Capital, State, Empire

The New American Way of Digital Warfare
Author: Scott Timcke
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781911534365
Category: Social Science
Page: 187
View: 2474

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The United States presents the greatest source of global geo-political violence and instability. Guided by the radical political economy tradition, this book offers an analysis of the USA's historical impulse to weaponize communication technologies. Scott Timcke explores the foundations of this impulse and how the militarization of digital society creates structural injustices and social inequalities. He analyses how new digital communication technologies support American paramountcy and conditions for worldwide capital accumulation. Identifying selected features of contemporary American society, Capital, State, Empire undertakes a materialist critique of this digital society and of the New American Way of War. At the same time it demonstrates how the American security state represses activists--such as Black Lives Matter--who resist this emerging security leviathan. The book also critiques the digital positivism behind the algorithmic regulation used to control labour and further diminish prospects for human fl ourishing for the '99%'. Capital, State, Empire contributes to a broader understanding of the dynamics of global capitalism and political power in the early 21st century.

Joining Empire

The Political Economy of the New Canadian Foreign Policy
Author: Jerome Klassen
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442666447
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 344
View: 9025

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A fresh assessment of the neoliberal political economy behind Canadian foreign policy from Afghanistan to Haiti, Joining Empire establishes Jerome Klassen as one of the most astute analysts of contemporary Canadian foreign policy and its relationship to US global power. Using empirical data on production, trade, investment, profits, and foreign ownership in Canada, as well as a new analysis of the overlap among the boards of directors of the top 250 firms in Canada and the top 500 firms worldwide, Klassen argues that it is the increasing integration of Canadian businesses into the global economy that drives Canada’s new, increasingly aggressive, foreign policy. Using government documents, think tank studies, media reports, and interviews with business leaders from across Canada, Klassen outlines recent systematic changes in Canadian diplomatic and military policy and connects them with the rise of a new transnational capitalist class. Joining Empire is sure to become a classic of Canadian political economy.

Empire of Capital


Author: Ellen Meiksins Wood
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781844675180
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 182
View: 575

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Capitalism makes possible a new form of domination by purely economic means, argues Ellen Meiksins Wood. So, surely, even the most seasoned White House hawk would prefer to exercise global hegemony in this way, without costly colonial entanglements. Yet, as Wood powerfully demonstrates, the economic empire of capital has also created a new unlimited militarism. By contrasting the new imperialism to historical forms such as the Roman and Spanish empire, and by tracing the development of capitalist imperialism back to the English domination of Ireland and on the British Empire in America and India, Wood shows how today's capitalist empire, a global economy administered by local states, has come tom spawn a new military doctrine of war without end, in purpose or time.

Urban Sprawl, Global Warming, and the Empire of Capital


Author: George A. Gonzalez
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791494004
Category: Political Science
Page: 170
View: 1618

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Argues that the United States refuses to address global warming because of the reliance of the American economy on urban sprawl. This far-reaching and penetrating study sheds new light on the role of the United States in global warming. Shortly after the Second World War, urban development in the United States became an important spur for the global economy, creating demand for products such as automobiles, furniture, and appliances. Growing urban sprawl in recent decades is also a key factor behind the massive energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions of the American economy. Although today the United States is the largest per capita emitter of carbon dioxide, the nation’s culpability in global warming is frequently sidestepped due to the enormous political and economic influence of corporations and wealthy individuals who continue to benefit from America’s access to abundant supplies of fossil fuels. Troubling and insightful, Urban Sprawl, Global Warming, and the Empire of Capital reveals both the alarming global consequences of urban sprawl at home and the entrenched political and economic forces working against a solution to the problem. “…an interesting critique of the role that business elites played in the suburbanization and urban sprawl that have helped lead to global warming.” — Business History Review “…an important piece of scholarship that adds depth and dimension to understanding the politics of U.S. climate policy.” — Political Science Quarterly “…[a] highly insightful volume … At the heart of Gonzalez’s book is a revealing historical analysis … in which he lays out the techniques by which urban sprawl was promoted across the country, and the implications of this for US oil policy.” — Environmental Politics “Gonzalez offers both an excellent research project and an excellent analysis of theorists who have written on how public policy is created and who creates it.” — CHOICE

Reading Negri

Marxism in the Age of Empire
Author: Pierre Lamarche,David Sherman,Max Rosenkrantz
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 0812697405
Category: Philosophy
Page: 288
View: 5128

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Antonio Negri is the most important Marxist theorist working today. His writings include novel readings of classical philosophers such as Machiavelli, Descartes, and Spinoza, revolutionary reinterpretations of the central texts of Marx, and works of contemporary political analysis. Negri is known in the English-speaking world primarily through Empire, a work he co-authored with Michael Hardt in 2000 that became a surprise academic best-seller. His other writings, which have great depth and breadth, are equally deserving of attention. While most critical accounts of Negri focus only on Empire, this collection of essays presents readers with a fuller picture of Negri’s thought, one that does justice to his ability to use the great texts of the philosophical tradition to illuminate the present. The collection contains essays from scholars representing a broad spectrum of disciplines and interests, and it offers both criticism of and positive commentary on Negri’s work.

Capital Cities in the Aftermath of Empires

Planning in Central and Southeastern Europe
Author: Emily Gunzburger Makas,Tanja Damljanovic Conley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135167257
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 2405

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Exploring the urban and planning history of cities across Central and South-eastern Europe against a background of rising nationalism, this book contains fourteen studies of individual cities. Introductory chapters in the book outline the political history of the area and how the developments in the different countries were interconnected.

Empire

Die neue Weltordnung
Author: Michael Hardt,Antonio Negri
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593372304
Category: Political Science
Page: 461
View: 4606

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Nach einem Vierteljahrhundert politischer Theoriemüdigkeit haben Hardt und Negri mit ihrer brillanten, provokanten und heiß diskutierten Analyse des postmodernen Kapitalismus im Zeitalter der Globalisierung das Denken wieder in Bewegung gebracht. Der Hoffnung auf die politische Gestaltbarkeit einer neuen, gerechteren Weltordnung haben sie damit ein anspruchsvolles theoretisches Fundament gegeben. "Eine grandiose Gesellschaftsanalyse, die unser Unbehagen bündelt und ihm eine Richtung gibt, für die in der Geschichte der Philosophie das Wort vom 'guten Leben' steht." Die Zeit "Das Jahrzehnt linker Melancholie ist vorüber." Neue Zürcher Zeitung

State Capital and Labour


Author: Gill Ursell,Paul Blyton
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349195146
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 235
View: 2844

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An investigation into the changing fortunes of working people in a capitalist society. It proposes that the status of labour is "fixed" by the interplay of the State's demand for loyal, patriotic citizens and capital's demand for obedient, loyal workers.

Capital, the State, and War

Class Conflict and Geopolitics in the Thirty Years' Crisis, 1914-1945
Author: Alexander Anievas
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 047205211X
Category: Political Science
Page: 324
View: 7892

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Tracing how the emergence of global capitalism gave rise to the Thirty Years' Crisis

Miners and the State in the Ottoman Empire

The Zonguldak Coalfield, 1822-1920
Author: Donald Quataert
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781845451349
Category: History
Page: 257
View: 9586

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Table of Contents 1 Introduction and historiographical essay 1 2 The Ottoman coal coast 20 3 Coal miners at work : jobs, recruitment, and wages 52 4 "Like slaves in colonial countries" : working conditions in the coalfield 80 5 Ties that bind : village-mine relations 95 6 Military duty and mine work : the blurred vocations of Ottoman soldier-workers 129 7 Methane, rockfalls, and other disasters : accidents at the mines 150 8 Victims and agents : confronting death and safety in the mines 184 9 Wartime in the coalfield 206 10 Conclusion 227 Appendix on the reporting of accidents 235

Medieval Capital Markets

Markets for Renten, State Formation and Private Investment in Holland (1300-1550)
Author: C. J. Zuijderduijn
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004175652
Category: History
Page: 316
View: 2798

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Institutions that allow for the accumulation of capital were as crucial to economic growth throughout history as they are today. But whereas historians often focus on the precursors of modern banking institutions, little is known of any alternatives that may have served similar purposes prior to their rise. This study focuses on the institutional framework of markets for 'renten', a type of long-term debt that enabled economic development in much of Northwest Europe in the late Middle Ages. In the county of Holland, these markets allowed large segments of the public and private sectors to reallocate capital. This study thus uncovers the medieval capital markets in the region that was to become the core of the Dutch Republic.

International Law and Empire

Historical Explorations
Author: Martti Koskenniemi,Walter Rech,Manuel Jiménez Fonseca
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192515020
Category: Law
Page: 416
View: 3428

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In times in which global governance in its various forms, such as human rights, international trade law, and development projects, is increasingly promoted by transnational economic actors and international institutions that seem to be detached from democratic processes of legitimation, the question of the relationship between international law and empire is as topical as ever. By examining this relationship in historical contexts from early modernity to the present, this volume aims to deepen current understandings of the way international legal institutions, practices, and narratives have shaped specifically imperial ideas about and structures of world governance. As it explores fundamental ways in which international legal discourses have operated in colonial as well as European contexts, the book enters a heated debate on the involvement of the modern law of nations in imperial projects. Each of the chapters contributes to this emerging body of scholarship by drawing out the complexity and ambivalence of the relationship between international law and empire. They expand on the critique of western imperialism while acknowledging the nuances and ambiguities of international legal discourse and, in some cases, the possibility of counter-hegemonic claims being articulated through the language of international law. Importantly, as the book suggests that international legal argument may sometimes be used to counter imperial enterprises, it maintains that international law can barely escape the Eurocentric framework within which the progressive aspirations of internationalism were conceived

National History and the World of Nations

Capital, State, and the Rhetoric of History in Japan, France, and the United States
Author: Christopher Hill
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822389150
Category: History
Page: 368
View: 8066

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Focusing on Japan, France, and the United States, Christopher L. Hill reveals how the writing of national history in the late nineteenth century made the reshaping of the world by capitalism and the nation-state seem natural and inevitable. The three countries, occupying widely different positions in the world, faced similar ideological challenges stemming from the rapidly changing geopolitical order and from domestic political upheavals: the Meiji Restoration in Japan, the Civil War in the United States, and the establishment of the Third Republic in France. Through analysis that is both comparative and transnational, Hill shows that the representations of national history that emerged in response to these changes reflected rhetorical and narrative strategies shared across the globe. Delving into narrative histories, prose fiction, and social philosophy, Hill analyzes the rhetoric, narrative form, and intellectual genealogy of late-nineteenth-century texts that contributed to the creation of national history in each of the three countries. He discusses the global political economy of the era, the positions of the three countries in it, and the reasons that arguments about history loomed large in debates on political, economic, and social problems. Examining how the writing of national histories in the three countries addressed political transformations and the place of the nation in the world, Hill illuminates the ideological labor national history performed. Its production not only naturalized the division of the world by systems of states and markets, but also asserted the inevitability of the nationalization of human community; displaced dissent to pre-modern, pre-national pasts; and presented the subject’s acceptance of a national identity as an unavoidable part of the passage from youth to adulthood.

Empire of Cotton

A Global History
Author: Sven Beckert
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0385353251
Category: History
Page: 640
View: 6306

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The epic story of the rise and fall of the empire of cotton, its centrality to the world economy, and its making and remaking of global capitalism. Cotton is so ubiquitous as to be almost invisible, yet understanding its history is key to understanding the origins of modern capitalism. Sven Beckert’s rich, fascinating book tells the story of how, in a remarkably brief period, European entrepreneurs and powerful statesmen recast the world’s most significant manufacturing industry, combining imperial expansion and slave labor with new machines and wage workers to change the world. Here is the story of how, beginning well before the advent of machine production in the 1780s, these men captured ancient trades and skills in Asia, and combined them with the expropriation of lands in the Americas and the enslavement of African workers to crucially reshape the disparate realms of cotton that had existed for millennia, and how industrial capitalism gave birth to an empire, and how this force transformed the world. The empire of cotton was, from the beginning, a fulcrum of constant global struggle between slaves and planters, merchants and statesmen, workers and factory owners. Beckert makes clear how these forces ushered in the world of modern capitalism, including the vast wealth and disturbing inequalities that are with us today. The result is a book as unsettling as it is enlightening: a book that brilliantly weaves together the story of cotton with how the present global world came to exist.

Debating Empire


Author: Gopal Balakrishnan,Stanley Aronowitz
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781859844526
Category: Philosophy
Page: 172
View: 5199

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This text draws together the debate surrounding Hardt and Negri's "Empire".

Capitalism and Nationalism at the End of Empire

State and Business in Decolonizing Egypt, Nigeria, and Kenya, 1945-1963
Author: Robert L. Tignor
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400873002
Category: History
Page: 434
View: 5944

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The two decades that followed World War II witnessed the end of the great European empires in Asia and Africa. Robert Tignor's new study of the decolonization experiences of Egypt, Nigeria, and Kenya elucidates the major factors that led to the transfer of power from British to African hands in these three territories. Employing a comparative method in order to explain the different decolonizing narratives in each territory, he argues that the different state policies toward the private business sector and foreign capital were the result of nationalist policies and attitudes and the influence of Cold War pressures on local events. Using business records as well as official government sources, the work highlights the economic aspects of decolonization and weighs the influence of nationalist movements, changes in metropolitan attitudes toward the empire, and shifts in the international balance of power in bringing about the transfer of authority. The author concludes that the business communities did not play decisive roles, adhering instead to their time-honored role of leaving political issues to colonial officials and their nationalist critics. Tignor also finds that the nationalist movements, far from being ineffective, largely realized the primary goals of nationalist leaders that had been articulated for many decades. Originally published in 1997. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Mesoamerica's Ancient Cities

Aerial Views of Pre-Columbian Ruins in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras
Author: William M. Ferguson,Richard E. W. Adams
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 9780826328007
Category: Social Science
Page: 260
View: 6488

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William Ferguson's classic photographic portrayal of the major pre-Columbian ruins of Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras is now available from UNM Press in a completely revised edition. Magnificent aerial and ground photographs give both armchair and actual visitors unparalleled views of fifty-one ancient cities. The restored areas of each site and their interesting and exotic features are shown within each group of ruins. The authors have thoroughly revised the text for this new edition, and they have added over 30 new photographs and illustrations as well as a completely new chapter by Richard E. W. Adams on regional states and empires in ancient Mesoamerica. Over a span of three thousand years between 1500 B.C. and A.D. 1500 great civilizations, including the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Maya, Toltec, Zapotec, and Aztec, flourished, waned, and died in Mesoamerica. These indigenous cultures of Mexico and Central America are brought to life in Mesoamerica's Ancient Cities through stunning color photographs. The authors include the most recent research and most widely accepted theoretical perspectives on Mesoamerican civilizations. Ideal for the general reader as well as scholars of Mesoamerica, this volume makes a significant contribution to our knowledge of the Americas.