Berber Government

The Kabyle Polity in Pre-colonial Algeria
Author: Hugh Roberts
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1845112512
Category: History
Page: 224
View: 3251

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The Berber identity movement in North Africa was pioneered by the Kabyles of Algeria. But a preoccupation with identity and language has obscured the fact that Kabyle dissidence has been rooted in democratic aspirations inspired by the political traditions of Kabylia itself, a Berber-speaking region in the north of Algeria. The political organisation of pre-colonial Kabylia, from which these traditions originate, was well-described by nineteenth-century French ethnographers. But their inability to explain it led to a trend amongst later theorists of Berber society, such as Ernest Gellner and Pierre Bourdieu, to dismiss Kabylia's political institutions, notably the jema'a (assembly or council), and to reduce Berber politics to a function of social structure and shared religion. In Berber Government, Hugh Roberts, a renowned expert on North Africa, uncovers and explores the remarkable logics of Kabyle political organisation. Combining political anthropology and political and social history in an interdisciplinary analysis, Roberts challenges the excessive emphasis on kinship and religion in the study of the Maghreb.

Berber Government

The Kabyle Polity in Pre-colonial Algeria
Author: Hugh Roberts
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857736892
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 6360

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The Berber identity movement in North Africa was pioneered by the Kabyles of Algeria. But a preoccupation with identity and language has obscured the fact that Kabyle dissidence has been rooted in democratic aspirations inspired by the political traditions of Kabylia itself, a Berber-speaking region in the north of Algeria. The political organisation of pre-colonial Kabylia, from which these traditions originate, was well described by nineteenth-century French authors. But their inability to explain it encouraged later theorists of Berber society, such as Ernest Gellner and Pierre Bourdieu, to dismiss Kabylia’s political institutions, notably the jema‘a (assembly or council), and to reduce Berber politics to a function of social structure and shared religion. In Berber Government, Hugh Roberts, a renowned expert on North Africa, explores the remarkable logics of Kabyle political organisation and the unusual degree of autonomy it possessed in relation to both kinship divisions and the religious field. This book further offers a pioneering account of the social and political history of Kabylia during the Ottoman period and establishes a radically new way to understand the complex place of the Kabyles in Algerian politics.

Berber Government

The Kabyle Polity in Pre-colonial Algeria
Author: Hugh Roberts
Publisher: I.B. Tauris
ISBN: 9781784537661
Category:
Page: 352
View: 8951

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The Berber identity movement in North Africa was pioneered by the Kabyles of Algeria. But a preoccupation with identity and language has obscured the fact that Kabyle dissidence has been rooted in democratic aspirations inspired by the political traditions of Kabylia itself, a Berber-speaking region in the north of Algeria. The political organisation of pre-colonial Kabylia, from which these traditions originate, was well described by nineteenth-century French authors. But their inability to explain it encouraged later theorists of Berber society, such as Ernest Gellner and Pierre Bourdieu, to dismiss Kabylia's political institutions, notably the jema'a (assembly or council), and to reduce Berber politics to a function of social structure and shared religion. In Berber Government, Hugh Roberts, a renowned expert on North Africa, explores the remarkable logics of Kabyle political organisation and the unusual degree of autonomy it possessed in relation to both kinship divisions and the religious field. This book further offers a pioneering account of the social and political history of Kabylia during the Ottoman period and establishes a radically new way to understand the complex place of the Kabyles in Algerian politics.

Imperial Identities

Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Race in Colonial Algeria, New Edition
Author: Patricia M. E. Lorcin
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803249713
Category: History
Page: 363
View: 9847

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Imperial Identities is a groundbreaking book that addresses identity formation in colonial Algeria of two predominant ethnicities and analyzes French attitudes in the context of nineteenth-century ideologies. Patricia M. E. Lorcin explores the process through which ethnic categories and cultural distinctions were developed and used as instruments of social control in colonial society. She examines the circumstances that gave rise to and the influences that shaped the colonial images of “good” Kabyle and “bad” Arab (usually referred to as the Kabyle myth) in Algeria. In this new edition of Imperial Identities, Lorcin addresses the related scholarship that has appeared since the book’s original publication, looks at postindependence issues relevant to the Arab/Berber question, and discusses the developments in Algeria and France connected to Arab/Berber politics, including the 1980 Berber Spring and the 1992–2002 civil war. The new edition also contains a full and updated bibliography.

Islam, the People and the State

Essays on Political Ideas and Movements in the Middle East
Author: Sami Zubaida
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850437345
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 1625

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The recent prominence of Islamic politics in the Middle East, notably the Iranian revolution and its ramifications, has raised important questions about society, politics and culture. It has posed a challenge to the main theoretical approaches in the social sciences from Marxism to modernization theory and it has given some credence to the idea that the world of Islam is essentially distinct from Europe, and follows a course of development dictated by its own history and culture. In this book, Sami Zubaida challenges these diverse opinions in favour of a general political sociology capable of dealing with the historical and cultural personalities of societies and situations in the region. He argues that rather than being "revivals" of historical ideas and institutions, current political and social developments in the Islamic World are, in fact, uniquely modern phenomena.

Converting Persia

Religion and Power in the Safavid Empire
Author: Rula Jurdi Abisaab
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860649707
Category: History
Page: 243
View: 3578

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Under the Safavids (1501-1736 CE) Persia adopted Shi'ism as its official religion. Rula Abisaab explains how and why this specific brand of Shi'ism--urban and legally-based--was brought to the region by leading Arab 'Ulama from Ottoman Syria, and changed the face of the region until this day. These emigre scholars furnished distinct sources of legitimacy for the Safavid monarchs, and an ideological defense against the Ottomans. Just as important at the time was a conscious and vivid process of Persianization both at the state level and in society. Converting Persia is vital reading for anthropologists, historians and scholars of religion, and any interested in Safavid Persia, in Shi'ism, and in the wider history of the Middle East.

Village, Steppe and State

The Social Origins of Modern Jordan
Author: Eugene Rogan,Tariq Tell
Publisher: British Academic Press
ISBN: 9781850438298
Category: History
Page: 226
View: 5595

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The contributors to this text on the origins of modern Jordan have based their approach on original fieldwork and archives in Jordan, rather than on foreign archives, and avoid viewing the Jordanian state in the context of British imperial policy and the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Kazakhstan

Power and the Elite
Author: Sally Cummings
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860648540
Category: History
Page: 202
View: 8630

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This is a study of potentially unstable ruling elite in Kazakhstan – a key Central Asian state.

The Seljuks of Anatolia

Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East
Author: Andrew Peacock,Sara Nur Yildiz
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848858876
Category: History
Page: 308
View: 1011

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One of the most powerful dynasties to rule in the medieval Middle East, the Seljuks played a critical role in the development of Anatolia's multi-ethnic, multi-confessional identity. Under Seljuk rule (c. 1081-1308) the formerly Christian Byzantine territories of Anatolia were transformed by the development of Muslim culture, society and politics, and it was then - well before the arrival of the Ottomans - that a Turkish population became firmly established in these lands. Here, Andrew Peacock and Sara Nur Yildiz explore the history of Anatolia under Seljuk rule in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, examining developments in culture, politics, religion and society and shedding new light on the influence of the dynasty within Anatolia and throughout Western Asia. The Seljuks of Anatolia will therefore be of great interest to researchers with interests in Byzantium as well as the material culture and society of the medieval Islamic world.

Journey into Barbary

Travels Across Morocco
Author: Wyndham Lewis
Publisher: Tauris Parke Paperbacks
ISBN: 1780763522
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 240
View: 4431

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In the spring and summer of 1931, Wyndham Lewis travelled to the westernmost part of the Berber heartland in Morocco, known traditionally as 'Barbary'. Wanting to avoid what he called 'the Baedekered blight' of Anglo-American tourism, he set out for the majestic High Atlas mountains with pens and watercolours to record, in words and images, the rich traditional culture and changing face of the wild, isolated Berber tribes who carved a harsh life out of Morocco's remotest regions. The result is a blend of two arts, the literary skill of a detached and humorous observer, mixed with the drawings of one of the 20th century's most exciting and original artists. Through the eyes of a creative genius, Journey into Barbary is both an inimitable portrait of Morocco and one of the first truly modern accounts of a country that had for so long remained an enigma to generations of travellers.

Water and Politics in Turkey

Structural Change and EU Accession
Author: Vakur Sumer
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781784532420
Category:
Page: 304
View: 4637

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The Water Framework Directive of the European Union is the centrepiece legislation for the management of European waters. It is regarded by many as the most significant piece of European environmental legislation ever introduced and it demands a fundamental change in the way that water resources planning and management is understood. As Turkey approaches EU membership it faces the challenge of implementing the requirements of the WFD by the date of its accession to the union, something that will require major structural change and financial investment. Water and Politics in Turkey provides a comprehensive, detailed and authoritative examination of all aspects water management and water resources in Turkey, from evaluation of existing institutions and practices to assessing the difficulties inherent in the enormous changes that must be implemented as Turkey prepares for EU membership. It will be essential reading for water professionals, policy makers, environmentalists, and all those with an interest in Turkey the workings of the European Union.

Charles Sheeler

Modernism, Precisionism and the Borders of Abstraction
Author: Mark Rawlinson
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857711261
Category: Art
Page: 210
View: 2778

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Charles Sheeler was the stark poet of the machine age. Photographer of the Ford Motor Company and founder of the painting movement Precisionism, he is remembered as a promoter of - and apologist for - the industrialised capitalist ethic. This major new rethink of one of the key figures of American modernism argues that Sheeler’s true relationship to progress was in fact highly negative, his ‘precisionism’ both skewed and imprecise. Covering the entire oeuvre from photography to painting and drawing attention to the inconsistencies, curiosities and 'puzzles' embedded in Sheeler’s work, Rawlinson reveals a profound critique of the processes of rationalisation and the conditions of modernity. The book argues finally for a re-evaluation of Sheeler's often dismissed late work which, it suggests, may only be understood through a radical shift in our understanding of the work of this prominent figure.

The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African States


Author: Bruce Maddy-Weitzman
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292745052
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 3368

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Like many indigenous groups that have endured centuries of subordination, the Berber/Amazigh peoples of North Africa are demanding linguistic and cultural recognition and the redressing of injustices. Indeed, the movement seeks nothing less than a refashioning of the identity of North African states, a rewriting of their history, and a fundamental change in the basis of collective life. In so doing, it poses a challenge to the existing political and sociocultural orders in Morocco and Algeria, while serving as an important counterpoint to the oppositionist Islamist current. This is the first book-length study to analyze the rise of the modern ethnocultural Berber/Amazigh movement in North Africa and the Berber diaspora. Bruce Maddy-Weitzman begins by tracing North African history from the perspective of its indigenous Berber inhabitants and their interactions with more powerful societies, from Hellenic and Roman times, through a millennium of Islam, to the era of Western colonialism. He then concentrates on the marginalization and eventual reemergence of the Berber question in independent Algeria and Morocco, against a background of the growing crisis of regime legitimacy in each country. His investigation illuminates many issues, including the fashioning of official national narratives and policies aimed at subordinating Berbers in an Arab nationalist and Islamic-centered universe; the emergence of a counter-movement promoting an expansive Berber "imagining" that emphasizes the rights of minority groups and indigenous peoples; and the international aspects of modern Berberism.

Diversity and Pluralism in Islam

Historical and Contemporary Discourses Amongst Muslims
Author: Zulfikar Hirji
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857712160
Category: Religion
Page: 272
View: 6755

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For more than fourteen hundred years Muslims have held multiple and diverging views about many aspects of their religious tradition including religious authority, ritual practice, political power, law and governance, civic life, and the form and content of individual and communal expressions. Muslims have regularly debated amongst themselves about these issues. Despite the diversity amongst Muslims and the plurality of understandings about Islam, Muslims are frequently portrayed as internally homogenous and monolithic. This book challenges such propositions by examining the ways in whichMuslims debate amongst themselves about matters of common concern, the processes by which they discursively construct notions of self, other and community, and the socio-cultural tools they employ in so doing._x000D_ _x000D_ The contributions of J. W. Allan, John Bowen, Patrice Brodeur, Zulfikar Hirji, R. Kevin Jaques, Dominique-Sila khan, Roman Loimeier and Roy P. Mottahedeh examine the implicit and explicit discourses on difference amongst Muslims in Indonesia, Iran, India, the historical Middle East, Coastal East Africa, Senegal, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America. The studies in this volume approach the issues of Muslim plurality and pluralism from a wide range of disciplines including anthropology, history, literature, political theory, comparative religions and Islamic studies. This book will appeal to scholars and readers interested in exploring Muslim diversity, pluralism, and how human societies contend with plurality._x000D_

Gods, Demigods and Demons

An Encyclopedia of Greek Mythology
Author: Bernard Evslin
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1453264388
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 236
View: 2217

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The essential companion guide for all readers of Greek mythology Do you know the story behind Pandora’s Box, or the difference between Hercules and Heracles? Turn to this alphabetic encyclopedia, with more than 540 entries detailing all the major and minor characters, events, and settings of Greek mythology, from an introduction to the nymph Acantha to a succinct characterization of Zeus, the all-powerful ruler of the gods. This invaluable reference covers all types of heroes, gods, demigods, creatures, demons, and notable mortals, with their classic stories retold in riveting summaries. This comprehensive guide brings Greek mythology to life, and includes a helpful pronunciation key.

Reform and Modernity in Islam

The Philosophical, Cultural and Political Discourses Among Muslim Reformers
Author: Safdar Ahmed
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848857357
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 6203

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The debate over Islam and modernity tends to be approached from a Eurocentric perspective that presents Western norms as a template for progress - against which Islamic societies can be measured. This misses the historical development of Muslim reformist thought that actively engages with the world around it and seeks to reconfigure Islam within the diverse conditions of modernity. Safdar Ahmed paints a complex and nuanced picture that goes beyond the idea that Muslim reformers have either reproduced or reacted against Western ideas. Rather, Ahmed argues, they have reconstructed and appropriated these ideas, and so the thread of Western influence runs through modern Islamic thought on nationalism and sovereignty, femininity and gender. Ahmed uncovers new historiographical perspectives by critically examining the work of prominent intellectuals, such as Muhammad Abduh, Qasim Amin and Abdul A'la Maududi.

The Battlefield

Algeria 1988–2002: Studies in a Broken Polity
Author: Hugh Roberts
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 1786630648
Category: History
Page: 430
View: 6404

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The violence that has ravaged Algeria has often defied explanation. Regularly invoked in debates about political Islam, transitions to democracy, globalization, and the right of humanitarian interference, Algeria’s tragedy has been reduced to a clash of stereotypes: Islamists vs. a secular state, terrorists vs. innocent civilians, or generals vs. a defenseless society. The prevalence of such simplistic representations has disabled public opinion inside as well as outside the country and contributed to the intractability of the conflict. This collection of essays offers a radical corrective to Western misconceptions. Rejecting the usual tautological approaches of inherent, predetermined conflict, Hugh Roberts explores the outlook and evolution of the various internal forces as they emerged—the Islamists, the Berberists, the factions within the army, and the regime in general—and he looks at external interests and actors. He explains their strategies and the maneuvers in which they have engaged. The resulting analyses illuminate the startling dynamics of the conflict and the real issues at stake, and identify the implications not only for Algeria but also for this crucial region. Informed by a deep knowledge of Algeria and Algerian history, these accessible essays guide the reader through the extraordinary politics of the drama in all its complexity.

Failed Alliances of the Cold War

Britain's Strategy and Ambitions in Asia and the Middle East
Author: Panagiotis Dimitrakis
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848859740
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 4614

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The Cold War was a period of intense geopolitical rivalry, in which diplomacy and international relations in Asia and the Middle East acquired huge global significance. In this study, Panagiotis Dimitrakis explores British policy towards SEATO (South East Asia Treaty Organization) and CENTO (Central Treaty Organization). Designed in the 1950s to counter the Soviet Union’s attempts to expand its global influence, these alliances with Asian and Middle Eastern powers were the focus of Western efforts to maintain their regional presence. Yet they failed to bring together the differing aims and ambitions of their regional members, and were dissolved in 1977 and 1979 respectively. This study, based on recently declassified documents, examines the Cold War policies of the United States, Iran, and Turkey as well as Pakistan’s relations with India and the effects of British diplomacy on the war in Vietnam. Charting the repeated failures of Britain and the United States to come to the defence of their allies in Asia and the Middle East, Failed Alliances of the Cold War will be a crucial point of reference for scholars of the Cold War.

The Fall of Muammar Gaddafi

NATO's Unnecessary War in Libya
Author: Hugh Roberts
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781844679485
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
View: 9931

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Widely respected North Africa expert's dissenting analysis of NATO's war against Gaddafi. The campaign against the regime of Muammar Gaddafi was the first NATO war in North Africa since Algeria’s FLN defeated France. NATO claimed that it acted on behalf of the people of Libya to prevent the indiscriminate slaughter of the civilian populace. Yet, Hugh Roberts, one of the most widely respected scholars of North Africa, reveals these justifications to be baseless. Meanwhile, the bombing campaign, combined with civil war, has caused perhaps as many as 25,000 deaths, many more injuries, and the displacement of hundreds of thousands. Hugh Roberts provides an informed and balanced account of Gaddafi’s rise to power and decades-long rule, detailing the West’s shifting policies, which isolated him, embraced him, and then bombed him. Whose interests were really at stake? What are the prospects for the National Transitional Council? Roberts’s study is the first to put the Libyan war into a context that includes Afghanistan, Iraq, and the complex balance of forces in North Africa.

Goering

Hitler's Iron Knight
Author: Richard Overy
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848859325
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 311
View: 4508

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Originally published: Goering, the "iron man" / Richard Overy. Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984.