Childhood and Society


Author: Michael Wyness
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137295716
Category: Social Science
Page: 344
View: 4054

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Where can we draw the line between childhood and adulthood? To what extent is childhood a social construction? How do children make sense of their own social worlds? And do children have control over their social environments? Childhood and Society 2e explores these questions and key sociological debates to provide a thorough introduction to the sociology of childhood. The second edition takes account of cutting edge research and shows how contemporary practices are impacting on childhood in today's world. In particular, the book: • Gives clear guidance on how children have been, and continue to be, theorized • Shows how technology shapes children's play, communication and cultures • Discusses international case studies that reflect on childhood in a global age • Assesses the ethical and methodological issues in researching children's lives • Includes a new chapter on child labour, reflecting on the relationship between work and schooling With fresh insights into research, theory and policy, this text takes a truly global view on controversial issues in the field, from poverty and children's rights to the media and consumerism. It is an indispensable text for students of sociology, childhood studies, education and social policy.

Culture and Society

An Introduction to Cultural Studies
Author: David Oswell
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1847877532
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 692

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"Too often cultural studies discourse seems cut off from wider developments in social theory. As a sociologist with a strong cultural studies sensibility, David Oswell is ideally placed to put this right. Through a series of well-judged and historically nuanced readings of cultural, social theory and critical philosophy, this book provides just the bridge between cultural studies and wider debates that we need" - Nick Couldry, London School of Economics and Political Science David Oswell has written a comprehensive introduction to cultural studies that guides the reader through the field's central foundations and its freshest ideas. This book: Grounds the reader in the foundations of cultural studies and cultural theory: language and semiology, ideology and power, mass and popular culture. Analyzes the central problems: identity, body, economy, globalization and empire. Introduces the latest developments on materiality, agency, technology and nature. Culture and Society is an invaluable guide for students navigating the dynamic debates and intellectual challenges of cultural studies. Its breadth and unparalleled coverage of theory will also ensure that it is read by anyone interested in questions of materiality and culture.

An Introduction To Childhood Studies


Author: Kehily, Mary Jane
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 0335228704
Category: Education
Page: 232
View: 3891

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An Introduction to Childhood Studies offers a wide-ranging and thought-provoking approach to the study of childhood, providing an important contribution to this burgeoning area of research and teaching.

The Social Study of Childhood

An Introduction
Author: Sally McNamee
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137609052
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 224
View: 1786

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Historically, children were often understood in relation to their development towards adulthood, but the 'new paradigm' of childhood studies has since shown how they should be taken more seriously as active participants in their own lives. Studying childhood is not just a question of research on children, but increasingly a practice of research with them. With this 'new paradigm' having now come of age, Sally McNamee offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of childhood studies and its history. Taking a thematic approach, she looks at how issues such as rights and citizenship, the state, the family, school, work, leisure, health and globalisation shape and are shaped by children. The Social Study of Childhood is an accessible introduction for students from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds such as childhood studies, sociology, psychology, social work and education. With reflection points for discussion and suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter, it is an engaging and stimulating account of how and why children's voices deserve to be heard in today's world.

Childhood in Society for the Early Years


Author: Rory McDowall Clark
Publisher: Learning Matters
ISBN: 1473996430
Category: Education
Page: 200
View: 2831

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Childhood can only be understood in relation to the multitude of social factors which surround it. This book is written for students doing degrees and foundation degrees in Early Years, Early Childhood Studies and related disciplines. It offers an introduction to the study of childhood and the different contexts within which childhood exists. The text encourages you to re-think childhood, exploring childhood from different contexts - from the child within the family, to the global perspective and the child's own perspective. It enables you to begin to understand childhood in relation to society and to develop the skills to look at childhood from a critical standpoint. This Third Edition includes a new chapter on 'The Evolution of Early Years Provision' adding essential context to the current situation. It has been updated in line with recent changes in the Early Years sector and includes some critical examination of the new Baseline Assessment.

An Introduction to Childhood Studies


Author: Mary Jane Kehily
Publisher: McGraw-Hill International
ISBN: 9780335212675
Category: Education
Page: 196
View: 1680

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This introductory textbook brings together key themes in the area of childhood studies to provide an introduction to students and practitioners working in this field. Written by experts from across a range of disciplines, each chapter offers a broad-based and accessible insight into childhood and analyzes new ways of researching and theorizing about children and childhood. For undergraduate and postgraduate students of childhood studies, education, and social sciences.

An Introduction to Childhood

Anthropological Perspectives on Children's Lives
Author: Heather Montgomery
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444358251
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 6992

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In An Introduction to Childhood, Heather Montgomery examines the role children have played within anthropology, how they have been studied by anthropologists and how they have been portrayed and analyzed in ethnographic monographs over the last one hundred and fifty years. Offers a comprehensive overview of childhood from an anthropological perspective Draws upon a wide range of examples and evidence from different geographical areas and belief systems Synthesizes existing literature on the anthropology of childhood, while providing a fresh perspective Engages students with illustrative ethnographies to illuminate key topics and themes

Childhood and Child Labour in Industrial England

Diversity and Agency, 1750–1914
Author: Dr Katrina Honeyman,Professor Nigel Goose
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 147240064X
Category: History
Page: 370
View: 5572

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The purpose of this collection is to bring together representative examples of the most recent work that is taking an understanding of children and childhood in new directions. The two key overarching themes are diversity: social, economic, geographical, and cultural; and agency: the need to see children in industrial England as participants - even protagonists - in the process of historical change, not simply as passive recipients or victims. Contributors address such crucial subjects as the varied experience of work; poverty and apprenticeship; institutional care; the political voice of children; child sexual abuse; and children and education. This volume, therefore, includes some of the best, innovative work on the history of children and childhood currently being written by both younger and established scholars.

Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood

Contemporary issues in the sociological study of childhood
Author: Allison James,Alan Prout
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317593820
Category: Education
Page: 228
View: 3834

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When the first edition of this seminal work appeared in 1990, the sociology of childhood was only just beginning to emerge as a distinct sub-discipline. Drawing together strands of existing sociological writing about childhood and shaping them into a new paradigm, the original edition of this Routledge Classic offered a potent blend of ideas that informed, even inspired, many empirical studies of children’s lives because it provided a unique lens through which to think about childhood. Featuring a collection of articles which summarised the developments in the study of childhood across the social sciences, including history, psychology, sociology, anthropology, feminist and developmental studies, scholars and professionals from developed and developing countries world-wide shared their knowledge of having worked and of working with children. Now with a new introduction from the editors to contextualise it into the 21st century, this truly ground-breaking text which helped establish childhood studies as a distinctive field of enquiry is being republished.

Children and Society

The Sociology of Children and Childhood Socialization
Author: Gerald Handel,Spencer Cahill,Frederick Elkin
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 372
View: 6006

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Children and Society presents a comprehensive sociological portrayal of children and childhood from birth to the beginning of adolescence. A major theme is the tension between children's active agency and the socializing influences of the family, school, peer groups, and mass media. The book incorporates the most recent research and theories of childhood socialization. Its theoretical perspective is primarily symbolic interactionism which emphasizes the development of the self. The volume features research that documents cultural variations within American society shaped by social class, race and ethnicity, and gender. Children and Society is organized into four parts, each with an introduction. Part I, "Understanding Childhood Socialization," consists of four chapters. Chapter One reviews how social scientists have conceptualized children, leading to today's understanding of childhood as a social construction. Chapter Two briefly discusses the characteristics of the human organism that both require and make socialization possible, and the characteristics of society that receives the newborn. Chapter Three reveals the range of meaning of the concept of socialization in western and non-western societies and includes a review of the history of western childhoods. Chapter Four offers a careful exposition of the development of the self. Part II, "Agencies of Socialization," focuses on the major agencies that help shape the development of the self in the United States and similar societies. One chapter each covers families, schools, peer groups, and mass media respectively. "Diversities of Socialization" are the focus of Part III. Whereas Chapter Four presented a general account of how the self develops, the three chapters of Part III examine the variations that are shaped by social class, race, ethnicity and neighborhood, and gender. The single chapter in Part IV, "Looking Back and Looking Ahead," stresses that socialization is a life-long process. It briefly sketches issues of continuity and discontinuity in socialization throughout adolescence, adult life, old age, and death.

An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies


Author: Trisha Maynard,Nigel Thomas
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761970743
Category: Education
Page: 266
View: 7107

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An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies is a comprehensive text that has been designed to provide students with an introduction to the main theories and issues within the field of early childhood studies. The book adopts a multi-discplinary approach and pulls together all the key themes involved in the study of young children and childhood. Written by a team of leading academics and practitioners, this is a lively and engaging text that will be a core text for all those involved in the study of childhood

Childhoods Real and Imagined

Volume 1: An introduction to critical realism and childhood studies
Author: Priscilla Alderson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113664749X
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 8184

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"This book is unusually rewarding in that its author has pulled off the rare trick of providing deep philosophical and theoretical underpinnings to a comprehensive reconsideration of childhood. Priscilla Alderson deploys Bhaskar's 'dialectical critical realism' to excellent effect, illuminating not only our understanding of the presence, and absence, of children in our lives and discourses, but also the field of childhood studies. It is rare that such an integrated text is accomplished and I look forward to the planned second volume. This is a work that should facilitate a rethinking of childhood for the new century." Graham Scrambler, Professor of Medical Sociology at University College London. Childhoods Real and Imagined explores and charts the relation of dialectical critical realist concepts to many aspects of childhood. By demonstrating their relevance and value to each other, Alderson presents an introductory guide to applied critical realism for researchers, lecturers and students. Each chapter summarises key themes from several academic disciplines and policy areas, combining adults’ and children’s reported views and experiences and filtering these through a critical realist analysis. The four main chapters deal with the more personal aspects of childhood in relation to the body, interpersonal relations, social structures, and the person, soul or self. The second volume will widen the scope to include the impact on children and young people of present policies relating to ecology, economics, ideas of social evolution or progress, and ethics. Each chapter demonstrates how children are an integral part of the whole of society and are often especially affected by policies and events. Through developing the dialectical critical realist analysis of childhood and youth Childhoods Real and Imagined will be of great interest to critical realists and childhood researchers and policy advisers.

Rethinking Children's Citizenship


Author: T. Cockburn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137292075
Category: Political Science
Page: 262
View: 3970

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This book explores the relationship between children and citizenship, analyzing international perspectives on citizenship and human rights and developing new methods for facilitating the recognition of children as participating agents within society.

The End of Children?

Changing Trends in Childbearing and Childhood
Author: Graham Allan,Nathanael Thomas Lauster
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774821922
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 198
View: 1591

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"Fertility rates have fallen dramatically around the world. In some countries, there are no longer enough children being born to replace adult populations. The disappearance of children is a matter of concern matched only by fears that childhood is becoming too structured or not structured enough, too short or too long, or just simply too different from the idealized childhoods of the past.

Childhood Socialization


Author: Gerald Handel
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0202364704
Category: Social Science
Page: 419
View: 8204

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This collection of authoritative studies portrays how the A basic agencies of socialization transform the newborn human organism into a social person capable of interacting with others. Socialization differs from one society to another and within any society from one segment to another. Childhood Socialization samples some of that variation, giving the reader a glimpse of socialization in contexts other than those with which he or she is likely to be familiar. In the years since publication of the first edition of this book in 1988, childhood has become a territory open to broader sociological investigation. In this revised edition, Gerald Handel has selected and gathered new contributions that analyze the agents of socialization, including family, school, and peer group,, and explore the influences of television and gender. The balance of classical studies and more recent work reflecting changes in the family structure renews the centrality of this anthology for courses in the social psychology of children up to adolescence. The book is divided into nine parts: "Socialization, Indi-viduation, and the Self; "Historical Changes in Attitudes Toward Children"; "Families as Socialization Agents"; "Daycare and Nursery School as Socialization Agents"; "Schools as Socialization Agents"; "Peer Groups as Socialization Agents"; "Television and its Influence"; "Gender Socialization"; and "Social Stratification and Inequality in Socialization." While socialization continues on into the adolescent and adult years, childhood socialization is primary, essential in creating the human person and in shaping the identity, outlook, skills, and resources of the evolving person. Childhood Socialization is a dynamic volume that will be of continuing interest to students and scholars of family studies, sociology, psychology, and modern culture.

Early Childhood Studies

An Holistic Introduction
Author: Jayne Taylor,Margaret Woods
Publisher: Hodder Education
ISBN: 9780340613887
Category: Child care
Page: 308
View: 5548

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This text is aimed at students studying early chilhood as a component of an academic course, such as P2000 Child Branch, or as a complete course. Aspects of growth, social provision, psychology, nutrition, health and the law are explored in relation to child development. All chapters stress holistic care and discuss major concerns and aspects of research and theory, suggesting strategies where appropriate.

Television, Childhood, and the Home

A History of the Making of the Child Television Audience in Britain
Author: David Oswell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198742606
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 179
View: 8242

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Television audiences, as with other media audiences, are virtual entities. They have an existence, not immediately visible, but one that drives research, investment in programmes, public concern, and government policy. More than any other audience, the child television audience has generated more debate, anxiety, and action. What harm does television do children? Should parents restrict their children's viewing? Is children's television becoming too commercialized? How can we make programmes for very young children? This book, the first academic study of its kind, uncovers a history of the child television audience. Looking in detail at children's television and its audience in Britain in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s, the book shows how an audience literally came into being, how it was given substance, and how it became the site of intervention. Skilfully written and painstakingly researched, Television, Childhood, and Historical Reception is a history of an audience-in-the-making.

Childhood in Modern Europe


Author: Colin Heywood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521866235
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 7759

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This invaluable introduction to the history of childhood in both Western and Eastern Europe c.1700-2000 seeks to give a voice to children as well as adults, wherever possible. It addresses a number of key topics, including conceptions of childhood, ideas about family life, culture, welfare, schooling, and work.

The Sociology of Healthcare


Author: Alan Clarke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317864530
Category: Social Science
Page: 448
View: 300

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The Sociology of Healthcare, Second Edition explores the impact of current social changes on health, illness and healthcare, and provides an overview of the fundamental concerns in these areas. This new edition features a brand new chapter entitled ‘End of Life’ which will help health and social care workers to respond with confidence to one of the most difficult and challenging areas of care. The ‘End of Life’ chapter includes information on changing attitudes to death, theories of death and dying, and palliative care. All chapters have been thoroughly updated to address diversity issues such as gender, ethnicity and disability. In addition, expanded and updated chapters include ‘Childhood and Adolescence’ and ‘Health Inequalities’. The text is further enhanced through the use of case studies that relate theory to professional practice, and discussion questions to aid understanding. Links to websites direct the reader to further information on health, social wellbeing and government policies. This book is essential reading for all students of healthcare including nursing, medicine, midwifery and health studies and for those studying healthcare as part of sociology, social care and social policy degrees. “In an age when health policy follows an individualist model of “personal responsibility” this book by Alan Clarke demonstrates with a vast array of evidence, just how much there is such a thing as society. An excellent overall book.” Dr. Stephen Cowden, Senior Lecturer in Social Work, Coventry University