Big Bang

The Origin of the Universe
Author: Simon Singh
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0007162219
Category: Science
Page: 560
View: 2597

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A half century ago, a shocking Washington Post headline claimed that the world began in five cataclysmic minutes rather than having existed for all time; a skeptical scientist dubbed the maverick theory the Big Bang. In this amazingly comprehensible history of the universe, Simon Singh decodes the mystery behind the Big Bang theory, lading us through the development of one of the most extraordinary, important, and awe-inspiring theories in science.

Before the Big Bang

The Prehistory of Our Universe
Author: Brian Clegg
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 9781429987424
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 1690

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According to a recent survey, the most popular question about science from the general public was: what came before the Big Bang? We all know on some level what the Big Bang is, but we don't know how it became the accepted theory, or how we might know what came before. In Before the Big Bang, Brian Clegg (the critically acclaimed author of Upgrade Me and The God Effect) explores the history of this remarkable concept. From the earliest creation myths, through Hershel's realization that the Milky Way was one of many galaxies, to on-going debates about Black Holes, this is an incredible look at the origins of the universe and the many theories that led to the acceptance of the Big Bang. But in classic scientist fashion Clegg challenges the notion of the "Big Bang" itself, and raises the deep philosophical question of why we might want to rethink the origin of the universe. This is popular science at its best, exploratory, controversial, and utterly engrossing.

The Origin of the Universe


Author: John D. Barrow
Publisher: Perseus (for Hbg)
ISBN: 0465053149
Category: Science
Page: 150
View: 1189

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Explains which events took place from "10 to the minus 35th power" seconds onward after the big bang, detailing discoveries along the way which resolved many of the controversies

The Amazing Unity of the Universe

And Its Origin in the Big Bang
Author: Edward van den Heuvel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319235435
Category: Science
Page: 315
View: 1402

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In the first chapters the author describes how our knowledge of the position of Earth in space and time has developed, thanks to the work of many generations of astronomers and physicists. He discusses how our position in the Galaxy was discovered, and how in 1929, Hubble uncovered the fact that the Universe is expanding, leading to the picture of the Big Bang. He then explains how astronomers have found that the laws of physics that were discovered here on Earth and in the Solar System (the laws of mechanics, gravity, atomic physics, electromagnetism, etc.) are valid throughout the Universe. This is illustrated by the fact that all matter in the Universe consists of atoms of the same chemical elements that we know on Earth. This unity is all the more surprising when one realizes that in the original Big Bang theory, different parts of the Universe could never have communicated with each other. It then is a mystery how they could have shared the same physical laws. This problem was solved by the introduction of the idea of inflation, a phase of extremely rapid expansion of the Universe during the first fraction of a second following the Big Bang. The author explains how the unity of the Universe finds its origin in the Big Bang prior to inflation. The book addresses the many fundamental questions about the Universe and its contents from the perspective of the Big Bang: the formation of structure in the Universe, the questions of the mysterious dark matter and dark energy, the possibilities of other Universes (the Multiverse) and of the existence of intelligent life elsewhere in the Universe.

The Big Bang Never Happened

A Startling Refutation of the Dominant Theory of the Origin of the Universe
Author: Eric Lerner
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 030777354X
Category: Science
Page: 496
View: 358

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A mesmerizing challenge to orthodox cosmology with powerful implications not only for cosmology itself but also for our notions of time, God, and human nature -- with a new Preface addressing the latest developments in the field. Far-ranging and provocative, The Big Bang Never Happened is more than a critique of one of the primary theories of astronomy -- that the universe appeared out of nothingness in a single cataclysmic explosion ten to twenty billion years ago. Drawing on new discoveries in particle physics and thermodynamics as well as on readings in history and philosophy, Eric J. Lerner confronts the values behind the Big Bang theory: the belief that mathematical formulae are superior to empirical observation; that the universe is finite and decaying; and that it could only come into being through some outside force. With inspiring boldness and scientific rigor, he offers a brilliantly orchestrated argument that generates explosive intellectual debate. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Origins of the Universe for Dummies


Author: Stephen Pincock,Mark Frary
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119998190
Category: Science
Page: 348
View: 5569

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Do you want to learn about the physical origin of the Universe, but don’t have the rest of eternity to read up on it? Do you want to know what scientists know about where you and your planet came from, but without the science blinding you? ‘Course you do – and who better than For Dummies to tackle the biggest, strangest and most wonderful question there is! The Origins of the Universe For Dummies covers: Early ideas about our universe Modern cosmology Big Bang theory Dark matter and gravity Galaxies and solar systems Life on earth Finding life elsewhere The Universe’s forecast

Endless Universe

Beyond the Big Bang
Author: Paul J. Steinhardt,Neil Turok
Publisher: Broadway Books
ISBN: 0385523114
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 8820

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Two world-renowned scientists present an audacious new vision of the cosmos that “steals the thunder from the Big Bang theory.” —Wall Street Journal The Big Bang theory—widely regarded as the leading explanation for the origin of the universe—posits that space and time sprang into being about 14 billion years ago in a hot, expanding fireball of nearly infinite density. Over the last three decades the theory has been repeatedly revised to address such issues as how galaxies and stars first formed and why the expansion of the universe is speeding up today. Furthermore, an explanation has yet to be found for what caused the Big Bang in the first place. In Endless Universe, Paul J. Steinhardt and Neil Turok, both distinguished theoretical physicists, present a bold new cosmology. Steinhardt and Turok “contend that what we think of as the moment of creation was simply part of an infinite cycle of titanic collisions between our universe and a parallel world” (Discover). They recount the remarkable developments in astronomy, particle physics, and superstring theory that form the basis for their groundbreaking “Cyclic Universe” theory. According to this theory, the Big Bang was not the beginning of time but the bridge to a past filled with endlessly repeating cycles of evolution, each accompanied by the creation of new matter and the formation of new galaxies, stars, and planets. Endless Universe provides answers to longstanding problems with the Big Bang model, while offering a provocative new view of both the past and the future of the cosmos. It is a “theory that could solve the cosmic mystery” (USA Today).

Cosmology and Controversy

The Historical Development of Two Theories of the Universe
Author: Helge Kragh
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691005461
Category: Science
Page: 500
View: 5736

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For over three millennia, most people could understand the universe only in terms of myth, religion, and philosophy. Between 1920 and 1970, cosmology transformed into a branch of physics. With this remarkably rapid change came a theory that would finally lend empirical support to many long-held beliefs about the origins and development of the entire universe: the theory of the big bang. In this book, Helge Kragh presents the development of scientific cosmology for the first time as a historical event, one that embroiled many famous scientists in a controversy over the very notion of an evolving universe with a beginning in time. In rich detail he examines how the big-bang theory drew inspiration from and eventually triumphed over rival views, mainly the steady-state theory and its concept of a stationary universe of infinite age. In the 1920s, Alexander Friedmann and Georges Lema�tre showed that Einstein's general relativity equations possessed solutions for a universe expanding in time. Kragh follows the story from here, showing how the big-bang theory evolved, from Edwin Hubble's observation that most galaxies are receding from us, to the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Sir Fred Hoyle proposed instead the steady-state theory, a model of dynamic equilibrium involving the continuous creation of matter throughout the universe. Although today it is generally accepted that the universe started some ten billion years ago in a big bang, many readers may not fully realize that this standard view owed much of its formation to the steady-state theory. By exploring the similarities and tensions between the theories, Kragh provides the reader with indispensable background for understanding much of today's commentary about our universe.

The Big Bang Theory

Edwin Hubble and the Origins of the Universe
Author: Fred Bortz
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1477718109
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 80
View: 5281

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This book guides readers through the trials of discovery by Edwin Hubble, after whom the Hubble space telescope is named. Chronicling Hubble's early years at the University of Chicago, to his discovery of spiral nebulae, to his later research into the expanding universe, readers experience Hubble's successes and failures in the discovery of the Big Bang.

Our Cosmic Origins

From the Big Bang to the Emergence of Life and Intelligence
Author: A. H. Delsemme
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521794800
Category: Nature
Page: 344
View: 5536

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Our Cosmic Origins, first published in 1998, traces the remarkable story of the emergence of life and intelligence right through the complex evolutionary history of the Universe. Armand Delsemme weaves together a rich tapestry of science, bringing together cosmology, astronomy, geology, biochemistry and biology in this wide-ranging book. In following the complex, chronological story, we discover how the first elements formed in the early Universe, how stars and planets were born, how the first bacteria evolved towards a plethora of plants and animals, and how the coupling of the eye and brain led to the development of self-awareness and, ultimately, intelligence. Professor Delsemme concludes with the tantalising suggestion that the existence of alien life and intelligence is likely, and examines our chances of contacting it. This provocative book provides the general reader with an accessible and wide-ranging account of how life evolved on Earth and how likely it is to exist elsewhere in the Universe.

The Creation of the Universe


Author: George Gamow
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486165485
Category: Science
Page: 160
View: 7991

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Lively and authoritative, this survey by a renowned physicist explains the formation of the galaxies and defines the concept of an ever-expanding universe in simple terms. 1961 edition. 40 figures.

Genesis and the Big Bang Theory

The Discovery Of Harmony Between Modern Science And The Bible
Author: Gerald Schroeder
Publisher: Bantam
ISBN: 0307806995
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 378

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In this groundbreaking book, physicist Gerald Schroeder takes on skeptics from both sides of the cosmological debate, arguing that science and the Bible are not at odds concerning the origin of the universe. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Moment of Creation

Big Bang Physics from Before the First Millisecond to the Present Universe
Author: James S. Trefil
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486152189
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 1512

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One of the founders of modern quark theory employs minimal mathematics and nontechnical terms to traverse the eons and bring readers within the first millisecond of the Big Bang, 1983 edition.

Elementary Cosmology

From Aristotle's Universe to the Big Bang and Beyond
Author: James J Kolata
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681741644
Category: Nature
Page: 122
View: 1001

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Cosmology is the study of the origin, size, and evolution of the entire universe. Every culture has developed a cosmology, whether it be based on religious, philosophical, or scientific principles. In this book, the evolution of the scientific understanding of the Universe in Western tradition is traced from the early Greek philosophers to the most modern 21st century view. After a brief introduction to the concept of the scientific method, the first part of the book describes the way in which detailed observations of the Universe, first with the naked eye and later with increasingly complex modern instruments, ultimately led to the development of the "Big Bang" theory. The second part of the book traces the evolution of the Big Bang including the very recent observation that the expansion of the Universe is itself accelerating with time.

Edwin Hubble, The Discoverer of the Big Bang Universe


Author: Alexander S. Sharov,Igor D. Novikov
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521416177
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 187
View: 5795

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This book is the first complete account of the scientific life and work of Edwin Hubble, whose discoveries firmly established the United States as the leading nation in observational astronomy. One of the outstanding astronomers of the twentieth century, Hubble discovered the expansion of the Universe. He opened the world of galaxies for science when he showed that spiral nebulae beyond the Milky Way are galaxies extending to the limits of the Universe, and participating in a general expansion of the cosmos. The exploding Universe of Hubble, now termed the Big Bang, determined the origin of the elements, of galaxies and of the stars. The second part of the book describes the fundamental discoveries on the nature of the Universe made subsequently, and thus sets his achievements in context. Written by two prominent astronomers who have built on Hubble's work, this book is a classic of science, setting out the thrilling story of the exploding Universe.

Georges Lemaître

The Big Bang Theory and the Origins of Our Universe
Author: 50MINUTES.COM,
Publisher: 50Minutes.com
ISBN: 2806294800
Category: Science
Page: 36
View: 1940

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Keen to learn but short on time? Get to grips with the life of Georges Lemaître in next to no time with this concise guide. 50Minutes.com provides a clear and engaging analysis of the work of Georges Lemaître. An unlikely combination of a priest and a physicist who was responsible for the theories of the expansion of the universe and the primeval atom, which today we accept and know collectively as the Big Bang theory, Lemaître was not widely credited or recognised for his theories when he first developed them. It was not until the accidental discovery of cosmic radiation many years later that the scientific community finally came to accept this man and his ideas. In just 50 minutes you will: • Understand Georges Lemaître’s theories of the expansion of the universe and of the primeval atom, now known as the Big Bang theory • Find out about his life and determination to reconcile his Catholic faith with his interest in physics • Learn about the accidental discoveries that eventually led to the confirmation of his theories ABOUT 50MINUTES.COM | History & Culture 50MINUTES.COM will enable you to quickly understand the main events, people, conflicts and discoveries from world history that have shaped the world we live in today. Our publications present the key information on a wide variety of topics in a quick and accessible way that is guaranteed to save you time on your journey of discovery.

Before the Big Bang

The Origins of the Universe
Author: Ernest J. Sternglass
Publisher: Thunder's Mouth Press
ISBN: 9781568581897
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 464

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Here is a radical approach to the Holy Grail of physics, the "theory of everything," and a new theory that the universe was formed from two particles.

The Dancing Universe

From Creation Myths to the Big Bang
Author: Marcelo Gleiser
Publisher: UPNE
ISBN: 1611683955
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 1433

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Available again, with a new preface, a physicist's "exceptionally clear summary of 2,500 years of science and a fascinating account of the ways in which it often does intersect with spiritual beliefs" --Kirkus Reviews

Time, Space, Stars and Man

The Story of the Big Bang
Author: Michael Mark Woolfson
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1848169361
Category: Science
Page: 496
View: 516

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The three greatest scientific mysteries, which remain poorly understood, are the origin of the universe, the origin of life and the development of consciousness. This book describes the processes preceding the Big Bang, the creation of matter, the concentration of that matter into stars and planets, the development of simple life forms and the theory of evolution that has given higher life forms, including mankind. There are many popular and excellent science books that present various aspects of science. However, this book follows a narrow scientific pathway from the Big Bang to mankind, and depicts the causal relationship between each step and the next. The science covered will be enough to satisfy most readers. Many important areas of science are dealt with, and these include cosmology, particle physics, atomic physics, galaxy and star formation, planet formation and aspects of evolution. The necessary science is described in a narrative form that general-interest readers should understand, without the use of equations or formulae. This 2nd edition includes several updates on the subjects that form the pillars of this book. They are: cosmology and astronomy, the features and formation of the solar system, the origin of life, and genetics and evolution. This book will appeal to readers with an interest in biology and those curious about the origins of the universe. Contents:MusingThe Universe:Christian Doppler and His EffectMeasuring Distances in the UniverseEdwin Hubble's Expanding UniverseA Weird and Wonderful UniverseMatter and the Universe:The Nature of MatterThe Big-Bang HypothesisHow Matter Can Clump TogetherThe Universe Develops StructureStars, Stellar Clusters and Galaxies:The First Stars are Born, Live and DieThe Formation of Globular ClustersMaking the Sun — and Similar StarsA Crowded EnvironmentThe Solar System:Understanding the Nature of the Solar SystemIntroducing the PlanetsSatellites Galore'Vermin of the Sky' and Other Small BodiesPlanets GaloreForming the Solar System:Making PlanetsShrinking Orbits and the SurvivalNow Satellites FormWhat Can Be Learnt from Meteorites?A Little-Bang Theory and the Terrestrial PlanetsThe Moon — Its Structure and HistoryThe Very Small Planets — Mars and MercurySmaller Bodies of the Solar SystemThe Origin of Isotopic Anomalies in MeteoritesLife on Earth:The Earth Settles Down — More-or-LessWhat is Life?Forms of LifeNineteenth Century Genetics — The Survival of the FittestTwentieth Century Genetics — The Alphabets of LifeLife Begins on EarthThe Restless EarthOxygen, Ozone and LifeThe Evolution of Life — From Archaea to Early MammalsEarly Mammals to ManMan and the EarthMusing Again Readership: Members of the general public who have an interest in popular science. Keywords:Cosmology;Astronomy;Planetary Science;Biology;EvolutionKey Features:This book covers a wide range of scienceIt is written in a form that is accessible to a well-read non-specialist as there are no equationsIt is well illustrated, which helps comprehension of the textReviews:“Woolfson does a credible job in this new edition. More than half of the volume deals with the cosmos; this content is mostly up-to-date and especially good.”CHOICE