Brain Control

Developments in Therapy and Implications for Society
Author: D. Linden
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137335335
Category: Psychology
Page: 193
View: 6443

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Interest in techniques to control the brain and thereby improve its function has surged, yet how realistic are these expectations and what are the ethical implications? This book reviews the main techniques of controlling brain processes for medical purposes, situating them within ethical and legal debates on autonomy and fairness.

Brain Control of Wakefulness and Sleep

Author: Mircea M. Steriade,Robert W. McCarley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387262709
Category: Medical
Page: 728
View: 4911

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Brain Control of Wakefulness and Sleeping explores the history of efforts to understand the nature of waking and sleeping states from a biological point of view. This research represents the synthesis of the work of two individuals who have devoted their careers to investigating the mysterious states of the mind. This landmark book will interest the beginner scientist/researcher as well as the sleep clinician, with chapters on subjects including Neuronal Control of REM Sleep, Motor Systems and the Role of Active Forebrain, and Humoral Systems in Sleep Control. The authors explore the behavioral and physiological events of waking and sleep, analyzing the current realities and the future possibilities of unifying basic studies on anatomy and cellular psychology.

Brain control

a critical examination of brain stimulation and psychosurgery
Author: Elliot S. Valenstein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Medical
Page: 407
View: 985

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How Gut and Brain Control Metabolism

Author: P.J.D. Delhanty,A.J. van der Lely
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3318026395
Category: Medical
Page: 204
View: 4885

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Obesity is an epidemic problem not limited to Western society, but also in emerging industrial nations with large populations, especially in Asia. The connection between the gut and the brain is probably one of the most promising therapeutic targets for the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome. This book brings together reviews on the current understanding of how the gut and brain communicate in the regulation of metabolism. Individual chapters explore novel aspects of this interaction. A comprehensive update on the roles of smell and taste, the gut microbiome, and novel gut-derived neuropeptides in regulating metabolism via the brain is offered. Furthermore, the regulation of insulin sensitivity in the brain is discussed in detail. Providing an overview of the most recent findings, 'How Gut and Brain Control Metabolism' could spark in the reader new ideas or approaches, thus leading to much-needed new medical treatments. Physicians with an involvement in the treatment of metabolic disease and scientists performing research in the fields of nutrition and obesity will find this book a valuable addition to their bookshelves.

Brain Control of Responses to Trauma

Author: Nancy J. Rothwell,Frank Berkenbosch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521419390
Category: Medical
Page: 342
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Originally published in 1994, this was the first volume to look in depth at the way the brain responds to trauma and subsequently integrates and influences behavioural, metabolic, neurohumoral, cardiovascular and immune functions. At the time, the role of the brain in the control and integration of the responses to injury and infection was becoming increasingly clear. It had been established that some of these responses, such as fever and neuroendocrine changes, responded to the direct influence of the central nervous system. These, and other advances, provided fresh insights into this area and formed a basis for the more effective understanding and clinical management of trauma patients. In this volume, the authors, all international authorities in their fields, discuss data from experimental and clinical studies and considered the implications of these findings for the treatment of the trauma patient.

Brain Control of Behaviour

An Analysis of Verbal Delayed Reactions and Their Impairment in Mental Disorders
Author: Paolo Pinelli
Publisher: S Karger Ag
Category: Medical
Page: 342
View: 6708

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This book looks at the brain control of psychomotor purposeful action and in particular speech through findings obtained from a new methodology developed by the author. The 'Multiple-Delayed-Reaction Verbochronometry' or MDRV can be applied in normal and pathological conditions and includes an analysis of verbal reading reactions and picture naming. Both latency times and duration of the responses (acousticograms and oromandibular electromyograms) are measured as mean values from a series of 12 trials. MDRV can be employed in a wide variety of scientific disciplines such as neurology in the diagnosis of dementia, psychiatry in determining schizophrenia and depressive disorders, and neurosurgery in evaluating the damage exerted by tumors. It can also be used in the field of phoniatrics by detecting alterations in stuttering and spastic dysphonia. In addition, neuropediatrists, logopaedists and philosophers will find a number of informative sections on the background and application of this revolutionary methodology.

Augmentation of Brain Function: Facts, Fiction and Controversy

Volume I: Brain-Machine Interfaces
Author: Mikhail Lebedev,Ioan Opris,Manuel F. Casanova
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889456145
Page: 666
View: 3991

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Volume I, entitled “Augmentation of Brain Functions: Brain-Machine Interfaces”, is a collection of articles on neuroprosthetic technologies that utilize brain-machine interfaces (BMIs). BMIs strive to augment the brain by linking neural activity, recorded invasively or noninvasively, to external devices, such as arm prostheses, exoskeletons that enable bipedal walking, means of communication and technologies that augment attention. In addition to many practical applications, BMIs provide useful research tools for basic science. Several articles cover challenges and controversies in this rapidly developing field, such as ways to improve information transfer rate. BMIs can be applied to the awake state of the brain and to the sleep state, as well. BMIs can augment action planning and decision making. Importantly, BMI operations evoke brain plasticity, which can have long-lasting effects. Advanced neural decoding algorithms that utilize optimal feedback controllers are key to the BMI performance. BMI approach can be combined with the other augmentation methods; such systems are called hybrid BMIs. Overall, it appears that BMI will lead to many powerful and practical brain-augmenting technologies in the future.

Brain Asymmetry

Author: Richard J. Davidson,Kenneth Hugdahl
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262540797
Category: Medical
Page: 735
View: 3603

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The twenty-three contributions in Brain Asymmetry provide a comprehensive survey of modern research on laterality and brain asymmetry, showcasing new approaches and novel domains in which knowledge of the asymmetrical functioning of the brain is a key issue for the complete understanding of the phenomenon. Of particular note is the inclusion of material on laterality, learning, attention, and emotion and their relation to subcortical and peripheral structures and processes. In addition, the clinical relevance of brain asymmetry for neuropsychological and psychopathological practice is surveyed.Following a preface and historical overview, chapters are divided into eight parts that cover: Phylogenetic Antecedents and Anatomical Bases; Perceptual, Cognitive, and Motor Lateralization; Attention and Learning; Central-Autonomic Integration; Emotional Lateralization; Interhemispheric Interaction; Ontogeny and Developmental Disabilities; and Psychopathology.Contributors : Marie T. Banich. Brenda E. Berge. Carol A. Boliek. Halle D. Brown. Gerard E. Bruder. Richard J. Davidson. Marian Cleeves Diamond. Jack E. Downhill. Jane E. Edmonds. Albert M. Galaburda. Josh Hall. Anne Harrington. Kenneth M. Heilman. Joseph B. Hellige. Kenneth Hugdahl. George W. Hynd. J. Richard Jennings. Stephen M. Kosslyn. Richard D. Laine. David Warren Lewis. Jacqueline Liederman. Mario Liotti. Richard Marshall. John E. Obrzut. Michael Peters. Robert G. Robinson. Sidney J. Segalowitz. Justine Sergent. Don M. Tucker. Werner Wittling. Eran Zaidel.A Bradford Book

Hunger, Thirst, Sex, and Sleep

How the Brain Controls Our Passions
Author: John K. Young
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 144221824X
Page: 175
View: 7184

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In this fascinating tour of the way our brains control our most basic drives, John Young takes a small part of the human anatomy and explains its role in the regulation of our basic needs and desires, including sex, sleep, thirst, hunger and more. Drawing on the latest research, he conveys even complex ideas in accessible and enjoyable fashion.

Behavioral Interventions with Brain-Injured Children

Author: A. MacNeill Horton Jr.,William G. Miller (Ph. D.)
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306444388
Category: Psychology
Page: 216
View: 7533

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Begins with an introduction to behavioral neuropsychology, followed by discussion of brain-behavior relationships. Provides in-depth coverage of comprehensive assessment, treatment planning and procedures, and treatment outcome. Discusses single-subject research design, and presents case studies. An

Neuro-Rehabilitation with Brain Interface 

Author: Leo P. Ligthart,Ramjee Prasad,Silvano Pupolin
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 879323743X
Category: Medical
Page: 168
View: 5973

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In recent years, major results were reported on Brain-Computer Interface / Brain-Machine Interface (BCI/BMI) applied to rehabilitation in scientific reports and papers. This subject received much attention within the Society on Communication, Navigation, Sensing and Services (CONASENSE) during the period 2013-2015. Describing the state of the art on various BCI/BMI activities related to neuro-rehabilitation is the central theme of this book. The latest insights coming from neurophysiologists, neuropsychologists, ICT experts specialized in clinical data management and from representatives of patient organizations are elucidated and new ways for “BCI/BMI applied to rehabilitation” using advanced ICT are introduced. The book describes the latest progress in and is an appeal for an approach leading to more cost-saving multi-disciplinary neuro-rehabilitation. This book covers the following topics: · Overview on BCI/BMI applied to rehabilitation · ICT for Neuro-rehabilitation · ICT for new generation prostheses · Gaze tracking, facial orientation determination, face and emotion recognition in 3D space for neuro-rehabilitation applications · Integrated perspective for future wide spread integration of motor neuro-rehabilitation · Ethical issues in the use of Information and Communication Technologies in the health care of patients with neurological disorders

The Neural Control of Sleep and Waking

Author: Jerome H. Siegel,Jerome Siegel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387954929
Category: Medical
Page: 211
View: 4243

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Why we need to sleep is not actually known, but it is a topic that continues to intrigue us and it is still very much the subject of active research. The author takes an historical approach to the subject and hence largely takes a chronological view of sleep research and the scientists' ideas and their experiments. Parts one and two describe the main historical figures and their various theories and discoveries. Part three describes our current state of knowledge of sleep, arousal and waking. It discusses sleep and waking disorders and discusses the current theories behind the function of sleep. This is a book readable by anyone who has some introductory biology or psychology and has an interest in why and how we sleep it will also make an excellent book for anyone taking a course on the physiology and functions of sleep.

Preventing Misdiagnosis of Women

A Guide to Physical Disorders That Have Psychiatric Symptoms
Author: Elizabeth A. Klonoff,Hope Landrine
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761900474
Category: Medical
Page: 152
View: 5246

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Many physical disorders suffered by women have psychiatric symptoms. For example, hyperthyroidism can result in depression and anxiety, and temporal lobe epilepsy can have the same symptoms as bipolar disorder. As a result, women are in danger of being misdiagnosed as having psychiatric problems and receiving completely inappropriate treatment. This volume gives psychotherapists, counsellors and other mental health professionals the foundation for identifying physiological disorders that may be at the root of the mental health problems presented by female clients. Illustrated with detailed cases and supplemented with quick reference guides to symptoms and a glossary, this much-needed book provides information that until now

Brain Metastasis

A Multidisciplinary Approach
Author: Lawrence R. Kleinberg, MD
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 9781934559994
Category: Medical
Page: 224
View: 4851

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New therapies and treatments targeted at brain metastasis are rapidly resulting in improved survival and quality of life for patients with this condition. Brain Metastasis: A Multidisciplinary Approach conveys vital information about management strategies, outcomes, and techniques to enable oncologists to provide a full range of appropriate care and counseling to patients with metastatic spread to the brain. Faithful to its title, this text espouses a truly multidisciplinary approach, integrating information from the fields of oncology, neurosurgery, radiation oncology, and neurology. Experts in each specialty have gathered that information which is most important for all physicians caring for patients with brain metastasis. Brain Metastasis includes complete discussions for all situations in which radiosurgery might be recommended, including for the treatment of gross brain metastasis; for the prevention of tumor-related injury of brain function; and as an alternative to whole-brain radiotherapy. Features of this uniquely accessible guide include: A timely discussion of exciting recent developments in aggressive care An emphasis on quality-of-life issues and palliative care Special chapters on radiosurgery for both brain metastasis and spinal tumors Full color insert of high-quality images This concise and comprehensive text provides a multidisciplinary information source for brain metastasis. It is an essential resource for any practitioner who cares for patients with this devastating yet surprisingly common condition.

Brain-Computer Interfaces

An international assessment of research and development trends
Author: Theodore W. Berger,John K. Chapin,Greg A. Gerhardt,Dennis J. McFarland,Jose C. Principe,Walid V. Soussou,Dawn M. Taylor,Patrick A. Tresco
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402087055
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 281
View: 7043

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We have come to know that our ability to survive and grow as a nation to a very large degree depends upon our scientific progress. Moreover, it is not enough simply to keep 1 abreast of the rest of the world in scientific matters. We must maintain our leadership. President Harry Truman spoke those words in 1950, in the aftermath of World War II and in the midst of the Cold War. Indeed, the scientific and engineering leadership of the United States and its allies in the twentieth century played key roles in the successful outcomes of both World War II and the Cold War, sparing the world the twin horrors of fascism and totalitarian communism, and fueling the economic prosperity that followed. Today, as the United States and its allies once again find themselves at war, President Truman’s words ring as true as they did a half-century ago. The goal set out in the Truman Administration of maintaining leadership in science has remained the policy of the U. S. Government to this day: Dr. John Marburger, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President, made remarks to that effect during his 2 confirmation hearings in October 2001. The United States needs metrics for measuring its success in meeting this goal of maintaining leadership in science and technology. That is one of the reasons that the National Science Foundation (NSF) and many other agencies of the U. S.

A System Architecture Approach to the Brain

From Neurons to Consciousness
Author: L. Andrew Coward
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781594544330
Category: Medical
Page: 349
View: 2393

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This book is the integrated presentation of a large body of work on understanding the operation of biological brains as systems. The work has been carried out by the author over the last 22 years, and leads to a claim that it is relatively straightforward to understand how human cognition results from and is supported by physiological processes in the brain. This claim has roots in the technology for designing and manufacturing electronic systems which manage extremely complex telecommunications networks with high reliability, in real time and with no human intervention. Such systems perform very large numbers of interacting control features. Although there is little direct resemblance between such systems and biological brains, the ways in which these practical considerations force system architectures within some specific bounds leads to an understanding of how different but analogous practical considerations constrain the architectures of brains within different bounds called the Recommendation Architecture. These architectural bounds make it possible to relate cognitive phenomena to physiological processes.

Impulse Control Disorders

Author: Christine A. Adamec,Christine Collins
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438116780
Category: Psychology
Page: 94
View: 9444

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When an individual suffers from an impulse control disorder, that person has little or no control over repeated impulsive acts, causing problems for him or her. Impulse control disorders include pathological gambling, pyromania, kleptomania, intermittent

Brain-Computer Interfacing

Author: Rajesh P. N. Rao
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521769418
Category: Computers
Page: 337
View: 7727

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The idea of interfacing minds with machines has long captured the human imagination. Recent advances in neuroscience and engineering are making this a reality, opening the door to restoration and augmentation of human physical and mental capabilities. Medical applications such as cochlear implants for the deaf and neurally controlled prosthetic limbs for the paralyzed are becoming almost commonplace. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are also increasingly being used in security, lie detection, alertness monitoring, telepresence, gaming, education, art, and human augmentation. This introduction to the field is designed as a textbook for upper-level undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in neural engineering or brain-computer interfacing for students from a wide range of disciplines. It can also be used for self-study and as a reference by neuroscientists, computer scientists, engineers, and medical practitioners. Key features include questions and exercises in each chapter and a supporting website.