Cheating Welfare

Public Assistance and the Criminalization of Poverty
Author: Kaaryn S. Gustafson
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814760791
Category: Law
Page: 227
View: 6585

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Discusses the history and prevalence of welfare fraud using interviews and case studies.

Social Work Live

Theory and Practice in Social Work Using Videos
Author: Carol Dorr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199368953
Category: Social Science
Page: 448
View: 6577

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Social Work Live accesses multiple approaches to student learning: experiential, visual, and auditory. Carol Dorr emphasizes the important role of self-reflection and critical thinking in social work practice by paying special attention to process recordings and observing how the social worker reflects on her own reactions in the moment with the client. Students also can appreciate the important role of reflecting on their own interventions with clients after their sessions, acknowledging what went well and what could have been done better. Social Work Live encourages a constructivist perspective to practice that calls attention to the many possible interpretations and approaches to working with clients. The classroom provides an ideal opportunity for students to explore with each other different ways of making meaning out of clients' stories and intervening with them.

America's Growing Inequality

The Impact of Poverty and Race
Author: Chester Hartman
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739191721
Category: Political Science
Page: 580
View: 883

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America’s Growing Inequality presents the links between racism and poverty in the United States, highlighting the work of social justice organizations to facilitate an end to their presence in society. The facts, analyses, and policy proposals that comprise this book will inform scholars and students in a range of disciplines including sociology, social work, urban planning, and economics.

Social Value of Drug Addicts

Uses of the Useless
Author: Merrill Singer,J Bryan Page
Publisher: Left Coast Press
ISBN: 1611321182
Category: Medical
Page: 248
View: 4717

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In a wide-ranging analysis covering popular culture, policy, and underlying social structures, this book shows how drug addicts are socially constructed as useless burdens on society and who benefits from that portrayal.

State and Local Politics


Author: Todd Donovan,Daniel A. Smith,Tracy Osborn,Christopher Z. Mooney
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305162951
Category: Education
Page: 640
View: 1152

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In this Fourth Edition of STATE AND LOCAL POLITICS: INSTITUTIONS AND REFORM, Donovan, Smith, Mooney, and new co-author Tracy Osborn go beyond the purely descriptive treatment usually found in state and local texts. Offering an engaging comparative approach, the Fourth Edition shows you how politics and government differ between states and communities, and points out the causes and effects of those variations. The text also focuses on what social scientists know about the effects of rules and institutions on politics and policy. This comparative, institutional framework enables you to think more analytically about the impact of institutions on policy outcomes, asks you to evaluate the effectiveness of one institutional approach over another, and encourages you to consider more sophisticated solutions. Written by four young, high-profile specialists who have contributed significantly to the field in the last decade, STATE AND LOCAL POLITICS: INSTITUTIONS AND REFORM incorporates the most recent scholarship available into the course, giving you access to perspectives that no other textbook on the market currently provides. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Social Change and Social Work

The Changing Societal Conditions of Social Work in Time and Place
Author: Dr Elina Virokannas,Dr Pirkko-Liisa Rauhala,Dr Timo Harrikari
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472432800
Category: Political Science
Page: 222
View: 2241

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Social Change and Social Work discusses and examines how social work is challenged by social, political and economic tendencies going on in current societies. The authors ask how social work as a discipline and practice is encountering global and local transformations. Divided into three parts, topics covered include the changing social work mandate throughout history; social work paradigms and theoretical considerations; phenomenological social work; practice research; and gender and generational research. Taken together, the chapters in this anthology provide an authoritative and up-to-date overview of current discussions within the European social work research community.

Killing the Black Body

Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty
Author: Dorothy Roberts
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0804152594
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 9961

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The image of the “Welfare Queen” still dominates white America’s perceptions of Black women. It is an image that also continues to shape our government’s policies concerning Black women’s reproductive decisions. Proposed legislation to alleviate poverty focuses on plans to deny benefits to children born to welfare mothers and to require insertion of birth control implants as a condition of receiving aid. Meanwhile a booming fertility industry serves primarily infertile white couples. In Killing the Black Body, Northwestern University professor Dorothy Roberts exposes America’s systemic abuse of Black women’s bodies, from slave masters’ economic stake in bonded women’s fertility to government programs that coerced thousands of poor Black women into being sterilized as late as the 1970s. These abuses, Roberts argues, point not only to the degradation of Black motherhood but to the exclusion of Black women’s reproductive needs from the feminist agenda. Groundbreaking, authoritative, and timely, Killing the Black Body is both a powerful legal argument and a valuable aid for teachers, activists, and policy makers in creating a vision of reproductive freedom that respects each and every American.

Tatort Sozialstaat

Schwarzarbeit, Leistungsmissbrauch, Steuerhinterziehung und ihre (Hinter)Gründe
Author: Siegfried Lamnek,Gaby Olbrich,Wolfgang J. Schäfer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322974820
Category: Political Science
Page: 355
View: 2402

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Die Brisanz des Themas Sozialstaat und das breite, nicht nur wissenschaftliche Interesse daran haben bereits zahlreiche Studien zu Schwarzarbeit, Leistungsmsisbrauch und Steuerhinterziehung hervorgebracht. Die in diesem Band vorgenommene gemeinsame theoretische und empirische Analyse aller genannten Devianzformen und ihre Untersuchung mit Methoden sowohl des quantitativen, als auch des qualitativen Paradigmas sind jedoch bislang einmalig. Sie stellen die besondere Bedeutung dieser Studie dar und machen sie für ein breiteres Publikum interessant.

Criminalizing Race, Criminalizing Poverty

Welfare Fraud Enforcement in Canada
Author: Kiran Mirchandani,Wendy Chan
Publisher: Brunswick Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 102
View: 5113

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Arguing that people of color are most often the casualties in the governments' desire to roll back the welfare state, this analysis delves into the current myths and stereotypes about racial difference. In exploring such myths in conjunction with the enforcement of welfare fraud policies, this study shows how people of color are constructed as potential "cheaters" and "abusers" of the system, and how this has allowed for the stigmatizing and discriminatory treatment of certain races to persist unchallenged. With an analysis of the criminalization and penalization of poverty—including the increased surveillance and control of welfare recipients—this argument sheds new light on the perspectives of poverty advocates.

Symposium

sports and criminal law
Author: Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). School of Law
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 286
View: 1479

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The legal tender of gender

law, welfare, and the regulation of women's poverty
Author: Shelley A. M. Gavigan
Publisher: Hart Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 294
View: 6770

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Extensive welfare, law and policy reforms characterised the making and unmaking of Keynesian states in the twentieth century. This collection highlights the gendered nature of these regulatory shifts and, specifically, the roles played by women as reformers, welfare workers and welfare recipients, in the development of welfare states historically. The contributors are leading feminist socio-legal scholars from a range of disciplines in Canada, the United States and Israel. Collectively, their analyses of women, law and poverty speak to long-standing and ongoing feminist concerns: the importance of historically informed research, the relevance of women's agency and resistance to the experience of inequality and injustice, the specificity of the experience of poor women and poor mothers, the implications of changes to social policy, and the possibilities for social change. Such analyses are particularly timely as the devastation of neo-liberalism becomes increasingly obvious. The current world crisis of capitalism is a defining moment for liberal states a global catastrophe that concomitantly creates a window of opportunity for critical scholars and activists to reframe debates about social welfare, work, and equality, and to reinsert the discourse of social justice into the public consciousness and political agendae of liberal democracies.

Statistischer Unsinn

Wenn Medien an der Prozenthürde scheitern
Author: Andreas Quatember
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662453355
Category: Mathematics
Page: 223
View: 4230

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Vier von zehn oder jeder Vierte ... Ein Blick in eine beliebige Tageszeitung genügt: Statistiken sind ohne Zweifel ein wesentlicher Bestandteil unserer Informationsgesellschaft. Dennoch ist das Image des Faches Statistik denkbar schlecht. Die Diskrepanz zwischen offenkundiger Bedeutung und schlechtem Ruf beruht zum Teil auf dem fundamentalen Irrtum, die Qualität der statistischen Methoden mit der Qualität ihrer Anwendung zu verwechseln. Denn ob aus Unachtsamkeit, Unverständnis oder Unvermögen: In den Medien wird mit Statistiken allzu oft Des-Information statt Information betrieben. Dieses Buch lädt die Leser zu einer kritischen und amüsanten Irrfahrt durch falsche Schlagzeilen und unsinnige Interpretationen statistischer Ergebnisse in Tageszeitungen oder Zeitschriften ein. Staunen Sie darüber, dass ein Viertel aller Studierenden alkoholabhängig ist, dass Männer ihren Rasierern treuer sind als ihren Partnerinnen, dass höherer Schokoladenkonsum mehr Nobelpreisträger erzeugt – und warum das alles blanker Unsinn ist. Aber Achtung: Dieses Buch kann Sie zu einem mündigeren Zeitungsleser machen!

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 5691

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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Die weltweite Ungleichheit

Der World Inequality Report 2018
Author: Facundo Alvaredo,Lucas Chancel,Thomas Piketty,Emmanuel Saez,Gabriel Zucman
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406723861
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 456
View: 7875

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Mit seinem Weltbestseller «Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert» hat Thomas Piketty eine heftige Kontroverse über die wachsende Ungleichheit in den westlichen Gesellschaften und deren Ursachen ausgelöst. Nun folgt der «World Inequality Report» – der gründlichste und aktuellste Bericht zur Lage der weltweiten Ungleichheit. Ein junges Team von Ökonomen, zu dem auch Piketty gehört, legt darin Fakten und Analysen vor, die ganz klar zeigen: Fast überall auf der Welt nimmt die Ungleichheit dramatisch zu. 1980 verdienten in den USA die unteren 50 Prozent der Lohnskala 21 Prozent des gesamten nationalen Einkommens, während das oberste 1 Prozent 11 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens mit nach Hause nahm. Doch dieser gewaltige Spagat hat sich heute sogar noch umgekehrt: Während die untersten 50 Prozent nur noch 13 Prozent des Einkommens nach Hause bringen, sichert sich das oberste 1 Prozent mehr als 20 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens. Diesen Trend zunehmender ökonomischer Ungleichheit gibt es nicht nur in den USA, sondern nahezu überall auf der Welt. Er wirkt wie eine bedrohliche kapitalistische Urgewalt, gegen die sich im Zeitalter von Globalisierung und Beschleunigung nichts ausrichten lässt. Der «World Inequality Report» zeigt, dass dies nicht stimmt. Wir können und müssen etwas gegen diesen Trend unternehmen – und eine starke Demokratie mit klaren Spielregeln für die Marktwirtschaft kann dies bewirken.

Burdened virtues

virtue ethics for liberatory struggles
Author: Lisa Tessman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195179149
Category: Philosophy
Page: 185
View: 385

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Lisa Tessman's Burdened Virtues is a deeply original and provocative work that engages questions central to feminist theory and practice, from the perspective of Aristotelian ethics. Focused primarily on selves who endure and resist oppression, she addresses the ways in which devastating conditions confronted by these selves both limit and burden their moral goodness, and affect their possibilities of flourishing. She describes two different forms of "moral trouble" prevalent under oppression. The first is that the oppressed self may be morally damaged, prevented from developing or exercising some of the virtues; the second is that the very conditions of oppression require the oppressed to develop a set of virtues that carry a moral cost to those who practice them--traits that Tessman refers to as "burdened virtues." These virtues have the unusual feature of being disjoined from their bearer's own well being. Tessman's work focuses on issues that have been missed by many feminist moral theories, and her use of the virtue ethics framework brings feminist concerns more closely into contact with mainstream ethical theory. This book will appeal to feminist theorists in philosophy and women's studies, but also more broadly, ethicists and social theorists.