Bioinformatics in Aquaculture

Principles and Methods
Author: Zhanjiang (John) Liu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118782356
Category: Computers
Page: 606
View: 5832

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Bioinformatics derives knowledge from computer analysis of biological data. In particular, genomic and transcriptomic datasets are processed, analysed and, whenever possible, associated with experimental results from various sources, to draw structural, organizational, and functional information relevant to biology. Research in bioinformatics includes method development for storage, retrieval, and analysis of the data. Bioinformatics in Aquaculture provides the most up to date reviews of next generation sequencing technologies, their applications in aquaculture, and principles and methodologies for the analysis of genomic and transcriptomic large datasets using bioinformatic methods, algorithm, and databases. The book is unique in providing guidance for the best software packages suitable for various analysis, providing detailed examples of using bioinformatic software and command lines in the context of real world experiments. This book is a vital tool for all those working in genomics, molecular biology, biochemistry and genetics related to aquaculture, and computational and biological sciences.

Aquaculture - Principles and Practices


Author: T. V. R. Pillay
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780852382028
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 600
View: 425

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The importance of aquaculture is now established, in the context of global food production, aquatic resource management and socioeconomic development of rural areas. Remarkable advances are being achieved on an increasing scale, and development and donor agencies now consider aquaculture to be a priority area. Aquaculture has become a prime subject for research internationally and it is expected to overtake capture as a source of several high-valued species of fish and shellfish within a decade or so. This major work by a leading world authority is now available in paperback and will become THE major text for students of aquaculture It is fully comprehensive and covers all aspects of aquaculture, including all the major species of fish, shellfish and edible seaweed.

Aquaculture Genome Technologies


Author: Zhanjiang (John) Liu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470276339
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 584
View: 4179

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Genomics is a rapidly growing scientific field with applications ranging from improved disease resistance to increased rate of growth. Aquaculture Genome Technologies comprehensively covers the field of genomics and its applications to the aquaculture industry. This volume looks to bridge the gap between a basic understanding of genomic technology to its practical use in the aquaculture industry.

Fraud Analytics

Strategies and Methods for Detection and Prevention
Author: Delena D. Spann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118282736
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 176
View: 2560

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Proven guidance for expertly using analytics in fraud examinations, financial analysis, auditing and fraud prevention Fraud Analytics thoroughly reveals the elements of analysis that are used in today's fraud examinations, fraud investigations, and financial crime investigations. This valuable resource reviews the types of analysis that should be considered prior to beginning an investigation and explains how to optimally use data mining techniques to detect fraud. Packed with examples and sample cases illustrating pertinent concepts in practice, this book also explores the two major data analytics providers: ACL and IDEA. Looks at elements of analysis used in today's fraud examinations Reveals how to use data mining (fraud analytic) techniques to detect fraud Examines ACL and IDEA as indispensable tools for fraud detection Includes an abundance of sample cases and examples Written by Delena D Spann, Board of Regent (Emeritus) for the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE), who currently serves as Advisory Board Member of the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, Board Member of the Education Task Force of the Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists ASIS International (Economic Crime Council) and Advisory Board Member of the Robert Morris University (School of Business), Fraud Analytics equips you with authoritative fraud analysis techniques you can put to use right away.

Genomics in Aquaculture


Author: Simon A MacKenzie,Sissel Jentoft
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128016906
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 6824

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Genomics in Aquaculture is a concise, must-have reference that describes current advances within the field of genomics and their applications to aquaculture. Written in an accessible manner for anyone—non-specialists to experts alike—this book provides in-depth coverage of genomics spanning from genome sequencing, to transcriptomics and proteomics. It provides, for ease of learning, examples from key species most relevant to current intensive aquaculture practice. Its coverage of minority species that have a specific biological interest (e.g., Pleuronectiformes) makes this book useful for countries that are developing such species. It is a robust, practical resource that covers foundational, functional, and applied aspects of genomics in aquaculture, presenting the most current information in a field of research that is rapidly growing. Provides the latest scientific methods and technologies to maximize efficiencies for healthy fish production, with summary tables for quick reference Offers an extended glossary of technical and methodological terms to help readers better understand key biological concepts Describes state-of-the-art technologies, such as transcriptomics and epigenomics, currently under development for future perspective of the field Covers minority species that have a specific biological interest (e.g., Pleuronectiformes), making the book useful to countries developing such species

Chromatography

Basic Principles, Sample Preparations and Related Methods
Author: Elsa Lundanes,Léon Reubsaet,Tyge Greibrokk
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527675221
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 6554

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Finally a book on chromatography which is easy to grasp for undergraduates and technicians; covers the area in sufficient depth while still being concise. The book includes all recent technology advances and has core textbook features further improving the learning experience. This book is the perfect introduction into a methodology which is the underlying principle of the vast majority of separation methods worldwide. Everyone working in a lab environment must be familiar with the basis of these technologies and Tyge Greibrokk, Elsa Lundanes and Leon Reubsaet succeed in delivering a text which is easy to read for undergraduates and laboratory technicians, and covers the area in sufficient depth while still being concise. The book includes all recent technology advances and has core textbook features further improving the learning experience. Importantly, the text does not only cover all major modern chromatography technology (thin layer, gas, high pressure liquid, and supercritical fluid chromatography) but also related methods, in particular electrophoretic technologies.

Principles of Statistical Genomics


Author: Shizhong Xu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387708065
Category: Science
Page: 428
View: 3668

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Statistical genomics is a rapidly developing field, with more and more people involved in this area. However, a lack of synthetic reference books and textbooks in statistical genomics has become a major hurdle on the development of the field. Although many books have been published recently in bioinformatics, most of them emphasize DNA sequence analysis under a deterministic approach. Principles of Statistical Genomics synthesizes the state-of-the-art statistical methodologies (stochastic approaches) applied to genome study. It facilitates understanding of the statistical models and methods behind the major bioinformatics software packages, which will help researchers choose the optimal algorithm to analyze their data and better interpret the results of their analyses. Understanding existing statistical models and algorithms assists researchers to develop improved statistical methods to extract maximum information from their data. Resourceful and easy to use, Principles of Statistical Genomics is a comprehensive reference for researchers and graduate students studying statistical genomics.

Advances in Marine and Brackishwater Aquaculture


Author: Santhanam Perumal,Thirunavukkarasu A.R.,Perumal Pachiappan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132222717
Category: Science
Page: 262
View: 6158

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This book compiles the latest findings in the field of marine and brackishwater aquaculture. It covers significant topics such as techniques of culture of live feeds (microalgae, rotifer, Artemia, marine copepod & polychaetes), while also highlighting vital themes like the culture and applications of free and marine sponge associated microbial probiotics, controlled breeding, seed production and culture of commercially important fin and shell fishes. Moreover, the book focuses on the breeding and culture of marine ornamental fishes, sea cucumber and sea urchin and discusses seaweeds culture, aqua feed formulation and nutrition, water quality management in hatchery and grow-out culture systems, fish disease diagnosis and health management and cryopreservation of fish gametes for sustainable aquaculture practices, all from a multidimensional perspective. The global fish production was 154 million tonnes in 2011 which more or less consisted of capture and culture fisheries (FAO, 2012). Roughly 80% of this is from inland-freshwater aquaculture and the remainder from capture fisheries in the marine and brackishwater sector. However, marine and brackishwater catches have recently begun to diminish due to overexploitation, climate change and pollution. The UNEP report affirmed that if the world remains on its current course of overfishing, by 2050, the ocean fish stock could become extinct or no longer commercially viable to exploit. In these circumstances, aquaculture is considered to be a promising sector to fulfill our future protein requirement. However, brackishwater and marine fish production now face serious challenges due to e.g. lack of quality fish seeds, feeds, poor water quality management and diseases. Fisheries and aquaculture sectors play a vital role as potential sources of nutritional security and food safety around the globe. Fish food is rich in protein, vitamins, phosphorous, calcium, zinc, selenium etc. In addition, fish contains omega-3 fatty acids, which help to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Fish food can also provide several health benefits to consumers. The omega 3 fatty acids found in fish can reduce the levels of LDL cholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol) and increase the HDL levels (the “good” cholesterol). Research conducted in Australia has proved that fish consumption can be used to cure hypertension and obesity. It is also reported that people who ate more fish were less prone to asthma and were able to breathe more easily. Omega 3 fish oil or fish consumption can help to prevent three of the most common forms of cancer: breast cancer, colon and prostate cancer. The omega 3 fatty acids present in fish or fish oil induce faster hair growth and prevent hair loss. Since most varieties of fish are rich in protein, eating fish helps to keep hair healthy. Furthermore, fish or fish oil helps in improving the condition of dry skin, giving it a healthy glow. It is useful in treating various skin problems such as eczema, psoriasis, itching, redness of skin, skin lesions and rashes. It is well known that eating fish improves vision and prevents Alzheimer’s and type-2 diabetes, and can combat arthritis. Further, fish oil or fish is good for pregnant women, as the DHA present in it helps in the development of the baby’s eyes and brain. It helps to avoid premature births, low birth weights and miscarriages. In addition, it is widely known that fish can be a good substitute for pulses in cereal-based diets for the poor. The global fish production was roughly 154 million tonnes in 2011 (FAO, 2012). It is estimated that by 2020 global fish requirements will be over 200 million tonnes; as such, innovative technological improvements are called for in order to improve the production and productivity in fisheries. In this context, this book provides valuable information for academics, scientists, researchers, government officials and farmers on innovative technological advances for sustainable fish production using aquaculture methods. The book identifies the main issues and trends in marine and brackishwater aquaculture from a global perspective in general and in the Indian context in particular. It includes 23 chapters written by prominent researchers from various institutes and universities across India, who address the latest aquaculture technologies with distinctive approaches to support academics, researchers and graduates in the fields of Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Science, Marine Biology, Marine Biotechnology, Zoology and Agricultural Sciences. Our thanks go to our contributors; we are confident that all readers will immensely benefit from their valued expertise in the field of marine and brackishwater aquaculture.

Life Out of Sequence

A Data-Driven History of Bioinformatics
Author: Hallam Stevens
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022608034X
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 632

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Thirty years ago, the most likely place to find a biologist was standing at a laboratory bench, peering down a microscope, surrounded by flasks of chemicals and petri dishes full of bacteria. Today, you are just as likely to find him or her in a room that looks more like an office, poring over lines of code on computer screens. The use of computers in biology has radically transformed who biologists are, what they do, and how they understand life. In Life Out of Sequence, Hallam Stevens looks inside this new landscape of digital scientific work. Stevens chronicles the emergence of bioinformatics—the mode of working across and between biology, computing, mathematics, and statistics—from the 1960s to the present, seeking to understand how knowledge about life is made in and through virtual spaces. He shows how scientific data moves from living organisms into DNA sequencing machines, through software, and into databases, images, and scientific publications. What he reveals is a biology very different from the one of predigital days: a biology that includes not only biologists but also highly interdisciplinary teams of managers and workers; a biology that is more centered on DNA sequencing, but one that understands sequence in terms of dynamic cascades and highly interconnected networks. Life Out of Sequence thus offers the computational biology community welcome context for their own work while also giving the public a frontline perspective of what is going on in this rapidly changing field.

Introduction to Proteomics

Principles and Applications
Author: Nawin C. Mishra
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047092084X
Category: Science
Page: 200
View: 5891

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Proteomics provides an introductory insight on proteomics, discussing the basic principles of the field, how to apply specific technologies and instrumentation, and example applications in human health and diseases. With helpful study questions, this textbook presents an easy to grasp and solid overview and understanding of the principles, guidelines, and especially the complex instrumentation operations in proteomics for new students and research scientists. Written by a leader in proteomics studies, Proteomics offers an expert perspective on the field and the future of proteomics.

Bioinformatics for Beginners

Genes, Genomes, Molecular Evolution, Databases and Analytical Tools
Author: Supratim Choudhuri
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124105106
Category: Medical
Page: 238
View: 4849

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Bioinformatics for Beginners: Genes, Genomes, Molecular Evolution, Databases and Analytical Tools provides a coherent and friendly treatment of bioinformatics for any student or scientist within biology who has not routinely performed bioinformatic analysis. The book discusses the relevant principles needed to understand the theoretical underpinnings of bioinformatic analysis and demonstrates, with examples, targeted analysis using freely available web-based software and publicly available databases. Eschewing non-essential information, the work focuses on principles and hands-on analysis, also pointing to further study options. Avoids non-essential coverage, yet fully describes the field for beginners Explains the molecular basis of evolution to place bioinformatic analysis in biological context Provides useful links to the vast resource of publicly available bioinformatic databases and analysis tools Contains over 100 figures that aid in concept discovery and illustration

Molecular Research in Aquaculture


Author: Ken Overturf
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0813807425
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 400
View: 2078

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Molecular Research in Aquaculture Molecular research and biotechnology have long been fields of study with applications useful to aquaculture and other animal sciences. Molecular Research in Aquaculture looks to provide an understanding of molecular research and its applications to the aquaculture industry in a format that allows individuals without prior experience in this area to learn about and understand this important field. Molecular Research in Aquaculture opens with an introductory chapter giving background information on the aquaculture industry and the development of the science and research methods to what is currently being used. From there it discusses how new, innovative techniques are now being converted and used for research in this field. Introductory chapters on basic molecular biological techniques, such as PCR, cloning, and hybridization, and their rationale provide the foundation for an in-depth look at molecular research and its specific applications. The remaining chapters review key areas of molecular research such as microarray analysis, quantitative PCR, and transgenics. Molecular Research in Aquaculture will be a valuable reference for professionals and researchers with an interest in the development of molecular technologies and their applications to the field of aquaculture. Coverage of basic molecular biological techniques and their rationale In-depth look at molecular research and their applications to aquaculture Valuable reference on the developments of this key area in aquaculture research

Principles of Warmwater Aquaculture


Author: Robert R. Stickney
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 375
View: 8904

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Provides the basic concepts and techniques required to rear warmwater animals in both fresh and marine environments and under controlled or semi-controlled conditions. Utilizes examples from various species to demonstrate how specific general principles can be applied throughout the field. Focuses on commercially important species that are being or can be reared in the United States. The concepts can also be applied to animals reared for laboratory use. Includes a comprehensive bibliography to the literature.

Environmental Management for Aquaculture


Author: A. Midlen,Theresa Redding
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0412595001
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 8446

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In recent years the subject of pollution of natural waters by aquaculture has received considerable attention. With increasingly stringent regulation of wastewater quality from fish farms around the world, those involved in the industry need to be aware of the causes of pollution from fish and shellfish farms and of methods by which this pollution may be prevented. This book aims to bring the principles of wastewater treatment and other pollution control techniques for fish and shellfish farming to a wide audience of farmers, students, scientists and engineers; in fact anyone who works in aquaculture or pollution control. For this reason, the authors who have between them much experience in this area have written this important book with both the specialist and those new to the area in mind. As part of the growing Aquaculture Series, this title gives a comprehensive insight into this topic of vital importance to the aquaculture industry. This book should be on the shelves of all those involved in fish and shellfish farming and connected environmental issues, and available in universities and research establishments for students and professionals alike.

Metabolomics as a Tool in Nutrition Research


Author: J-L Sebedio,L Brennan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782420924
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 268
View: 1711

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Metabolomics is a multidisciplinary science used to understand the ways in which nutrients from food are used in the body and how this can be optimised and targeted at specific nutritional needs. Metabolomics as a Tool in Nutrition Research provides a review of the uses of metabolomics in nutritional research. Chapters cover the most important aspects of the topic such as analysis techniques, bioinformatics and integration with other ‘omic’ sciences such as proteomics and genomics. The final chapters look at the impact of exercise on metabolomic profiles and future trends in metabolomics for nutrition research.

Molecular Genetics in Fisheries


Author: Gary R. Carvalho,Tony J. Pitcher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401112185
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 142
View: 2474

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The basic principle of all molecular genetic methods is to employ inherited, discrete and stable markers to identify genotypes that characterize individuals, populations or species. Such genetic data can provide information ori the levels and distribution of genetic variability in relation to mating patterns, life history, population size, migration and environment. Although molecular tools have long been employed to address various questions in fisheries biology and management, their contributions to the field are sometimes unclear, and often controversial. Much of the initial impetus for the deployment of molecular markers arose from the desire to assess fish stock structure based on various interpretations of the stock concept. Although such studies have met with varying success, they continue to provide an impetus for the development of increasingly sensitive population discriminators, yielding information that can be valuable for both sustainable exploitation and the conservation of fish populations. In the last major synthesis of the subject, Ryman and Utter (1987) summarized progress and applications, though this was prior to the wide-scale adoption of DNA methodology. New sources of genetic markers and protocols are now available, in particular those that exploit the widely distributed and highly variable repeat sequences of DNA, and the amplification technique of the polymerase chain reaction.

Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications


Author: Vijai G. Gupta,Maria Tuohy,Christian P Kubicek,Jack Saddler,Feng Xu
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444595643
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 500
View: 2383

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Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications brings biology and engineering together to address the challenges of future energy needs. The book consolidates the most recent research on current technologies, concepts, and commercial developments in various types of widely used biofuels and integrated biorefineries, across the disciplines of biochemistry, biotechnology, phytology, and microbiology. All the chapters in the book are derived from international scientific experts in their respective research areas. They provide you with clear and concise information on both standard and more recent bioenergy production methods, including hydrolysis and microbial fermentation. Chapters are also designed to facilitate early stage researchers, and enables you to easily grasp the concepts, methodologies and application of bioenergy technologies. Each chapter in the book describes the merits and drawbacks of each technology as well as its usefulness. The book provides information on recent approaches to graduates, post-graduates, researchers and practitioners studying and working in field of the bioenergy. It is an invaluable information resource on biomass-based biofuels for fundamental and applied research, catering to researchers in the areas of bio-hydrogen, bioethanol, bio-methane and biorefineries, and the use of microbial processes in the conversion of biomass into biofuels. Reviews all existing and promising technologies for production of advanced biofuels in addition to bioenergy policies and research funding Cutting-edge research concepts for biofuels production using biological and biochemical routes, including microbial fuel cells Includes production methods and conversion processes for all types of biofuels, including bioethanol and biohydrogen, and outlines the pros and cons of each

Bacteriophage

Genetics and Molecular Biology
Author: Stephen Mc Grath,Douwe van Sinderen
Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press
ISBN: 190445514X
Category: Science
Page: 343
View: 7914

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Bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria) are fascinating organisms that have played and continue to play a key role in bacterial genetics and molecular biology. Phage can confer key phenotypes on their host - for example, converting a non-pathogenic strain into a pathogen - and they play a key role in regulating bacterial populations in all sorts of environments. The phage-bacterium relationship varies enormously, from the simple predator-prey model to a complex, almost symbiotic relationship that promotes the survival and evolutionary success of both. While infection of bacteria used in the fermentation industry can be very problematic and result in financial losses, in other scenarios, phage infection of bacteria can be exploited for industrial and/or medical applications. Interest in phage and phage gene products as potential therapeutic agents is increasing rapidly and is likely to have a profound impact on the pharmaceutical industry and biotechnology in general over the coming years. One potential application is the use of phage to combat the growing menace of antibiotic-resistant infections. Written by eminent international researchers actively involved in the disparate areas of bacteriophage research, this book focuses on the current rapid developments in this exciting field. The book opens with an excellent chapter that provides a broad overview of the topics and also highlights the multifaceted nature of bacteriophage research. This is followed by a series of reviews that focus on the current, most cutting-edge topics including bioinformatics and genomics, phage in the environment, bacteriophage in medicine, transfer of phage DNA to the host, contribution to host phenotype, and much more. The book will be essential reading for all phage researchers and of interest to molecular biologists and microbiologists working on bacteria in academia, biotechnology, and pharmaceutical companies, as well as in the food industry.

Understanding Bioinformatics


Author: Marketa J. Zvelebil,Jeremy O. Baum
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 9780815340249
Category: Medical
Page: 772
View: 6135

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Suitable for advanced undergraduates & postgraduates, this book provides a definitive guide to bioinformatics. It takes a conceptual approach & guides the reader from first principles through to an understanding of the computational techniques & the key algorithms.