Body and Soul

The Black Panther Party and the Fight Against Medical Discrimination
Author: Alondra Nelson
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452933227
Category: History
Page: 289
View: 9891

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The legacy of the Black Panther Party's commitment to community health care, a central aspect of its fight for social justice

The Body

Social and Cultural Dissections
Author: Lisa Jean Moore,Monica J. Casper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136771794
Category: Social Science
Page: 318
View: 5790

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This college-level handbook offers a comprehensive and accessible overview of sociological and cultural perspectives on the human body. Organized along the lines of a standard anatomical textbook delineated by body parts and processes, this volume subverts the expected content in favor of providing tools for social and cultural analysis. Students will learn about the human body in its social, cultural, and political contexts, with emphasis on multiple, contested meanings of the body, body parts, and systems. Case studies, examples, and discussion questions are both US-based and international. Advancing critical body studies, the book explicitly discusses bodies in relation to race, class, gender, sexuality, ability, age, health, geography, and citizenship status. The framing is sociological rather than biomedical, attentive to cultural meanings, institutional practices, politics, and social problems. The authors use commonly understood anatomical frames to discuss social, cultural, political, and ethical issues concerning embodiment.

The Black Power Movement and American Social Work


Author: Joyce M. Bell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538014
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 5626

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The Black Power movement has often been portrayed in history and popular culture as the quintessential "bad boy" of modern black movement-making in America. Yet this impression misses the full extent of Black Power's contributions to U.S. society, especially in regard to black professionals in social work. Relying on extensive archival research and oral history interviews, Joyce M. Bell follows two groups of black social workers in the 1960s and 1970s as they mobilized Black Power ideas, strategies, and tactics to change their national professional associations. Comparing black dissenters within the National Federation of Settlements (NFS), who fought for concessions from within their organization, and those within the National Conference on Social Welfare (NCSW), who ultimately adopted a separatist strategy, she shows how the Black Power influence was central to the creation and rise of black professional associations. She also provides a nuanced approach to studying race-based movements and offers a framework for understanding the role of social movements in shaping the non-state organizations of civil society.

Mobilizing New York

AIDS, Antipoverty, and Feminist Activism
Author: Tamar W. Carroll
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 146961989X
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 1288

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Examining three interconnected case studies, Tamar Carroll powerfully demonstrates the ability of grassroots community activism to bridge racial and cultural differences and effect social change. Drawing on a rich array of oral histories, archival records, newspapers, films, and photographs from post–World War II New York City, Carroll shows how poor people transformed the antipoverty organization Mobilization for Youth and shaped the subsequent War on Poverty. Highlighting the little-known National Congress of Neighborhood Women, she reveals the significant participation of working-class white ethnic women and women of color in New York City's feminist activism. Finally, Carroll traces the partnership between the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) and Women's Health Action Mobilization (WHAM!), showing how gay men and feminists collaborated to create a supportive community for those affected by the AIDS epidemic, to improve health care, and to oppose homophobia and misogyny during the culture wars of the 1980s and 1990s. Carroll contends that social policies that encourage the political mobilization of marginalized groups and foster coalitions across identity differences are the most effective means of solving social problems and realizing democracy.

Generic

The Unbranding of Modern Medicine
Author: Jeremy A. Greene
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421414945
Category: Medical
Page: 376
View: 8765

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Generic drugs are now familiar objects in clinics, drugstores, and households around the world. We like to think of these tablets, capsules, patches, and ointments as interchangeable with their brand-name counterparts: why pay more for the same? And yet they are not quite the same. They differ in price, in place of origin, in color, shape, and size, in the dyes, binders, fillers, and coatings used, and in a host of other ways. Claims of generic equivalence, as physician-historian Jeremy Greene reveals in this gripping narrative, are never based on being identical to the original drug in all respects, but in being the same in all ways that matter. How do we know what parts of a pill really matter? Decisions about which differences are significant and which are trivial in the world of therapeutics are not resolved by simple chemical or biological assays alone. As Greene reveals in this fascinating account, questions of therapeutic similarity and difference are also always questions of pharmacology and physiology, of economics and politics, of morality and belief. Generic is the first book to chronicle the social, political, and cultural history of generic drugs in America. It narrates the evolution of the generic drug industry from a set of mid-twentieth-century "schlock houses" and "counterfeiters" into an agile and surprisingly powerful set of multinational corporations in the early twenty-first century. The substitution of bioequivalent generic drugs for more expensive brand-name products is a rare success story in a field of failed attempts to deliver equivalent value in health care for a lower price. Greene’s history sheds light on the controversies shadowing the success of generics: problems with the generalizability of medical knowledge, the fragile role of science in public policy, and the increasing role of industry, marketing, and consumer logics in late-twentieth-century and early twenty-first century health care.

Concrete Demands

The Search for Black Power in the 20th Century
Author: Rhonda Y. Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136331646
Category: History
Page: 305
View: 2339

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Between the 1950s and 1970s, Black Power coalesced as activists advocated a more oppositional approach to fighting racial oppression, emphasizing racial pride, asserting black political, cultural, and economic autonomy, and challenging white power. In Concrete Demands, Rhonda Y. Williams provides a rich, deeply researched history that sheds new light on this important social and political movement, and shows that the era of expansive Black Power politics that emerged in the 1960s had long roots and diverse trajectories within the 20th century. Looking at the struggle from the grassroots level, Williams highlights the role of ordinary people as well as more famous historical actors, and demonstrates that women activists were central to Black Power. Vivid and highly readable, Concrete Demands is a perfect introduction to Black Power in the twentieth century for anyone interested in the history of black liberation movements.

Birthing Justice

Black Women, Pregnancy, and Childbirth
Author: Julia Chinyere Oparah,Alicia D. Bonaparte
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317277201
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 7985

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There is a global crisis in maternal health care for black women. In the United States, black women are over three times more likely to perish from pregnancy-related complications than white women; their babies are half as likely to survive the first year. Many black women experience policing, coercion, and disempowerment during pregnancy and childbirth and are disconnected from alternative birthing traditions. This book places black women's voices at the center of the debate on what should be done to fix the broken maternity system and foregrounds black women's agency in the emerging birth justice movement. Mixing scholarly, activist, and personal perspectives, the book shows readers how they too can change lives, one birth at a time.

Habeas Viscus

Racializing Assemblages, Biopolitics, and Black Feminist Theories of the Human
Author: Alexander G. Weheliye
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822376490
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 1817

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Habeas Viscus focuses attention on the centrality of race to notions of the human. Alexander G. Weheliye develops a theory of "racializing assemblages," taking race as a set of sociopolitical processes that discipline humanity into full humans, not-quite-humans, and nonhumans. This disciplining, while not biological per se, frequently depends on anchoring political hierarchies in human flesh. The work of the black feminist scholars Hortense Spillers and Sylvia Wynter is vital to Weheliye's argument. Particularly significant are their contributions to the intellectual project of black studies vis-à-vis racialization and the category of the human in western modernity. Wynter and Spillers configure black studies as an endeavor to disrupt the governing conception of humanity as synonymous with white, western man. Weheliye posits black feminist theories of modern humanity as useful correctives to the "bare life and biopolitics discourse" exemplified by the works of Giorgio Agamben and Michel Foucault, which, Weheliye contends, vastly underestimate the conceptual and political significance of race in constructions of the human. Habeas Viscus reveals the pressing need to make the insights of black studies and black feminism foundational to the study of modern humanity.

The Business of Private Medical Practice

Doctors, Specialization, and Urban Change in Philadelphia, 1900-1940
Author: James A. Schafer
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813570840
Category: Medical
Page: 276
View: 2514

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Unevenly distributed resources and rising costs have become enduring problems in the American health care system. Health care is more expensive in the United States than in other wealthy nations, and access varies significantly across space and social classes. James A. Schafer Jr. shows that these problems are not inevitable features of modern medicine, but instead reflect the informal organization of health care in a free market system in which profit and demand, rather than social welfare and public health needs, direct the distribution and cost of crucial resources. The Business of Private Medical Practice is a case study of how market forces influenced the office locations and career paths of doctors in one early twentieth-century city, Philadelphia, the birthplace of American medicine. Without financial incentives to locate in poor neighborhoods, Philadelphia doctors instead clustered in central business districts and wealthy suburbs. In order to differentiate their services in a competitive marketplace, they also began to limit their practices to particular specialties, thereby further restricting access to primary care. Such trends worsened with ongoing urbanization. Illustrated with numerous maps of the Philadelphia neighborhoods he studies, Schafer’s work helps underscore the role of economic self-interest in shaping the geography of private medical practice and the growth of medical specialization in the United States.

Die Produktion des Geldes

Ein Plädoyer wider die Macht der Banken
Author: Ann Pettifor
Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS
ISBN: 3868549323
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 230
View: 1699

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Die Macht über die Produktion des Geldes liegt in der Hand von Geschäfts- oder Privatbanken. Ann Pettifor, eine der führenden Ökonom_innen, erklärt, wie Geld und Kredit in modernen Gesellschaften geschaffen werden und welche politischen und sozialen Konsequenzen der Finanzmarkt-Kapitalismus für Mensch und Ökosystem hat. Der Finanzsektor verzerrt und dominiert die Realwirtschaft. Bezahlbare Finanzierungen werden vorenthalten, das Geld stattdessen für Spekulationen und Risikogeschäfte verwendet. Investitionen, die nachhaltig Arbeitsplätze, Löhne und Gewinne schaffen, werden nur noch marginal getätigt, denn: Geld wird mit Geld verdient. Der Finanzsektor ist außer Kontrolle, es ist dringend geboten, dass Demokratien die Kontrolle über die Geldproduktion zurückgewinnen und den Finanzsektor einhegen. Nur dann wird die Finanzbranche wieder im Sinne der Gesellschaft und des Ökosystems agieren.

Genetics and the Unsettled Past

The Collision of DNA, Race, and History
Author: Keith Wailoo,Alondra Nelson,Catherine Lee
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813553369
Category: Medical
Page: 370
View: 2824

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Our genetic markers have come to be regarded as portals to the past. Analysis of these markers is increasingly used to tell the story of human migration; to investigate and judge issues of social membership and kinship; to rewrite history and collective memory; to right past wrongs and to arbitrate legal claims and human rights controversies; and to open new thinking about health and well-being. At the same time, in many societies genetic evidence is being called upon to perform a kind of racially charged cultural work: to repair the racial past and to transform scholarly and popular opinion about the “nature” of identity in the present. Genetics and the Unsettled Past considers the alignment of genetic science with commercial genealogy, with legal and forensic developments, and with pharmaceutical innovation to examine how these trends lend renewed authority to biological understandings of race and history. This unique collection brings together scholars from a wide range of disciplines—biology, history, cultural studies, law, medicine, anthropology, ethnic studies, sociology—to explore the emerging and often contested connections among race, DNA, and history. Written for a general audience, the book’s essays touch upon a variety of topics, including the rise and implications of DNA in genealogy, law, and other fields; the cultural and political uses and misuses of genetic information; the way in which DNA testing is reshaping understandings of group identity for French Canadians, Native Americans, South Africans, and many others within and across cultural and national boundaries; and the sweeping implications of genetics for society today.

Assata

Eine Autobiografie
Author: Asata Shakur
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783944233789
Category:
Page: 360
View: 1692

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The Social Life of DNA

Race, Reparations, and Reconciliation After the Genome
Author: Alondra Nelson
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 0807033022
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 4411

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The unexpected story of how genetic testing is affecting race in America We know DNA is a master key that unlocks medical and forensic secrets, but its genealogical life is both revelatory and endlessly fascinating. Tracing genealogy is now the second-most popular hobby amongst Americans, as well as the second-most visited online category. This billion-dollar industry has spawned popular television shows, websites, and Internet communities, and a booming heritage tourism circuit. The tsunami of interest in genetic ancestry tracing from the African American community has been especially overwhelming. In The Social Life of DNA, Alondra Nelson takes us on an unprecedented journey into how the double helix has wound its way into the heart of the most urgent contemporary social issues around race. For over a decade, Nelson has deeply studied this phenomenon. Artfully weaving together keenly observed interactions with root-seekers alongside illuminating historical details and revealing personal narrative, she shows that genetic genealogy is a new tool for addressing old and enduring issues. In The Social Life of DNA, she explains how these cutting-edge DNA-based techniques are being used in myriad ways, including grappling with the unfinished business of slavery: to foster reconciliation, to establish ties with African ancestral homelands, to rethink and sometimes alter citizenship, and to make legal claims for slavery reparations specifically based on ancestry. Nelson incisively shows that DNA is a portal to the past that yields insight for the present and future, shining a light on social traumas and historical injustices that still resonate today. Science can be a crucial ally to activism to spur social change and transform twenty-first-century racial politics. But Nelson warns her readers to be discerning: for the social repair we seek can’t be found in even the most sophisticated science. Engrossing and highly original, The Social Life of DNA is a must-read for anyone interested in race, science, history and how our reckoning with the past may help us to chart a more just course for tomorrow. From the Hardcover edition.

Gefährliche Engel

Roman ; [Thriller]
Author: Laura Lippman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783746624358
Category:
Page: 394
View: 3665

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Im Alter von 11 Jahren entführten Ronnie und Alice in Baltimore ein Baby, das sie nach einigen Tagen töteten. Als sie nach 7 Jahren aus der Haft entlassen werden, verschwindet erneut ein Kind. Nicht nur die Polizei verdächtigt die Mädchen erneut.

Biomedizin im Kontext

Beiträge aus dem Institut Mensch, Ethik und Wissenschaft
Author: Sigrid Graumann
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9783825896249
Category: Bioethics
Page: 317
View: 3929

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