Characterization of Polymer Blends

Miscibility, Morphology and Interfaces
Author: Sabu Thomas,Yves Grohens,P. Jyotishkumar
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527331530
Category: Science
Page: 976
View: 8449

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Filling the gap for a reference dedicated to the characterization of polymer blends and their micro and nano morphologies, this book provides comprehensive, systematic coverage in a one-stop, two-volume resource for all those working in the field. Leading researchers from industry and academia, as well as from government and private research institutions around the world summarize recent technical advances in chapters devoted to their individual contributions. In so doing, they examine a wide range of modern characterization techniques, from microscopy and spectroscopy to diffraction, thermal analysis, rheology, mechanical measurements and chromatography. These methods are compared with each other to assist in determining the best solution for both fundamental and applied problems, paying attention to the characterization of nanoscale miscibility and interfaces, both in blends involving copolymers and in immiscible blends. The thermodynamics, miscibility, phase separation, morphology and interfaces in polymer blends are also discussed in light of new insights involving the nanoscopic scale. Finally, the authors detail the processing-morphology-property relationships of polymer blends, as well as the influence of processing on the generation of micro and nano morphologies, and the dependence of these morphologies on the properties of blends. Hot topics such as compatibilization through nanoparticles, miscibility of new biopolymers and nanoscale investigations of interfaces in blends are also addressed. With its application-oriented approach, handpicked selection of topics and expert contributors, this is an outstanding survey for anyone involved in the field of polymer blends for advanced technologies.

Polymer Characterization Techniques and Their Application to Blends


Author: George P. Simon
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: N.A
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 516
View: 1225

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This book aims to introduce the reader to a wide range of polymer characterization techniques including thermal, rheology, mechanical, relaxational, scattering, and spectroscopic analysis. In addition to discussing the techniques and their experimental considerations in general, the chapters will show how the techniques are applied to polymer systems and how the data obtained is analyzed and interpreted. In order to connect each technique to applications, each chapter explains the use of the technique in the popular application of polymer blends. The blending of polymers continues to be a major area of polymer research in academia and industry, and in addition to its instructive role, each chapter serves as a review of the blend literature as relevant to a polymer blends researcher.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends, Volume 2

Processing
Author: Avraam I. Isayev,Sanjay Palsule
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527319301
Category: Science
Page: 404
View: 8573

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A complete and timely overview of the topic, this Encyclopedia imparts knowledge of fundamental principles and their applications for academicians, scientists and researchers, while informing engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs of the current state of the technology and its utilization. Each article is uniformly structured for easy navigation, containing the latest research & development and its basic principles and applications, examples of case studies, laboratory and pilot plant experiments, as well as due reference to the published and patented literature.

Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends

Preparation and Characterisation
Author: P. M. Visakh,Gordana Markovic,Daniel Pasquini
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081004273
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 342
View: 7209

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Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends: Preparation and Characterisation discusses the various types of techniques that are currently used for the characterization of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. It summarizes recent technical research accomplishments, emphasizing a broad range of characterization methods. In addition, the book discusses preparation methods and applications for various types of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. Chapters include thermoplastic-based polymer & nano blends, applications of rubber based and thermoplastic blends, micro/nanostructures polymer blends containing block copolymers, advances in polymer-inorganic hybrids as membrane materials, synthesis of polymer/inorganic hybrids through heterophase polymerizations, nanoporous polymer foams from nanostructured polymer blends, and natural polymeric biodegradable nano blends for protein delivery. Describes the techniques pertaining to a kind (or small number) of blends, showing specific examples of their applications Covers micro, macro, and nano polymer blends Contains contributions from leading experts in the field

Kunststoffprüfung


Author: Wolfgang Grellmann,Sabine Seidler
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446443908
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 760
View: 1525

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Die enormen Zuwachsraten in der Kunststofferzeugung und -anwendung erhöhen die Forderung nach aussagekräftigen Mess- und Auswerteverfahren in der Kunststoffprüfung. Durch die Fortschritte in der elektronischen Messtechnik haben sich sowohl die klassischen Prüfverfahren weiterentwickelt als auch völlig neuartige Methoden etabliert. Die Aussagekraft dieser Kenngrößen zur Quantifizierung der Zusammenhänge zwischen der Mikrostruktur und den makroskopischen Eigenschaften wird dargestellt. Zusätzliche Informationen über die ablaufenden Schädigungsprozesse und -mechanismen können durch die Anwendung gekoppelter zerstörungsfreier Kunststoffprüfverfahren bzw. hybrider Methoden der Kunststoffdiagnostik gewonnen werden. An Hand von Beispielen zur Optimierung von Kunststoffen und Verbunden sowie zur Bewertung von Bauteileigenschaften wird ein werkstoffwissenschaftlich begründeter Einblick in die moderne Kunststoffprüfung vermittelt.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends

Volume 1: Fundamentals
Author: Avraam I. Isayev
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527319298
Category: Science
Page: 330
View: 1421

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A complete and timely overview of the topic, this Encyclopedia imparts knowledge of fundamental principles and their applications for academicians, scientists and researchers, while informing engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs of the current state of the technology and its utilization. Each article is uniformly structured for easy navigation, containing the latest research & development and its basic principles and applications, examples of case studies, laboratory and pilot plant experiments, as well as due reference to the published and patented literature.

Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing


Author: Enrique Saldivar-Guerra,Eduardo Vivaldo-Lima
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118480775
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 644
View: 4172

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Covering a broad range of polymer science topics, Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing provides polymer industry professionals and researchers in polymer science and technology with a single, comprehensive handbook summarizing all aspects involved in the polymer production chain. The handbook focuses on industrially important polymers, analytical techniques, and formulation methods, with chapters covering step-growth, radical, and co-polymerization, crosslinking and grafting, reaction engineering, advanced technology applications, including conjugated, dendritic, and nanomaterial polymers and emulsions, and characterization methods, including spectroscopy, light scattering, and microscopy.

Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites


Author: Vikas Mittal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527654526
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 378
View: 2850

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With its focus on the characterization of nanocomposites using such techniques as x-ray diffraction and spectrometry, light and electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, as well as nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy, this book helps to correctly interpret the recorded data. Each chapter introduces a particular characterization method, along with its foundations, and makes the user aware of its benefits, but also of its drawbacks. As a result, the reader will be able to reliably predict the microstructure of the synthesized polymer nanocomposite and its thermal and mechanical properties, and so assess its suitability for a particular application. Belongs on the shelf of every product engineer.

Characterization of Lignocellulosic Materials


Author: Thomas Q. Hu, PhD
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781405158800
Category: Science
Page: 392
View: 8963

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Lignocellulosic materials are a natural, abundant and renewable resource essential to the functioning of industrial societies and critical to the development of a sustainable global economy. As wood and paper products, they have played an important role in the evolution of civilization. Improvement of the quality and manufacturing efficiency of such products has often been hampered by the lack of understanding of the complex structures and chemical compositions of the materials. Due to increasing economic and environmental issues concerning the use of petrochemicals, lignocellulosic materials will be relied upon as feedstock for the production of chemicals, fuels and biocompatible materials. Significant progress has been made to use lignocellulosic materials for the production of fuel ethanol and as a reinforcing component in polymer composites. Effective and economical methods for such uses, however, remain underdeveloped, partly due to the difficulties encountered in the characterization of the structures of native lignocelluloses and lignocelluloses-based materials. Improved methods for the characterization of lignocellulosic materials are needed. Characterization of Lignocellulosic Materials covers recent advances in the characterization of wood, pulp fibres and papers. It also describes the analyses of native and modified lignocellulosic fibres and materials using a range of advanced techniques such as time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry, 2D heteronuclear single quantum correlation NMR, and Raman microscopy. The book provides a survey of state-of-the-art characterization methods for lignocellulosic materials, for both academic and industrial researchers who work in the fields of wood and paper, lignocelluloses-based composites and polymer blends, and bio-based fuels and materials.

High Temperature Polymer Blends


Author: Mark T. DeMeuse
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857099019
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 232
View: 6505

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Polymer blends offer properties not easily obtained through the use of a single polymer, including the ability to withstand high temperatures. High Temperature Polymer Blends outlines the characteristics, developments, and use of high temperature polymer blends. The first chapter introduces high temperature polymer blends, their general principles, and thermodynamics. Further chapters go on to deal with the characterization of high temperature polymer blends for specific uses, such as fuel cells and aerospace applications. The book discusses different types of high temperature polymer blends, including liquid crystal polymers, polysulfones, and polybenzimidazole polymer blends and their commercial applications. High Temperature Polymer Blends provides a key reference for material scientists, polymer scientists, chemists, and plastic engineers, as well as academics in these fields. Reviews characterization methods and analysis of the thermodynamic properties of high temperature polymer blends Reviews the use of materials such as liquid crystals as reinforcements as well as applications in such areas as energy and aerospace engineering

Makromoleküle

Chemische Struktur und Synthesen - Sechste, vollstandig überarbeitete Auflage
Author: Hans-Georg Elias
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527626484
Category: Science
Page: 653
View: 7792

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Das Standard-Nachschlagewerk der Makromolekularen Chemie: vollständig überarbeitet und aktualisiert! Der Elias - ein Markenname, der für Qualität bürgt! Das einzigartige Nachschlagewerk der Makromolekularen Chemie liegt nun in der sechsten Auflage vor, allein das setzt Maßstäbe, die nicht zu übertreffen sind. Um der stürmischen Entwicklung auf dem Gebiet gerecht zu werden, wurde das Konzept völlig geändert und der Umfang stark erweitert: In vier Bänden werden alle Aspekte des Gebiets beleuchtet. Die Qualität der früheren Auflagen wurde selbstverständlich beibehalten: eine nicht zu elementare Darstellung des Stoffes, präzise Definition der Grundlagen, detaillierte Ableitung wichtiger Beziehungen und ein breiter Überblick über das Gesamtgebiet. Band 1 ist der Chemischen Struktur und den Synthesen von Makromolekülen gewidmet. Er bildet den Anfang eines modernen, umfassenden und aktuellen Nachschlagewerks!

Polymer and biopolymer analysis and characterization


Author: Alfonso Jiménez
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600216084
Category: Science
Page: 253
View: 543

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CONTENTS: Preface; Particle boards based on rice husk; Stabilisation of polymers with natural antioxidants; Mechanical performance of composites based on ethylene vinyl-acetate (eva) matrix with powdered in filler; Prediction of mechanical behaviour of hips/pp blends from solubility parameters; Bio-damages of materials. Adhesion of microorganisms on materials surface; Intensification of dust removal process of complex aerohydrodynamic research and the effectiveness of arresting dispersed particles for barbotage -- rotation; Application of a model based on consecutive reactions to polymer degradation; Transport of water as structurally sensitive process characterising morphology of biodegradable polymer systems; Retention Volumes of organic substances on the ester phases; Clay filled rigid polyurethane foams; Kinetics of bimolecular radicals decay in different polymeric matrixes; Mechanism of generation of stable nitrogen-containing radicals in the presence of nitrogen oxides; Hard and soft approaches to analysis of kinetic data; Free-radical mechanisms of formation of polysaccharides radiation destruction products; Generalisation of effects of solvent Chr(45) polymer interaction by means of linear multi-parametric equations; Index.

Polymer Microscopy


Author: Linda C. Sawyer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400931395
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 303
View: 4522

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Modern materials include a vast array of polymers and plastics which are found in applications such as housing, appliances, clothing and household textiles and automotive and aerospace industries. Thus research scientists, engineers and materials science graduate students need to be aware of the methods and techniques required to understand the structure-property relations of polymer materials. This book will review the field of the microscopy of polymers. There is a vast literature which describes the research results obtained by study of polymer materials using microscopy and other complementary analytical techniques and such studies are best left to journals on specific topics. The major objective of this text is to provide the basic microscopy techniques and specimen preparation methods applicable to polymers. The book will attempt to provide enough detail so that the methods described can be applied, and also to reference appropriate publications for the investigator interested in more detail. The selection of two authors for this text came from the desire for a comprehen sive review of polymer microscopy with emphasis on methods and techniques, rather than on research results. The synergism provided by two authors with widely varied backgrounds was thought to be important: one author (LCS) has an industrial focus and a background in chemistry whilst the other (DTG) has an academic environment and offers a background in polymer physics.

Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials


Author: Bernhard Wunderlich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540236290
Category: Science
Page: 894
View: 1234

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"Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials" systematically treats macroscopic measurements by thermal analysis and the quantitative link to microscopic, molecular structure and mobility. Reversible and irreversible thermodynamics, kinetics, quantum mechanics, and statistical thermodynamics are the roots of the described thermal analysis. The book aims to broaden readers’ understanding of materials and the connection of flexible macromolecules (polymers) to small molecules and rigid macromolecules (minerals, salts, and metals). An effort is made to discover how the long, flexible molecules fit into their small phases which are characterized as microphases or nanophases. Their order ranges from amorphous to mesophase-like and crystalline. Ultimately, it is shown that the basic structure-property-processing triangle is connected to the better-known types of molecules and their common macroscopic phases.