Classics in Environmental Criminology


Author: Martin A. Andresen,Paul J. Brantingham,J. Bryan Kinney
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439817804
Category: Law
Page: 551
View: 7935

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A careful analysis of environmental factors is key to understanding the causes of crime, to solving crimes, and eventually helping to predict and prevent them. Classics in Environmental Criminology is a comprehensive collection of seminal pieces from legendary contributors who focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the occurrence of a crime. Defines the field Divided into three parts, the book begins by highlighting the development of environmental criminology as a discipline through its origins in spatial criminology. It examines social disorganization theory, which explains criminal activity with reference to the characteristics of the community that delinquents live in. It then discusses the ecology of crime with reference to macroenvironments and microenvironments. The next section introduces concepts such as routine activity theory, the geometric theory of crime, the rational choice theory of offending, and crime pattern theory. Offers perspectives on prevention The last part focuses on the concept of crime prevention, examines the idea of altering the environment in order to prevent crime, and discusses situational crime factors and efforts to reduce the opportunities for crimes to be committed. It considers the impact of routine activities on crime prevention initiatives and advocates a flexible approach to crime prevention based on the dynamic nature of our environment. The book concludes with a chapter outlining how environmental criminology has evolved in recent years and provides a future outlook on where it may be headed. Invaluable as a textbook and as a professional reference, this volume is a comprehensive survey of a critical field in contemporary criminological theory. Offering insight assembled by top academic figures within the criminology community, this work is destined to provoke further inquiry and research.

Grundlagen


Author: Hans Joachim Schneider
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110248271
Category: Law
Page: 584
View: 9550

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Das dreibändige Werk behandelt die Kriminologie in acht Teilen und bietet umfassende, präzise und straffe Information. Das sozialwissenschaftliche Konzept der internationalen kriminologischen Hauptrichtung ist prägend für das Gesamtwerk. Band 1 befasst sich mit den Grundlagen der Kriminologie.

African American Classics in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Shaun L Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene,Vernetta D Young
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761924333
Category: Social Science
Page: 399
View: 2084

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This anthology provides a collection of classic articles in criminology/criminal justice written by black scholars and researchers beginning with W E B Dubois up through Lee Brown, the current mayor of Houston, TX. Articles focus on crime and the black community in social, economic, and political contexts. Never before collected in a single volume, this book offers a chronology of late 19th and 20th century perspectives from African-American scholars who, until recently, have not had a major voice in the development of criminological theory and social policy.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology


Author: Gerben J.N. Bruinsma,Shane D. Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190279710
Category: Social Science
Page: 904
View: 6342

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The study of how the environment, local geography, and physical locations influence crime has a long history that stretches across many research traditions. These include the neighborhood effects approach developed in the 1920s, the criminology of place, and a newer approach that attends to the perception of crime in communities. Aided by new technologies and improved data-reporting in recent decades, research in environmental criminology has developed rapidly within each of these approaches. Yet research in the subfield remains fragmented and competing theories are rarely examined together. The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology takes a unique approach and synthesizes the contributions of existing methods to better integrate the subfield as a whole. Gerben J.N. Bruinsma and Shane D. Johnson have assembled a cast of top scholars to provide an in-depth source for understanding how and why physical setting can influence the emergence of crime, affect the environment, and impact individual or group behavior. The contributors address how changes in the environment, global connectivity, and technology provide more criminal opportunities and new ways of committing old crimes. They also explore how crimes committed in countries with distinct cultural practices like China and West Africa might lead to different spatial patterns of crime. This is a state-of-the-art compendium on environmental criminology that reflects the diverse research and theory developed across the western world.

Crime in the Making

Pathways and Turning Points Through Life
Author: Robert J. Sampson,John H. Laub
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674176058
Category: Social Science
Page: 309
View: 8361

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dult social factors have little relevance.

Emerging Issues in Green Criminology

Exploring Power, Justice and Harm
Author: D. Westerhuis,R. Walters,T. Wyatt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137273992
Category: Political Science
Page: 265
View: 4599

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This edited collection brings together internationally renowned scholars to explore green criminology through the interdisciplinary lenses of power, harm and justice. The chapters provide innovative case study analyses from around the world that seek to advance theoretical, policy and practice discourses about environmental harm.

Advancing Qualitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Heith Copes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317995074
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 3090

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For several decades qualitative research has been under-represented in criminological and criminal justice research. This book is designed to promote the understanding of qualitative research designs and to encourage their use among those seeking answers to questions about crime and justice. To this end a number of top qualitative scholars have been assembled to provide their insights on the topic. The chapters that appear delve into the state of qualitative methods in the discipline, the potential ethical and physical hazards of engaging in ethnographic research, how to make sense of and interpret participants’ stories, innovative ways to collect data, the value of using mixed methods to understand crime and justice issues, effective strategies for teaching fieldwork, and the inherent rewards of a career spent speaking with others. This book will be an ideal introduction for students and scholars of Criminal Justice, Criminology, and Sociology, regardless of whether their primary methodology is qualitative or quantitative. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Criminal Justice Education.

Research Methods and Methodologies in Education


Author: James Arthur
Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd
ISBN: 0857020390
Category: Education
Page: 417
View: 4430

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Using a variety of methodological approaches and research techniques in education, this book provides students with the theoretical understandings, practical knowledge and skills which they need to carry out independent research. The editors bring together an array of international contributors, all of whom identify key research methodologies, data collection tools and analysis methods, and focus on the direct comparisons between them. The chapters cover the full range of methods and methodologies, including internet research, mixed methods research, and the various modes of ethnographic research. Online support materials include tips on how to use the book, and links to useful websites, societies and research organizations.

White-Collar Crime

A Text/Reader
Author: Brian K. Payne
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412987490
Category: Law
Page: 694
View: 4451

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White-Collar Crime: A Text/Reader, part of the text/reader series in criminology and criminal justice incorporates contemporary and classic readings (some including policy implications) accompanied by original text that provides a theoretical framework and context for students. The comprehensive coverage of the book includes crimes by workers sales oriented systems, crimes in the health care system, crimes by criminal justice professionals and politicians, crimes in the educational system, crimes in the economic and technological systems, crimes by employees in the housing industry, corporate crime, environmental crime, explanations of white-collar crime, the police and court responses to white-collar crime, and the corrections sub-system and white-collar crime. Features of the book include key points, in focus box inserts, discussion questions, section summaries, and photos.

Safety, Societal Problems and Citizens' Perceptions

New Empirical Data, Theories and Analyses
Author: Marc Cools,Marleen Easton,Brice De Ruyver,Lieven Pauwels,Paul Ponsaers
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 904660327X
Category: Social Science
Page: 311
View: 7567

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In nowadays' globalised society an international exchange of ideas and views is indispensable within the field of social sciences, including criminology and criminal justice studies. The Research Group Governance of Security want to foster contemporary international discourses on issues of crime and crime control. Therefore, GofS started a Research Paper Series, combining theoretical and empirical articles on issues reflecting the research activities of GofS. This research group is collaboration between Ghent University and Ghent University College in Belgium. GofS is concentrating its research around the study of administrative and judicial policy that has been developed with respect to new issues of crime and insecurity. Volume 3 provides new empirical data, theories and analyses on Safety, Societal Problems and Citizens' Perceptions. Some articles in Volume 3 focus especially on issues of conceptualisation and measurement of key constructs in the study of security in its broadest meaning (from fear of crime to corruption) some articles present tests of theoretical models derived from theoretical criminology, and finally some articles focus on different institutional reactions towards crime and drug-related problems (e.g. policing, the conflict of interests between private companies and authorities and restorative justice).

Introduction to Criminology

Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior
Author: Frank E. Hagan
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412979714
Category: Social Science
Page: 553
View: 8462

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Introduction to Criminology, Seventh Edition is a comprehensive introduction to the study of criminology designed for an introductory undergraduate courses. The book focuses on the vital core of criminological theory--theory, method, and criminal behavior. Hagan investigates all forms of criminal activity, such as organized crime, white collar crime, political crime, and environmental crime. He explains the methods of operation, the effects on society, and how various theories account for criminal behavior. New to this edition: Expansion of material on psycho-social and bio-social theories Additional coverage of terrorism in Ch. 11, along with ethics in the research methods chapter, Ch. 2 New chapter on Cybercrime New Epilogue on the future of crime and the newest criminological theories New Career Feature Boxes New Crime Files Feature Boxes End-of-Chapter Web Research Exercises New full-color design and photo program In-text links to study site Expanded study site resources including video of the author and original podcasts recorded by the author for each chapter Blackboard and Web CT compatibility

Criminology Theory

Selected Classic Readings
Author: Frank P. Williams III,Marilyn D. McShane
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317523032
Category: Political Science
Page: 366
View: 8591

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This highly acclaimed criminology text presents an up-to-date review of rational choice theories, including deterrence, shaming, and routine activities. It also incorporates current examples of deterrence research regarding domestic violence, drunk driving, and capital punishment, and features thought-provoking discussion of the relativity of crime. The authors explore the crime problem, its context, and causes of crime. The organization of the text reflects the fact that the etiology of crime must be at the heart of criminology. It examines contemporary efforts to redefine crime by focusing on family violence, hate crimes, white-collar misconduct with violent consequences, and other forms of human behavior often neglected by criminologists. Extensive discussion of evolving laws is included, and while the prevalence of the scientific method in the field of criminology is highlighted, the impact of ideology on explanations of crime is the cornerstone of the book.

Crime

Critical Concepts in Sociology
Author: Philip Bean
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415252652
Category: Crime
Page: 4
View: 1419

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Criminals in the Making

Criminality Across the Life Course
Author: John Paul Wright,Stephen G. Tibbetts,Leah E. Daigle
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412955203
Category: Social Science
Page: 313
View: 4140

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In this text, the authors examine central issues in the development of criminal propensity through studies of life-course perspective and from criminal research involving biological and genetic factors. The authors trace the origins of criminality--that is, the propensity to violate social norms and rules--from conception through birth, through childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. The authors equally discuss biological and genetic research associated with criminality, as well as discuss research into specific environmental agents that cause, facilitate, or maintain criminal propensity.

Using Murder

The Social Construction of Serial Homicide
Author: Philip Jenkins
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412840903
Category: Social Science
Page: 262
View: 7818

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In the last decade, serial murder has become a source of major concern for law enforcement agencies, while the serial killer has attracted widespread interest as a villain in popular culture. There is no doubt, however, that popular fears and stereotypes have vastly exaggerated the actual scale of multiple homicide activity. In assessing the concern and the interest, Jenkins has produced an innovative synthesis of approaches to social problem construction. It includes an historical and social-scientific estimate of the objective scale of serial murder; a rhetorical analysis of the construction of the phenomenon in public debate; and a cultural studies-oriented analysis of the portrayal of serial murder in contemporary literature, film, and the mass media. Using Murder suggests that a problem of this sort can only be understood in the context of its political and rhetorical dimension; that fears of crime and violence are valuable for particular constituencies and interest groups, which put them to their own uses. In part, these agendas are bureaucratic, in the sense that exaggerated concern about the offense generates support for criminal justice agencies. But other forces are at work in the culture at large, where serial murder has become an invaluable rhetorical weapon in public debates over issues like gender, race, and sexual orientation. Serial murder is worthy of study not so much for its intrinsic significance, but rather for what it suggests about the concerns, needs, and fears of the society that has come to portray it as an “ultimate evil.” Using Murder is a highly original study of a powerful contemporary mythology by a criminologist and historian versed in the constructionist literature on the origins of “moral panics.”

Crime, Madness and Politics in Modern France

The Medical Concept of National Decline
Author: Robert A. Nye
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400856272
Category: Social Science
Page: 386
View: 9461

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Robert A. Nye places in historical context a medical concept of deviance that developed in France in the last half of the nineteenth century, when medical models of cultural crisis linked thinking about crime, mental illness, prostitution, alcoholism, suicide, and other pathologies to French national decline. Originally published in 1984. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

CSI-Forensik für Dummies


Author: Douglas P. Lyle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527704698
Category:
Page: 400
View: 4960

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CSI, CSI Miami, CSI New York, Crossing Jordan: Der Ermittler von heute ist Wissenschaftler, klug und manchmal exzentrisch. So ist das zumindest im Fernsehen, aber wie sieht es in der Wirklichkeit aus? Wie erkennt man an einer Schädelverletzung die Todesursache, wie funktioniert die Untersuchung von Projektilen, welche Möglichkeiten bietet die DNA-Analyse? Douglas P. Lyle klärt Sie in diesem preisgekrönten Buch über die Arbeit der Kriminaltechniker auf und stellt Ihnen bekannte und kuriose Fälle sowie deren Lösung vor.

Überflieger

Warum manche Menschen erfolgreich sind - und andere nicht
Author: Malcolm Gladwell
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593405016
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 9698

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Malcolm Gladwell, Bestsellerautor und Star des amerikanischen Buchmarkts, hat die wahren Ursachen des Erfolgs untersucht und darüber ein lehrreiches, faszinierendes Buch geschrieben. Es steckt voller Geschichten und Beispiele, die zeigen, dass auch außergewöhnlicher Erfolg selten etwas mit individuellen Eigenschaften zu tun hat, sondern mit Gegebenheiten, die es dem einen leicht und dem anderen unmöglich machen, erfolgreich zu sein. Die Frage ist nicht, wie jemand ist, sondern woher er kommt: Welche Bedingungen haben diesen Menschen hervorgebracht? Auf seiner anregenden intellektuellen Erkundung der Welt der Überflieger erklärt Gladwell unter anderem das Geheimnis der Softwaremilliardäre, wie man ein herausragender Fußballer wird, warum Asiaten so gut in Mathe sind und was die Beatles zur größten Band aller Zeiten machte.

Epidemiological Criminology

A Public Health Approach to Crime and Violence
Author: Timothy A. Akers,Roberto H. Potter,Carl V. Hill
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118231554
Category: Medical
Page: 464
View: 460

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Epidemiological Criminology: A Public Health Approach to Crimeand Violence Epidemiological Criminology offers an introduction to thesources and methods of epidemiological criminology and shows how toapply these methods to some of the most vexing problems nowconfronting researchers and practitioners in public healthepidemiology, criminology, and criminal justice. The book describes, explains, and applies the newly formulatedpractice of epidemiological criminology, an emerging disciplinethat finds the intersection across theories, methods, andstatistical models of public health with their corresponding toolsof criminal justice and criminology. The authors show how to applyepidemiological criminology as a practical tool to addresspopulation issues of violence and crime nationally and globally. Inaddition, they look at future directions and the application ofthis emerging field in corrections, public health and law, gangsand gang violence, victimology, mental health and substance abuse,environmental justice, international human rights, and globalterrorism. For students, the book presents an exciting approach tounderstanding epidemiology as a means with which to tackle some ofthe worst problems for vulnerable populations. For researchers andpolicymakers, the book offers a new methodological perspective thatrecognizes the significance of social disparities and the builtenvironment as factors in the formulation of public health policy,and provides a tool with which to produce more effectiveinterventions, preventive measures, and policy formulations.