Changes and Disturbance in Tropical Rainforest in South-East Asia


Author: D. M. Newbery,T. H. Clutton-Brock,Ghillean T. Prance,Royal Society (Great Britain)
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1860942431
Category: Nature
Page: 176
View: 5397

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Views on the dynamics of tropical forests are changing rapidly with the recognition that their environment is variable on the decadal to century scale. Fluctuating climatic conditions partly determine tropical forest structure, species composition and dynamics. Tropical communities are also highly contingent in space and time with respect to site and historical factors. Tropical forests have experienced to some degree this disturbance regime in the past, but climatologists are now predicting increasingly frequent extreme events in the new century. The combination of increasing deforestation and land-use conversion by man plus an increasingly variable environment means a situation that could be very difficult to manage.

Land Use, Nature Conservation and the Stability of Rainforest Margins in Southeast Asia


Author: Gerhard Gerold,Michael Fremerey,Edi Guhardja
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540006039
Category: Nature
Page: 533
View: 457

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Southeast Asia constitutes one of the world's most extended rainforest regions. It is characterized by a high degree of biodiversity and contains a large variety of endemic species. Moreover, these forests provide a number of important and sin gular ecosystem services, like erosion protection and provision of high quality wa ter, which cannot be replaced by alternative ecosystems. However, various forms of encroachment, mostly those made by human interventions, seriously threaten the continuance of rainforests in this area. There is ample evidence that the rainforest resources, apart from large scale commercial logging, are exposed to danger particularly from its margin areas. These areas, which are characterized by intensive man-nature interaction, have been identified as extremely fragile systems. The dynamic equilibrium that bal ances human needs and interventions on the one hand, and natural regeneration capacity on the other, is at stake. The decrease of rainforest resources is, to a sub stantial degree, connected with the destabilization of these systems. Accordingly, the search for measures and processes, which prevent destabilization and promote stability is regarded as imperative. This refers to both the human and the natural part of the forest margin ecosystem.

Biomass Burning and Global Change: Biomass burning in South America, Southeast Asia, and temperate and boreal ecosystems, and the oil fires of Kuwait


Author: Joel S. Levine
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262122023
Category: Nature
Page: 932
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Global Biomass Burning provides a convenient and current reference on such topics as the remote sensing of biomass burning from space, the geographical distribution of burning; the combustion products of burning in tropical, temperate, and boreal ecosystems; burning as a global source of atmospheric gases and particulates; the impact of biomass burning gases and particulates on global climate; and the role of biomass burning on biodiversity and past global extinctions."--pub. desc.

Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics

Past, Present and Future Hydrological Research for Integrated Land and Water Management
Author: M. Bonell,L. A. Bruijnzeel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139443845
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 4893

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Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics is a comprehensive review of the hydrological and physiological functioning of tropical rain forests, the environmental impacts of their disturbance and conversion to other land uses, and optimum strategies for managing them. The book brings together leading specialists in such diverse fields as tropical anthropology and human geography, environmental economics, climatology and meteorology, hydrology, geomorphology, plant and aquatic ecology, forestry and conservation agronomy. The editors have supplemented the individual contributions with invaluable overviews of the main sections and provide key pointers for future research. Specialists will find authenticated detail in chapters written by experts on a whole range of people-water-land use issues, managers and practitioners will learn more about the implications of ongoing and planned forest conversion, while scientists and students will appreciate a unique review of the literature.

Timber Production and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Rain Forests


Author: Andrew Grieser Johns
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521572828
Category: Nature
Page: 225
View: 1961

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Timber production is often the most economic form of land use in areas of tropical forest; forest preservation is rarely so. This book attempts to bridge the current gap between conservation requirements and commercial interests, indicating the possibilities for integrated management of tropical forests. The aim is to create a practical approach for the management of production forest as a supplement to totally-protected forest in the conservation of tropical biodiversity.

Arthropods of Tropical Forests

Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Resource Use in the Canopy
Author: Yves Basset
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521820004
Category: Science
Page: 474
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Arthropods are the most diverse group of organisms on our planet and the tropical rainforests represent the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems. This book, written by 79 authors contributing to 35 chapters, aims to provide an overview of data collected during recent studies in Australia, Africa, Asia, and South America. The book focuses on the distribution of arthropods and their use of resources in the rainforest canopies, providing a basis for comparison between the forest ecosystems of the main biogeographical regions. Topics covered include the distribution of arthropods along vertical gradients and the relationship between the soil/litter habitat and the forest canopy. The temporal dynamics of arthropod communities, habitats and food selection are examined within and among tropical tree crowns, as are the effects of forest disturbance. This important book is a valuable addition to the literature used by community ecologists, conservation biologists entomologists, botanists and forestry experts.

Sustainability and Diversity of Forest Ecosystems

An Interdisciplinary Approach
Author: Tohru Nakashizuka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9784431732389
Category: Science
Page: 86
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Biodiversity is decreasing at the fastest rate in the history of the earth. The sustainable use of ecosystems allowing maintenance of biological diversity is an urgent problem that must be solved. The work featured in this book presents the results achieved by the RIHN project, together with reports on other international activities and related efforts, as ecologists, forestry scientists, environmental economists, and sociologists share in discussions of the issues.

Land Use Intensification

Effects on Agriculture, Biodiversity and Ecological Processes
Author: David Lindenmayer,Saul Cunningham,Andrew Young
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN: 0643104070
Category: Agricultural landscape management
Page: 156
View: 8727

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Can science suggest new and improved approaches to reducing the conflict between productive land use and biodiversity conservation? There are many different viewpoints about the best way to deal with the myriad issues associated with land use intensification and this book canvasses a number of these from different parts of the tropical and temperate world. Chapters focus on whether science can suggest new and improved approaches to reducing the conflict between productive land use and biodiversity conservation.

Ecology of Lianas


Author: Stefan Schnitzer,Frans Bongers,Robyn J. Burnham,Francis E. Putz
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118392485
Category: Science
Page: 504
View: 9884

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Lianas are woody vines that were the focus of intense study byearly ecologists, such as Darwin, who devoted an entire book to thenatural history of climbing plants. Over the past quartercentury, there has been a resurgence in the study of lianas, andliana are again recognized as important components of many forests,particularly in the tropics. The increasing amount ofresearch on lianas has resulted in a fundamentally deeperunderstanding of liana ecology, evolution, and life-history, aswell as the myriad roles lianas play in forest dynamics andfunctioning. This book provides insight into the ecology and evolution oflianas, their anatomy, physiology, and natural history, theirglobal abundance and distribution, and their wide-ranging effectson the myriad organisms that inhabit tropical and temperateforests.

Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World


Author: Josep G. Canadell,Diane E. Pataki,Louis F. Pitelka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540327304
Category: Science
Page: 336
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This book examines the impacts of global change on terrestrial ecosystems. Emphasis is placed on impacts of atmospheric, climate and land use change, and the book discusses the future challenges and the scientific frameworks to address them. Finally, the book explores fundamental new research developments and the need for stronger integration of natural and human dimensions in addressing the challenge of global change.

Conserving Biodiversity in East African Forests

A Study of the Eastern Arc Mountains
Author: W.D. Newmark,William Dubois Newmark
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540424291
Category: Nature
Page: 197
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The Eastern Arc Mountains of East Africa are one of the 17 most threatened tropical ecosystems or hotspots worldwide. This is the first book to examine in detail current threats as well as approaches for conserving biological diversity in this global biodiversity hotspot. This volume synthesizes existing information on the biodiversity of the Eastern Arc Mountains, outlines processes that adversely affect this diversity, and suggests potential approaches for promoting its conservation. While the geographic focus of this book is the Eastern Arc forests, the problems, principles, and approaches discussed in relationship to conserving biodiversity have applicability to nearly all tropical forests worldwide.

Balkan Biodiversity

Pattern and Process in the European Hotspot
Author: Huw I. Griffiths,Boris Kryštufek,Jane M. Reed
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402028533
Category: Science
Page: 358
View: 7560

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This is the first attempt to synthesize current understanding of biodiversity in the great European hot spot. A diverse group of international researchers offers perspective on biodiversity at the level of the gene, species and ecosystem, including contributions on temporal change. Biological groups include plants, mammals, spiders and humans, cave-dwelling organisms, fish, aquatic invertebrates and algae.

The Djief Hunters, 26,000 Years of Rainforest Exploitation on the Bird's Head of Papua, Indonesia

Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia
Author: Juliette M. Pasveer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482283948
Category: Nature
Page: 456
View: 2870

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Two prehistoric cave sites on the Bird's Head of western New Guinea provide a detailed narrative of 26,000 years of human occupation of this area. During Late Pleistocene times, lower temperatures allowed a suite of montane animal species to descend onto the lowland Ayamaru Plateau. When the montane fauna receded during the subsequent climatic amelioration, people switched their hunting focus to a forest wallaby, known locally as Djief. Detailed analysis of this species' remains, including the reconstruction of their age profile, provides insights into why prolonged hunting of this species did not lead to its extinction. The wallaby population evidently thrived at its demographic maximum throughout the early and mid-Holocene, suggesting that human population densities, and therefore hunting pressure, were low until c. 5000 BP. This volume of Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia offers a unique perspective on sustainable hunting in prehistory and provides intriguing insights into hunter-gatherer subsistence, tool manufacturing and use, the changing intensity of occupation of the sites, and environmental exploitation from Late Pleistocene times onwards in a lowland tropical region. It forms an important contribution to the current debate on the possibilities of human occupation of tropical rainforest before the advent of agriculture.

Birds as Monitors of Environmental Change


Author: R.W. Furness,J.J.D. Greenwood
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401513228
Category: Science
Page: 356
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Birds as Monitors of Environmental Change looks at how bird populations are affected by pollutants, water quality, and other physical changes and how this scientific knowledge can help in predicting the effects of pollutants and other physical changes in the environment.

Tropical Fire Ecology

Climate Change, Land Use and Ecosystem Dynamics
Author: Mark Cochrane
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540773819
Category: Science
Page: 682
View: 3872

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The tropics are home to most of the world’s biodiversity and are currently the frontier for human settlement. Tropical ecosystems are being converted to agricultural and other land uses at unprecedented rates. Land conversion and maintenance almost always rely on fire and, because of this, fire is now more prevalent in the tropics than anywhere else on Earth. Despite pervasive fire, human settlement and threatened biodiversity, there is little comprehensive information available on fire and its effects in tropical ecosystems. Tropical deforestation, especially in rainforests, has been widely documented for many years. Forests are cut down and allowed to dry before being burned to remove biomass and release nutrients to grow crops. However, fires do not always stop at the borders of cleared forests. Tremendously damaging fires are increasingly spreading into forests that were never evolutionarily prepared for wild fires. The largest fires on the planet in recent decades have occurred in tropical forests and burned millions of hectares in several countries. The numerous ecosystems of the tropics have differing levels of fire resistance, resilience or dependence. At present, there is little appreciation of the seriousness of the wild fire situation in tropical rainforests but there is even less understanding of the role that fire plays in the ecology of many fire adapted tropical ecosystems, such as savannas, grasslands and other forest types.

Soil Ecology


Author: P. Lavelle,A. Spain
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792371236
Category: Nature
Page: 654
View: 2073

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This work synthesises the basic knowledge provided by the different disciplines of soil science. It then proposes integrative concepts and models that organise this knowledge, taking into account the multiple interactions that exist at a number of different scales among the living and inanimate components.

Global Change in the Holocene


Author: John Birks,Rick Battarbee,Anson Mackay,Frank Oldfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1444119176
Category: Science
Page: 480
View: 1104

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The Holocene spans the 11,500 years since the end of the last Ice Age and has been a period of major global environmental change. However the rate of change has accelerated during the last hundred years, due largely to human impacts and this has led to a growing concern for the future of our environmental resources. Global Change in the Holocene demonstrates how reconstructing the record of past environmental change can provide us with essential knowledge about how our environment works and presents the reader with an informed viewpoint from which to project realistic future scenarios. The book brings together key techniques that are widely used in Holocene research, such as radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology and sediment analysis and offers a comprehensive analysis of various archives of environmental change including instrumental and documentary records, corals, lake sediments, glaciers and ice cores. This reference will be an informative and cutting-edge resource for all researchers in the fields of climate change, environmental science, geography, palaeoecology and archaeology.

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change


Author: James S. Clark,Helene Cachier,Johann G. Goldammer,Brian J. Stocks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364259171X
Category: Science
Page: 492
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Biomass burning profoundly affects atmospheric chemistry, the carbon cycle, and climate and may have done so for millions of years. Bringing together renowned experts from paleoecology, fire ecology, atmospheric chemistry, and organic chemistry, the volume elucidates the role of fire during global changes of the past and future. Topics covered include: the characterization of combustion products that occur in sediments, including char, soot/fly ash, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; the calibration of these constituents against atmospheric measurements from wildland and prescribed fire emissions; spatial and temporal patterns in combustion emissions at scales of individual burns to the globe.

Society & Its Environment:Intr


Author: Tellegen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134382782
Category: Science
Page: 275
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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.