Boltzmann's Tomb

Travels in Search of Science
Author: Bill Green
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781934137352
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 208
View: 1002

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Bill Green travels to sites of scientific discovery around the globe and relates the stories of the scientists who lived and worked there.


The Nature of Physical Law
Author: Michael Munowitz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199830817
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 3768

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We ask question after question of an indifferent universe that would just as soon remain mute; and slowly, patiently, one sentence at a time, we write our own version of the book of nature. It is called science, from the Latin word for knowledge, and it is a book everybody should read. With simplicity and elegance, Knowing interprets the book of nature for curious readers of all sorts--but especially for those hoping to appreciate the beauty of physics without getting lost in the mathematics. Indeed, there is a world of scientific understanding in the pages of this gracefully written and inviting book, where hundreds of little diagrams substitute for the equations that physicists otherwise need to tell their tale. Readers will discover the way things work: how big things (like Earth or Moon) come from small things (like quarks and electrons), how tiny particles push and pull, and how the world hangs in the balance. We learn how an "unbiased" observer and a fixed speed of light, nothing else, conjure up E=mc2 and four-dimensional space-time. We see how Newton's clockwork universe of unwavering determination differs (but not in every respect) from Heisenberg's quantum universe of hazy uncertainty. And we see how a world of chaos throws a wrench into everybody's mechanical ideal. From tiny atoms to vast galaxies, the universe is ours to explore and to know: its particles, its interactions, its laws, its unending surprises. Heavily illustrated with explanatory drawings and diagrams--perhaps no other science book for general readers uses diagrams so extensively--Knowing takes us to the edge of modern science, allowing us to peer in further than we would have dreamed possible.

A Student's Guide to Entropy

Author: Don S. Lemons
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107011566
Category: Science
Page: 194
View: 3811

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This book helps readers understand the elusive concept of entropy to supplement undergraduate courses in physics, engineering, chemistry and mathematics.

General Chemistry

Principles and Modern Applications
Author: William S. Harwood,Jeffry D. Madura
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131493308
Category: Science
Page: 1172
View: 2239

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General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applicationsis recognized for its superior problems, lucid writing, and precision of argument. This updated and expanded edition retains the popular and innovative features of previous editions–includingFeature Problems,follow-upIntegrative and Practice Exercisesto accompany every in-chapterExample,andFocus Onapplication boxes, as well as newKeep in Mindmarginal notes.Topics covered include atoms and the atomic theory, chemical compounds and reactions, gases, Thermochemistry, electrons in atoms, chemical bonding, liquids, solids, and intermolecular forces, chemical kinetics, principles of chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, electrochemistry, representative and transitional elements, and nuclear and organic chemistry.For individuals interested in a broad overview of chemical principles and applications.

Entropy and the Magic Flute

Author: Harold J. Morowitz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195359664
Category: Science
Page: 240
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Harold Morowitz has long been regarded highly both as an eminent scientist and as an accomplished science writer. The essays in The Wine of Life, his first collection, were hailed by C.P. Snow as "some of the wisest, wittiest and best informed that I have read," and Carl Sagan called them "a delight to read." In later volumes such as Mayonnaise and the Origin of Life and The Thermodynamics of Pizza, he has established a reputation for a wide-ranging intellect, an ability to see unexpected connections and draw striking parallels, and a talent for communicating scientific ideas with optimism and wit. Kirkus Reviews praised Mayonnaise as "wonderfully diverting and very wise." Nature wrote of Thermodynamics, "his chocolate-coated nuggets of science will continue to entertain and do surreptitious good." With Entropy and the Magic Flute, Morowitz once again offers an appealing mix of brief reflections on everything from litmus paper to the hippopotamus to the sociology of Palo Alto coffee shops. Many of these pieces are appreciations of scientists that Morowitz holds in high regard. In the title piece, for instance, Morowitz tells of his pilgrimage to the grave of Ludwig Boltzmann, buried in the same cemetery--Vienna's Central Cemetery--as Beethoven, Schubert, and Brahms. He also writes of J. Willard Gibbs ("thought by many to be the greatest scientist yet produced by the United States"), Jean Perrin (author of Les Atomes, a now-forgotten classic that convinced virtually everyone in science of the validity of the atomic hypothesis), Einstein, Newton (on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of his Principia, a date that passed virtually unnoticed except by Morowitz), Murray Gell-Mann, and Aristotle. Of Aristotle, Morowitz observes that "most people whose information comes from academic philosophy fail to appreciate that--among his many fields of expertise--first and foremost, Aristotle was a biologist." Indeed, fully a third of Aristotle's writings are on the life sciences, almost all of which has been left out of standard editions of his work. Many other pieces focus on health issues--such as America's obsession with cheese toppings, the addiction to smoking of otherwise intelligent people, questionable obstetric practices--and several touch upon ethics, whistle-blowing, and scientific research. There is also a fascinating piece on the American Type Culture Collection, a zoo or warehouse for microbes that houses some 11,800 strains of bacteria, and over 3,000 specimens of protozoa, algae, plasmids, and oncogenes. Here then are over forty light, graceful essays in which one of our wisest experimental biologists comments on issues of science, technology, society, philosophy, and the arts.

Microclimate for Cultural Heritage

Author: D. Camuffo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080536538
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 8615

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This is a useful microphysics handbook for conservators and specialists in physics, chemistry, architecture, engineering, geology and biology dealing with the environment and works of art. A rigourous treatment and a background familiarity with the underlying physics behind mathematics are covered, giving a detailed description and interpretation of the main microphysical phenomena, removing unsound popular beliefs. The basis are given for non-destructive diagnostics to evaluate causes of damage determined by atmoshpheric factors, as well as negative consequences of the unsound use of technology and mass tourism. To this aim, suggestions are given on the fundamental principles in designing heating, air conditioning, lighting and in reducing the deposition of pollutants on works of art. Theory and experience are coupled to describe the complex condensation mechanisms and the fundamental role played by water in the stone deterioration and the formation of crusts on monuments. Urban meteorology, air-surface interactions, atmospheric stability, dispersion and deposition of airborne pollutants are also key topics of this book, for which the main aim has been to make comprehensible to a wider audience a matter that is only familiar to a few specialists. This book combines a theoretical background with many years of accurate laboratory research, field surveys and practice. The first part, devoted to applied theory, is a concise treatise on microphysics, which includes a survey on the basic ideas which are necessary for environmental diagnostic and conservation. The second part of the book focuses on the practical utilisation and shows in detail how field surveys should be performed, with many suggestions and examples and the indication of some common errors that should be avoided.

Lectures on Gas Theory

Author: Ludwig Boltzmann
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486152332
Category: Science
Page: 512
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A masterpiece of theoretical physics, this classic contains a comprehensive exposition of the kinetic theory of gases. It combines rigorous mathematic analysis with a pragmatic treatment of physical and chemical applications.

Ludwig Boltzmann 1844-1906

eine Ausstellung der Österreichischen Zentralbibliothek für Physik
Author: Ludwig Boltzmann,Österreichische Zentralbibliothek für Physik
Publisher: N.A
Category: Physicists
Page: 177
View: 5447

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Revealing the Buried Past

Geophysics for Archaeologists
Author: Chris F. Gaffney,John Gater
Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited
ISBN: 9780752425566
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 5567

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'Revealing The Buried Past' examines the increasingly sophisticated technology that enables archaeologists to identify much that is beneath the soil and so reduce the amount of excavation that is needed.

Ludwig Boltzmann

The Man Who Trusted Atoms
Author: Carlo Cercignani
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191606987
Category: Science
Page: 348
View: 7228

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This book presents the life and personality, the scientific and philosophical work of Ludwig Boltzmann, one of the great scientists who marked the passage from 19th- to 20th-Century physics. His rich and tragic life, ending by suicide at the age of 62, is described in detail. A substantial part of the book is devoted to discussing his scientific and philosophical ideas and placing them in the context of the second half of the 19th century. The fact that Boltzmann was the man who did most to establish that there is a microscopic, atomic structure underlying macroscopic bodies is documented, as is Boltzmann's influence on modern physics, especially through the work of Planck on light quanta and of Einstein on Brownian motion. Boltzmann was the centre of a scientific upheaval, and he has been proved right on many crucial issues. He anticipated Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions and proposed a theory of knowledge based on Darwin. His basic results, when properly understood, can also be stated as mathematical theorems. Some of these have been proved: others are still at the level of likely but unproven conjectures. The main text of this biography is written almost entirely without equations. Mathematical appendices deepen knowledge of some technical aspects of the subject.

Night Thoughts of a Classical Physicist

Author: Russell McCormmach
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674624610
Category: Fiction
Page: 217
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It is the end of an historical epoch, but to an old professor of physics, Victor Jakob, sitting in his unlighted study, eating dubious bread with jam made from turnips, it is the end of a way of thinking in his own subject. Younger men have challenged the classical world picture of physics and are looking forward to observational tests of Einstein's new theory of relativity as well as the creation of a quantum mechanics of the atom. It is a time of both apprehension and hope. In this remarkable book, the reader literally inhabits the mind of a scientist while Professor Jakob meditates on the discoveries of the past fifty years and reviews his own life and career--his scientific ambitions and his record of small successes. He recalls the great men who taught or inspired him: Helmholtz, Hertz, Maxwell, Planck, and above all Paul Drude, whose life and mind exemplified the classical virtues of proportion, harmony, and grace that Jakob reveres. In Drude's shocking and unexpected suicide, we see reflected Jakob's own bewilderment and loss of bearings as his once secure world comes to an end in the horrors of the war and in the cultural fragmentation wrought by twentieth-century modernism. His attempt to come to terms with himself, with his life in science, and with his spiritual legacy will affect deeply everyone who cares about the fragile structures of civilization that must fall before the onrush of progress.

A Random Walk in Science,

Author: Robert L. Weber
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780854980277
Category: Science
Page: 206
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This anthology provides an insight into the wit and intellect of the scientific mind through a blend of amusing and serious contributions written by and about scientists. The contributions record changing attitudes within science and mirror the interactions of science with society.

The Duino Elegies

Author: Rainer Maria Rilke
Publisher: Camden House
ISBN: 9781571133915
Category: History
Page: 66
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Rilke's great cycle of ten elegies, perhaps his most profound poetic achievement, had its inception on the morning of January 21, 1912, but was interrupted by the First World War and not completed until a decade later. The Duino Elegies are not only the result of an extraordinary kind of contact with the unseen world; they are an attempt to understand that world in its holistic relationship to the visible, tangible world. This powerful rendering of the cycle is a product of the collaboration between a poet, Norris, and a Germanist, Keele.

Atmospheric Science

An Introductory Survey
Author: John M. Wallace,Peter V. Hobbs
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080499536
Category: Science
Page: 504
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Atmospheric Science, Second Edition, is the long-awaited update of the classic atmospheric science text, which helped define the field nearly 30 years ago and has served as the cornerstone for most university curricula. Now students and professionals alike can use this updated classic to understand atmospheric phenomena in the context of the latest discoveries, and prepare themselves for more advanced study and real-life problem solving. This latest edition of Atmospheric Science, has been revamped in terms of content and appearance. It contains new chapters on atmospheric chemistry, the Earth system, the atmospheric boundary layer, and climate, as well as enhanced treatment of atmospheric dynamics, radiative transfer, severe storms, and global warming. The authors illustrate concepts with full-color, state-of-the-art imagery and cover a vast amount of new information in the field. Extensive numerical and qualitative exercises help students apply basic physical principles to atmospheric problems. There are also biographical footnotes summarizing the work of key scientists, along with a student companion website that hosts climate data; answers to quantitative exercises; full solutions to selected exercises; skew-T log p chart; related links, appendices; and more. The instructor website features: instructor’s guide; solutions to quantitative exercises; electronic figures from the book; plus supplementary images for use in classroom presentations. Meteorology students at both advanced undergraduate and graduate levels will find this book extremely useful. Full-color satellite imagery and cloud photographs illustrate principles throughout Extensive numerical and qualitative exercises emphasize the application of basic physical principles to problems in the atmospheric sciences Biographical footnotes summarize the lives and work of scientists mentioned in the text, and provide students with a sense of the long history of meteorology Companion website encourages more advanced exploration of text topics: supplementary information, images, and bonus exercises

A to Z of Thermodynamics

Author: Pierre Perrot
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198565529
Category: Science
Page: 329
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The title is a perfect description. Arranged alphabetically this book explains the words and phrases that crop up in thermodynamics. The author does this without resorting to pages of mathematics and algebra: the author's main aim is to explain and clarify the jargon and concepts. Thermodynamics is often difficult and confusing for students. The author knows this after 20 years of teaching and does something about it with this dictionary.

Neural Networks for Control

Author: W. Thomas Miller,Paul J. Werbos,Richard S. Sutton
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262631617
Category: Computers
Page: 524
View: 2559

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Neural Networks for Control highlights key issues in learning control and identifiesresearch directions that could lead to practical solutions for control problems in criticalapplication domains. It addresses general issues of neural network based control and neural networklearning with regard to specific problems of motion planning and control in robotics, and takes upapplication domains well suited to the capabilities of neural network controllers. The appendixdescribes seven benchmark control problems.W. Thomas Miller, III is Professor of Electrical andComputer Engineering at the University of New Hampshire. Richard S. Sutton works for GTELaboratories Incorporated. Paul J. Werbos is Program Director for Neuroengineering at the NationalScience Foundation.Contributors: Andrew G. Barto. Ronald J. Williams. Paul J. Werbos. Kumpati S.Narendra. L. Gordon Kraft, III, David P. Campagna. Mitsuo Kawato. Bartlett W. Met. Christopher G.Atkeson, David J. Reinkensmeyer. Derrick Nguyen, Bernard Widrow. James C. Houk, Satinder P. Singh,Charles Fisher. Judy A. Franklin, Oliver G. Selfridge. Arthur C. Sanderson. Lyle H. Ungar. CharlesC. Jorgensen, C. Schley. Martin Herman, James S. Albus, Tsai-Hong Hong. Charles W. Anderson, W.Thomas Miller, III.

Burger's Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Discovery, Drug Discovery

Author: Alfred Burger
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
Category: Medical
Page: 932
View: 7202

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Offers access via basic and advanced search engines to broad coverage of the field of medicinal chemistry and drug discovery for medicinal chemists, biologists, pharmacologists and molecular biologists.