Beyond Black and White

Transforming African-American Politics
Author: Manning Marable
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781859849248
Category: Social Science
Page: 236
View: 5791

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A generation removed from the Civil Rights Movement and the Black Power explosion of the 1960s, the pursuit of racial equality and social justice for African-Americans seems more elusive than ever. The realities of contemporary black America capture the nature of the crisis: life expectancy for black males is now below retirement age; median black income is less than 60 per cent that of whites; over 600,000 African-Americans are incarcerated in the US penal system; 23 per cent of all black males between the ages of eighteen and 29 are either in jail, on probation or parole, or awaiting trial. At the same time, affirmative action programs and civil rights reforms are being challenged by white conservatism. Confronted with a renascent right and the continuing burden of grotesque inequality, Manning Marable argues that the black struggle must move beyond previous strategies for social change. The politics of black nationalism, which advocates the building of separate black institutions, is an insufficient response. The politics of integration, characterized by traditional middle-class organizations like the NAACP and Urban League, seeks only representation without genuine power. Instead, a transformationist approach is required, one that can embrace the unique cultural identity of African-Americans while restructuring power and privilege in American society. Only a strategy of radical democracy can ultimately deconstruct race as a social force. Beyond Black and White brilliantly dissects the politics of race and class in the US of the 1990s. Topics include: the Clarence Thomas-Anita Hill controversy; the factors behind the rise and fall of Jesse Jackson's Rainbow Coalition: Benjamin Chavis and the conflicts within the NAAPC; and the national debate over affirmative action. Marable outlines the current debates in the black community between liberals, 'Afrocentrists', and the advocates of social transformation. He advances a political vision capable of drawing together minorities into a majority which can throw open the portals of power and govern in its own name.

Die Erben des Malcolm X

Afroamerikanische Muslime zwischen Widerstand und Anpassung
Author: Katrin Simon
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839426685
Category: Social Science
Page: 362
View: 501

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Seit dem 19. Jahrhundert finden Afroamerikaner im Islam eine attraktive Alternative zum Christentum. Prominente Konvertiten wie Malcolm X und Muhammad Ali sind Ikonen eines Islam, der auf Selbstdisziplinierung und Aufstiegswillen setzt. Anhand ethnographischer Quellen und deren Einordnung in sozialwissenschaftliche Diskurse zu US-Geschichte und Gesellschaft zeigt Katrin Simon auf eindrückliche Weise, dass der »Black Islam« ein eigenständiges Phänomen ist, der sich vom Islam der Einwanderer unterscheidet. So entsteht ein einmaliger Blick in ein Amerika, in dem Ghetto-Imame und verschleierte Feministinnen gegen Rassismus auch in den eigenen Reihen kämpfen.

Black Politics Today

The Era of Socioeconomic Transition
Author: Theodore J. Davis Jr.
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136975209
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 5717

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The late 1980s ushered in a new era of black politics, the socioeconomic transition era. Coming on the heels of the protest era and politics era, the current stage is characterized by the emergence of a new black middle class that came of age after the Civil Rights struggle. Although class still isn’t a strong factor in the external politics of the black community, it is increasingly a wedge issue in the community’s internal politics. Black politics today is increasingly less about the interest of the larger group and more about the interest of smaller subgroups within the community. Theodore J. Davis Jr. argues that the greatest threat to the social and political cohesiveness of the so-called black community may be the rise of a socially and economically privileged group among the ranks of black America. This rift has affected blacks’ ability to organize effectively and influence politics. Davis traces the changes in economic status, public opinion, political power and participation, and leadership over three generations of black politics. The result is an insightful analysis of black politics today.

Race in 21st Century America


Author: Curtis Stokes,Theresa Meléndez,Gernice Rhodes-Reed
Publisher: MSU Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 465
View: 5614

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Race in 21st Century America tackles the problematic and emotionally laden idea of race in the United States; it brings together intellectuals and scholar activists who present critical and often conflicting appraisals of how race remains a central component of the nation's social landscape and political culture, and shows how Americans might begin to move beyond the strictures of race and racism.

The New Plantation

Black Athletes, College Sports, and Predominantly White NCAA Institutions
Author: B. Hawkins
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023010553X
Category: Education
Page: 238
View: 2300

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The New Plantation examines the controversial relationship between predominantly White NCAA Division I Institutions (PWI s) and black athletes, utilizing an internal colonial model. It provides a much-needed in-depth analysis to fully comprehend the magnitude of the forces at work that impact black athletes experiences at PWI s. Hawkins provides a conceptual framework for understanding the structural arrangements of PWI s and how they present challenges to Black athletes academic success; yet, challenges some have overcome and gone on to successful careers, while many have succumbed to these prevailing structural arrangements and have not benefited accordingly. The work is a call for academic reform, collective accountability from the communities that bear the burden of nurturing this athletic talent and the institutions that benefit from it, and collective consciousness to the Black male athletes that make of the largest percentage of athletes who generate the most revenue for the NCAA and its member institutions. Its hope is to promote a balanced exchange in the athletic services rendered and the educational services received.

Politics Beyond Black and White

Biracial Identity and Attitudes in America
Author: Lauren D. Davenport
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108425984
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 3871

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This book investigates the social and political implications of the US multiracial population, which has surged in recent decades.

Representing the Race

A New Political History of African American Literature
Author: Gene Andrew Jarrett
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814743870
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 276
View: 7568

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The political value of African American literature has long been a topic of great debate among American writers, both black and white, from Thomas Jefferson to Barack Obama. In his compelling new book, Representing the Race, Gene Andrew Jarrett traces the genealogy of this topic in order to develop an innovative political history of African American literature. Jarrett examines texts of every sortOCopamphlets, autobiographies, cultural criticism, poems, short stories, and novelsOCoto parse the myths of authenticity, popular culture, nationalism, and militancy that have come to define African American political activism in recent decades. He argues that unless we show the diverse and complex ways that African American literature has transformed society, political myths will continue to limit our understanding of this intellectual tradition. Cultural forums ranging from the printing press, schools, and conventions, to parlors, railroad cars, and courtrooms provide the backdrop to this African American literary history, while the foreground is replete with compelling stories, from the debate over racial genius in early American history and the intellectual culture of racial politics after slavery, to the tension between copyright law and free speech in contemporary African American culture, to the political audacity of Barack ObamaOCOs creative writing. Erudite yet accessible, Representing the Race is a bold explanation of whatOCOs at stake in continuing to politicize African American literature in the new millennium."

The South in Black and White

Race, Sex, and Literature in the 1940s
Author: McKay Jenkins
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 215
View: 8687

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Discusses the changing nature of racial politics in the 1940s South as revealed in the works of four white writers who themselves had uneasy relationships with their own white culture: W. J. Cash, William Alexander Percy, Lillian Smith, and Carson McCullers.

Con/Tradition

Louis Farrakhan's Nation of Islam, the Million Man March, and American Civil Religion
Author: Frank Kelleter
Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 136
View: 1737

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Discussing the Million Man March of October 16, 1995 as a turning point in the history of African American protest, this volume offers five interpretive contexts to demarcate its cultural location: The March is analyzed as a struggle within the African American political establishment (1), as an attempt at unified black action against a new politics of white resentment (2), and as the Nation of Islam's (NOI) most visible self-dramatization since its founding in the 1930s (3). Relying on these themes, a rhetorical analysis of Louis Farrakhan's speech at the March uncovers the NOI's uneasy yet intimate relationship with the rituals of American civil religion (4). Finally, Con/Tradition addresses Farrakhan's influence on black HipHop culture and academic Afrocentrism (5).

Ethnic studies research

approaches and perspectives
Author: Timothy P. Fong
Publisher: Altamira Pr
ISBN: 9780759111417
Category: Social Science
Page: 562
View: 6928

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An invaluable resource for students and service practitioners alike, Ethnic Studies Research reflects on important trends in ethnic studies offering a breadth of understanding on critical topics pertaining to the discipline.

Taíno Revival

Critical Perspectives on Puerto Rican Identity and Cultural Politics
Author: Gabriel Haslip-Viera
Publisher: Markus Wiener Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 162
View: 8291

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"Modern critics now claim that the Taino heritage has been canonized through state-sponsored institutions, such as festivals, museums, and textbooks, at the expense of blacks. In the past, officials, alarmed at the black majorities on the other Caribbean Islands, tried to "whiten" Puerto Rican society by calling all people of color Tainos. Others complain that the Taino revival lost its fervor, evolving from an anti-colonialist movement to a mere fashionable trend. Still the Taino heritage remains a central part of Puerto Rican Identity in the 21st century."--BOOK JACKET.

Frantz Fanon

conflicts and feminisms
Author: T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 122
View: 3102

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Represents a bold examination of previous feminist criticisms of Fanon and argues that Fanon's writings on women and resistance provide the formative kernels of a liberating praxis for women existing under colonial and neocolonial oppression.

Oppression, Privilege, and Resistance

Theoretical Perspectives on Racism, Sexism, and Heterosexism
Author: Lisa Maree Heldke,Peg O'Connor
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social
ISBN: 9780072882438
Category: Philosophy
Page: 791
View: 9367

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This anthology is based on a distinct theoretical framework that provides coherence and cohesion to the readings included, presenting the phenomena of racism, sexism, heterosexism, and classism as interlocking systems of oppression. Resting upon this oppression model are two sets of theories, one concerned with the phenomenon of privilege--the companion of oppression--and the other with resistance--the response to oppression. The significant number of readings addressing the different forms that resistance takes are perhaps the most important part of the book for students struggling with the questions "What is being done?" and "What can I do?"

Sociological Abstracts


Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Kritik der schwarzen Vernunft


Author: Achille Mbembe
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518738488
Category: Political Science
Page: 332
View: 7542

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Der globale Kapitalismus hat seit seiner Entstehung immer schon nicht nur Waren, sondern auch »Rassen« und »Spezies« produziert. Ihm liegt ein rassistisches Denken, eine »schwarze Vernunft« zugrunde, wie der große afrikanische Philosoph und Vordenker des Postkolonialismus Achille Mbembe in seinem brillanten und mitreißenden neuen Buch zeigt. In kraftvollen Linien zeichnet Mbembe die Genese unserer Gegenwart nach, indem er darstellt, wie sich der globale Kapitalismus seit dem Beginn der Neuzeit aus dem transatlantischen Sklavenhandel entwickelt hat. In dieser Zeit steigt Europa zum Zentrum der Welt auf und kreiert die Figur des »Negers«, des »Menschen-Materials«, der »Menschen-Ware«, die über den »schwarzen Atlantik« gehandelt wird. Mit dem Abolitionismus, der Revolution in Haiti, dem Antikolonialismus oder der amerikanischen Bürgerrechtsbewegung kommt zwar seit der Aufklärung eine erste globale Welle der Kritik an der Sklaverei und der »schwarzen Vernunft« des Kapitalismus auf. Dieser breitet sich jedoch in seiner neoliberalen Spielart unaufhaltsam weiter aus und überträgt die Figur des »Negers« nun auf die gesamte »subalterne Menschheit«. In diesem Prozess des »Schwarzwerdens der Welt«, so die radikale Kritik Mbembes, bilden auch Europa und seine Bürger mittlerweile nur noch eine weitere Provinz im weltumspannenden Imperium des neoliberalen Kapitalismus.

Die Unsterblichkeit der Henrietta Lacks

Die Geschichte der HeLa-Zellen
Author: Rebecca Skloot
Publisher: Irisiana
ISBN: 3641051754
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 512
View: 1370

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Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.

Beyond Black

biracial identity in America
Author: Kerry Rockquemore,David L. Brunsma,Joe R. Feagin
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
ISBN: 9780742560543
Category: Psychology
Page: 193
View: 3570

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The urgent debate over a multiracial category in the 2000 census forced the nation to reflect upon the important questions of what it means to construct and maintain a racial identity. Using in-depth interviews and survey data, Beyond Black documents how biracial people develop many different racial identities and how these self-understandings are derived from historical and contemporary social, cultural, interactional, and psychological processes.

Zwischen mir und der Welt


Author: Ta-Nehisi Coates
Publisher: Hanser Berlin
ISBN: 3446251952
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 776

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Wenn in den USA schwarze Teenager von Polizisten ermordet werden, ist das nur ein Problem von individueller Verfehlung? Nein, denn rassistische Gewalt ist fest eingewebt in die amerikanische Identität – sie ist das, worauf das Land gebaut ist. Afroamerikaner besorgten als Sklaven seinen Reichtum und sterben als freie Bürger auf seinen Straßen. In seinem schmerzhaften, leidenschaftlichen Manifest verdichtet Ta-Nehisi Coates amerikanische und persönliche Geschichte zu einem Appell an sein Land, sich endlich seiner Vergangenheit zu stellen. Sein Buch wurde in den USA zum Nr.-1-Bestseller und ist schon jetzt ein Klassiker, auf den sich zukünftig alle Debatten um Rassismus beziehen werden.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 5121

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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.