Der Biophilia-Effekt

Heilung aus dem Wald
Author: Clemens G. Arvay
Publisher: Editions A Verlag
ISBN: 3990011359
Category: Gardening
Page: 253
View: 8811

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Der Wald tut uns gut, das spüren wir intuitiv. Doch was bisher mehr ein Gefühl war, belegt jetzt die Wissenschaft. Sie erforscht das heilende Band zwischen Mensch und Natur, das einen viel stärkeren Effekt auf uns hat, als wir bisher dachten. So kommunizieren Pflanzen mit unserem Immunsystem, ohne dass es uns bewusst wird, und stärken dabei unsere Widerstandskräfte. Bäume sondern unsichtbare Substanzen ab, die gegen Krebs wirken. Der Anblick unterschiedlicher Landschaften trägt zur Heilung unterschiedlicher Krankheiten bei, und wenn ein Spaziergang im Grünen die Stimmung aufhellt, hat das auch einen Grund. Clemens G. Arvay zeigt diesen »Biophilia-Effekt« nicht nur, er sagt auch, wie wir ihn mit Übungen besonders gut für uns nützen können. Im Wald, oder auch im eigenen Garten.

Biophilia in der Stadt

Wie wir die Heilkraft der Natur in unsere Städte bringen - Vom Autor des Bestsellers 'Der Biophilia-Effekt' - Mit einem Vorwort von Gerald Hüther
Author: Clemens G. Arvay
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641224934
Category: Nature
Page: 352
View: 1110

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Mit einem Vorwort von Gerald Hüther Die Natur ist das beste Mittel gegen Zivilisationsleiden wie Stress, Herz-Kreislaufprobleme und depressive Verstimmung. Im Wald stärken wir unser Immunsystem und unsere Organe bis zu den Zellen. Aber wie die heilende Kraft der Natur in der Stadt erleben? Waldbaden in der City? Clemens Arvay ist optimistisch. Der Biologe zeigt, wie und warum sich naturnah gestaltete Großstädte positiv auf die Gesundheit des Einzelnen und auf das gesamtgesellschaftliche Wohlbefinden auswirken. Die biophile Stadt der Zukunft besteht aus einem Netzwerk von Ökokorridoren, garantiert verbesserte Luftqualität und bietet Naturerfahrung für jeden. Mit Tipps, wie Stadtbewohner die Heilkraft der Natur schon jetzt effizient nutzen können.

Biophilia


Author: Edward O. WILSON
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674045238
Category: Science
Page: 167
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The Biophilia Hypothesis


Author: Stephen R. Kellert,Edward O. Wilson
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1559631473
Category: Nature
Page: 484
View: 4227

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This book brings together the views of some of the most creative scientists of our time, each attempting to amplify and refine the concept of biophilia. Contributors to this volume include Jared Diamond, Aaron Katcher, Richard Nelson and others.

Das Biophilia-Training

Fitness aus dem Wald
Author: Clemens G. Arvay,Mariya Beer
Publisher: Editions A Verlag
ISBN: 3990011847
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 176
View: 5555

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Die Wissenschaft hat bewiesen, was wir alle schon lange spüren: Bewegung im Wald tut uns gut, körperlich und seelisch. Denn die Bäume kommunizieren über bestimmte Botenstoffe mit unserem Immunsystem. Wenn wir im Wald statt in geschlossenen Räumen trainieren, kriegen wir beides im Paket: Fitness und Heilung. Der Biologe Clemens G. Arvay und die Fitnesstrainerin Mariya Beer zeigen die besten Übungen im Wald für Anfänger und Fortgeschrittene und erklären die Vorteile einer natürlichen Umgebung für den Muskelaufbau und den Bewegungsapparat.

Kinship to Mastery

Biophilia In Human Evolution And Development
Author: Stephen R. Kellert
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781597268905
Category: Nature
Page: 272
View: 3177

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Kinship to Mastery is a fascinating and accessible exploration of the notion of biophilia -- the idea that humans, having evolved with the rest of creation, possess a biologically based attraction to nature and exhibit an innate affinity for life and lifelike processes. Stephen R. Kellert sets forth the idea that people exhibit different expressions of biophilia in different contexts, and demonstrates how our quality of life in the largest sense is dependent upon the richness of our connections with nature. While the natural world provides us with material necessities -- food, clothing, medicine, clean air, pure water -- it just as importantly plays a key role in other aspects of our lives, including intellectual capacity, emotional bonding, aesthetic attraction, creativity, imagination, and even the recognition of a just and purposeful existence. As Kellert explains, each expression of biophilia shows how our physical, material, intellectual, emotional, and spiritual well-being is to a great extent dependent on our relationships with the natural world that surrounds us. Kinship to Mastery is a thought-provoking examination of a concept that, while not widely known, has a significant and direct effect on the lives of people everywhere. Because the full expression of biophilia is integral to our overall health, our ongoing destruction of the environment could have far more serious consequences than many people think. In a readable and compelling style, Kellert describes and explains the concept of biophilia, and demonstrates to a general audience the wide-ranging implications of environmental degradation. Kinship to Mastery continues the exploration of biophilia begun with Edward O. Wilson's landmark book Biophilia (Harvard University Press, 1984) and followed by The Biophilia Hypothesis (Island Press, 1993), co-edited by Wilson and Kellert, which brought together some of the most creative scientists of our time to explore Wilson's theory in depth.

Children and Nature

Psychological, Sociocultural, and Evolutionary Investigations
Author: Peter H. Kahn Jr.,Stephen R. Kellert
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262250122
Category: Science
Page: 370
View: 5972

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For much of human evolution, the natural world was one of the most important contexts of children's maturation. Indeed, the experience of nature was, and still may be, a critical component of human physical, emotional, intellectual, and even moral development. Yet scientific knowledge of the significance of nature during the different stages of childhood is sparse. This book provides scientific investigations and thought-provoking essays on children and nature. Children and Nature incorporates research from cognitive science, developmental psychology, ecology, education, environmental studies, evolutionary psychology, political science, primatology, psychiatry, and social psychology. The authors examine the evolutionary significance of nature during childhood; the formation of children's conceptions, values, and sympathies toward the natural world; how contact with nature affects children's physical and mental development; and the educational and political consequences of the weakened childhood experience of nature in modern society.

Loving Nature

Towards an Ecology of Emotion
Author: Kay Milton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134525389
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 6796

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As the full effects of human activity on Earth's life-support systems are revealed by science, the question of whether we can change, fundamentally, our relationship with nature becomes increasingly urgent. Just as important as an understanding of our environment, is an understanding of ourselves, of the kinds of beings we are and why we act as we do. In Loving Nature Kay Milton considers why some people in Western societies grow up to be nature lovers, actively concerned about the welfare and future of plants, animals, ecosystems and nature in general, while others seem indifferent or intent on destroying these things. Drawing on findings and ideas from anthropology, psychology, cognitive science and philosophy, the author discusses how we come to understand nature as we do, and above all, how we develop emotional commitments to it. Anthropologists, in recent years, have tended to suggest that our understanding of the world is shaped solely by the culture in which we live. Controversially Kay Milton argues that it is shaped by direct experience in which emotion plays an essential role. The author argues that the conventional opposition between emotion and rationality in western culture is a myth. The effect of this myth has been to support a market economy which systematically destroys nature, and to exclude from public decision making the kinds of emotional attachments that support more environmentally sensitive ways of living. A better understanding of ourselves, as fundamentally emotional beings, could give such ways of living the respect they need.

The Human Relationship with Nature

Development and Culture
Author: Peter H. Kahn
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262112406
Category: Nature
Page: 281
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Winner of Outstanding Book Award, 2000, Moral Development and Education, American Educational Research Association. Winner of the 2000 Book Award from the Moral Development & Education Group of the American Educational Research Association Urgent environmental problems call for vigorous research and theory on how humans develop a relationship with nature. In a series of original research projects, Peter Kahn answers this call. For the past eight years, Kahn has studied children, young adults, and parents in diverse geographical locations, ranging from an economically impoverished black community in Houston to a remote village in the Brazilian Amazon. In these studies Kahn seeks answers to the following questions: How do people value nature, and how do they reason morally about environmental degradation? Do children have a deep connection to the natural world that gets severed by modern society? Or do such connections emerge, if at all, later in life, with increased cognitive and moral maturity? How does culture affect environmental commitments and sensibilities? Are there universal features in the human relationship with nature? Kahn's empirical and theoretical findings draw on current work in psychology, biology, environmental behavior, education, policy, and moral development. This scholarly yet accessible book will be of value to practitioners in the social science and environmental fields, as well as to informed generalists interested in environmental issues and children.

Fractal Architecture

Organic Design Philosophy in Theory and Practice
Author: James Harris
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 0826352022
Category: Architecture
Page: 420
View: 3791

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Throughout history, nature has served as an inspiration for architecture and designers have tried to incorporate the harmonies and patterns of nature into architectural form. Alberti, Charles Renee Macintosh, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Courbusier are just a few of the well- known figures who have taken this approach and written on this theme. With the development of fractal geometry--the study of intricate and interesting self- similar mathematical patterns--in the last part of the twentieth century, the quest to replicate nature’s creative code took a stunning new turn. Using computers, it is now possible to model and create the organic, self-similar forms of nature in a way never previously realized. In Fractal Architecture, architect James Harris presents a definitive, lavishly illustrated guide that explains both the “how” and “why” of incorporating fractal geometry into architectural design.

Anatomie der menschlichen Destruktivität


Author: Erich Fromm
Publisher: Open Publishing Rights GmbH
ISBN: 3959120338
Category: Psychology
Page: N.A
View: 3155

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Dass der Mensch (auch) ein aggressives Wesen ist und als einziges Lebewesen eine Lust am Zerstören entwickeln kann, zeigt der Blick in die Nachrichten, wo Berichte über Kriege, Folter und Terror an der Tagesordnung sind. Doch wo liegen die Ursachen für diese Art der Aggressivität beim Menschen – einem Wesen, dass doch eigentlich die Liebe als sein höchstes Ideal ansieht? Tatsächlich versucht Fromm auf der einen Seite, anhand von zahlreichen wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen seinen humanistischen Glauben an den Menschen gegenüber allen Verteufelungen des Menschen durch einen angeborenen Destruktionstrieb zu verteidigen. Andererseits ist es ihm wichtig, bei der Diskussion um die menschliche Aggression auf eine Besonderheit hinzuweisen: nur beim Menschen gibt es eine charakterbedingte Grausamkeit und Nekrophilie, deren Entstehungs- und Wirkungsweise Fromm im einzelnen darlegt. Das Buch analysiert nicht nur diese besonderen Arten der Destruktivität, sondern illustriert sie auch an einzelnen Menschen. So enthält das Buch ein Kapitel über Stalin, Himmler und Hitler, wobei ihm Hitler als Fallbeispiel für einen nekrophil-destruktiven Charakter dient. Darüber hinaus macht dieses Buch wie kein anderes deutlich, wie Fromm sich das Zusammenspiel von individuellen und sozialpsychologischen Faktoren bei der Genese des Charakters konkret vorstellt und wie er zu klinischen Urteilen kommt, ohne dabei auf die Freudsche Triebtheorie zurück zu greifen.

Technological Nature

Adaptation and the Future of Human Life
Author: Peter H. Kahn
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262113228
Category: Nature
Page: 230
View: 8085

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Why it matters that our relationship with nature is increasingly mediated and augmented by technology. Our forebears may have had a close connection with the natural world, but increasingly we experience technological nature. Children come of age watching digital nature programs on television. They inhabit virtual lands in digital games. And they play with robotic animals, purchased at big box stores. Until a few years ago, hunters could "telehunt"--shoot and kill animals in Texas from a computer anywhere in the world via a Web interface. Does it matter that much of our experience with nature is mediated and augmented by technology? In Technological Nature, Peter Kahn argues that it does, and shows how it affects our well-being. Kahn describes his investigations of children's and adults' experiences of cutting-edge technological nature. He and his team installed "technological nature windows" (50-inch plasma screens showing high-definition broadcasts of real-time local nature views) in inside offices on his university campus and assessed the physiological and psychological effects on viewers. He studied children's and adults' relationships with the robotic dog AIBO (including possible benefits for children with autism). And he studied online "telegardening" (a pastoral alternative to "telehunting"). Kahn's studies show that in terms of human well-being technological nature is better than no nature, but not as good as actual nature. We should develop and use technological nature as a bonus on life, not as its substitute, and re-envision what is beautiful and fulfilling and often wild in essence in our relationship with the natural world.

The Poetics of Biophilia

Natural Object Relations in the Work of D.H. Lawrence, Theodore Roethke, and Sylvia Plath
Author: Christopher Jon Sindt
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 710
View: 1559

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Biophilia


Author: N.A
Publisher: Harry N. Abrams
ISBN: 9781419715617
Category: Nature
Page: 288
View: 7619

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Christopher Marley's art expresses his passionate engagement with the beautiful forms of nature. Beginning with insects and moving on to aquatic life, reptiles, birds, plants, and minerals, Marley has used his skills as a designer, conservator, taxidermist, and environmentally responsible collector to make images and mosaics that produce strong, positive emotional responses in viewers. Marley has a brilliant eye for color and pattern in different natural objects, and he expertly captures the deep relationships among them. Biophilia (literally, "love of living things") is a must-have for nature lovers, designers, artists, craftspeople, and anyone looking for visual inspiration in the arts.

The Lives of Erich Fromm

Love's Prophet
Author: Lawrence J. Friedman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231162596
Category: Psychology
Page: 410
View: 5243

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Erich Fromm was a political activist, psychologist, psychoanalyst, philosopher, and one of the most important intellectuals of the twentieth century. Known for his theories of personality and political insight, Fromm dissected the sadomasochistic appeal of brutal dictators while also eloquently championing loveÑwhich, he insisted, was nothing if it did not involve joyful contact with others and humanity at large. Admired all over the world, Fromm continues to inspire with his message of universal brotherhood and quest for lasting peace. The first systematic study of FrommÕs influences and achievements, this biography revisits the thinkerÕs most important works, especially Escape from Freedom and The Art of Loving, which conveyed important and complex ideas to millions of readers. The volume recounts FrommÕs political activism as a founder and major funder of Amnesty International, the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, and other peace groups. Consulting rare archival materials across the globe, Lawrence J. Friedman reveals FrommÕs support for anti-Stalinist democratic movements in Central and Eastern Europe and his efforts to revitalize American democracy. For the first time, readers learn about FrommÕs direct contact with high officials in the American government on matters of war and peace while accessing a deeper understanding of his conceptual differences with Freud, his rapport with Neo-Freudians like Karen Horney and Harry Stack Sullivan, and his association with innovative artists, public intellectuals, and world leaders. Friedman elucidates FrommÕs key intellectual contributions, especially his innovative concept of Òsocial character,Ó in which social institutions and practices shape the inner psyche, and he clarifies FrommÕs conception of love as an acquired skill. Taking full stock of the thinkerÕs historical and global accomplishments, Friedman portrays a man of immense authenticity and spirituality who made life in the twentieth century more humane than it might have been.

Biophilic Design

The Theory, Science and Practice of Bringing Buildings to Life
Author: Stephen R. Kellert,Judith Heerwagen,Martin Mador
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118174240
Category: Architecture
Page: 400
View: 9958

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"When nature inspires our architecture-not just how it looks buthow buildings and communities actually function-we will have madegreat strides as a society. Biophilic Design provides us withtremendous insight into the 'why,' then builds us a road map forwhat is sure to be the next great design journey of ourtimes." -Rick Fedrizzi, President, CEO and Founding Chairman, U.S. GreenBuilding Council "Having seen firsthand in my company the power of biomimicry tostimulate a wellspring of profitable innovation, I can sayunequivocably that biophilic design is the real deal. Kellert,Heerwagen, and Mador have compiled the wisdom of world-renownedexperts to produce this exquisite book; it is must reading forscientists, philosophers, engineers, architects and designers,and-most especially-businesspeople. Anyone looking for the key to anew type of prosperity that respects the earth should starthere." -Ray C. Anderson, founder and Chair, Interface, Inc. The groundbreaking guide to the emerging practice of biophilicdesign This book offers a paradigm shift in how we design and build ourbuildings and our communities, one that recognizes that thepositive experience of natural systems and processes in ourbuildings and constructed landscapes is critical to human health,performance, and well-being. Biophilic design is about humanity'splace in nature and the natural world's place in human society,where mutuality, respect, and enriching relationships can andshould exist at all levels and should emerge as the norm ratherthan the exception. Written for architects, landscape architects, planners,developers,environmental designers, as well as building owners, BiophilicDesign: The Theory, Science, and Practice of Bringing Buildings toLife is a guide to the theory, science, and practice of biophilicdesign. Twenty-three original and timely essays by world-renownedscientists, designers, and practitioners, including Edward O.Wilson, Howard Frumkin, David Orr, Grant Hildebrand, StephenKieran, Tim Beatley, Jonathan Rose, Janine Benyus, Roger Ulrich,Bert Gregory, Robert Berkebile, William Browning, and VivianLoftness, among others, address: * The basic concepts of biophilia, its expression in the builtenvironment, and how biophilic design connects to human biology,evolution, and development. * The science and benefits of biophilic design on human health,childhood development, healthcare, and more. * The practice of biophilic design-how to implement biophilic designstrategies to create buildings that connect people with nature andprovide comfortable and productive places for people, in which theycan live, work, and study. Biophilic design at any scale-from buildings to cities-begins witha few simple questions: How does the built environment affect thenatural environment? How will nature affect human experience andaspiration? Most of all, how can we achieve sustained andreciprocal benefits between the two? This prescient, groundbreaking book provides the answers.

Nature and Therapy

Understanding counselling and psychotherapy in outdoor spaces
Author: Martin Jordan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131761819X
Category: Psychology
Page: 142
View: 594

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Recent decades have seen an increasing interest in the healing and therapeutic potential of nature and interest in the potential of greencare interventions for the benefit of mental health. The field of nature based therapies is expanding in line with this interest. Nature and Therapy offers a unique contribution by outlining the specific processes involved in conducting counselling and psychotherapy sessions in outdoor natural environments. Central areas covered in the book include: A thorough exploration of the evidence for the psychological and healing potential of natural spaces; Developing a therapeutic rationale for nature based therapeutic work; Understanding the therapeutic relationship and the unique therapeutic processes that come into play in outdoor natural spaces; Translating indoor therapeutic work to outdoor contexts; The practicalities of setting up and running a therapy session outside of a room environment; Experiential exercises to explore the therapeutic potential of nature. Martin Jordan offers a clear outline of how to set up and hold a therapeutic session outdoors. Using case examples Nature and Therapy explores both the practicalities and the therapeutic processes that come into play in an outdoor natural setting. The book will be of use to counsellors, psychotherapists, arts therapists, psychologists and health professionals who are interested in taking their therapeutic work into natural environments and outdoor spaces.

Environmental Ethics, Ecological Theology, and Natural Selection

Suffering and Responsibility
Author: Lisa Sideris
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023152949X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 328
View: 2646

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In the last few decades, religious and secular thinkers have tackled the world's escalating environmental crisis by attempting to develop an ecological ethic that is both scientifically accurate and free of human-centered preconceptions. This groundbreaking study shows that many of these environmental ethicists continue to model their positions on romantic, pre-Darwinian concepts that disregard the predatory and cruelly competitive realities of the natural world. Examining the work of such influential thinkers as James Gustafson, Sallie McFague, Rosemary Radford Ruether, John Cobb, Peter Singer, and Holmes Rolston, Sideris proposes a more realistic ethic that combines evolutionary theory with theological insight, advocates a minimally interventionist stance toward nature, and values the processes over the products of the natural world.