to reconstruct a working sequence - detailing the steps in the manufacture of each vase. A final important contribution of the study is the investigation of the formation of the collection, which dates back to 1756, and the history of the study of bucchero.

Art and crime

exploring the dark side of the art world
Author: Noah Charney
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: N.A
Category: Art
Page: 261
View: 9248

Continue Reading →

This book examines the world of art crime in its many manifestations and considers the consequences of these crimes.

Metallurgical Analysis of Chinese Coins at the British Museum


Author: Helen Wang,British Museum
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 100
View: 1622

Continue Reading →

This publication brings together the results of metallurgical analysis on Chinese coins undertaken at the British Museum during the last 15 years. The largest project looked at the metal content of Chinese cash coins over a period of more than 2,000 years. Although the results of the survey were published in 1989, the full details of the survey and photographs of the coins tested are presented here for the first time, along with an introduction by Joe Cribb and comments by Michael Cowell. Since then, smaller metallurgical projects have been undertaken at the British Museum, looking at specific questions, such as the iron content of Song dynasty coins, the brass content of Qing dynasty coins, and the question of metal supply for Qing dynasty coins. The results of these projects are brought together here for ease of reference, and are presented in chronological order of the material examined. In the last decade, numismatists and scientists in China have also been looking at similar questions, using coins from archaeological sites. Zhou Weirong's new book, Chinese Coins: Alloy Composition and Metallurgical Research , is now available, and an English version of the introduction, postscript and contents pages are published here.

Acropolis Restored


Author: British Museum
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Architecture
Page: 74
View: 1540

Continue Reading →

The individual contributors to these papers tell the story of the dedicated and detailed efforts to understand the work of previous generations on the Acropolis and then to restore the buildings as nearly as possible to their original architectural state. The result is a story of engagement with the extraordinary problems associated with these world heritage monuments and the challenges to preserve and present them for future generations. This book represents a milestone in the history of the collaboration and friendship between the Acropolis Restoration Service and the British Museum.

Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa

the story of an Etruscan noblewoman
Author: Judith Swaddling,John Prag,British Museum
Publisher: British Museum Pubns Ltd
ISBN: 9780861591008
Category: History
Page: 69
View: 5168

Continue Reading →

The magnificent painted terracotta sarcophagus of the Etruscan noblewoman Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa has for well over a century been a star exhibit at the British Museum, but it is only in relatively recent times that attention has turned to the skeleton found within, which appears to be the best preserved Etruscan skeleton now in existence. The initial aim of the research was to reconstruct the face of Seianti using the techniques of forensic medicine, in order to compare it with that of the reclining, full-sized image of the dead woman on the sarcophagus lid. This already yielded striking information about the Etruscans as the initiators of realistic portraiture - we believe this to be the first proven identifiable portrait in western art. Other avenues opened up allowing the researchers to discover fascinating facts about Seianti's health and dental problems, her lifestyle, her age at death, and an accident in her teens that had far-reaching consequences. The pathologist's findings have offered evidence for Etruscan mortuary practices hitherto unparalleled. Consideration of the silver tomb goods, the jewellery worn by Seianti and the radiocarbon dating of the bones has indicated a dating of the burial earlier in the Hellenistic period than previously accepted. The construction of the sarcophagus itself, a remarkable feat of firing, and the techniques of its decoration form the subject of other papers, while the circumstances of the find in 1876, the archaeology and evidence about the Seiante family are discussed in detail. A brief survey of the Etruscans and events contemporary with Seianti's lifetime help to set the burial in its ancient context.

Etruscan by Definition

The Culture, Regional and Personal Identity of the Etruscans : Papers in Honour of Sybille Haynes
Author: Judith Swaddling,Philip Perkins
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 111
View: 8643

Continue Reading →

Twelve papers by leading international scholars on the theme of the cultural, regional and personal identity of the Etruscans. The volume celebrates the originality of the Etruscan character manifest in its richly varied workshop production, and examines some unusual objects and buildings, considering what they tell us of Etruscan life, belief and influences. On a personal note, it considers how the Etruscans themselves wished to be identified and remembered. Two contrasting papers discuss attitudes to the Etruscans in the 18th century and the latest evidence for their origins using DNA studies. The papers were originally presented at a conference in 2006, celebrating the work of the renowned Etruscologist, Sybille Haynes.

Intelligible Beauty

Recent Research on Byzantine Jewellery
Author: Christopher Entwistle,Noël Adams
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Art
Page: 236
View: 1404

Continue Reading →

The field of Byzantine jewellery (4th-15th centuries) is a rapidly expanding one and a large amount of important research has been conducted within the last ten years, both by scholars on the continent and in America. The intention of the conference, and subsequently the volume, is to draw together the many strands involved in this research and to publish them in accessible form. This volume represents a rare opportunity to make this crucial work available to a much wider specialist and non-specialist audience in Britain (and beyond). In particular the topics to be addressed by foreign speakers are either not well-known in Britain or are published in largely inaccessible journals. Chris Entwistle has been the curator of the Late Roman and Byzantine Collections at the British Museum since 1985. Dr Noel Adams is an independent scholar who has published widely on the metalwork and jewellery of the Early Middle Ages.

Money in Africa


Author: Catherine Eagleton,Harcourt Fuller,John Perkins
Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 74
View: 3778

Continue Reading →

Featuring 12 papers from the 'Money in Africa' conference held at the British Museum, this volume brings together an interdisciplinary group of scholars to consider the role that money and trade plays in our understanding of African history. Ranging from the 10th century ad to the present day, the chapters cover the pre-colonial and colonial currencies of Africa, including copper, cowry shells, beads, manillas and gin; and coins, counterfeiting, banking and the symbolism of money in modern Africa.