Changes in the Land

Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England
Author: William Cronon
Publisher: Hill and Wang
ISBN: 142992828X
Category: Nature
Page: 288
View: 3291

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Winner of the Francis Parkman Prize Changes in the Land offers an original and persuasive interpretation of the changing circumstances in New England's plant and animal communities that occurred with the shift from Indian to European dominance. With the tools of both historian and ecologist, Cronon constructs an interdisciplinary analysis of how the land and the people influenced one another, and how that complex web of relationships shaped New England's communities.

Changes in the Land, Revised Edition

Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England
Author: William Cronon
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0809016346
Category: History
Page: 257
View: 7535

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[This book offers an] interpretation of the changing circumstances in New England's plant and animal communities that occurred with the shift from Indian to European dominance. [In the book, the author] constructs [an] interdisciplinary analysis of how the land and the people influenced one another, and how that complex web of relationships shaped New England's communities.-Back cover.

Changes in the Land

Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England
Author: William Cronon
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0809034050
Category: Human beings
Page: 241
View: 765

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This book offers an original and persuasive interpretation of the changing circumstances in New England's plant and animal communities that occurred with the shift from Indian to European dominance.

Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West


Author: William Cronon
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393072452
Category: History
Page: 592
View: 4131

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A Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and Winner of the Bancroft Prize. "No one has written a better book about a city…Nature's Metropolis is elegant testimony to the proposition that economic, urban, environmental, and business history can be as graceful, powerful, and fascinating as a novel." —Kenneth T. Jackson, Boston Globe In this groundbreaking work, William Cronon gives us an environmental perspective on the history of nineteenth-century America. By exploring the ecological and economic changes that made Chicago America's most dynamic city and the Great West its hinterland, Mr. Cronon opens a new window onto our national past. This is the story of city and country becoming ever more tightly bound in a system so powerful that it reshaped the American landscape and transformed American culture. The world that emerged is our own. Winner of the Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize

Ecological Revolutions

Nature, Gender, and Science in New England
Author: Carolyn Merchant
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807899625
Category: Science
Page: 424
View: 9508

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With the arrival of European explorers and settlers during the seventeenth century, Native American ways of life and the environment itself underwent radical alterations as human relationships to the land and ways of thinking about nature all changed. This colonial ecological revolution held sway until the nineteenth century, when New England's industrial production brought on a capitalist revolution that again remade the ecology, economy, and conceptions of nature in the region. In Ecological Revolutions, Carolyn Merchant analyzes these two major transformations in the New England environment between 1600 and 1860. In a preface to the second edition, Merchant introduces new ideas about narrating environmental change based on gender and the dialectics of transformation, while the revised epilogue situates New England in the context of twenty-first-century globalization and climate change. Merchant argues that past ways of relating to the land could become an inspiration for renewing resources and achieving sustainability in the future.

Brethren by Nature

New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery
Author: Margaret Ellen Newell
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801456479
Category: History
Page: 312
View: 6697

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In Brethren by Nature, Margaret Ellen Newell reveals a little-known aspect of American history: English colonists in New England enslaved thousands of Indians. Massachusetts became the first English colony to legalize slavery in 1641, and the colonists' desire for slaves shaped the major New England Indian wars, including the Pequot War of 1637, King Philip's War of 1675–76, and the northeastern Wabanaki conflicts of 1676–1749. When the wartime conquest of Indians ceased, New Englanders turned to the courts to get control of their labor, or imported Indians from Florida and the Carolinas, or simply claimed free Indians as slaves. Drawing on letters, diaries, newspapers, and court records, Newell recovers the slaves’ own stories and shows how they influenced New England society in crucial ways. Indians lived in English homes, raised English children, and manned colonial armies, farms, and fleets, exposing their captors to Native religion, foods, and technology. Some achieved freedom and power in this new colonial culture, but others experienced violence, surveillance, and family separations. Newell also explains how slavery linked the fate of Africans and Indians. The trade in Indian captives connected New England to Caribbean and Atlantic slave economies. Indians labored on sugar plantations in Jamaica, tended fields in the Azores, and rowed English naval galleys in Tangier. Indian slaves outnumbered Africans within New England before 1700, but the balance soon shifted. Fearful of the growing African population, local governments stripped Indian and African servants and slaves of legal rights and personal freedoms. Nevertheless, because Indians remained a significant part of the slave population, the New England colonies did not adopt all of the rigid racial laws typical of slave societies in Virginia and Barbados. Newell finds that second- and third-generation Indian slaves fought their enslavement and claimed citizenship in cases that had implications for all enslaved peoples in eighteenth-century America.

Indian New England Before the Mayflower


Author: Howard S. Russell
Publisher: University Press of New England
ISBN: 1611686369
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 6501

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In offering here a highly readable yet comprehensive description of New England's Indians as they lived when European settlers first met them, the author provides a well-rounded picture of the natives as neither savages nor heroes, but fellow human beings existing at a particular time and in a particular environment. He dispels once and for all the common notion of native New England as peopled by a handful of savages wandering in a trackless wilderness. In sketching the picture the author has had help from such early explorers as Verrazano, Champlain, John Smith, and a score of literate sailors; Pilgrims and Puritans; settlers, travelers, military men, and missionaries. A surprising number of these took time and trouble to write about the new land and the characteristics and way of life of its native people. A second major background source has been the patient investigations of modern archaeologists and scientists, whose several enthusiastic organizations sponsor physical excavations and publications that continually add to our perception of prehistoric men and women, their habits, and their environment. This account of the earlier New Englanders, of their land and how they lived in it and treated it; their customs, food, life, means of livelihood, and philosophy of life will be of interest to all general audiences concerned with the history of Native Americans and of New England.

Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature


Author: William Cronon
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393315118
Category: History
Page: 561
View: 2845

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Essays by revisionist historians, scientists, and cultural critics explore the connection between nature and American culture, analyzing how it is packaged and presented at places such as Sea World and the Nature Company stores

DDT, Silent Spring, and the Rise of Environmentalism

Classic Texts
Author: Thomas Dunlap
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295998954
Category: Science
Page: 160
View: 5277

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No single event played a greater role in the birth of modern environmentalism than the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring and its assault on insecticides. The documents collected by Thomas Dunlap trace shifting attitudes toward DDT and pesticides in general through a variety of sources: excerpts from scientific studies and government reports, advertisements from industry journals, articles from popular magazines, and the famous �Fable for Tomorrow� from Silent Spring. Beginning with attitudes toward nature at the turn of the twentieth century, the book moves through the use and early regulation of pesticides; the introduction and early success of DDT; the discovery of its environmental effects; and the uproar over Silent Spring. It ends with recent debates about DDT as a potential solution to malaria in Africa.

Nature Incorporated

Industrialization and the Waters of New England
Author: Theodore Steinberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521527118
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 4271

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A reinterpretation of industrialization that centres on the struggle to control and master nature.

New England's Prospect


Author: William Wood,Alden T. Vaughan
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
ISBN: 9780870238901
Category: History
Page: 132
View: 5509

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Under an Open Sky

Rethinking America's Western Past
Author: William Cronon,George A. Miles,Jay Gitlin
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393310634
Category: History
Page: 354
View: 6750

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Essays examine the significance of the frontier in American history, the bases of a western identity, and the themes that connect the twentieth-century West to its more distant past

Native Americans and the Environment

Perspectives on the Ecological Indian
Author: Michael Eugene Harkin,David Rich Lewis
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 080320566X
Category: Nature
Page: 189
View: 5535

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Often cited as one of the most decisive campaigns in military history, the Seven Days Battles were the first campaign in which Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia-as well as the first in which Lee and Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson worked together.

Land Use, Environment, and Social Change

The Shaping of Island County, Washington
Author: Richard White
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295980540
Category: History
Page: 264
View: 348

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Whidbey and Camano, two of the largest of the numerous beautiful islands dotting Puget Sound, together form the major part of Island Country. Taking this county as a case study and following its history from Indian times to the present, Richard White explores the complex relationship between human induced environmental change and social change. This new edition of his classic study includes a new preface by the author and a foreword by William Cronon.

A New Face on the Countryside

Indians, Colonists, and Slaves in South Atlantic Forests, 1500-1800
Author: Timothy Silver
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521387392
Category: History
Page: 204
View: 2494

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Silver traces the effects of English settlement on South Atlantic ecology, showing how three cultures interacted with their changing environment.

The Republic of Nature

An Environmental History of the United States
Author: Mark Fiege
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295804149
Category: History
Page: 520
View: 4526

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In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light. Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education. By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience. For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/

Major Problems in American Environmental History

Documents and Essays
Author: Carolyn Merchant
Publisher: Major Problems in American His
ISBN: 9780495912422
Category: Education
Page: 573
View: 5993

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Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the MAJOR PROBLEMS IN AMERICAN HISTORY series introduces readers to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. MAJOR PROBLEMS IN AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY presents major themes and controversial issues from native American times to the present, drawn from compelling, readable sources that draw readers into the process of developing their own perspectives on American environmental history. This text presents a carefully selected group of readings organized to allow readers to evaluate primary sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions. Each chapter includes introductions, source notes, and suggested readings.

Creatures of Empire

How Domestic Animals Transformed Early America
Author: Virginia DeJohn Anderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195304466
Category: History
Page: 322
View: 7889

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Presenting history in a new light, this original work highlights the pivotal role that livestock played in early America. 2 maps, 8 halftones.

The Skulking Way of War

Technology and Tactics Among the New England Indians
Author: Patrick M. Malone
Publisher: Madison Books
ISBN: 1461662842
Category: History
Page: 144
View: 2521

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During the brutal and destructive King Philip's War, the New England Indians combined new European weaponry with their traditional use of stealth, surprise, and mobility.

The Great Meadow

Farmers and the Land in Colonial Concord
Author: Brian Donahue
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300123692
Category: History
Page: 311
View: 3166

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"Employing precise geographical information system (GIS) mapping of land ownership and land use, Donahue describes how the land was settled and how mixed husbandry was developed in Concord. By reconstructing several farm neighborhoods and following them through many generations, he reveals a diverse sustainable farming system of tillage, orchards, pastures, hay meadows, and woodlots that required careful management of soil and water. Donahue concludes that ecological degradation came to Concord only later, when nineteenth-century economic and social forces undercut the environmental balance that earlier colonial farmers had nurtured."--Jacket.