Boltzmann's Tomb

Travels in Search of Science
Author: Bill Green
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781934137352
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 208
View: 422

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Bill Green travels to sites of scientific discovery around the globe and relates the stories of the scientists who lived and worked there.

A Student's Guide to Entropy

Author: Don S. Lemons
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107011566
Category: Science
Page: 194
View: 3088

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This book helps readers understand the elusive concept of entropy to supplement undergraduate courses in physics, engineering, chemistry and mathematics.

Programming The Universe

A Quantum Computer Scientist Takes on the Cosmos
Author: Seth Lloyd
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1446475875
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 8132

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IN THE BEGINNING WAS THE BIT... The universe is made of bits of information and it has been known for more than a century that every piece of the the universe - every electron, atom and molecule - registers these bits and that information. It is only in the last years, however, with the discovery and development of quantum computers, that scientists have gained a fundamental understanding of just how that information is registered and processed. Building on recent breakthroughs in quantum computation, Seth Lloyd shows how the universe itself is a giant computer. Every atom and elementary particle stores these bits, and every collision between those atoms and particles flips the bits into a new arrangement and effortlessly spins out beautiful and complex systems, including galaxies, planets and life itself. But every computer needs a program, the set of instructions that tell it what patterns to create. Where did the bits come from that tell the universe to create its magnificent complexity? Who - or what - is programming the universe?

Ludwig Boltzmann 1844-1906

eine Ausstellung der Österreichischen Zentralbibliothek für Physik
Author: Ludwig Boltzmann,Österreichische Zentralbibliothek für Physik
Publisher: N.A
Category: Physicists
Page: 177
View: 2981

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The Nature of Physical Law
Author: Michael Munowitz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199830817
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 8847

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We ask question after question of an indifferent universe that would just as soon remain mute; and slowly, patiently, one sentence at a time, we write our own version of the book of nature. It is called science, from the Latin word for knowledge, and it is a book everybody should read. With simplicity and elegance, Knowing interprets the book of nature for curious readers of all sorts--but especially for those hoping to appreciate the beauty of physics without getting lost in the mathematics. Indeed, there is a world of scientific understanding in the pages of this gracefully written and inviting book, where hundreds of little diagrams substitute for the equations that physicists otherwise need to tell their tale. Readers will discover the way things work: how big things (like Earth or Moon) come from small things (like quarks and electrons), how tiny particles push and pull, and how the world hangs in the balance. We learn how an "unbiased" observer and a fixed speed of light, nothing else, conjure up E=mc2 and four-dimensional space-time. We see how Newton's clockwork universe of unwavering determination differs (but not in every respect) from Heisenberg's quantum universe of hazy uncertainty. And we see how a world of chaos throws a wrench into everybody's mechanical ideal. From tiny atoms to vast galaxies, the universe is ours to explore and to know: its particles, its interactions, its laws, its unending surprises. Heavily illustrated with explanatory drawings and diagrams--perhaps no other science book for general readers uses diagrams so extensively--Knowing takes us to the edge of modern science, allowing us to peer in further than we would have dreamed possible.

General Chemistry

Principles and Modern Applications
Author: William S. Harwood,Jeffry D. Madura
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131493308
Category: Science
Page: 1172
View: 7441

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General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applicationsis recognized for its superior problems, lucid writing, and precision of argument. This updated and expanded edition retains the popular and innovative features of previous editions–includingFeature Problems,follow-upIntegrative and Practice Exercisesto accompany every in-chapterExample,andFocus Onapplication boxes, as well as newKeep in Mindmarginal notes.Topics covered include atoms and the atomic theory, chemical compounds and reactions, gases, Thermochemistry, electrons in atoms, chemical bonding, liquids, solids, and intermolecular forces, chemical kinetics, principles of chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, electrochemistry, representative and transitional elements, and nuclear and organic chemistry.For individuals interested in a broad overview of chemical principles and applications.

Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Peter Atkins
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191003115
Category: Science
Page: 144
View: 9512

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With the development of a variety of exciting new areas of research involving computational chemistry, nano- and smart materials, and applications of the recently discovered graphene, there can be no doubt that physical chemistry is a vitally important field. It is also perceived as the most daunting branch of chemistry, being necessarily grounded in physics and mathematics and drawing as it does on quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, and statistical thermodynamics. With his typical clarity and hardly a formula in sight, Peter Atkins' Very Short Introduction explores the contributions physical chemistry has made to all branches of chemistry. Providing an insight into its central concepts Atkins reveals the cultural contributions physical chemistry has made to our understanding of the natural world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

King of the Rocks

A Memoir
Author: Bill Green
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1532022131
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 318
View: 1271

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Bill Greens father died suddenly when he was in Belfast. Spring was coming on, and Ireland was turning into its fabled green. When he returned for the funeral, he landed at JFK airport on his way home to Pittsburgh. Oddly, while on the concourse, he felt like he was floating. Green felt a deep sense of euphoria. Why did he take pleasurefor even a momentin his fathers death? In his mind, he had committed a grave and unforgiveable sin. Who was this man, his father? Green believed that perhaps knowing more would relieve his unending sense of grief. King of the Rocks is a book about searching the past; it is about psychoanalysis and dreams and about finding clues in a cache of old photos and letters. It is about baseball, exotic travel, polio, absence and drink, and the dense granitic silence of men.

Vorlesungen Über Gastheorie

Author: Ludwig Boltzmann
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780270046120
Page: 212
View: 4802

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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Entropy and the Magic Flute

Author: Harold J. Morowitz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195359664
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 3150

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Harold Morowitz has long been regarded highly both as an eminent scientist and as an accomplished science writer. The essays in The Wine of Life, his first collection, were hailed by C.P. Snow as "some of the wisest, wittiest and best informed that I have read," and Carl Sagan called them "a delight to read." In later volumes such as Mayonnaise and the Origin of Life and The Thermodynamics of Pizza, he has established a reputation for a wide-ranging intellect, an ability to see unexpected connections and draw striking parallels, and a talent for communicating scientific ideas with optimism and wit. Kirkus Reviews praised Mayonnaise as "wonderfully diverting and very wise." Nature wrote of Thermodynamics, "his chocolate-coated nuggets of science will continue to entertain and do surreptitious good." With Entropy and the Magic Flute, Morowitz once again offers an appealing mix of brief reflections on everything from litmus paper to the hippopotamus to the sociology of Palo Alto coffee shops. Many of these pieces are appreciations of scientists that Morowitz holds in high regard. In the title piece, for instance, Morowitz tells of his pilgrimage to the grave of Ludwig Boltzmann, buried in the same cemetery--Vienna's Central Cemetery--as Beethoven, Schubert, and Brahms. He also writes of J. Willard Gibbs ("thought by many to be the greatest scientist yet produced by the United States"), Jean Perrin (author of Les Atomes, a now-forgotten classic that convinced virtually everyone in science of the validity of the atomic hypothesis), Einstein, Newton (on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of his Principia, a date that passed virtually unnoticed except by Morowitz), Murray Gell-Mann, and Aristotle. Of Aristotle, Morowitz observes that "most people whose information comes from academic philosophy fail to appreciate that--among his many fields of expertise--first and foremost, Aristotle was a biologist." Indeed, fully a third of Aristotle's writings are on the life sciences, almost all of which has been left out of standard editions of his work. Many other pieces focus on health issues--such as America's obsession with cheese toppings, the addiction to smoking of otherwise intelligent people, questionable obstetric practices--and several touch upon ethics, whistle-blowing, and scientific research. There is also a fascinating piece on the American Type Culture Collection, a zoo or warehouse for microbes that houses some 11,800 strains of bacteria, and over 3,000 specimens of protozoa, algae, plasmids, and oncogenes. Here then are over forty light, graceful essays in which one of our wisest experimental biologists comments on issues of science, technology, society, philosophy, and the arts.

Advances in Chemical Physics

Author: Stuart A. Rice,Aaron R. Dinner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118949722
Category: Science
Page: 528
View: 2539

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Advances in Chemical Physics is the only series of volumes available that explores the cutting edge of research in chemical physics. This is the only series of volumes available that presents the cutting edge of research in chemical physics. Includes contributions from experts in this field of research. Contains a representative cross-section of research that questions established thinking on chemical solutions. Structured with an editorial framework that makes the book an excellent supplement to an advanced graduate class in physical chemistry or chemical physics.


Lexikon österreichischer Frauen
Author: Ilse Korotin
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien
ISBN: 3205795903
Category: History
Page: 4248
View: 5824

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Das vierbändige Lexikon beinhaltet rund 6.500 Biografien österreichischer Frauen bzw. Hinweise auf frauenbiografische Spuren von der RömerInnenzeit bis zur Gegenwart - einschließlich Geburtsjahr 1938 - und ist auf einen Wirkungsbereich in den geografischen Grenzen des heutigen Österreich bezogen. Es zeigt eindrucksvoll das Wirken von Frauen in Politik, Gesellschaft, Kultur und Geschichte, betritt dadurch in vielen Bereichen biografisches Neuland und eröffnet neue Forschungsperspektiven. Die Konzeption des Lexikons orientiert sich an den theoretischen Überlegungen einer feministischen Biografieforschung, welche es erlaubt, weibliche Lebensläufe in deren genderspezifischer Bedeutung zu reflektieren und zu würdigen. Das Lexikon ist Teil des multimodularen Dokumentations-, Forschungs- und Vernetzungsprojekts „biografiA. Biografische Datenbank und Lexikon österreichischer Frauen" am Wiener Institut für Wissenschaft und Kunst.

Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906)

Zum hundertsten Todestag
Author: Ilse Fasol,Gerhard Ludwig Fasol
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3211473114
Category: Science
Page: 196
View: 2892

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Ludwig Boltzmann revolutionierte die Physik des ausgehenden 19. Jahrhunderts. Er kämpfte beharrlich um Anerkennung, dass jede Materie aus Atomen besteht. Er begründete seine kinetische Gastheorie, die statistische Thermodynamik und war somit ein wesentlicher Begründer der statistischen Physik. Der Reader beschreibt seinen Kampf um Anerkennung, seine Zeitgenossen und Philosophie. Mit bisher unveröffentlichten Texten, Bildern und Dokumenten.

Duineser Elegien / Das Marien-Leben / Requiem / Sieben Gedichte / Die Sonette an Orpheus

Author: Rainer Maria Rilke
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3843033013
Category: Poetry
Page: 104
View: 5019

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Rainer Maria Rilke: Duineser Elegien / Das Marien-Leben / Requiem / Sieben Gedichte / Die Sonette an Orpheus Requiem: Entstanden 1908, Erstdruck: Leipzig (Insel) 1909. Das Marien-Leben: Entstanden 1912, Erstdruck: Leipzig (Insel) 1913. Duineser Elegien: Erstdruck: Leipzig (Insel) 1923. Die Sonette an Orpheus: Entstanden 1922, Erstdruck: Leipzig (Insel) 1923. Sieben Gedichte: Posthum erschienen. Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage sind die Ausgaben: Rainer Maria Rilke: Sämtliche Werke. Herausgegeben vom Rilke-Archiv in Verbindung mit Ruth Sieber-Rilke, besorgt von Ernst Zinn, Band 1–6, Wiesbaden und Frankfurt a.M.: Insel, 1955–1966. Rainer Maria Rilke: [Sieben Gedichte], aus: R. M. Rilke: Werke. Kommentierte Ausgabe in vier Bänden. Hrsg. von Manfred Engel u.a., Bd. 2., Frankfurt/Main; Leipzig, 1996. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgaben wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Rudolf Jettmar, Ruine des Kastells Duino, 1908. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Molekulare Gasdynamik

Einführung in die kinetische Theorie der Gase und Lattice-Boltzmann-Methoden
Author: Dieter Hänel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540350470
Category: Science
Page: 223
View: 2829

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Trotz der Komplexität der Materie ist dieses Buch nicht mathematisch überfrachtet. Phänomenologische Ansätze aus der Strömungsmechanik und Thermodynamik werden mittels kinetischer Gastheorie einfach einsichtig erklärt und qualitativ hergeleitet. Der Autor leitet Gleichungen der Strömungsmechanik sowie Lösungsansätze für Strömungsprobleme konsequent ab und interpretiert ihre Gültigkeit.