Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies


Author: Zhongwu Guo,Geert-Jan Boons
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470473274
Category: Science
Page: 416
View: 1910

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The fundamental science and the latest developments in carbohydrate-based vaccines The relatively new field of glycoimmunology has emerged from the marriage of glycobiology and immunology, in recognition of the important role carbohydrates play as antigenic determinants. Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies comprehensively reviews the state of this exciting field, offering a single source for both the fundamental science and the latest developments. With contributions by leading experts, this resource covers the design, synthesis, evaluation, and applications of various carbohydrate-based vaccines, including polysaccharides, neoglycoproteins, and neoglycolipids. The text approaches vaccine design from a chemical and molecular focus, staying in line with current advances. Key topics covered by Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies include: Recent developments towards clinically useful vaccines against bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi Using adjuvants to improve immunogenicity and/or immunological properties of vaccines Choosing and designing proper adjuvants for specific targets Abnormal carbohydrates expressed by tumors Carbohydrate-based therapeutic cancer vaccines or cancer immunotherapy Clinical trials results for synthetic cancer vaccines Glycoengineering of cell surface carborhydrates and its anticancer applications Using cell surface carbohydrates for disease diagnosis A single, convenient source of state-of-the-art information from leading authorities in the field, Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies is an essential reference for organic chemists and biochemists, academic researchers, and other students and professionals involved in vaccine design.

Synthesis and Vaccine Evaluation of the Tumor Associated Carbohydrate Antigen RM2 from Prostate Cancer


Author: Hong-Yang Chuang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662468484
Category: Science
Page: 108
View: 4906

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This thesis focuses on the synthesis and vaccine evaluation of the prostate tumor- associated carbohydrate antigen RM2. The author first presents the use of the [1+2+3] one-pot sequential strategy to successfully synthesise the RM2 antigen and its analogues as single stereoisomers in every glycosylation step, producing good yields and stereoselectivity. He then introduces the conjugation of the synthetic RM2 antigen to the carrier protein CRM197 in an average number of 1–10 to create the prostate cancer vaccine candidate, which is combined with α-galactosylceramide C1, its analogue C34, or Alu. The results of the vaccination studies in mice are also described and indicate that the strongest anti-RM2 antigen titer is exhibited when one molecule of diphtheria toxin (DT) is conjugated with an average of 4.7 molecules of RM2 antigen (DT-RM4.7) and adjuvanted with the glycolipid C34. More importantly, the induced mouse antibodies mediate the effective complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) against the prostate cancer cell line LNCap. The study presented in this thesis is the first ever to successfully synthesize this complex glycan molecule. Owing to the steric hindrance of the adjacent sialyl moiety, the introduction of two sialic acid units to the compact and rigid 3,4 di branched galactoside unit is very challenging and the β-selective and efficient glycosylation of the galactosamine moiety at the 4-position of di branched galactose is also problematic.

Carbohydrate Recognition

Biological Problems, Methods, and Applications
Author: Binghe Wang,Geert-Jan Boons
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118017579
Category: Medical
Page: 464
View: 9013

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This book contains contributions from interdisciplinary scientists to collectively address the issue of targeting carbohydrate recognition for the development of novel therapeutic and diagnostic agents. The book covers (1) biological problems involving carbohydrate recognition, (2) structural factors mediating carbohydrate recognition, (3) design and synthesis of lectin mimics that recognize carbohydrate ligands with high specificity and affinity, and (4) modulation of biological and pathological processes through carbohydrate recognition.

Carbohydrate Recognition

Biological Problems, Methods, and Applications
Author: Binghe Wang,Geert-Jan Boons
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118017579
Category: Medical
Page: 464
View: 6543

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This book contains contributions from interdisciplinary scientists to collectively address the issue of targeting carbohydrate recognition for the development of novel therapeutic and diagnostic agents. The book covers (1) biological problems involving carbohydrate recognition, (2) structural factors mediating carbohydrate recognition, (3) design and synthesis of lectin mimics that recognize carbohydrate ligands with high specificity and affinity, and (4) modulation of biological and pathological processes through carbohydrate recognition.

Drug Delivery

Principles and Applications
Author: Binghe Wang,Longqin Hu,Teruna J. Siahaan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118833236
Category: Science
Page: 720
View: 9151

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Following its successful predecessor, this book covers the fundamentals, delivery routes and vehicles, and practical applications of drug delivery. In the 2nd edition, almost all chapters from the previous are retained and updated and several new chapters added to make a more complete resource and reference. • Helps readers understand progress in drug delivery research and applications • Updates and expands coverage to reflect advances in materials for delivery vehicles, drug delivery approaches, and therapeutics • Covers recent developments including transdermal and mucosal delivery, lymphatic system delivery, theranostics • Adds new chapters on nanoparticles, controlled drug release systems, theranostics, protein and peptide drugs, and biologics delivery

Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals

Transforming Proteins and Genes into Drugs
Author: N.A
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118659988
Category: Science
Page: 744
View: 8136

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Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals: Transforming Proteins and Genes into Drugs, Second Edition addresses the pivotal issues relating to translational science, including preclinical and clinical drug development, regulatory science, pharmaco-economics and cost-effectiveness considerations. The new edition also provides an update on new proteins and genetic medicines, the translational and integrated sciences that continue to fuel the innovations in medicine, as well as the new areas of therapeutic development including cancer vaccines, stem cell therapeutics, and cell-based therapies.

Carbohydrate Drug Design


Author: Anatoliĭ Alekseevich Klesov,Zbigniew J. Witczak,David Platt
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: 9780841239463
Category: Medical
Page: 323
View: 921

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It is becoming more obvious in recent years that carbohydrates present a new dimension in drug design for targeting specific diseases. Carbohydrates birthed a whole new vocabulary into chemistry, biochemistry and related disciplines -- a new language in the form of distinct characters and images providing professional chemists not in the area of carbohydrates to become familiar and knowledgeable on the topic. Carbohydrate Drug Design provides the indispensable understanding of the mutual challenge between carbohydrate-based drugs and the deadly diseases which they target. Carbohydrate Drug Design discusses pre-clinical studies and clinical trials of carbohydrate-based drugs, drug delivery and pain managements, biocompatibility, clearance and metabolic pathways of carbohydrate drugs, and actual medical devices employing carbohydrates. The invasion of cancer cells, protein-glycan interactions and their inhibitors, new carbohydrate-based therapeutics, crystal structure of antibodies with unusually high affinity for carbohydrates, and a number of other features of carbohydrate drugs are also comprehensively covered. Galactomannans and hyaluronans, as well as thio-, imino- and carba-sugars are particularly considered in respect to their structural and functional impacts.

Engineered Carbohydrate-Based Materials for Biomedical Applications

Polymers, Surfaces, Dendrimers, Nanoparticles, and Hydrogels
Author: Ravin Narain
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118002245
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 416
View: 7657

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This book addresses the need for a comprehensive book on the design, synthesis, and characterization of synthetic carbohydrate-based polymeric materials along with their biological applications. The first two chapters cover the synthesis and self-assembly of glycopolymers and different techniques for creating these synthetic polymers. Subsequent chapters account for the preparation of block copolymers, branched glycopolymers, glycosurfaces, glycodendrimers, cationic glycopolymers, bioconjugates, glyconanoparticles and hydrogels. While these chapters comprehensively review the synthetic and characterization methods of those carbohydrate-based materials, their biological applications are discussed in detail.

Milk and Dairy Products in Human Nutrition

Production, Composition and Health
Author: Young W. Park,George F. W. Haenlein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118534204
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 728
View: 382

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Milk is nature’s most complete food, and dairy products are considered to be the most nutritious foods of all. The traditional view of the role of milk has been greatly expanded in recent years beyond the horizon of nutritional subsistence of infants: it is now recognized to be more than a source of nutrients for the healthy growth of children and nourishment of adult humans. Alongside its major proteins (casein and whey), milk contains biologically active compounds, which have important physiological and biochemical functions and significant impacts upon human metabolism, nutrition and health. Many of these compounds have been proven to have beneficial effects on human nutrition and health. This comprehensive reference is the first to address such a wide range of topics related to milk production and human health, including: mammary secretion, production, sanitation, quality standards and chemistry, as well as nutrition, milk allergies, lactose intolerance, and the bioactive and therapeutic compounds found in milk. In addition to cow’s milk, the book also covers the milk of non-bovine dairy species which is of economic importance around the world. The Editors have assembled a team of internationally renowned experts to contribute to this exhaustive volume which will be essential reading for dairy scientists, nutritionists, food scientists, allergy specialists and health professionals.

Vaccinology

An Essential Guide
Author: Alan D. T. Barrett
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470656166
Category: Medical
Page: 400
View: 9835

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Vaccinology: An Essential Guide outlines in a clear, practical format the entire vaccine development process, from conceptualization and basic immunological principles through to clinical testing and licensing of vaccines. With an outstanding introduction to the history and practice of vaccinology, it also guides the reader through the basic science relating to host immune responses to pathogens. Covering the safety, regulatory, ethical, and economic and geographical issues that drive vaccine development and trials, it also presents vaccine delivery strategies, novel vaccine platforms (including experimental vaccines and pathogens), antigen development and selection, vaccine modelling, and the development of vaccines against emerging pathogens and agents of bioterror. There are also sections devoted to veterinary vaccines and associated regulatory processes. Vaccinology: An Essential Guide is a perfect tool for designed for undergraduate and graduate microbiologists and immunologists, as well as residents, fellows and trainees of infectious disease and vaccinology. It is also suitable for all those involved in designing and conducting clinical vaccine trials, and is the ideal companion to the larger reference book Vaccinology: Principles and Practice.

Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Diabetes


Author: Louise Goff,Pamela Dyson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470670924
Category: Medical
Page: 352
View: 4144

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Published on behalf of The British Dietetic Association, Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Diabetes is an exploration of the evidence and practice of nutrition in diabetes, offering a global view of the lifestyle interventions for the prevention and management of diabetes, including management of complications and special population groups. With internationally recognised authors, this book applies the rigour of evidence-based medicine to important enduring topics in diabetes, such as: public health efforts at diabetes prevention formulating nutritional guidelines for diabetes carbohydrates and the glycaemic index the management of diabetes in older people The authors draw on their research and practical experience to offer sound guidance on best practice, ensuring that interventions are both scientifically secure and effective. ABOUT THE SERIES Dietary recommendations need to be based on solid evidence, but where can you find this information? The British Dietetic Association and the publishers of the Manual of Dietetic Practice present an essential and authoritative reference series on the evidence base relating to advanced aspects of nutrition and diet in selected clinical specialties. Each book provides a comprehensive and critical review of key literature in its subject. Each covers established areas of understanding, current controversies and areas of future development and investigation, and is oriented around six key themes: Disease processes, including metabolism, physiology, and genetics Disease consequences, including morbidity, mortality, nutritional epidemiology and patient perspectives Nutritional consequences of diseases Nutritional assessment, drawing on anthropometric, biochemical, clinical, dietary, economic and social approaches Clinical investigation and management Nutritional and dietary management Trustworthy, international in scope, and accessible, Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics is a vital resource for a range of practitioners, researchers and educators in nutrition and dietetics, including dietitians, nutritionists, doctors and specialist nurses. Please note Due to recent developments in this area, Chapter 4.3 on Nutritional management of glycaemia in type 2 diabetes has been withdrawn from the publication, and all future reprints will be replaced by a new chapter. All ebook versions are already updated. The contributor retains copyright to this chapter whilst their name still appears associated to the chapter.

Carbohydrate-based Drug Discovery


Author: Chi-Huey Wong
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527605789
Category: Science
Page: 980
View: 9477

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To exploit the full potential of this diverse compound class for the development of novel active substances, this handbook presents the latest knowledge on carbohydrate chemistry and biochemistry. While it is unique in covering the entire field, particular emphasis is placed on carbohydrates with pharmaceutical potential. Topics include the following: > Chemical Synthesis of Carbohydrates > Carbohydrate Biosynthesis and Metabolism > Carbohydrate Analysis > Cellular Functions of Carbohydrates > Development of Carbohydrate-based Drugs A premier resource for carbohydrate chemists and drug developers, this comprehensive two-volume work contains contributions by more than 50 of the world's leading carbohydrate chemists.

Single Cell Analysis

Contemporary Research and Clinical Applications
Author: J. Paul Robinson,Andrea Cossarizza
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811044996
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 266
View: 3719

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This book highlights the current state of the art in single cell analysis, an area that involves many fields of science – from clinical hematology, functional analysis and drug screening, to platelet and microparticle analysis, marine biology and fundamental cancer research. This book brings together an eclectic group of current applications, all of which have a significant impact on our current state of knowledge. The authors of these chapters are all pioneering researchers in the field of single cell analysis. The book will not only appeal to those readers more focused on clinical applications, but also those interested in highly technical aspects of the technologies. All of the technologies identified utilize unique applications of photon detection systems.

Animal Models for Human Cancer

Discovery and Development of Novel Therapeutics
Author: Marianne I. Martic-Kehl,Pius August Schubiger
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527695893
Category: Medical
Page: 272
View: 9823

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Based on results from the past ten years, this ready reference systematically describes how to prepare, carry out, and evaluate animal studies for cancer therapies, addressing the widely recognized lack of reliable and reproducible results. Following a short historical introduction and a discussion of the ethics surrounding animal experiments, the book describes correct study design as well as the handling and housing of animals. It then goes on to describe the animal models available for different cancer types, from natural cancer models in mice and dogs to humanized animals. An evaluation of previously unpublished long-term data from the Swiss canine and feline cancer registry is also included. The final part of the book reviews the lessons learned over the last decade on how to interpret data from animal studies for improving human therapy and gives recommendations for future drug development.

Immunotherapy for Infectious Diseases


Author: Jeffrey M. Jacobson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 159259171X
Category: Medical
Page: 344
View: 9596

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In Immunotherapy for Infectious Disease, Jeffrey M. Jacobson, MD, and a panel of leading researchers review the state-of-the-art for treating various infections-particularly HIV-by manipulating the immune system's response rather than by chemical drugs. The contributors synthesize the principles of immune defense on the molecular level (monoclonal antibodies, vaccines, methods of antigen presentation, and cytokines and cytokine antagonists), as well as on the cellular and clinical levels levels as a protection against infection. The review of the current state of anti-HIV immunotherapy covers HIV-specific passive and active immunization strategies, gene therapy, and host cell-targeted approaches for treating HIV infection and restoring immune function.

Cancer and Inflammation Mechanisms

Chemical, Biological, and Clinical Aspects
Author: Yusuke Hiraku,Shosuke Kawanishi,Hiroshi Ohshima
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118826558
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 6016

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A new perspective on the link between inflammation and cancer Inflammation is the human body’s normal biological response to threats in the modern world, as well as a defense against the harmful influence of pathogens, the environment, and poor nutrition. But what happens when the inflammatory response is triggered repeatedly and sustained for long periods of time? Cancer and Inflammation Mechanisms: Chemical, Biological, and Clinical Aspects discusses the mechanisms by which chronic inflammation can lead to cancer, the various causative agents, and possible prevention methods. A compilation of the latest information coming out of the various fields of cancer research, this book provides a detailed look at inflammation-related carcinogenesis from the perspective of researchers at the forefront of the field. It takes an interdisciplinary approach to the topic, and provides comprehensive information about the major factors at work in inflammation, cancer, and the intersection of the two conditions. Topics include: A general overview of inflammation-related cancer The biochemistry of inflammation and its effects on DNA Molecular biology and the role of microRNA in carcinogenesis Specific causative agents including oncogenic viruses, asbestos, and nanomaterial Anti-inflammatories, nutraceuticals, and other preventative measures A deeper understanding of the mechanisms behind inflammation-related carcinogenesis can lead to better patient outcomes by improving diagnostics and prevention, as well as altering the approach to treatment. Cancer and Inflammation Mechanisms: Chemical, Biological, and Clinical Aspects provides the knowledge base researchers need to push the field forward.

Biopharmaceuticals

Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Author: Gary Walsh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118687388
Category: Medical
Page: 544
View: 2381

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The latest edition of this highly acclaimed textbook, provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the science and medical applications of biopharmaceutical products. Biopharmaceuticals refers to pharmaceutical substances derived from biological sources, and increasingly, it is synonymous with 'newer' pharmaceutical substances derived from genetic engineering or hybridoma technology. This superbly written review of the important areas of investigation in the field, covers drug production, plus the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of action together with the biotechnology of major biopharmaceutical types on the market or currently under development. There is also additional material reflecting both the technical advances in the area and detailed information on key topics such as the influence of genomics on drug discovery.

Essentials of Clinical Immunology


Author: Helen Chapel,Mansel Haeney,Siraj Misbah,Neil Snowden
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118487877
Category: Medical
Page: 376
View: 2357

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Essentials of Clinical Immunology provides the most up-to-date, core information required to understand diseases with an immunological basis. Clinically focussed, the sixth edition of this classic text presents theoretical and practical information in a simple yet thorough way. Essentials of Clinical Immunology covers the underlying pathophysiology, the signs and symptoms of disease, the investigations required and guidance on the management of patients. Perfect for clinical medical students, junior doctors and medical professionals seeking a refresher in the role of immunology in clinical medicine, this comprehensive text features fully updated clinical information, boxes with key points, real-life case histories to illustrate key concepts and an index of contents at the start of each chapter. A companion website at www.immunologyclinic.com provides additional learning tools, including more case studies, interactive multiple-choice questions and answers, all of the photographs and illustrations from the book, links to useful websites, and a selection of review articles from the journal Clinical and Experimental Immunology. This title is also available as a mobile App from MedHand Mobile Libraries. Buy it now from iTunes, Google Play or the MedHand Store.

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications


Author: Hélder A. Santos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857097156
Category: Science
Page: 558
View: 4721

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Porous silicon has a range of properties, making it ideal for drug delivery, cancer therapy, and tissue engineering. Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications provides a comprehensive review of this emerging nanostructured and biodegradable biomaterial. Chapters in part one focus on the fundamentals and properties of porous silicon for biomedical applications, including thermal properties and stabilization, photochemical and nonthermal chemical modification, protein-modified porous silicon films, and biocompatibility of porous silicon. Part two discusses applications in bioimaging and sensing, and explores the optical properties of porous silicon materials; in vivo imaging assessment and radiolabelling of porous silicon; and nanoporous silicon biosensors for DNA sensing and for bacteria detection. Finally, part three highlights drug loading and characterization of porous silicon materials, tumor targeting and imaging, and porous silicon scaffolds for functional tissue engineering, stem cell growth, and osteodifferentiation. With its acclaimed editor and international team of expert contributors, Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications is a technical resource and indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development, and application of porous silicon and other biomaterials, while providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in the field. Comprehensive review of porous silicon focusing on the fabrication and properties of this emerging material Specifically discusses drug delivery and orthopedic applications of porous silicon Aimed at materials researchers and scientists in the biomaterials industry – particularly those concerned with drug delivery and orthopedics