Protestantism and Capitalism

The Mechanisms of Influence
Author: Jere Cohen
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780202306728
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 296
View: 9082

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Each of the hypotheses that Jere Cohen finds in Weber's text represents a potential mechanism through which Puritanism could have exerted its econmic influence. The aim of the book as a whole is to determine how Puritanism exerted its influence on capitalism, how many mechanisms were at work and how powerful the impact might actually have been.

Capitalism and Modernity

An Excursus on Marx and Weber
Author: Derek Sayer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134979126
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 1829

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First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Seeing like a state

How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300128789
Category: Political Science
Page: 463
View: 6683

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Why do well-intentioned plans for improving the human condition go tragically awry? In a wide-ranging and original study, James C. Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. He argues that centrally managed social plans derail when schematic visions are imposed on long-established structures without taking into account preexisting interdependencies.

Solidarity in Europe

The History of an Idea
Author: Steinar Stjernø
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521605113
Category: History
Page: 408
View: 3638

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How has solidarity been defined, and how has it changed from the early 19th century until today? This unique volume systematically compares the many different conceptions of this central political idea held by Europeans over the past two centuries. It covers social and political theory, Protestant and Catholic social ethics and an analysis of how social democratic, Christian democratic, communist and fascist parties in most European countries have viewed solidarity.

Marx, Marginalism and Modern Sociology

From Adam Smith to Max Weber
Author: Simon Clarke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349218081
Category: Social Science
Page: 339
View: 482

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Marx, Marginalism and Modern Sociology offers an original interpretation of Marx's critique of political economy as the basis of a critique of modern economics and sociology. The core of the book is an account of Marx's theory of alienated labour as the basis of Marx's work as a whole. The critical implications of this theory are developed through an analysis of the historical development of liberal social theory from political economy to the modern disciplines of economics and sociology.

Durkheim Reconsidered


Author: Susan Stedman Jones
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745668623
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
View: 2877

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Durkheim is one of the founding fathers of modern sociology and a key figure in the development of social theory. And yet today his work is often misunderstood, since it is commonly viewed through the lens of later authors who used his writings to illustrate certain tendencies in social thought. Durkheim Reconsidered challenges the common views of Durkheim and offers a fresh and much-needed reappraisal of his ideas. Stedman Jones dismantles the interpretations of Durkheim that remain widespread in Anglo-American sociology and then examines afresh his major works, placing them in their historical and political context. She emphasizes Durkheim's debt to the socialist and republican thought of his contemporaries - and especially to Renouvier who, she argues, had a profound influence on Durkheim's approach. This book will be recognised as a major reinterpretation of the work of one of the most important figures in the history of sociology and social thought. It will be of great interest to scholars and students in sociology, anthropology and related disciplines.

The Dialectics of Citizenship

Exploring Privilege, Exclusion, and Racialization
Author: Bernd Reiter
Publisher: MSU Press
ISBN: 1628951621
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 7331

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What does it mean to be a citizen? What impact does an active democracy have on its citizenry and why does it fail or succeed in fulfilling its promises? Most modern democracies seem unable to deliver the goods that citizens expect; many politicians seem to have given up on representing the wants and needs of those who elected them and are keener on representing themselves and their financial backers. What will it take to bring democracy back to its original promise of rule by the people? Bernd Reiter’s timely analysis reaches back to ancient Greece and the Roman Republic in search of answers. It examines the European medieval city republics, revolutionary France, and contemporary Brazil, Portugal, and Colombia. Through an innovative exploration of country cases, this study demonstrates that those who stand to lose something from true democracy tend to oppose it, making the genealogy of citizenship concurrent with that of exclusion. More often than not, exclusion leads to racialization, stigmatizing the excluded to justify their non-membership. Each case allows for different insights into the process of how citizenship is upheld and challenged. Together, the cases reveal how exclusive rights are constituted by contrasting members to non-members who in that very process become racialized others. The book provides an opportunity to understand the dynamics that weaken democracy so that they can be successfully addressed and overcome in the future.

The New Blackwell Companion to Social Theory


Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144430500X
Category: Social Science
Page: 640
View: 7731

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A comprehensive new collection covering the principal traditions and critical contemporary issues of social theory. Builds on the success of The Blackwell Companion to Social Theory, second edition with substantial revisions, entirely new contributions, and a fresh editorial direction Explores contemporary areas such as actor network theory, social constructionism, human rights and cosmopolitanism Includes chapters on demography, science and technology studies, and genetics and social theory Emphasizes key areas of sociology which have had an important impact in shaping the discipline as a whole

A Philosophical History of German Sociology


Author: Frédéric Vandenberghe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134027133
Category: Philosophy
Page: 352
View: 6324

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A Philosophical History of German Sociology presents a systematic reconstruction of critical theory, from the founding fathers of sociology (Marx, Simmel, Weber) via Lukács to the Frankfurt School (Horkheimer, Adorno, Habermas). Through an in depth analysis of the theories of alienation, rationalisation and reification, it investigates the metatheoretical presuppositions of a critical theory of the present that not only highlights the reality of domination, but is also able to highlight the possibilities of emancipation. Although not written as a textbook, its clear and cogent introduction to some of the main theories of sociology make this book a valuable resource for undergraduates and postgraduates alike. The following in-depth investigation of theories of alienation and reification offer essential material for any critique of the dehumanizing tendencies of today’s global world. Recently translated into English from the original French for the first time, this text showcases Vandenberghe's mastery of the German, French and English schools of sociology study. The result is an important and challenging text that is essential reading for sociology students of all levels. Frédéric Vandenberghe is a Sociology professor and researcher at Iuperj (Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. His writings on a broad range of sociological topics have been published as books and articles around the world.

Social System


Author: Talcott Parsons
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134927754
Category: Political Science
Page: 636
View: 3840

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First Published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Authority and Autonomy

Paradoxes in Modern Knowledge Work
Author: Susanne Ekman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137272880
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 253
View: 5347

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Offers a detailed and entertaining analysis of the daily interactions between managers and employees in creative knowledge intensive organizations. Based on vivid examples, the book shows how both managers and employees entertain contradictory understandings of their mutual commitment.

Security, Strategy, and Critical Theory


Author: Richard Wyn Jones
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781555873356
Category: Political Science
Page: 191
View: 7363

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Laying out the conceptual foundations of critical security studies, the author of this book uses the ideas of the Frankfurt School to advance critical thought about security, strategy, and the relationship between the theory and practice of security.

Spaces of Globalization

Reasserting the Power of the Local
Author: Kevin R. Cox
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781572301993
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 292
View: 6109

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Discusses the economics and politics of globalization, examining the relationship between the global and the local

Knowledge in the Age of Digital Capitalism

An Introduction to Cognitive Materialism
Author: Mariano Zukerfeld
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781911534242
Category: Capitalism
Page: 272
View: 6610

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Knowledge in the Age of Digital Capitalism proposes a new critical theory concerning the functioning of capitalism and how we consider knowledge and information. The book offers nothing less than an introduction to the theory of cognitive materialism and an account of the entirety of the digital (or knowledge) capitalism of our time.

A Social Theory of the Nation-State

The Political Forms of Modernity Beyond Methodological Nationalism
Author: Daniel Chernilo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134150121
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 4443

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A Social Theory of the Nation-State: the political forms of modernity beyond methodological nationalism, construes a novel and original social theory of the nation-state. It rejects nationalistic ways of thinking that take the nation-state for granted as much as globalist orthodoxy that speaks of its current and definitive decline. Its main aim is therefore to provide a renovated account of the nation-state’s historical development and recent global challenges via an analysis of the writings of key social theorists. This reconstruction of the history of the nation-state into three periods: classical (K. Marx, M. Weber, E. Durkheim) modernist (T. Parsons, R. Aron, R. Bendix, B. Moore) contemporary (M. Mann, E. Hobsbawm, U. Beck, M. Castells, N. Luhmann, J. Habermas) For each phase, it introduces social theory’s key views about the nation-state, its past, present and future. In so doing this book rejects methodological nationalism, the claim that the nation-state is the necessary representation of the modern society, because it misrepresents the nation-state’s own problematic trajectory in modernity. And methodological nationalism is also rejected because it is unable to capture the richness of social theory’s intellectual canon. Instead, via a strong conception of society and a subtler notion of the nation-state, A Social Theory of the Nation-State tries to account for the ‘opacity of the nation-state in modernity’.

Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies


Author: Gøsta Esping-Andersen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198742010
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 207
View: 3759

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This text takes a sociological and institutional look at the driving forces of economic transformation. As a result, what stands out is postindustrial diversity, not convergence.

The Anthropology of Development and Globalization

From Classical Political Economy to Contemporary Neoliberalism
Author: Marc Edelman,Angelique Haugerud
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631228790
Category: Social Science
Page: 420
View: 3348

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The Anthropology of Development and Globalization is a collection of readings that provides an unprecedented overview of this field that ranges from the field’s classical origins to today’s debates about the “magic” of the free market. Explores the foundations of the anthropology of development, a field newly animated by theories of globalization and transnationalism Framed by an encyclopedic introduction that will prove indispensable to students and experts alike Includes readings ranging from Weber and Marx and Engels to contemporary works on the politics of development knowledge, consumption, environment, gender, international NGO networks, the IMF, campaigns to reform the World Bank, the collapse of socialism, and the limits of “post-developmentalism” Fills a crucial gap in the literature by mingling historical, cultural, political, and economic perspectives on development and globalization Present a wide range of theoretical approaches and topics

Russian Talk

Culture and Conversation During Perestroika
Author: Nancy Ries
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801484162
Category: History
Page: 220
View: 9849

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Soulful, theatrical, intense: Russian talk is notably full of existential musing and dark passion. However, despite the widespread appreciation of Russian talk, no one has analyzed it as a form of cultural performance. As one of the first Western ethnographers to undertake fieldwork in Moscow, Nancy Ries did just that. In this pioneering study, she shows how everyday conversation shapes Russian identity and culture.Dire stories about poverty, hardship, and social decay recited constantly during perestroika served to fabricate a common worldview--conveying a sense of shared experience and destiny, and casting Russian society as an inescapable realm of absurdity and suffering. Ries agues that while these narratives aptly depicted the chaotic events of the time, they also comprised a kind of contemporary folklore, generic in their lamenting, portentous tones and their culturally poignant details.The story of a grandmother who stands in line all day in order to bring home a precious kilo of sugar becomes a parable of feminine self-sacrifice and endurance. Sardonic narratives about frustrated communal apartment dwellers pouring hot pepper in their neighbor's soup pot challenge the myth of camaraderie and express the proverbial notion that revenge is sweeter for Russians than reconciliation.This insightful ethnography suggests the enormous power that ordinary talk has, in any society, to shape social and political attitudes, and to produce distinctive cultural patterns.

The Drama Of Leadership


Author: Robert J. Starratt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135722552
Category: Education
Page: 192
View: 5977

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Robert Starratt, a teacher of people in leadership positions, presents the foundations for the theory of leadership. Based on a framework divided into building blocks, various concepts of leadership such as values, change, power and structure are explained and analyzed, and ways of incorporating them into school management are addressed. He presents a picture of leadership as a variety of disciplines - history, philosophy, psychology, politics, sociology, theology - amongst others, and with the idea that the student of leadership must be one of change.; This text is primarily intended for headmasters, education managers and administrators, students and lecturers in education and philosophers of education.

Sport and Modern Social Theorists


Author: R. Giulianotti
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230523188
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 252
View: 1131

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Sport and Modern Social Theorists is an innovative and exciting new collection. The chapters are written by leading social analysts of sport from across the world, and examine the contributions of major social theorists towards our critical understanding of modern sport. Social theorists under critical examination include Marx, Weber, Durkheim, Adorno, Gramsci, Habermas, Merton, C.Wright Mills, Goffman, Giddens, Elias, Bourdieu and Foucault. This book will appeal to students and scholars of sport studies, cultural studies, modern social theory, and to social scientists generally.