Carbon Fibers


Author: Soo-Jin Park
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811305382
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 358
View: 2443

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The updated and expanded second edition of this book explores the physical and mechanical properties of carbon fibers and their composites, their manufacture and processing, and their current and emerging applications. Over 10 chapters, the book describes manufacturing methods, surface treatment, composite interfaces, and microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental physical and mechanical principles. It discusses the application of carbon materials in delivering improved performance across a diverse range of fields including sports, wind energy, oil and gas, infrastructure, defence, and the aerospace, automotive and semiconductor industries. This new edition introduces chapters related to the manufacturing of carbon/carbon composites (C/C composites), antioxidation characteristics of C/C composites, and their applications. Furthermore, it addresses the effect of graphene and carbon nanotubes on the physical and chemical properties of carbon fibers. A final chapter looks at the emerging and future prospects for carbon fiber technology.

Thermal Transport in Carbon-Based Nanomaterials


Author: Gang Zhang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323473466
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 384
View: 6737

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Thermal Transport in Carbon-Based Nanomaterials describes the thermal properties of various carbon nanomaterials and then examines their applications in thermal management and renewable energy. Carbon nanomaterials include: one-dimensional (1D) structures, like nanotubes; two-dimensional (2D) crystal lattice with only one-atom-thick planar sheets, like graphenes; composites based on carbon nanotube or graphene, and diamond nanowires and thin films. In the past two decades, rapid developments in the synthesis and processing of carbon-based nanomaterials have created a great desire among scientists to gain a greater understanding of thermal transport in these materials. Thermal properties in nanomaterials differ significantly from those in bulk materials because the characteristic length scales associated with the heat carriers, phonons, are comparable to the characteristic length. Carbon nanomaterials with high thermal conductivity can be applied in heat dissipation. This looks set to make a significant impact on human life and, with numerous commercial developments emerging, will become a major academic topic over the coming years. This authoritative and comprehensive book will be of great use to both the existing scientific community in this field, as well as for those who wish to enter it. Includes coverage of the most important and commonly adopted computational and experimental methods to analyze thermal properties in carbon nanomaterials Contains information about the growth of carbon nanomaterials, their thermal properties, and strategies to control thermal properties and applications, allowing readers to assess how to use each material most efficiently Offers a comprehensive overview of the theoretical background behind thermal transport in carbon nanomaterials

Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials

Applications in Composites, Nanostructured Materials, and Biomedical Fields
Author: Sabu Thomas,Miran Mozetic,Uros Cvelbar,Petr Spatenka,K.M. Praveen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128131535
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 494
View: 3376

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Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials: Applications in Composites, Nanostructured Materials and Biomedical Fields provides both an introduction and practical guide to plasma synthesis, modification and processing of polymers, their composites, nancomposites, blends, IPNs and gels. It examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the field, including the use of plasma treatment to enhance adhesion, characterization techniques, and the environmental aspects of the process. Particular attention is paid to the effects on the final properties of composites and the characterization of fiber/polymer surface interactions. This book helps demystify the process of plasma polymerization, providing a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of plasma technology as they relate to polymers. It is ideal for materials scientists, polymer chemists, and engineers, acting as a guide to further research into new applications of this technology in the real world. Enables materials scientists and engineers to deploy plasma technology for surface treatment, characterization and analysis of polymeric materials Reviews the state-of-the-art in plasma technology for polymer synthesis and processing Presents detailed coverage of the most advanced applications for plasma polymerization, particularly in medicine and biomedical engineering, areas such as implants, biosensors and tissue engineering

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles


Author: Jonathan Y Chen
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081006780
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 362
View: 5724

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Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles provides systematic coverage of the fundamentals, properties, and current and emerging applications of carbon fiber textiles in a single volume, providing industry professionals and academics working in the field with a broader understanding of these materials. Part I discusses carbon fiber principles and production, including precursors and pyrolysis, carbon fiber spinning, and carbonization and activation. Part II provides more detailed analysis of the key properties of carbon fiber textiles, including their thermal, acoustic, electrical, adsorption, and mechanical behaviors. The final section covers applications of carbon fiber such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage. Features input from an editor who is an expert in his field: Professor Jonathan Chen has a wealth of experience in the area of activated carbon fiber materials Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the key aspects of activated carbon fiber textiles, from their principles, processing, and properties to their industrial applications Offers up-to-date coverage of new technology for the fiber and textiles industries Covers applications such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage

Graphite Fibers and Filaments


Author: Mildred S. Dresselhaus,Gene Dresselhaus,Ko Sugihara,Ian L. Spain,Harris A. Goldberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642833799
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 382
View: 8061

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This book was begun after three of the present authors gave a series of in vited talks on the subject of the structure and properties of carbon filaments. This was at a conference on the subject of optical obscuration, for which submicrometer diameter filaments with high length-to-diameter ratios have potential applications. The audience response to these talks illustrated the need of just one scientific community for a broader knowledge of the struc ture and properties of these interesting materials. Following the conference it was decided to expand the material presented in the conference proceedings. The aim was to include in a single volume a description of the physical properties of carbon fibers and filaments. The research papers on this topic are spread widely in the literature and are found in a broad assortment of physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering and polymer science journals and conference proceedings (some of which are obscure). Accordingly, our goal was to produce a book on the subject which would enable students and other researchers working in the field to gain an overview of the subject up to about 1987.

Modeling of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and their Composites


Author: Konstantinos I. Tserpes,Nuno Silvestre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319012010
Category: Science
Page: 332
View: 8838

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A large part of the research currently being conducted in the fields of materials science and engineering mechanics is devoted to carbon nanotubes and their applications. In this process, modeling is a very attractive investigation tool due to the difficulties in manufacturing and testing of nanomaterials. Continuum modeling offers significant advantages over atomistic modeling. Furthermore, the lack of accuracy in continuum methods can be overtaken by incorporating input data either from experiments or atomistic methods. This book reviews the recent progress in continuum modeling of carbon nanotubes and their composites. The advantages and disadvantages of continuum methods over atomistic methods are comprehensively discussed. Numerical models, mainly based on the finite element method, as well as analytical models are presented in a comparative way starting from the simulation of isolated pristine and defected nanotubes and proceeding to nanotube-based composites. The ability of continuum methods to bridge different scales is emphasized. Recommendations for future research are given by focusing on what still continuum methods have to learn from the nano-scale. The scope of the book is to provide current knowledge aiming to support researchers entering the scientific area of carbon nanotubes to choose the appropriate modeling tool for accomplishing their study and place their efforts to further improve continuum methods.

Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites


Author: J.L. Figueiredo,Carlos A. Bernardo,R.T.K. Baker,K.J. Hüttinger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401568472
Category: Science
Page: 582
View: 5930

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Conventional synthetic materials, like metals, ceramics or glass, are usually isotropic substances, and their suitability for structural applications is achieved by morphological design and combination in the macroscopic scale. However, in modem engineering this is often not acceptable. As an alternative, the use of non-homogeneous, anisotropic materials, with significant stiffness and strength only in the directions these mechanical properties are really needed, can lead to enormous material (and weight) savings. This is the case of multiphase systems called composite materials. In these composites, different material parts are added and arranged geometrically, under clearly designed and controlled conditions. Usually, a structure of fibers provides strength and stiffness and a matrix helds them together, whilst providing the geometric form. Carbon fibers are among the high-performance fibers employed in these advanced structural composites, which are profoundly changing many of today's high technology industries. New research and development challenges in this area include upgrading the manufacturing process of fibers and composites, in order to improve characteristics and reduce costs, and modifying the interfacial properties between fibers and matrix, to guarantee better mechanical properties. The interdisciplinary nature of this "new frontier" is obvious, involving chemistry, materials science, chemical and mechanical engineering. Other topics, which more often are treated separately, are also important for the understanding of the processes of fiber production. Carbon filaments is one such topic, as the study of their mechanisms of nucleation and growth is clearly quite relevant to the production of vapour-grown carbon fibers.

Advanced Materials for Thermal Management of Electronic Packaging


Author: Xingcun Colin Tong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441977595
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 618
View: 3017

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The need for advanced thermal management materials in electronic packaging has been widely recognized as thermal challenges become barriers to the electronic industry’s ability to provide continued improvements in device and system performance. With increased performance requirements for smaller, more capable, and more efficient electronic power devices, systems ranging from active electronically scanned radar arrays to web servers all require components that can dissipate heat efficiently. This requires that the materials have high capability of dissipating heat and maintaining compatibility with the die and electronic packaging. In response to critical needs, there have been revolutionary advances in thermal management materials and technologies for active and passive cooling that promise integrable and cost-effective thermal management solutions. This book meets the need for a comprehensive approach to advanced thermal management in electronic packaging, with coverage of the fundamentals of heat transfer, component design guidelines, materials selection and assessment, air, liquid, and thermoelectric cooling, characterization techniques and methodology, processing and manufacturing technology, balance between cost and performance, and application niches. The final chapter presents a roadmap and future perspective on developments in advanced thermal management materials for electronic packaging.

Friction Material Composites

Materials Perspective
Author: K. L. Sundarkrishnaa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642334512
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 333
View: 1759

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Friction Material Composites is the first volume of the five volumes which strongly educates and updates engineers and other professionals in braking industries, research and test labs. It explains besides the formulation of design processes and its complete manufacturing input. This book gives an idea of mechanisms of friction and how to control them by designing .The book is useful for designers of automotive, rail and aero industries for designing the brake systems effectively with the integration of friction material composite design which is critical. It clearly emphasizes the driving safety and how serious designers should select the design input. The significance of friction material component like brake pad or a liner as an integral part of the brake system of vehicles is explained. AFM pictures at nanolevel illustrate broadly the explanations given.

Current trends in the physics of materials

S. Terenzo di Lerici, Villa Marigola, 20 June-8 July 1988
Author: G. F. Chiarotti,F. G. Fumi,Mario P. Tosi,Società Italiana di Fisica
Publisher: North Holland
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 927
View: 8801

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The last ten years have witnessed considerable developments in new materials and in experimental techniques for their preparation, characterization and study. Various new fundamental phenomena have been discovered and new directions for applications have come to life - e.g. quantum wells and superlattices, high T- c superconductors, scanning tunnelling microscopy and the various techniques involving the use of sources of synchrotron radiation. This book reviews main areas of current interest in the study of the physical properties of materials, from basic concepts and analytical laboratory techniques to developments in technical applications and is directed to solid-state physicists and chemists, materials scientists and materials and device engineers.

Disorder and Strain-Induced Complexity in Functional Materials


Author: Tomoyuki Kakeshita,Takashi Fukuda,Avadh Saxena,Antoni Planes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642209432
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 308
View: 9937

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This book brings together an emerging consensus on our understanding of the complex functional materials including ferroics, perovskites, multiferroics, CMR and high-temperature superconductors. The common theme is the existence of many competing ground states and frustration as a collusion of spin, charge, orbital and lattice degrees of freedom in the presence of disorder and (both dipolar and elastic) long-range forces. An important consequence of the complex unit cell and the competing interactions is that the emergent materials properties are very sensitive to external fields thus rendering these materials with highly desirable, technologically important applications enabled by cross-response.

Sciences of Carbon Materials


Author: Harry Marsh,Francisco Rodríguez-Reinoso
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 674
View: 4955

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Sciences which are used to understand the properties and applications of carbons and graphites need to be described, comprehensively, in book format, at an up-to-date and introductory level. This book introduces the reader, comprehensively, to the sciences of structure of carbons, applications of carbon in nuclear energy, the chemistry of pitch carbonization, the spinnig of carbon fibres, carbon gasification reactions and oxidation protection, mechacnical properties, porosity and adsorption in carbons and coals, with chapters describing coal carbonization, coal liquefaction and the petrography of coal. The book serves both as a textbook and as a reference book and as a text for courses within educational institutions, worldwide.

High-Power Optics

Lasers and Applications
Author: Victor V. Apollonov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319107534
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 275
View: 3263

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This book covers the basics, realization and materials for high power laser systems and high power radiation interaction with matter. The physical and technical fundamentals of high intensity laser optics and adaptive optics and the related physical processes in high intensity laser systems are explained. A main question discussed is: What is power optics? In what way is it different from ordinary optics widely used in cameras, motion-picture projectors, i.e., for everyday use? An undesirable consequence of the thermal deformation of optical elements and surfaces was discovered during studies of the interaction with powerful incident laser radiation. The requirements to the fabrication, performance and quality of optical elements employed within systems for most practical applications are also covered. The high-power laser performance is generally governed by the following: (i) the absorption of incident optical radiation (governed primarily by various absorption mechanisms), (ii) followed by a temperature increase and response governed primarily by thermal properties and (iii) the thermo-optical and thermo-mechanical response of distortion, stress, fracture, etc. All this needs to be understood to design efficient, compact, reliable and useful high power systems for many applications under a variety of operating conditions, pulsed, continuous wave and burst mode of varying duty cycles. The book gives an overview of an important spectrum of related topics like laser resonator configurations, intermetallic optical coatings, heat carriers for high power optics, cellular materials, high-repetition-rate lasers and mono-module disk lasers for high power optics.

Comprehensive Composite Materials


Author: Anthony Kelly
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780080437194
Category: Composite materials
Page: 824
View: 4852

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Comprehensive Composite Materials Online is a major reference work [6 volumes in the print edition] covering all aspects of composites, from theory to practical applications. CCM provides a unique central reference source for scientists and technologists in the field of composites research, covering key aspects of naturally occurring and synthetic composite materials. Classes of materials covered includes polymer matrix composites, metal matrix composites, ceramic matrix composites, carbon/carbon composites, and cement and concrete composites. CCM also covers smart materials as they relate to composites, including process monitoring, embedded sensors and actuators, and damage detection.

Crystalline Cellulose and Derivatives

Characterization and Structures
Author: Peter Zugenmaier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540739340
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 285
View: 4638

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Cellulose as an abundant renewable material has stimulated basic and applied research that has resulted in significant progress in polymer science. This book discusses reliable crystal structures of all cellulose polymorphs and cellulose derivatives. Models are represented in graphs, together with a collection of geometrical data and the atomic coordinates. This book is a concise guide for members of the materials and life sciences communities interested in cellulose and related materials.

Design and Control of Structure of Advanced Carbon Materials for Enhanced Performance


Author: Brian Rand,Stephen P. Appleyard,M. Ferhat Yardim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401010137
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 347
View: 8997

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Carbon is unique in the range of structures and properties that are displayed by its material forms. The bonds in diamond, within the plane ofgraphite and in the fullerene molecules, C , are the strongest covalent bonds possible. This strong covalent bonding 60 leads to some exceptional intrinsic properties, examples ofwhich are: the greatest Young's modulus (in diamond, within the graphite plane and in single walled nanotubes) the highest room temperature thermal conductivity (in diamond and within the graphite plane) high hole mobility in doped diamond exceptional thermal stability ofthe structure in graphite It is because of the extreme thermal stability that such a wide range of materials is available. Atomic mobilities are low at all but the highest temperatures. Sintering, melting and casting ofcarbon are not feasible processing operations and carbon/graphite components are exclusively produced from the pyrolytic decomposition of organic precursors. The vast majority of engineering carbons have Sp2 type bonding and are related in some way to the structure of graphite. In the c-direction the bonding in graphite is of van der Waals character with the result that graphite is highly anisotropic in its properties and is probably unique in showing both the highest and lowest bond strengths in different directions in the same crystal.

Fibre Science and Technology


Author: V.I. Kostikov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401105650
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 694
View: 6274

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Fibre Science and Technology is one of six titles in a coherent and definitive series of volumes dedicated to advanced composite materials research, development and usage in the former Soviet Union. Much of the information presented has been classified until recently. Thus each volume provides a unique insight into hitherto unknown research and development data. This volume deals with the basic components of a composite material, namely the reinforcement and the encasing matrix material. Beginning with a specification of a range of reinforcing fibres (glass, carbon, organic, inorganic, ceramic), the book then considers in detail the development of such fibres and the significant range of properties achieved. An extensive test methodology used to evaluate the physical and mechanical properties of each type of fibre matrix combination is presented, and the production method employed for each constituent part is described. This book will be of interest to anyone involved in research or development in composite materials science and technology, both in industry and universities.