Bioinformatics in Aquaculture

Principles and Methods
Author: Zhanjiang (John) Liu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118782356
Category: Computers
Page: 606
View: 5399

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Bioinformatics derives knowledge from computer analysis of biological data. In particular, genomic and transcriptomic datasets are processed, analysed and, whenever possible, associated with experimental results from various sources, to draw structural, organizational, and functional information relevant to biology. Research in bioinformatics includes method development for storage, retrieval, and analysis of the data. Bioinformatics in Aquaculture provides the most up to date reviews of next generation sequencing technologies, their applications in aquaculture, and principles and methodologies for the analysis of genomic and transcriptomic large datasets using bioinformatic methods, algorithm, and databases. The book is unique in providing guidance for the best software packages suitable for various analysis, providing detailed examples of using bioinformatic software and command lines in the context of real world experiments. This book is a vital tool for all those working in genomics, molecular biology, biochemistry and genetics related to aquaculture, and computational and biological sciences.

Aquaculture - Principles and Practices


Author: T. V. R. Pillay
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780852382028
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 600
View: 5451

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The importance of aquaculture is now established, in the context of global food production, aquatic resource management and socioeconomic development of rural areas. Remarkable advances are being achieved on an increasing scale, and development and donor agencies now consider aquaculture to be a priority area. Aquaculture has become a prime subject for research internationally and it is expected to overtake capture as a source of several high-valued species of fish and shellfish within a decade or so. This major work by a leading world authority is now available in paperback and will become THE major text for students of aquaculture It is fully comprehensive and covers all aspects of aquaculture, including all the major species of fish, shellfish and edible seaweed.

Handbuch der Zoologie

Nach dem Handbuche von Wiegmann und Ruthe
Author: Franz Hermann Troschel
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 788
View: 2185

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Genetik kompakt


Author: John Ringo
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827416391
Category: Science
Page: 383
View: 6282

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Genetik - kompakt ist ein neuartiges, kurz gefasstes Einführungslehrbuch, das insbesondere für Bachelor-Studiengänge geeignet ist. In 42 kurzen Kapiteln werden die Hauptthemen moderner Genetik dargestellt. Darüber hinaus kann das Buch auch als Nachschlagewerk oder zur Auffrischung der Grundlagen der Genetik dienlich sein. Genetik - kompakt ermöglicht ein einfaches Lernen, von den grundlegenden molekularen Strukturen über die entscheidenden molekularen Prozesse bis hin zu Populationsgenetik und Evolution. Studenten werden die kurzen, auf den Punkt gebrachten Kapitel eingängiger und leichter zugänglich finden als die oftmals langen, komplexen Kapitel vieler herkömmlicher Genetiklehrbücher. Jedes Kapitel behandelt ein bestimmtes Themenfeld, sodass Lehrende wie Lernende durch spezifische Auswahl die Inhalte auf ihre jeweiligen Bedürfnisse zuschneiden können. Das Buch ist durchgängig mit klaren und einprägsamen Grafiken bebildert, die von den Studenten einfach zu rekapitulieren und zu reproduzieren sind. Für Einführungsveranstaltungen in die Genetik ist dieses einzigartige Lehrbuch die kompakte Alternative.

Advances in Marine and Brackishwater Aquaculture


Author: Santhanam Perumal,Thirunavukkarasu A.R.,Perumal Pachiappan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132222717
Category: Science
Page: 262
View: 2538

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This book compiles the latest findings in the field of marine and brackishwater aquaculture. It covers significant topics such as techniques of culture of live feeds (microalgae, rotifer, Artemia, marine copepod & polychaetes), while also highlighting vital themes like the culture and applications of free and marine sponge associated microbial probiotics, controlled breeding, seed production and culture of commercially important fin and shell fishes. Moreover, the book focuses on the breeding and culture of marine ornamental fishes, sea cucumber and sea urchin and discusses seaweeds culture, aqua feed formulation and nutrition, water quality management in hatchery and grow-out culture systems, fish disease diagnosis and health management and cryopreservation of fish gametes for sustainable aquaculture practices, all from a multidimensional perspective. The global fish production was 154 million tonnes in 2011 which more or less consisted of capture and culture fisheries (FAO, 2012). Roughly 80% of this is from inland-freshwater aquaculture and the remainder from capture fisheries in the marine and brackishwater sector. However, marine and brackishwater catches have recently begun to diminish due to overexploitation, climate change and pollution. The UNEP report affirmed that if the world remains on its current course of overfishing, by 2050, the ocean fish stock could become extinct or no longer commercially viable to exploit. In these circumstances, aquaculture is considered to be a promising sector to fulfill our future protein requirement. However, brackishwater and marine fish production now face serious challenges due to e.g. lack of quality fish seeds, feeds, poor water quality management and diseases. Fisheries and aquaculture sectors play a vital role as potential sources of nutritional security and food safety around the globe. Fish food is rich in protein, vitamins, phosphorous, calcium, zinc, selenium etc. In addition, fish contains omega-3 fatty acids, which help to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Fish food can also provide several health benefits to consumers. The omega 3 fatty acids found in fish can reduce the levels of LDL cholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol) and increase the HDL levels (the “good” cholesterol). Research conducted in Australia has proved that fish consumption can be used to cure hypertension and obesity. It is also reported that people who ate more fish were less prone to asthma and were able to breathe more easily. Omega 3 fish oil or fish consumption can help to prevent three of the most common forms of cancer: breast cancer, colon and prostate cancer. The omega 3 fatty acids present in fish or fish oil induce faster hair growth and prevent hair loss. Since most varieties of fish are rich in protein, eating fish helps to keep hair healthy. Furthermore, fish or fish oil helps in improving the condition of dry skin, giving it a healthy glow. It is useful in treating various skin problems such as eczema, psoriasis, itching, redness of skin, skin lesions and rashes. It is well known that eating fish improves vision and prevents Alzheimer’s and type-2 diabetes, and can combat arthritis. Further, fish oil or fish is good for pregnant women, as the DHA present in it helps in the development of the baby’s eyes and brain. It helps to avoid premature births, low birth weights and miscarriages. In addition, it is widely known that fish can be a good substitute for pulses in cereal-based diets for the poor. The global fish production was roughly 154 million tonnes in 2011 (FAO, 2012). It is estimated that by 2020 global fish requirements will be over 200 million tonnes; as such, innovative technological improvements are called for in order to improve the production and productivity in fisheries. In this context, this book provides valuable information for academics, scientists, researchers, government officials and farmers on innovative technological advances for sustainable fish production using aquaculture methods. The book identifies the main issues and trends in marine and brackishwater aquaculture from a global perspective in general and in the Indian context in particular. It includes 23 chapters written by prominent researchers from various institutes and universities across India, who address the latest aquaculture technologies with distinctive approaches to support academics, researchers and graduates in the fields of Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Science, Marine Biology, Marine Biotechnology, Zoology and Agricultural Sciences. Our thanks go to our contributors; we are confident that all readers will immensely benefit from their valued expertise in the field of marine and brackishwater aquaculture.

Ökologie


Author: Colin R. Townsend,John L. Harper,Michael E. Begon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540006749
Category:
Page: 647
View: 3487

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Das renommierte Autorenteam Begon, Harper und Townsend konzentriert sich in diesem Lehrbuch auf das Wesentliche in der A-kologie. In anschaulicher, durchgehend vierfarbig gestalteter und leicht verstAndlicher Form wird ein ausgewogener Aoeberblick vermittelt, der die terrestrische und aquatische A-kologie gleichermaAen berA1/4cksichtigt und auf die Vielfalt an Organismentypen eingeht. Als EinfA1/4hrung konzipiert, eignet sich dieses Buch besonders fA1/4r den Einstieg in die Thematik. Zahlreiche didaktische Elemente und eine groAzA1/4gige Illustration erleichtern den Zugang und ermAglichen ein Lernen auf verschiedenen Ebenen. So gibt es SchlA1/4sselkonzepte am Kapitelanfang, "Fenster" fA1/4r historische EinschA1/4be und mathematische HintergrA1/4nde, ethische Fragen als DenkanstAAe, hervorgehobene offene Fragen, Zusammenfassungen und Quiz-Fragen am Kapitelende. FA1/4r den Praxisbezug wurde groAes Gewicht auf angewandte Aspekte gelegt. Und aktuelle Internetadressen sorgen fA1/4r eine leichte Recherche beim Studium. Das ideale RA1/4stzeug fA1/4r Ihr Studium!

Nichtlineare Finite-Elemente-Analyse von Festkörpern und Strukturen


Author: René de Borst,Mike A. Crisfield,Joris J. C. Remmers,Clemens V. Verhoosel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527678026
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 587
View: 1048

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Echte Ingenieursprobleme sind intrinsisch nichtlinear. Kennnisse der nichtlinearen Finiten-Elemente-Analyse sind für Maschinenbauer, Bauingenieure und Werkstofftechniker daher unabdingbar. Mit ihrer Hilfe lassen sich mechanische Festigkeitsberechnungen durchführen, zeit- und kostenintensive Tests bei der Produktentwicklung werden so reduziert. Didaktisch schlüssig vom Modell und dessen theoretischer Durchdringung bis zum Algorithmus und dessen praktischer Implementierung bietet dieses Buch eine Einführung in die nichtlineare Finite-Elemente-Analyse ? leicht zugänglich, kompakt und auf die technische Ausrichtung fokussiert: - mathematische und kontinuumsmechanische Grundlagen, Lösungstechniken für nichtlineare Probleme in der statischen und dynamischen Analyse - erste Einblicke in geometrische Nichtlinearitäten - Schädigung, Plastizität und zeitabhängige Nichtlinearitäten - Plastizität von Balken, Bögen und Schalen - elastische und elastoplastische Finite-Elemente-Analyse großer Dehnungen - Einführung in moderne Diskretisierungskonzepte Hilfreich fürs Bestehen von Prüfungen sind die Beispiele im frei erhältlichen Finite-Elemente-Code auf Python?-Basis. Das dazugehörige Hintergrundwissen macht den User mit den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen moderner Finite-Elemente-Software vertraut. Der ideale Einstieg in die nichtlineare Finite-Elemente-Analyse für Studenten und Praktiker ? mit so viel Mathematik wie nötig und so vielen realen Ingenieursproblemen wie möglich. Mit Beispielen im Finite-Elemente-Code auf Python?-Basis unter: www.wiley-vch.de

Advances in Genetics


Author: Theodore Friedmann,Stephen F. Goodwin,Jay C. Dunlap
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123943949
Category: Medical
Page: 208
View: 4556

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The field of genetics is rapidly evolving and new medical breakthroughs are occuring as a result of advances in knowledge of genetics. This series continually publishes important reviews of the broadest interest to geneticists and their colleagues in affiliated disciplines. * Includes methods for testing with ethical, legal, and social implications * Critically analyzes future prospects

Tierphysiologie


Author: David J. Randall,Roger Eckert,Warren Burggren,Kathleen French
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag
ISBN: 9783136640043
Category:
Page: 914
View: 6179

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Struma


Author: Johannes Köbberling,Caroline R. Pickardt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642883133
Category: Medical
Page: 211
View: 4100

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Der Experimentator Molekularbiologie / Genomics


Author: Cornel Mülhardt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642346367
Category: Science
Page: 303
View: 4446

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Dieses Buch enthält das Grundlagenwissen sowie Tipps und Tricks für den Umgang mit Nucleinsäuren. Der Autor kennt Lust und Frust der täglichen Laborroutine ganz genau. Präparieren, Fällen, Konzentrieren und Reinigen von Nucleinsäuren Restriktionsenzyme, Gele, Blotten Polymerase-Kettenreaktion RNA-Isolierung, -Transkription Klonierung von DNA-Fragmenten Markierung von Sonden, Hybridisierung, Screening, Sequenzierung Mutagenese, In-vitro-Translation, transgene Mäuse, Transgenexpression, Gentherapie, Genomik Dieses Buch richtet sich an alle Experimentatoren, die molekularbiologische Versuche durchführen wollen und gern nachvollziehen möchten, was sich in ihrem Reaktionsgefäß abspielt. Das ganze Spektrum der üblichen molekularbiologischen Methoden wird vorgestellt, kommentiert und Alternativen aufgezeigt. Der lockere Ton wendet sich gleichermaßen an Studenten wie an BTAs und Laboranten, aber auch der alte Hase wird hier und dort noch etwas Neues entdecken. Die 7. Auflage wurde überarbeitet und aktualisiert.

Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 2001: Chemical Safety and Hazardous Investigation Board


Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: United States
Page: N.A
View: 3896

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Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Bd. 19/2: Cyanoprokaryota

Bd. 2 / Part 2: Oscillatoriales
Author: Jirí Komárek,Konstantinos Anagnostidis
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827419149
Category: Science
Page: 759
View: 696

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Cyanoprokaryotes are probably the oldest organisms with plant metabolism. However, their cell structure and type of asexual reproduction prove their eubacterial origin. In spite of their existence from Precambrian onwards they have not lost their vitality, and still are able to colonize all possible biotopes, including very extreme environments (thermal springs up to 80 °C, rocks in extremely hot or cold deserts in both the tropics and Antarctica, hypersaline lakes and marshes, biotopes in volcanic regions, and other harsh habitats). This book is a review of all the cyanoprokaryotic taxonomic units, registered and recognizable from European natural biotopes, including the marine coasts. Our determination keys and taxonomic descriptions should permit the identification of natural populations, and should be related to known culture material. Numerous strains were isolated, kept in strain collections and used as important model organisms for experiments of various kinds. In culture only a few cyanoprokaryotes show the typical growth form known from nature, most others can be made to display their typical forms and life cycles by special procedures only. The identification of strains without previous knowledge of natural material needs to be carried out with special care. The aim of this book is to make possible the identification and standardization of known, morphologically and ecologically distinguishable cyanoprokaryotes that have been described from natural populations in Europe. Therefore, in the introductory part only data important for identification are presented. At the end of this chapter we append a list of basic literature, where all the detailed information necessary can be found. We have selected accurate drawings of the species described in the text. We also present illustrations of some non-European species if necessary for understanding the generic diacritical features or infrageneric diversity.

Berichte zur Lebensmittelsicherheit 2005

Lebensmittel-Monitoring
Author: Peter Brandt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3764383461
Category: Science
Page: 60
View: 9944

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Lebensmittelmonitoring - das von Bund und Ländern durchgeführte Untersuchungsprogramm - ergänzt die amtliche Lebensmittelüberwachung der Bundesländer. Lebensmittelüberwachung kontrolliert die Einhaltung lebensmittelrechtlicher Vorschriften v.a. durch verdachts- und risikoorientierte Untersuchungen. Das Lebensmittelmonitoring hingegen misst und bewertet - wiederholt und repräsentativ - den Gehalt unerwünschter Stoffe (z.B. Pflanzenschutzmittel, Schwermetalle) in und auf Lebensmitteln. Es erkennt Risiken für Verbraucher und stellt sie ab. 2005 wurden 5159 Proben von 50 Lebensmitteln bzw. -gruppen in- und ausländischer Herkunft untersucht.