Changes and Disturbance in Tropical Rainforest in South-East Asia

Author: D. M. Newbery,T. H. Clutton-Brock,Ghillean T. Prance,Royal Society (Great Britain)
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1860942431
Category: Nature
Page: 176
View: 4340

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Views on the dynamics of tropical forests are changing rapidly with the recognition that their environment is variable on the decadal to century scale. Fluctuating climatic conditions partly determine tropical forest structure, species composition and dynamics. Tropical communities are also highly contingent in space and time with respect to site and historical factors. Tropical forests have experienced to some degree this disturbance regime in the past, but climatologists are now predicting increasingly frequent extreme events in the new century. The combination of increasing deforestation and land-use conversion by man plus an increasingly variable environment means a situation that could be very difficult to manage.

Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climatic Change

Author: Mark Bush,John Flenley,William Gosling
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642053831
Category: Science
Page: 454
View: 2307

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This updated and expanded second edition of a much lauded work provides a current overview of the impacts of climate change on tropical forests. The authors also investigate past, present and future climatic influences on the ecosystems with the highest biodiversity on the planet. Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climatic Change, Second Edition, looks at how tropical rain forest ecology is altered by climate change, rather than simply seeing how plant communities were altered. Shifting the emphasis on to ecological processes, e.g. how diversity is structured by climate and the subsequent impact on tropical forest ecology, provides the reader with a more comprehensive coverage. A major theme of the book is the interaction between humans, climate and forest ecology. The authors, all foremost experts in their fields, explore the long term occupation of tropical systems, the influence of fire and the future climatic effects of deforestation, together with anthropogenic emissions. Incorporating modelling of past and future systems paves the way for a discussion of conservation from a climatic perspective, rather than the usual plea to stop logging. This second edition provides an updated text in this rapidly evolving field. The existing chapters are revised and updated and two entirely new chapters deal with Central America and the effect of fire on wet forest systems. In the first new chapter, the paleoclimate and ecological record from Central America (Lozano, Correa, Bush) is discussed, while the other deals with the impact of fire on tropical ecosystems. It is hoped that Jonathon Overpeck, who has been centrally involved in the 2007 and 2010 IPCC reports, will provide a Foreword to the book.

Land Use, Nature Conservation and the Stability of Rainforest Margins in Southeast Asia

Author: Gerhard Gerold,Michael Fremerey,Edi Guhardja
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540006039
Category: Nature
Page: 533
View: 3806

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Southeast Asia constitutes one of the world's most extended rainforest regions. It is characterized by a high degree of biodiversity and contains a large variety of endemic species. Moreover, these forests provide a number of important and sin gular ecosystem services, like erosion protection and provision of high quality wa ter, which cannot be replaced by alternative ecosystems. However, various forms of encroachment, mostly those made by human interventions, seriously threaten the continuance of rainforests in this area. There is ample evidence that the rainforest resources, apart from large scale commercial logging, are exposed to danger particularly from its margin areas. These areas, which are characterized by intensive man-nature interaction, have been identified as extremely fragile systems. The dynamic equilibrium that bal ances human needs and interventions on the one hand, and natural regeneration capacity on the other, is at stake. The decrease of rainforest resources is, to a sub stantial degree, connected with the destabilization of these systems. Accordingly, the search for measures and processes, which prevent destabilization and promote stability is regarded as imperative. This refers to both the human and the natural part of the forest margin ecosystem.

Timber Production and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Rain Forests

Author: Andrew Grieser Johns
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521572828
Category: Nature
Page: 225
View: 2893

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Timber production is often the most economic form of land use in areas of tropical forest; forest preservation is rarely so. This book attempts to bridge the current gap between conservation requirements and commercial interests, indicating the possibilities for integrated management of tropical forests. The aim is to create a practical approach for the management of production forest as a supplement to totally-protected forest in the conservation of tropical biodiversity.

Biomass Burning and Global Change: Biomass burning in South America, Southeast Asia, and temperate and boreal ecosystems, and the oil fires of Kuwait

Author: Joel S. Levine
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262122023
Category: Nature
Page: 932
View: 8616

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Global Biomass Burning provides a convenient and current reference on such topics as the remote sensing of biomass burning from space, the geographical distribution of burning; the combustion products of burning in tropical, temperate, and boreal ecosystems; burning as a global source of atmospheric gases and particulates; the impact of biomass burning gases and particulates on global climate; and the role of biomass burning on biodiversity and past global extinctions."--pub. desc.

Arthropods of Tropical Forests

Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Resource Use in the Canopy
Author: Yves Basset
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521820004
Category: Science
Page: 474
View: 8441

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Arthropods are the most diverse group of organisms on our planet and the tropical rainforests represent the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems. This book, written by 79 authors contributing to 35 chapters, aims to provide an overview of data collected during recent studies in Australia, Africa, Asia, and South America. The book focuses on the distribution of arthropods and their use of resources in the rainforest canopies, providing a basis for comparison between the forest ecosystems of the main biogeographical regions. Topics covered include the distribution of arthropods along vertical gradients and the relationship between the soil/litter habitat and the forest canopy. The temporal dynamics of arthropod communities, habitats and food selection are examined within and among tropical tree crowns, as are the effects of forest disturbance. This important book is a valuable addition to the literature used by community ecologists, conservation biologists entomologists, botanists and forestry experts.

Ecology of Lianas

Author: Stefan Schnitzer,Frans Bongers,Robyn J. Burnham,Francis E. Putz
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118392485
Category: Science
Page: 504
View: 8157

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Lianas are woody vines that were the focus of intense study by early ecologists, such as Darwin, who devoted an entire book to the natural history of climbing plants. Over the past quarter century, there has been a resurgence in the study of lianas, and liana are again recognized as important components of many forests, particularly in the tropics. The increasing amount of research on lianas has resulted in a fundamentally deeper understanding of liana ecology, evolution, and life-history, as well as the myriad roles lianas play in forest dynamics and functioning. This book provides insight into the ecology and evolution of lianas, their anatomy, physiology, and natural history, their global abundance and distribution, and their wide-ranging effects on the myriad organisms that inhabit tropical and temperate forests.

Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics

Past, Present and Future Hydrological Research for Integrated Land and Water Management
Author: M. Bonell,L. A. Bruijnzeel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139443845
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 1701

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Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics is a comprehensive review of the hydrological and physiological functioning of tropical rain forests, the environmental impacts of their disturbance and conversion to other land uses, and optimum strategies for managing them. The book brings together leading specialists in such diverse fields as tropical anthropology and human geography, environmental economics, climatology and meteorology, hydrology, geomorphology, plant and aquatic ecology, forestry and conservation agronomy. The editors have supplemented the individual contributions with invaluable overviews of the main sections and provide key pointers for future research. Specialists will find authenticated detail in chapters written by experts on a whole range of people-water-land use issues, managers and practitioners will learn more about the implications of ongoing and planned forest conversion, while scientists and students will appreciate a unique review of the literature.

Sustainability and Diversity of Forest Ecosystems

An Interdisciplinary Approach
Author: Tohru Nakashizuka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9784431732389
Category: Science
Page: 86
View: 5600

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Biodiversity is decreasing at the fastest rate in the history of the earth. The sustainable use of ecosystems allowing maintenance of biological diversity is an urgent problem that must be solved. The work featured in this book presents the results achieved by the RIHN project, together with reports on other international activities and related efforts, as ecologists, forestry scientists, environmental economists, and sociologists share in discussions of the issues.

Birds as Monitors of Environmental Change

Author: Robert Furness,J.J.D. Greenwood
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401513228
Category: Science
Page: 356
View: 2865

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Birds as Monitors of Environmental Change looks at how bird populations are affected by pollutants, water quality, and other physical changes and how this scientific knowledge can help in predicting the effects of pollutants and other physical changes in the environment.

Tropical Fire Ecology

Climate Change, Land Use and Ecosystem Dynamics
Author: Mark Cochrane
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540773819
Category: Science
Page: 682
View: 3757

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This book is a global synthesis of fire in tropical ecosystems. In detailing the fire situations of 17 tropical systems, it discusses all relevant subjects ranging from causes of fire to human land use and climate change to long range implications.

Land Use Intensification

Effects on Agriculture, Biodiversity and Ecological Processes
Author: David Lindenmayer,Saul Cunningham,Andrew Young
ISBN: 0643104070
Category: Agricultural landscape management
Page: 156
View: 7329

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Can science suggest new and improved approaches to reducing the conflict between productive land use and biodiversity conservation? There are many different viewpoints about the best way to deal with the myriad issues associated with land use intensification and this book canvasses a number of these from different parts of the tropical and temperate world. Chapters focus on whether science can suggest new and improved approaches to reducing the conflict between productive land use and biodiversity conservation.

Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World

Author: Josep G. Canadell,Diane E. Pataki,Louis F. Pitelka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540327304
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 4285

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This book examines the impacts of global change on terrestrial ecosystems. Emphasis is placed on impacts of atmospheric, climate and land use change, and the book discusses the future challenges and the scientific frameworks to address them. Finally, the book explores fundamental new research developments and the need for stronger integration of natural and human dimensions in addressing the challenge of global change.

Balkan Biodiversity

Pattern and Process in the European Hotspot
Author: Huw I. Griffiths,Boris Kryštufek,Jane M. Reed
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402028533
Category: Science
Page: 358
View: 9180

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This is the first attempt to synthesize current understanding of biodiversity in the great European hot spot. A diverse group of international researchers offers perspective on biodiversity at the level of the gene, species and ecosystem, including contributions on temporal change. Biological groups include plants, mammals, spiders and humans, cave-dwelling organisms, fish, aquatic invertebrates and algae.

Environmental Change and Human Health

Author: CIBA Foundation Symposium
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471938422
Category: Science
Page: 282
View: 2851

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Discusses those aspects of environmental change which might have direct or indirect effects on human health. Includes discussions on water pollution, agricultural pollution, genetic disease and exotic tropical diseases as well as human nutrition and population growth.

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change

Author: James S. Clark,Helene Cachier,Johann Georg Goldammer,Brian J. Stocks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364259171X
Category: Science
Page: 492
View: 1165

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Biomass burning profoundly affects atmospheric chemistry, the carbon cycle, and climate and may have done so for millions of years. Bringing together renowned experts from paleoecology, fire ecology, atmospheric chemistry, and organic chemistry, the volume elucidates the role of fire during global changes of the past and future. Topics covered include: the characterization of combustion products that occur in sediments, including char, soot/fly ash, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; the calibration of these constituents against atmospheric measurements from wildland and prescribed fire emissions; spatial and temporal patterns in combustion emissions at scales of individual burns to the globe.

Soil Ecology

Author: P. Lavelle,A. Spain
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792371236
Category: Nature
Page: 654
View: 678

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This work synthesises the basic knowledge provided by the different disciplines of soil science. It then proposes integrative concepts and models that organise this knowledge, taking into account the multiple interactions that exist at a number of different scales among the living and inanimate components.

The Biosphere, Problems and Solutions

Proceedings of the Miami International Symposium on the Biosphere, 23-24 April 1984, Miami Beach, Florida, U.S.A.
Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080874845
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 711
View: 2862

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The Biosphere, Problems and Solutions

Conserving Biodiversity in East African Forests

A Study of the Eastern Arc Mountains
Author: W.D. Newmark
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540424291
Category: Nature
Page: 197
View: 884

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The Eastern Arc Mountains of East Africa are one of the 17 most threatened tropical ecosystems or hotspots worldwide. This is the first book to examine in detail current threats as well as approaches for conserving biological diversity in this global biodiversity hotspot. This volume synthesizes existing information on the biodiversity of the Eastern Arc Mountains, outlines processes that adversely affect this diversity, and suggests potential approaches for promoting its conservation. While the geographic focus of this book is the Eastern Arc forests, the problems, principles, and approaches discussed in relationship to conserving biodiversity have applicability to nearly all tropical forests worldwide.

Effects of Land-Use Change on Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations

South and Southeast Asia as a Case Study
Author: Virginia H. Dale
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461383633
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 386
View: 6099

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Roger C. Dahlman Environmental Sciences Division U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. The potential for humans to alter Earth's atmosphere has been recognized since the end of the 19th century when Arrhenius estimated that a doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide could alter the atmospheric radiation balance and raise average global temperature. Today, atmospheric CO concentrations play an important part in the 2 climate-change debate. Sources and sinks of CO associated with land use can be 2 significant determinants of the rate and magnitude of atmospheric CO change. 2 Combustion of fossil fuels and the deforestation associated with land-use change both contribute CO to the atmosphere; in contrast, biological processes on land create 2 potential sinks for the excess CO . Thus, land-use change and associated biological 2 processes become important elements in assessments of future atmospheric CO 2 increase; land-cover properties also affect the Earth's albedo, which is a climate feedback.