Bloomer Girls

Women Baseball Pioneers
Author: Debra A Shattuck
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 025209879X
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 328
View: 5164

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Disapproving scolds. Sexist condescension. Odd theories about the effect of exercise on reproductive organs. Though baseball began as a gender-neutral sport, girls and women of the nineteenth century faced many obstacles on their way to the diamond. Yet all-female nines took the field everywhere. Debra A. Shattuck pulls from newspaper accounts and hard-to-find club archives to reconstruct a forgotten era in baseball history. Her fascinating social history tracks women players who organized baseball clubs for their own enjoyment and found roster spots on men's teams. Entrepreneurs, meanwhile, packaged women's teams as entertainment, organizing leagues and barnstorming tours. If the women faced financial exploitation and indignities like playing against men in women's clothing, they and countless ballplayers like them nonetheless staked a claim to the nascent national pastime. Shattuck explores how the determination to take their turn at bat thrust female players into narratives of the women's rights movement and transformed perceptions of women's physical and mental capacity.

No Girls in the Clubhouse

The Exclusion of Women from Baseball
Author: Marilyn Cohen
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786452978
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 228
View: 1746

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Even though teenaged girl Jackie Mitchell once struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig, women are still striking out on the hardball diamond. This book builds on recently published histories of women as amateur and professional players, umpires, sports commentators and fans to analyze the cultural and historical contexts for excluding females from America’s pastime. Drawing on anthropological and feminist perspectives, the book examines the ways that constructions of women’s bodies and normative social roles have pushed them toward softball instead of baseball. Sportswriter accounts, Title IX sex-discrimination suits, and interviews with players explore the obstacles and the social isolation of females who join all-male baseball teams, while also discussing policies that inhibit the practice.

Touching Base

Professional Baseball and American Culture in the Progressive Era
Author: Steven A. Riess
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252067754
Category: Social Science
Page: 308
View: 6853

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RIESS, TOUCHING BASERIESS/Touching BaseNow revised and expanded, Touching Base examines the myths as well as the realities, symbols, and rituals of ""America's favorite pastime."" Steven Riess details the relationships among urban politics, communities, and baseball, exploring how debates over issues such as Sunday games, ballpark construction, and the promotion of the game were shaped by Progressive Era sensibilities. Focusing on Atlanta, New York, and Chicago, Riess analyzes the spectators, owners, and players to evaluate how baseball both influenced and mirrored broader society.

Women in Baseball

The Forgotten History
Author: Gai Berlage
Publisher: Praeger Trade
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 208
View: 1675

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In 1974, the Supreme Court forced Little League to change its rules and permit girls to play baseball on boys' teams. However, women have played baseball in the US for over 100 years. This book charts the forgotten story of women in baseball and the contribution they have made to the game.

Encyclopedia of Women and Baseball

Author: Leslie A. Heaphy,Mel Anthony May
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 147666594X
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 448
View: 8788

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“Valuable...important...recommended”--Choice “Heaphy and May deepen the historical record on the nation’s pastime...ample cross references”--Library Journal “Unique...commendable...valuable”--Reference Reviews “Remarkably comprehensive”--Feminist Collections Women have been involved in baseball from the game's early days, in a wide range of capacities. This ambitious encyclopedia provides information on women players, managers, teams, leagues, and issues since the mid-19th century. Players are listed by maiden name with married name, when known, in parentheses. Information provided includes birth date, death date, team, dates of play, career statistics and brief biographical notes when available. Related entries are noted for easy cross-reference. Appendices include the rosters of the World War II era All American Girls Professional Baseball League teams; the standings and championships from the AAGPBL; and all women's baseball teams and players identified to date.


The Remarkable Story of Toni Stone the First Woman to Play Professional Baseball in the Negro League
Author: Martha Ackmann
Publisher: Chicago Review Press
ISBN: 1569766843
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 288
View: 838

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Documenting multiple challenges at every turn--as a target for racism from society at large and sexism both inside and outside of the Negro League--this is the unique story of the first woman to play professional baseball on a men's team, breaking barriers in sports while believing, "There's got to be a first in everything. Maybe it will be me." Highlighting aggressive and resourceful behaviors, the text explains that as players began to leave the Negro League for major league teams, Toni Stone seized her only opportunity to play professional ball and replaced Henry Aaron on the Indianapolis Clowns, the Negro League's top team. Chronicling her career, this biography follows her experiences playing first with the Indianapolis Clowns, and later with the Kansas City Monarchs. It also details her encounters with the era's top athletes--Ernie Banks, Willie Mays, Buck O'Neil, and Satchel Paige to name a few. As the exploration reveals her remarkable talent, perseverance, and accomplishments, it shows how she posed as a double threat--black and female--to the dominance of white males in sports and society.

Stolen Bases

Why American Girls Don't Play Baseball
Author: Jennifer Ring
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252032829
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 640

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A revealing look at the history of women's exclusion from America's national pastime

The All-American Girls After the AAGPBL

How Playing Pro Ball Shaped Their Lives
Author: Kat D. Williams
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786472359
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 192
View: 2268

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"Dr. Williams set out to answer a question from her students who asked her for real life examples of how sports made a larger difference in women's lives. This book is the result of that research and readers will be amazed and inspired by the stories they read. There can be no doubt after reading about the careers of the players that their lives were transformed. With a focus on economics, travel, education and patriotism readers will never again wonder about the transforming power of sports."--Leslie Heaphy, Kent State University at Stark, editor of Encyclopedia of Women and Baseball. The hit 1992 film A League of Their Own made the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League famous. But the players' stories remain largely untold. The 600 women who played for the AAGPBL through the 1940s and 1950s enjoyed a rare opportunity to lead independent lives as well-paid professional athletes. Their experiences in the league led many to education and careers they never imagined. The league's greater mission was saving America's pastime as millions of men fought in World War II. This sense of commitment to a larger cause stayed with the players throughout their lives. As teachers, coaches and role models, they strove to broaden the horizons of girls and young women. Many continued to be involved in athletics, supporting the efforts leading to Title IX and the women's sports revolution. Today, they are dedicated to preserving the history of women in baseball and creating opportunities for girls to play.

Qualifying Times

Points of Change in U.S. Women's Sport
Author: Jaime Schultz
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252095960
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 4464

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This perceptive, lively study explores U.S. women's sport through historical "points of change": particular products or trends that dramatically influenced both women's participation in sport and cultural responses to women athletes. Beginning with the seemingly innocent ponytail, the subject of the Introduction, scholar Jaime Schultz challenges the reader to look at the historical and sociological significance of now-common items such as sports bras and tampons and ideas such as sex testing and competitive cheerleading. Tennis wear, tampons, and sports bras all facilitated women’s participation in physical culture, while physical educators, the aesthetic fitness movement, and Title IX encouraged women to challenge (or confront) policy, financial, and cultural obstacles. While some of these points of change increased women's physical freedom and sporting participation, they also posed challenges. Tampons encouraged menstrual shame, sex testing (a tool never used with male athletes) perpetuated narrowly-defined cultural norms of femininity, and the late-twentieth-century aesthetic fitness movement fed into an unrealistic beauty ideal. Ultimately, Schultz finds that U.S. women's sport has progressed significantly but ambivalently. Although participation in sports is no longer uncommon for girls and women, Schultz argues that these "points of change" have contributed to a complex matrix of gender differentiation that marks the female athletic body as different than--as less than--the male body, despite the advantages it may confer.

A Game of Their Own

Voices of Contemporary Women in Baseball
Author: Jennifer Ring
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803269943
Category: GAMES
Page: 408
View: 3565

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In 2010 twenty American women were selected to represent Team USA in the fourth Women's Baseball World Cup in Caracas, Venezuela; most Americans, however, had no idea such a team even existed. A Game of Their Own chronicles the largely invisible history of women in baseball and offers an account of the 2010 Women's World Cup tournament. Jennifer Ring includes oral histories of eleven members of the U.S. Women's National Team, from the moment each player picked up a bat and ball as a young girl to her selection for Team USA. Each story is unique, but they share common themes that will resonate with young female players and fans alike: facing skepticism and taunts from players and parents when taking the batter's box or the pitcher's mound, self-doubt, the unceasing pressure to switch to softball, and eventual acceptance by their baseball teammates as they prove themselves as ballplayers. These racially, culturally, and economically diverse players from across the country have ignored the message that their love of the national pastime is "wrong." Their stories come alive as they recount their battles and most memorable moments playing baseball--the joys of exceeding expectations and the pleasure of honing baseball skills and talent despite the lack of support. With exclusive interviews with players, coaches, and administrators, A Game of Their Own celebrates the U.S. Women's National Team and the excellence of its remarkable players. In response to the jeer "No girls allowed!" these are powerful stories of optimism, feistiness, and staying true to oneself.

The Set-Up Men

Race, Culture and Resistance in Black Baseball
Author: Sarah L. Trembanis
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476616574
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 240
View: 1357

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This book is an examination of cultural resistance to segregation in the world of black baseball through an analysis of editorial art, folktales, nicknames, "manhood" and the art of clowning. African Americans worked to dismantle Jim Crow through the creation of a cultural counter-narrative that centered on baseball and the Negro Leagues that celebrated black achievement and that highlighted the contradictions and fallacies of white supremacy in the first half of the twentieth century.

The Unlevel Playing Field

A Documentary History of the African American Experience in Sport
Author: David Kenneth Wiggins,Patrick B. Miller
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252028205
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 493
View: 8780

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This extraordinarily rich compendium of primary sources charts the significant, intertwining history of African Americans and sport. The Unlevel Playing Field contains more than one hundred documents -- ranging chronologically from a challenge issued by prize fighter Tom Molineaux in the London Times in 1810 to a forward-looking interview with Harry Edwards in 2000. Introductions and head-notes provided by David K. Wiggins and Patrick B. Miller place each document in context, shaping an unrivaled narrative.Readers will find dozens of accounts taken from newspapers (both black and white), periodicals, and autobiographies, by literary and sports figures, activists, historians, and others. Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. DuBois, Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey, James Weldon Johnson, Richard Wright, A. S. "Doc" Young, Eldredge Cleaver, Nikki Giovanni, John Edgar Wideman, bell hooks, James Baldwin, Roy Wilkins, Henry Louis Gates, and Gerald Early are included here.Tracing the participation of blacks in American sport from the days of slavery, The Unlevel Playing Field touches on nearly every major sport and covers the full sweep of America's past. Documents include discussions of the color line in organized baseball during the Jim Crow era and athletics in the American army, as well as portraits of turn-of-the-century figures like the champion sprint cyclist Marshall "Major" Taylor and boxers George Dixon and Jack Johnson.Other selections tackle the National Tennis Association championship, high school basketball, debates over participation of black athletes in the 1968 Olympics, and the place of African American women in sport. Countless pioneering and modern-day African American athletes are spotlighted here, from Jackie Robinson, Jesse Owens, Joe Louis, Muhammad Ali, and Althea Gibson, to Michael Jordan, Tiger Woods, and Venus and Serena Williams.A thorough and informative bibliographical essay by Wiggins and Miller concludes the volume.

Women in Sports

50 Fearless Athletes Who Played to Win
Author: Rachel Ignotofsky
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 1607749785
Category: ART
Page: 128
View: 7103

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"Illustrated profiles of fifty pioneering female athletes, from the author of the New York Times bestseller Women in Science. A charmingly illustrated and inspiring book, Women in Sports highlights the achievements and stories of fifty notable women athletes--from well-known figures like tennis player Billie Jean King and gymnast Simone Biles, to lesser-known athletes like skateboarding pioneer Patti McGee and Toni Stone, the first woman to play baseball in a men's professional league. Covering more than forty sports, this fascinating collection also contains infographics about notable women's teams throughout history, pay and media statistics for female athletes, and muscle anatomy. Women in Sports celebrates the success of the tough, bold, and fearless women who paved the way for the next generation of athletes"--

Queen of the Negro Leagues

Effa Manley and the Newark Eagles
Author: James Overmyer
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781578860012
Category: Social Science
Page: 297
View: 8416

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The story of a championship baseball team and an extraordinary woman who make her mark despite gender and race discrimination.

The Most Famous Woman in Baseball

Effa Manley and the Negro Leagues
Author: Bob Luke
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN: 159797546X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 256
View: 4894

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Never one to mince words, Effa Manley once wrote a letter to sportswriter Art Carter, saying that she hoped they could meet soon because “I would like to tell you a lot of things you should know about baseball.” From 1936 to 1948, Manley ran the Negro league Newark Eagles that her husband, Abe, owned for roughly a decade. Because of her business acumen, commitment to her players, and larger-than-life personality, she would leave an indelible mark not only on baseball but also on American history. Attending her first owners' meeting in 1937, Manley delivered an unflattering assessment of the league, prompting Pittsburgh Crawfords owner Gus Greenlee to tell Abe, “Keep your wife at home.” Abe, however, was not convinced, nor was Manley deterred. Like Greenlee, some players thought her too aggressive and inflexible. Others adored her. Regardless of their opinions, she dedicated herself to empowering them on and off the field. She meted out discipline, advice, and support in the form of raises, loans, job recommendations, and Christmas packages, and she even knocked heads with Branch Rickey, Bill Veeck, and Jackie Robinson. Not only a story of Manley's influence on the baseball world, The Most Famous Woman in Baseball vividly documents her social activism. Her life played out against the backdrop of the Jim Crow years, when discrimination forced most of Newark's blacks to live in the Third Ward, where prostitution flourished, housing was among the nation's worst, and only menial jobs were available. Manley and the Eagles gave African Americans a haven, Ruppert Stadium. She also proposed reforms at the Negro leagues' team owners' meetings, marched on picket lines, sponsored charity balls and benefit games, and collected money for the NAACP. With vision, beauty, intelligence, discipline, and an acerbic wit, Manley was a force of nature—and, as Bob Luke shows, one to be reckoned with.

National Pastime

U.S. History Through Baseball
Author: Martin C. Babicz,Thomas W. Zeiler
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442235853
Category: History
Page: 292
View: 9869

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Through war, depression, times of tumultuous upheaval and of great prosperity – baseball has reflected America’s history and ideals. In this book, historians Martin Babicz and Thomas Zeiler find in baseball a window into America’s past and into the values that allow both the sport and nation to endure: hope, tradition, escape, and revolution.

Muhammad Ali, the People's Champ

Author: Elliott J. Gorn
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252067211
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 200
View: 9462

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Ali as cultural icon, antiwar protestor, narcissist . . . this is the first book to comprehensively evaluate Ali's import outside the ring.

The Bloomer girls

Author: Charles Neilson Gattey
Publisher: Femina Books Ltd
Category: Bloomer costume
Page: 192
View: 1958

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Girl Wonder

A Baseball Story in Nine Innings (with audio recording)
Author: Deborah Hopkinson
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1442484551
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 40
View: 2633

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Did you ever hear the story of the Girl Wonder? Alta Weiss was born to play baseball, simple as that. From the age of two, when she hurls a corncob at a pesky tomcat, folks in her small Ohio town know one thing for sure: She may be a girl, but she's got some arm. When she's seventeen, Alta hears about a semipro team, the Independents. Here's her big chance! But one look at Alta's long skirts tells Coach all he needs to know -- girls can't play baseball! Faster than you can say "strike out!," Alta's convinced him to give her a chance. And so with the crowd buzzing and the big game up to her, Alta steps up to the pitcher's mound, determined to prove everybody wrong. Inspired by the life of pioneering female baseball player Alta Weiss, and dramatized by Terry Widener's bold illustrations, Girl Wonder tells the unforgettable story of a true American original.