Bandidos

The Varieties of Latin American Banditry
Author: Richard W. Slatta
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 218
View: 6122

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This collection explores the varieties of banditry in Latin America and provides a major comparative testing of Hobsbawm's model of the social bandit. Comprised of a unique collection of essays, it contributes to a more accurate understanding of bandit leaders and followers, as well as to the analysis of banditry as a social phenomenon.

A Wandering Galilean: Essays in Honour of Seán Freyne


Author: Zuleika Rodgers,Margaret Daly-Denton,Anne Fitzpatrick-McKinley
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9047427017
Category: Religion
Page: 640
View: 3473

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Reflecting the wide-ranging research interests of Seán Freyne, the essays in this volume address issues related to the study of Judaism from the Persian period to the Cairo Geniza, and from the development of the Christian movement to the early modern mapping of Galilee.

Kinship and Polity in the Poema de Mío Cid


Author: Michael Harney
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9781557530394
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 285
View: 9600

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This study of the social content of the only Spanish epic surviving in more or less complete form provides a means of assessing the motives and intentions of the protagonist and of other characters. Chapters are devoted to such themes as the significance of kinship and lineage; amity as a system of fictive kinship, personal honor, and public organization; the importance of women and the meaning and function of marriage, dowry, and related practices; the emergence of polity as the result of a rivalry of social, legal, and economic systems; and the implications, within an essentially kin-ordered world, of the poem's notions of shame, honor, status, and social inequality.

Taking Charge

Crisis Intervention in Criminal Justice
Author: Anne T. Romano
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313268908
Category: Law
Page: 183
View: 3108

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This volume, written for police officers, auxiliary police, probation and parole agents, and correctional personnel, offers a comprehensive guide to crisis intervention within the context of the criminal justice system. Aimed at helping criminal justice professionals develop the skills necessary to defuse and resolve a wide variety of crisis situations, the book examines specific types of crises in detail, analyzes their causes and how people react to them, and demonstrates techniques that can help the intervener "take charge" of situations for those persons temporarily unable to help themselves.

Handbook of Latin American Studies


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Latin America
Page: 797
View: 5529

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Contains records describing books, book chapters, articles, and conference papers published in the field of Latin American studies. Coverage includes relevant books as well as over 800 social science and 550 humanities journals and volumes of conference proceedings. Most records include abstracts with evaluations.

Venezuela


Author: David Alan Gilmour Waddell
Publisher: Oxford, England ; Santa Barbara, Calif. : Clio Press
ISBN: 9781851091065
Category: History
Page: 206
View: 5386

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Police Pursuit Driving

Controlling Responses to Emergency Situations
Author: Geoffrey P. Alpert,Roger G. Dunham
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 185
View: 9306

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Using the analogy between improper use of firearms and improper pursuit driving, Alpert and Dunham analyze the police car as a potentially dangerous weapon. The book is based upon information gathered over several years in Dade County (Miami), Florida. The data, which includes details of deaths, injuries, and property damage as well as arrests and apprehensions of felony suspects, are presented not to scare the reader, but to assist the public, members of the law enforcement community, and politicians to understand more clearly the role of pursuit in policing and crime control.

Doing Time in American Prisons

A Study of Modern Novels
Author: Dennis Massey
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: N.A
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 245
View: 3239

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This is a study of novels by Chester Himes, Malcolm Braly, and others on the experience of doing time in American prisons. The authors are all convicts or ex-convicts who were not professional writers before their incarceration. In fact, Massey notes, the confinement seems to have motivated them to put their experiences into words. Most of the prisoners were incarcerated for armed robbery, one of the most common felonies in the United States. The relationship between that crime and the American Dream has social and political implications, but these writers are neither prisoners of conscience nor prisoners of war. How these writers describe the harsh prison environment reveals patterns and themes common to most prison novels. Although an atmosphere of violence abounds, a sense of camaraderie and an extended home feeling are equally strong characteristics of the prison novels. The writers make it clear that within prisons, inmates change, for better or worse, and sometimes this change results in positive growth.

The Structure of Criminal Procedure

Laws and Practice of France, the Soviet Union, China, and the United States
Author: Barton L. Ingraham
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780313254314
Category: Criminal procedure
Page: 196
View: 3045

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Marijuana

costs of abuse, costs of control
Author: Mark Kleiman
Publisher: Greenwood Pub Group
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 197
View: 5284

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A timely, tightly reasoned, thought-provoking examination of ways to select policies for the enforcement of federal marijuana drug laws. Choice Mark Kleiman has written a thorough . . . analysis of federal law enforcement policy options regarding marijuana. The genesis of this work began when he worked as a policy analyst with the U.S. Department of Justice. . . . Kleiman presents a number of major arguments against increased federal enforcement of laws prohibiting marijuana, including that it would: (1) increase the use of other drugs such as PCP and alcohol, (2) increase drug dealing and theft among adolescent users, and (3) increase the involvement of organized crime in the illicit distribution and sale of marijuana due to the attraction of greater profits. Regarding this last item, he argues that as enforcement efforts increase it gives people with a propensity for using violence and corruption a competitive advantage in the marijuana trade. Because Kleiman argues for a severe curtailment of federal law enforcement efforts against marijuana, it will stimulate the debate about the role of federal law with regard to marijuana. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice How, and how vigorously, should U.S. federal law enforcement agencies enforce the laws against dealing in marijuana? This book assesses alternative ways of enforcing marijuana laws at the federal level. Marijuana grew out of work begun by Kleiman in 1981-1982 when, as a drug policy analyst for the Department of Justice, he was trying to calculate how an increase in enforcement resources would serve the twin goals of reducing drug abuse and limiting the power and wealth of large criminal organizations. This volume reproduces that analysis, using newer data, and compares results up to 1985-1986 with expectations. It is intended not to second-guess what was done, but to suggest how such choices ought to be made in the future. Kleiman divides his analysis into three parts. First, he identifies what is at stake in marijuana consumption and dealing, estimates the size of the problem, and discusses the criteria to be used in judging a policy recommendation. The second part is devoted to developing a theory of drug dealing and its response to varying levels of enforcement pressure. The remainder of the book applies that theory to the real world and discusses the policy options available now. Kleiman's conclusions are pessimistic about the ability of federal enforcement to influence marijuana consumption. His analysis supports both a reduction in federal marijuana enforcement efforts and a redirection towards the most violent dealing groups. As a study of a critical problem in contemporary American society and as a work of policy analysis, Marijuana will be challenging reading for political scientists, economists, policy analysts, and members of those agencies dealing with drug law enforcement. The serious general reader also will find it thought provoking.

Demographics and Criminality

The Characteristics of Crime in America
Author: Ronald B. Flowers
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 207
View: 5532

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As the problem of crime continues to worsen in the 1980s, the need for up-to-date, comprehensive information on its dynamics and incidence increases. This work, the fourth in a four-volume series, is the first study to focus exclusively on demographic trends in criminality and victimization for crime as a whole. Concerned with the broad picture of crime in America as well as specific demographic correlates and characteristics, it develops profiles of patterns in criminality and suggests ways of applying this demographic data to promote more effective crime control. Flowers begins by exploring the demographic aggregate features of crime and victimization in America, as well as geographical and temporal trends. The demographic correlates examined in the next section include age, gender, race, ethnicity, class, employment, income, education, marital status, and substance abuse. The third section is devoted to a survey of demographic characteristics of three deviant groups--habitual and career criminals, the prison population, and violent families. The author concludes with a discussion of the implications of demographics for the study and control of criminality and victimization in the years ahead. This book, together with its three companion volumes, will be an important resource for professionals, academians, and students in criminology, criminal justice, law, victimology, racial and ethnic studies, and related disciplines, as well as laypersons who seek greater insight into the world of crime.

Minorities and Criminality


Author: Ronald B. Flowers
Publisher: Greenwood Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 214
View: 567

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Minorities and Criminality examines the relationship between being a racial or ethnic minority member of American society and a victim or perpetrator of crime. The examination focuses specifically on blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and Asians--minority groups which in one way or another have been most affected by criminality and victimization. This exceptional volume explores historical mistreatment of these minority groups, current trends in victimization, patterns in criminal behavior, arrest and imprisonment among minority group members, theoretical models in criminality, differential enforcement of the law, and future implications in addressing minorities and criminality. Specific topics addressed include present trends in minority member victimization, explanations for crime causation among minority members, and the lack of etiological study on minority groups. Chapters on ethnic criminality address the dynamics and implications of black crime, the relationship between Hispanics and criminality, the high crime rate among Native Americans, and the role of minorities in organized crime, juvenile treatment issues, and topics related to the institutionalization of minority members. The final chapter suggests implications for effecting change in current dilemmas in the involvement of members of minority groups in crime.

Policing Multi-ethnic Neighborhoods

The Miami Study and Findings for Law Enforcement in the United States
Author: Geoffrey P. Alpert,Roger G. Dunham
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 158
View: 8989

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Data from five Miami neighborhoods with different ethnic and socioeconomic characteristics formed the basis of an analysis of differences in police and citizen attitudes toward various police practices and the implications of these differences for policing. Data came from a middle-class black neighborhood, a government-subsidized housing project for low-income blacks, two neighborhoods with large numbers of Cuban immigrants from two different immigration periods, and a well-established Anglo middle-class and upper-middle-class area. Information was gathered from 220 community residents as well as from 451 high school students in neighborhood schools and 101 police officers. Citizens and students were asked about demographics, contacts with the police, and whether these contacts were positive or negative. Police were asked about their demographic characteristics and length of service in the police and the particular district. Findings showed that neighborhood residence has more influence than gender or ethnicity in explaining variations in attitudes toward policing. However, police in the different neighborhoods do not have differing styles of policing to match the unique characteristics of the neighborhoods. Findings support the need to base policing strategies and practices on neighborhood characteristics, particularly for homogeneous neighborhoods that have attitudes and values divergent from the police. Policy recommendations focusing on positive policing, a description of the crucial components of community-based policing

Women and criminality

the woman as victim, offender, and practitioner
Author: Ronald B. Flowers
Publisher: Greenwood Pub Group
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 217
View: 7390

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The study of women in relation to crime and the justice system remains neglected by most criminologists and justice officials--until now. This remarkable volume breaks new ground by presenting a three-part examination of women as victims of crime, as criminals, and as professionals working in criminal justice. Within this scope, the author offers significant perspectives through empirical studies, as well as experts in the fields of criminology and criminal justice. The multi-faceted roles of women with respect to crime and the justice system are explored individually and collectively, as well as in relation to the roles of men. The significance of the historical treatment of women is also examined, in addition to the women's movement, the rise in women's crime and victimization, theoretical and statistical approaches, and prominent literature in the field. In addition, pertinent social and legal questions for the future are addressed.

Police Administration and Progressive Reform

Theodore Roosevelt as Police Commissioner of New York
Author: Jay Stuart Berman
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 151
View: 3187

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Jay Stuart Berman has written a clear, useful, and persuasive book. Regardless of Theodore Roosevelt's precise role in police reform, this study sheds considerable light on a crucial period in the development of American law enforcement, and Berman's analysis of the important relationship between a Progressive reform and the birth of the modern police makes a valuable contribution to our understanding of the history of the police in America. "Criminal Justice Review" While recent research in criminal justice has made major contributions to the rapid advancements and changes that have occurred in the field, little effort has been devoted to developing a historical perspective on the processes and institutions of the criminal justice system. Seeking to expand our understanding of significant historical antecedents, Professor Berman focusses on the law enforcement reforms of Theodore Roosevelt, who was a pivotal figure in the evolution of the American police department. In the first full-length study of the subject, the author considers Roosevelt's term as police commissioner (1895-1897) in the context of Progressive Era urban reform, and he analyzes the professional model Roosevelt developed, its strengths and weaknesses, and its implications for contemporary criminal justice.