Charts and surveys in peace and war

the history of the Royal Navy's Hydrographic Service, 1919-1970
Author: Roger O. Morris,Great Britain. Ministry of Defence
Publisher: The Stationery Office/Tso
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 7303

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This new publication, by a former Hydrographer of the Navy, covers the period which included the introduction of the echo-sounder, rotary offset printing and electronic position fixing, and the development of surveying sonar after WWII.

Biplanes and Bombsights: British Bombing in World War I

Author: George K. Williams
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
ISBN: 178625025X
Category: History
Page: 261
View: 8424

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This study measures wartime claims against actual results of the British bombing campaign against Germany in the Great War. Components of the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS), the Royal Flying Corps (RFC), and the Royal Air Force (RAF) conducted bombing raids between July 1916 and the Armistice. Specifically, Number 3 Wing (RNAS), 41 Wing of Eighth Brigade (RFC), and the Independent Force (IF) bombed German targets from bases in France. Lessons supposedly gleaned from these campaigns heavily influenced British military aviation, underpinning RAF doctrine up to and into the Second World War. Fundamental discrepancies exist, however, between the official verdict and the first-hand evidence of bombing results gathered by intelligence teams of the RAF and the US Air Service. Results of the British bombing efforts were demonstrably more modest, and costs in casualties and wastage far steeper, than previously acknowledged. A preoccupation with “moral effect” came to dominate the British view of their aerial offensives. Maj Gen Hugh M. Trenchard played a pivotal role in bringing this misperception to the forefront of public consciousness. After the Armistice, the potential of strategic bombing was officially extolled to justify the RAF as an independent service. The Air Ministry’s final report must be evaluated as a partisan manifestation of this crusade and not as a definitive final assessment, as it has been mistakenly accepted previously. This study develops and substantiates a comprehensive evaluation of British long-range bombing in the First World War. Its findings run directly counter to the generally held opinion. Natural limitations, technical shortfalls, and aircrews lacking proficiency acted in concert with German defenses to produce far less results than those claimed.

A Century of U.S. Naval Intelligence

Author: Wyman H. Packard
Publisher: Naval Historical Center
Category: Political Science
Page: 498
View: 7538

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[This work] is intended to provide intelligence professionals, scholars, and the general public with a detailed, topical accounting of the long and varied activities of U.S. Naval Intelligence on behalf of the nation. --from the Foreword.

A Concise History of Modern India

Author: Barbara D. Metcalf,Thomas R. Metcalf
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107026490
Category: History
Page: 326
View: 8930

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The third edition of the Metcalfs' classic history of India charts developments across the last twenty years.

Royal Naval Officers from War to War, 1918-1939

Author: Mike Farquharson-Roberts,John A.G. Roberts
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113748196X
Category: History
Page: 282
View: 6914

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In the context of their war experience in the First World War, the changes and developments of the Executive branch of the Royal Navy between the world wars are examined and how these made them fit for the test of the Second World War are critically assessed.

Beans, Bullets, and Black Oil - The Story of Fleet Logistics Afloat in the Pacific During World War II

Author: Rear Adm. Worrall Reed Carter
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
ISBN: 1786252295
Category: History
Page: 433
View: 8003

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Includes over 150 photos. Victory is won or lost in battle, but all military history shows that adequate logistic support is essential to the winning of battles. In World War II, logistic support of the fleet in the Pacific became a problem of such magnitude and diversity, as well as vital necessity, that all operations against Japan hinged upon it. The advance against the enemy moved our fleet progressively farther and farther away from the west coast of the United States, from Pearl Harbor, and from other sources of supply, to support our fleet we constructed temporary bases for various uses, and we formed floating mobile service squadrons and other logistic support groups. These floating organizations remained near the fighting fleet, supplying food, ammunition, and other necessities while rendering repair services close to the combat areas, this support enabled the fleet to keep unrelenting pressure upon the enemy by obviating the return of the fleet to home bases. Because of the knowledge gained during his South Pacific service and particularly from his experience as Commander of Service Squadron Ten, the largest of the mobile squadrons, Rear Admiral W.R. Carter was chosen to write this history of logistics afloat in the Pacific. The opinions expressed and the conclusions reached are those of the author.- Secretary of the Navy, Dan Kimball

The Amphibians Came to Conquer: The Story of Richmond Kelly Turner

Author: Vice Admiral George C. Dyer
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
ISBN: 178625204X
Category: History
Page: 538
View: 3806

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Includes over 90 maps, charts and illustrations. His nickname was “Terrible Turner.” He was, according to one ensign who served with him prior to World War II, “the meanest man I ever saw, and the most competent naval officer I ever served with.” He led the successful amphibious attacks on Guadalcanal, Makin, Kwajalein, Roi-Namur, Saipan, Tinian, and Guam. He was Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner, one of the key figures in America’s defeat of Japan. In this fascinating and comprehensive biography, Vice Admiral George C. Dyer documents the tough and fearless leadership of Admiral Turner, his astonishing success in meeting some of the toughest challenges in the history of amphibious warfare, and detailed descriptions of the ships and men who fought under him. More than just a biography, The Amphibians Came to Conquer is a carefully documented history, both strategic and tactical, of the major campaigns in the Pacific from Guadalcanal to Okinawa, providing a wealth of information on how Terrible Turner and the men he commanded conquered island after island against a tough and determined foe. In an astonishing tribute to the tenacity of Turner and his men, a February 21, 1945 Japanese broadcast said: “The true nature of an alligator is that once he bites into something, he will not let go. Turner’s nature is also like this.” This remarkable book belongs in the library of any serious student of the war in the Pacific

Mathematics and War

Author: Bernhelm Booß-Bavnbek,Jens Høyrup
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034880936
Category: Mathematics
Page: 420
View: 5264

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Mathematics has for centuries been stimulated, financed and credited by military purposes. Some mathematical thoughts and mathematical technology have also been vital in war. During World War II mathematical work by the Anti-Hitler coalition was part of an aspiration to serve humanity and not help destroy it. At present, it is not an easy task to view the bellicose potentials of mathematics in a proper perspective. The book presents historical evidence and recent changes in the interaction between mathematics and the military. It discusses the new mathematically enhanced development of military technology which seems to have changed the very character of modern warfare.

The Geology of Liberia

A Selected Bibliography of Liberian Geology
Author: R. Lee Hadden,Topographic Engineering Center,U. S. Army Corps of Engineers
Publisher: www.Militarybookshop.CompanyUK
ISBN: 9781780391861
Category: Nature
Page: 174
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Updated through 2006, this bibliography on the water and geological information of Liberia was begun in 1998 as a request through the US Department of State by the Government of Liberia. It brings together selected citations from a variety of different cartographic, geographical, geological and hydrological resources and specialized library collections. Most of the citations have location information on where these items can be located and used on site, and either borrowed through inter-library loan or purchased through a commercial document delivery services.

Progress and Purpose

A Developmental History of the United States Marine Corps, 1900-1970.
Author: Kenneth J. Clifford,Usmcr Lieutenant Colonel Kenn Clifford
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781499748239
Category: History
Page: 168
View: 2275

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Marine Corps contributions to the development of doctrine, tactics, and techniques of amphibious warfare have been cited in various Marine Corps histories for at least the past 70 years. It was the idea of Lieutenant General James M. Masters, Sr., then Commandant of Marine Corps Schools, 1966—1968, to restate these contributions and to cite some other contributions such as the doctrine of vertical envelopment and the use of helicopters in land warfare. My idea was to tell the story of these contributions without using a chronology of Marine "firsts." The book is generally divided into decades giving the status of the Marine Corps during the particular decade, coupled with a brief introduction into the political and economic climate of the times. This was of course important because it is those economic and political factors that directly affected the military situation. In researching for the story, three unique things became apparent. The first was that in 1932, the Marine Corps Schools at Quantico chose to study a case history in disaster from World War I, the Gallipoli-Dardanelles Campaign of 1915—16. Rear Admiral L.E.H. Maund, Royal Navy, might have given the answer for Marine Corps Schools if it had been asked of them—Why study Gallipoli? Admiral Maund said of Gallipoli, "It had imagination, it had the promise of great strategic gains; while the reasons for its failure could easily be discerned and had to do with lack of technique, material and belief in this form of warfare—shortcomings that could all be overcome." It is the "shortcomings" that Marine planners had overcome by the commencement of World War II. The second unique accomplishment that surfaced was that Marine Corps Schools had the first written doctrine on landing operations before it had suitable landing boats to carry out the doctrine. In like fashion, within 15 years after the "Tentative Landing Operations Manual" was published, the Marine Corps Schools had the first written doctrine on helicopter operations before actually possessing a helicopter. In this work the fighting record of the U.S. Marine Corps is not discussed but rather the inventiveness of those Marines who pioneered the amphibious role that would be played by the Corps in the 20th century.

Logistics in the National Defense

Author: Henry Effingham Eccles
Publisher: Greenwood
ISBN: 9780313227165
Category: History
Page: 347
View: 6094

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The author develops the concept that logistics constitute a bridge between the national economy and the combat forces. He explains the role of the civilian as well as of the professional, and discusses the differences in their modes of thought and methods of operation.