Chemistry for Environmental and Earth Sciences


Author: Catherine Vanessa Anne Duke,Craig Denver Williams
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420005693
Category: Science
Page: 248
View: 1586

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Tackling environmental issues such as global warming, ozone depletion, acid rain, water pollution, and soil contamination requires an understanding of the underlying science and chemistry of these processes in real-world systems and situations. Chemistry for Environmental and Earth Sciences provides a student-friendly introduction to the basic chemistry used for the mitigation, remediation, and elimination of pollutants. Written and organized in a style that is accessible to science as well as non-science majors, this textbook divides its content into four intuitive chapters: Fire, Earth, Water, and Air. The first chapter explains classical concepts in chemistry that occur in nature such as atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding and reactions, states of matter, phase transitions, and radioactivity. Subsequent chapters focus on the chemistry relating to the geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere—including the chemical aspects of soil, water, and air pollution, respectively. Chemistry for Environmental and Earth Sciences uses worked examples and case studies drawn from current applications along with clear diagrams and concise explanations to illustrate the relevance of chemistry to geosciences. In-text and end-of-chapter questions with complete solutions also help students gain confidence in applying concepts from this book towards solving current, real-world problems.

The Diatoms

Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences
Author: E. F. Stoermer,John P. Smol
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521004121
Category: Science
Page: 469
View: 7843

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Timely synopsis of applications in environment and industry using ubiquitous microscopic algae.

Quality Assurance for Chemistry and Environmental Science

Metrology from pH Measurement to Nuclear Waste Disposal
Author: Günther Meinrath,Petra Schneider
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540712739
Category: Science
Page: 326
View: 2871

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Metrology and its applications e.g. in chemical or food analysis or in environmental monitoring are entering our daily life. This book provides a basic overview over the relevant metrological concepts like traceability, ISO uncertainties or cause-and-effect diagrams. The applications described in great detail range from progression-of-error type evaluation of the measurement uncertainty budget to complex applications like pH measurement or speciation calculations for aqueous solutions. The consequences of a measurement uncertainty concept for chemical data are outlined for geochemical modeling applied to transport in the subsurface and to nuclear waste disposal. Special sections deal with the deficits of existing thermodynamic data for these applications and with the current position of chemical metrology in respect to other quality assurance measures, e.g. ISO 900x, GLP, European and U.S.-American standards.

Environmental Science and Technology


Author: Stanley E. Manahan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566702133
Category: Science
Page: 672
View: 3374

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This broad overview covers the four traditional spheres of the environment: water, air, earth, and life, and introduces a fifth sphere - the "anthrosphere" - which the author defines as the sphere of human activities, especially technology, that affect the earth. Environmental Science and Technology is organized into six major areas; one for each of the five spheres and one introductory section that explains the fundamentals of chemistry, biology, biochemistry, and environmental chemistry. Throughout the book, the relationships among the five spheres and their connections to the sciences are emphasized. For better or worse, technology is closely intertwined with the other four spheres. Humans utilize resources, manufacture goods, practice agriculture, and engage in other activities that have profound effects on the planet. This unique text/reference takes a realistic look at the environmental effects of human activities, and shows how constructively directed technology can have a beneficial effect on the Earth.

Environmental Chemistry


Author: John Wright
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134589654
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 5163

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Many controversial issues revolve around complex scientific arguments which can be better understood with at least a minimal knowledge and understanding of the chemical reactions and processes going on in the world around us. This textbook offers an accessible introduction to chemical principles and concepts, and applies them to relevant environmental situations and issues. Written for students who have not taken A' level chemistry, this book bridges the gap between GSCE chemistry and first year undergraduate level.

Soil and Environmental Chemistry


Author: William F. Bleam
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128041951
Category: Science
Page: 586
View: 665

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Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Second Edition, presents key aspects of soil chemistry in environmental science, including dose responses, risk characterization, and practical applications of calculations using spreadsheets. The book offers a holistic, practical approach to the application of environmental chemistry to soil science and is designed to equip the reader with the chemistry knowledge and problem-solving skills necessary to validate and interpret data. This updated edition features significantly revised chapters, averaging almost a 50% revision overall, including some reordering of chapters. All new problem sets and solutions are found at the end of each chapter, and linked to a companion site that reflects advances in the field, including expanded coverage of such topics as sample collection, soil moisture, soil carbon cycle models, water chemistry simulation, alkalinity, and redox reactions. There is also additional pedagogy, including key term and real-world scenarios. This book is a must-have reference for researchers and practitioners in environmental and soil sciences, as well as intermediate and advanced students in soil science and/or environmental chemistry. Includes additional pedagogy, such as key terms and real-world scenarios Supplemented by over 100 spreadsheets to migrate readers from calculator-based to spreadsheet-based problem-solving that are directly linked from the text Includes example problems and solutions to enhance understanding Significantly revised chapters link to a companion site that reflects advances in the field, including expanded coverage of such topics as sample collection, soil moisture, soil carbon cycle models, water chemistry simulation, alkalinity, and redox reactions

Mechanics in the Earth and Environmental Sciences


Author: Gerard V. Middleton,Peter R. Wilcock
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521446693
Category: Science
Page: 459
View: 8337

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The study of the Earth and the environment requires an understanding of the physical processes within and at the surface of the Earth. This book will allow the student to develop a broad working knowledge of mechanics and its application to the earth and environmental sciences. The mathematics are introduced at a level that assumes only an understanding of first-year calculus. The concepts are then developed to allow an understanding of the basic physics for a wide range of natural processes. These are illustrated by examples from many real situations, such as the application of the theory of flow through porous media to the study of groundwater, the viscosity of fluids to the flow of lava, and the theory of stress to the study of faults. The breadth of topics will allow students and professionals to gain an insight into the workings of many aspects of the Earth's systems.

Environmental Chemistry

The Earth-Air-Water Factory
Author: R. Raiswell,et al
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483293602
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 192
View: 8551

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Environmental Chemistry provides an introduction to fundamental concepts in environmental chemistry. The book emerged from a short lecture and practical course given to first year students in the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia. It adopts the earth-air-water factory as an analogue to illustrate the way in which chemical principles operate in the environment. The book traces the hydrological cycle and the chemical processes which occur as water, with its dissolved and particulate load, moves from the atmosphere onto the land surface, into rivers, lakes, and oceans and is eventually incorporated into marine sediment. A glossary of terms is provided for readers who do not have an extensive background in chemistry. Although aimed at first year students studying environmental sciences, chemistry, geology, biology, or other science subjects, this book should also appeal to sixth formers studying chemistry or other sciences to ""A"" level, as well as to anyone with (or willing to acquire) a basic knowledge of chemistry and interested in how the natural environment operates as a chemical system.

Acid-Base Diagrams


Author: Heike Kahlert,Fritz Scholz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642379028
Category: Science
Page: 136
View: 2249

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Understanding acid-base equilibria made easy for students in chemistry, biochemistry, biology, environmental and earth sciences. Solving chemical problems, be it in education or in real life, often requires the understanding of the acid-base equilibria behind them. Based on many years of teaching experience, Heike Kahlert and Fritz Scholz present a powerful tool to meet such challenges. They provide a simple guide to the fundamentals and applications of acid-base diagrams, avoiding complex mathematics. This textbook is richly illustrated and has full color throughout. It offers learning features such as boxed results and a collection of formulae.

Principles of Environmental Geochemistry


Author: G. Nelson Eby
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478633646
Category: Science
Page: 514
View: 5575

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Many geochemists focus on natural systems with less emphasis on the human impact on those systems. Environmental chemists frequently approach their subject with less consideration of the historical record than geoscientists. The field of environmental geochemistry combines these approaches to address questions about the natural environment and anthropogenic effects on it. Eby provides students with a solid foundation in basic aqueous geochemistry before discussing the important role carbon compounds, isotopes, and minerals play in environmental issues. He then guides students through how these concepts apply to problems facing our atmosphere, continental lands, and oceans. Rather than broadly discussing a variety of environmental problems, the author focuses on principles throughout the text, leading students to understand processes and how knowledge of those processes can be applied to environmental problem solving. A wide variety of case studies and quantitative problems accompany each chapter, giving each instructor the flexibility to tailor the material to his/her course. Many problems have no single correct answer, illustrating the analytical nature of solving real-world environmental problems.

Numerical Simulations in the Environmental and Earth Sciences

Proceedings of the Second UNAM-CRAY Supercomputing Conference
Author: Fernando Garcia-Garcia,Fernando García-García,Gerardo Cisneros,Agustín Fernández-Eguiarte,Román Álvarez
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521580472
Category: Computers
Page: 283
View: 6613

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A wide-ranging account of modelling environmental and earth processes through numerical simulations.

Environmental Chemistry, 3rd Edition


Author: Peter O'Neill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351450670
Category: Science
Page: 284
View: 4882

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A complete introduction to environmental chemistry, this book provides insight into the operation of the chemical processes near the Earth's surface. The four-part format groups together related environmental topics and introduces theoretical concepts. Part One brings together many essential basic geological, geochemical, and chemical ideas, and emphasizes the importance of oxygen to the chemistry of reactions near the Earth's surface. Parts Two and Three discuss systems depending on these reaction types, and Part Four examines the effects of human activities on elements that usually cycle naturally in small quantities. Also in this part, the perturbation of natural cycles by agricultural, industrial, and social developments is highlighted in terms of the consequent problems of environmental management.

Environmental and Low Temperature Geochemistry


Author: Peter Ryan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118867491
Category: Science
Page: 416
View: 6712

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Environmental and Low-Temperature Geochemistry presentsconceptual and quantitative principles of geochemistry in order tofoster understanding of natural processes at and near theearth’s surface, as well as anthropogenic impacts on the natural environment. It provides the reader with theessentials of concentration, speciation and reactivity of elementsin soils, waters, sediments and air, drawing attention to boththermodynamic and kinetic controls. Specific featuresinclude: • An introductory chapter that reviews basic chemicalprinciples applied to environmental and low-temperaturegeochemistry • Explanation and analysis of the importance of minerals inthe environment • Principles of aqueous geochemistry • Organic compounds in the environment • The role of microbes in processes such asbiomineralization, elemental speciation and reduction-oxidationreactions • Thorough coverage of the fundamentals of importantgeochemical cycles (C, N, P, S) • Atmospheric chemistry • Soil geochemistry • The roles of stable isotopes in environmentalanalysis • Radioactive and radiogenic isotopes as environmentaltracers and environmental contaminants • Principles and examples of instrumental analysis inenvironmental geochemistry The text concludes with a case study of surface water andgroundwater contamination that includes interactions and reactionsof naturally-derived inorganic substances and introduced organiccompounds (fuels and solvents), and illustrates theimportance of interdisciplinary analysis in environmentalgeochemistry. Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate studentsstudying environmental/low T geochemistry as part of an earthscience, environmental science or related program. Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/ryan/geochemistry"www.wiley.com/go/ryan/geochemistry/a.

Partial Order in Environmental Sciences and Chemistry


Author: Rainer Brüggemann,Lars Carlsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540339701
Category: Science
Page: 406
View: 7295

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This book explains the theory and practice of order relations in such a way that no specific mathematical skill is needed to understand the advantages of this algebraization. It acts as a primer in a mathematical technique which is useful in many expanding disciplines, like genomics, techniques of decision support, and sustainability. This book is recommended to those who are interested in the interface between sciences and management.

Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry

Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition
Author: Stanley E. Manahan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466553170
Category: Science
Page: 614
View: 4460

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Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition covers university-level environmental chemistry, with toxicological chemistry integrated throughout the book. This new edition of a bestseller provides an updated text with an increased emphasis on sustainability and green chemistry. It is organized based on the five spheres of Earth’s environment: (1) the hydrosphere (water), (2) the atmosphere (air), (3) the geosphere (solid Earth), (4) the biosphere (life), and (5) the anthrosphere (the part of the environment made and used by humans). The first chapter defines environmental chemistry and each of the five environmental spheres. The second chapter presents the basics of toxicological chemistry and its relationship to environmental chemistry. Subsequent chapters are grouped by sphere, beginning with the hydrosphere and its environmental chemistry, water pollution, sustainability, and water as nature’s most renewable resource. Chapters then describe the atmosphere, its structure and importance for protecting life on Earth, air pollutants, and the sustainability of atmospheric quality. The author explains the nature of the geosphere and discusses soil for growing food as well as geosphere sustainability. He also describes the biosphere and its sustainability. The final sphere described is the anthrosphere. The text explains human influence on the environment, including climate, pollution in and by the anthrosphere, and means of sustaining this sphere. It also discusses renewable, nonpolluting energy and introduces workplace monitoring. For readers needing additional basic chemistry background, the book includes two chapters on general chemistry and organic chemistry. This updated edition includes three new chapters, new examples and figures, and many new homework problems.

Come Along

We Are Truth-Bound
Author: Jacinta Respondowska
Publisher: Hamilton Books
ISBN: 0761842799
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 236
View: 9832

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Come Along is an attempt to respond to the contemporary crises in the world with the intention of discovering the path to peace and happiness, which every human heart craves. Since they are seen as a consequence of being true to our human nature, answers to the perennial questions of philosophy are of paramount importance. And since the latter are rooted in and stem from the heart of reality, which from time immemorial has received irreconcilable interpretations, inquiry into reality is the major undertaking of this volume.

Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry


Author: Giselle Tang
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781682861684
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 224
View: 6050

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Ecotoxicology is an umbrella science that integrates concepts from various disciplines like molecular chemistry, earth sciences, environmental engineering and environmental chemistry in order to understand the interactions of toxics with the ecosystem and develop strategies to reduce the negative impacts. Heavy metal contamination, ocean acidification, soil poisoning are some of the crucial factors that fueled the research in this field. This book includes some of the vital pieces of work being conducted across the world, on various topics like standard toxicity tests, ecotoxicological evaluation and biosensors. It is a complete source of knowledge on the present status of this important field.

Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience


Author: Robin Gill
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470656654
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 1826

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Chemical principles are fundamental to the Earth sciences, and geoscience students increasingly require a firm grasp of basic chemistry to succeed in their studies. The enlarged third edition of this highly regarded textbook introduces the student to such ‘geo-relevant’ chemistry, presented in the same lucid and accessible style as earlier editions, but the new edition has been strengthened in its coverage of environmental geoscience and incorporates a new chapter introducing isotope geochemistry. The book comprises three broad sections. The first (Chapters 1–4) deals with the basic physical chemistry of geological processes. The second (Chapters 5–8) introduces the wave-mechanical view of the atom and explains the various types of chemical bonding that give Earth materials their diverse and distinctive properties. The final chapters (9–11) survey the geologically relevant elements and isotopes, and explain their formation and their abundances in the cosmos and the Earth. The book concludes with an extensive glossary of terms; appendices cover basic maths, explain basic solution chemistry, and list the chemical elements and the symbols, units and constants used in the book.

Textbook of Environmental Chemistry


Author: Balram Pani
Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd
ISBN: 8189866362
Category:
Page: 576
View: 6086

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Textbook of Environmental Chemistry has been designed to provide fundamental knowledge of the principles related to environment and its chemistry so as to meet the challenging requirements of students as well as teachers of Environmental Sciences, Environmental Chemistry and Environmental Studies at graduate, postgraduate, polytechnic, and engineering levels at all Indian Universities. This book is also useful for the students and professors of general science. The book explores biological resources and their relationship with physical and chemical aspects of the environment. Due emphasis has been given to the regional as well as global environmental problems like water, air, soil and noise pollution, their types and sources, effects on the ecosystem. Key Features * The book deals with principles and chemical reactions that govern the behaviour of water, air and soil environement. * The book emphasizes on the origin of various pollutants and their control. * New and current fields of environmental science - Green Chemistry, Environmental Biotechnology, Polymers for Environment. * It covers environmental impact, planning and laws to help readers understand how policies and plans are formulated to protect our environment. * Environmental pollution abatement engineering and technology has been discussed in-depth

Chemistry and the Environment


Author: Sven E. Harnung,Matthew S. Johnson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107021553
Category: Science
Page: 427
View: 4425

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Textbook on the chemistry of the environment using fundamental physical and chemical principles and modern notation and terminology.