Automate This

How Algorithms Took Over Our Markets, Our Jobs, and the World
Author: Christopher Steiner
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101572159
Category: Computers
Page: 256
View: 6745

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The rousing story of the last gasp of human agency and how today’s best and brightest minds are endeavoring to put an end to it. It used to be that to diagnose an illness, interpret legal documents, analyze foreign policy, or write a newspaper article you needed a human being with specific skills—and maybe an advanced degree or two. These days, high-level tasks are increasingly being handled by algorithms that can do precise work not only with speed but also with nuance. These “bots” started with human programming and logic, but now their reach extends beyond what their creators ever expected. In this fascinating, frightening book, Christopher Steiner tells the story of how algorithms took over—and shows why the “bot revolution” is about to spill into every aspect of our lives, often silently, without our knowledge. The May 2010 “Flash Crash” exposed Wall Street’s reliance on trading bots to the tune of a 998-point market drop and $1 trillion in vanished market value. But that was just the beginning. In Automate This, we meet bots that are driving cars, penning haiku, and writing music mistaken for Bach’s. They listen in on our customer service calls and figure out what Iran would do in the event of a nuclear standoff. There are algorithms that can pick out the most cohesive crew of astronauts for a space mission or identify the next Jeremy Lin. Some can even ingest statistics from baseball games and spit out pitch-perfect sports journalism indistinguishable from that produced by humans. The interaction of man and machine can make our lives easier. But what will the world look like when algorithms control our hospitals, our roads, our culture, and our national security? What hap­pens to businesses when we automate judgment and eliminate human instinct? And what role will be left for doctors, lawyers, writers, truck drivers, and many others? Who knows—maybe there’s a bot learning to do your job this minute.

Automate This

How Algorithms Took Over Our Markets, Our Jobs, and the World
Author: Christopher Steiner
Publisher: Portfolio Trade
ISBN: 9781591846529
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 248
View: 883

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How the rise of computerized decision-making affects every aspect of business and daily life The bot takeover began with high frequency trading on Wall Street, and from there it spread to all manners of high-level tasks—such as diagnosing illnesses or interpreting legal documents. There is no realm of human endeavor safe from algorithms that employ speed, precision and nuance. In this fascinating book, Steiner tells the story of how algorithms took over and shows why the “bot revolution” is about to spill into every aspect of our lives. We meet bots that are driving cars, penning haikus, and writing music mistaken for Bach’s. They listen in on customer service calls and figure out what Iran would do in the event of a nuclear standoff. On Wall Street, pre-programmed algorithmic deals are executed by machines faster than any human could—leaving human investors at a severe disadvantage. But what will the world look like when algorithms control our hospitals, our roads, and our national security? Is a stock market controlled by high-speed trading bots worth investing in? And what role will be left for doctors, lawyers, writers, truck drivers, and many others?

The Simple Implementation Guide to Robotic Process Automation (Rpa)

How to Best Implement Rpa in an Organization
Author: Kelly Wibbenmeyer, PhD
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1532045891
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 72
View: 8343

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It is simple to start robotic process automation at your organizationas long as you start small. If you make it more complicated than it needs to be or try to have one person do everything, then youre destined to fail. In this guide to implementing RPA, the author examines critical issues, including how to: overcome common problems when implementing RPA in a full-scale effort; start an RPA implementation and successfully carry it out; obtain funding and support from leaders; and build an RPA team poised to succeed. The book includes pros and cons of various deployment strategies as well as key factors to consider for each option. Its filled with real examples and time lines to give you a realistic view of how to manage the process. This is a perfect quick-start guide to ensuring your organization has thought of all of the factors required to successfully navigate your RPA deployment.

The Formula

How Algorithms Solve All Our Problems . . . and Create More
Author: Luke Dormehl
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0698158849
Category: Computers
Page: 288
View: 2874

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A fascinating guided tour of the complex, fast-moving, and influential world of algorithms—what they are, why they’re such powerful predictors of human behavior, and where they’re headed next. Algorithms exert an extraordinary level of influence on our everyday lives - from dating websites and financial trading floors, through to online retailing and internet searches - Google's search algorithm is now a more closely guarded commercial secret than the recipe for Coca-Cola. Algorithms follow a series of instructions to solve a problem and will include a strategy to produce the best outcome possible from the options and permutations available. Used by scientists for many years and applied in a very specialized way they are now increasingly employed to process the vast amounts of data being generated, in investment banks, in the movie industry where they are used to predict success or failure at the box office and by social scientists and policy makers. What if everything in life could be reduced to a simple formula? What if numbers were able to tell us which partners we were best matched with – not just in terms of attractiveness, but for a long-term committed marriage? Or if they could say which films would be the biggest hits at the box office, and what changes could be made to those films to make them even more successful? Or even who is likely to commit certain crimes, and when? This may sound like the world of science fiction, but in fact it is just the tip of the iceberg in a world that is increasingly ruled by complex algorithms and neural networks. In The Formula, Luke Dormehl takes readers inside the world of numbers, asking how we came to believe in the all-conquering power of algorithms; introducing the mathematicians, artificial intelligence experts and Silicon Valley entrepreneurs who are shaping this brave new world, and ultimately asking how we survive in an era where numbers can sometimes seem to create as many problems as they solve.

$20 Per Gallon

How the Inevitable Rise in the Price of Gasoline Will Change Our Lives for the Better
Author: Christopher Steiner
Publisher: Grand Central Publishing
ISBN: 0446562025
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 8577

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Imagine an everyday world in which the price of gasoline (and oil) continues to go up, and up, and up. Think about the immediate impact that would have on our lives. Of course, everybody already knows how about gasoline has affected our driving habits. People can't wait to junk their gas-guzzling SUVs for a new Prius. But there are more, not-so-obvious changes on the horizon that Chris Steiner tracks brilliantly in this provocative work. Consider the following societal changes: people who own homes in far-off suburbs will soon realize that there's no longer any market for their houses (reason: nobody wants to live too far away because it's too expensive to commute to work). Telecommuting will begin to expand rapidly. Trains will become the mode of national transportation (as it used to be) as the price of flying becomes prohibitive. Families will begin to migrate southward as the price of heating northern homes in the winter is too pricey. Cheap everyday items that are comprised of plastic will go away because of the rising price to produce them (plastic is derived from oil). And this is just the beginning of a huge and overwhelming domino effect that our way of life will undergo in the years to come. Steiner, an engineer by training before turning to journalism, sees how this simple but constant rise in oil and gas prices will totally re-structure our lifestyle. But what may be surprising to readers is that all of these changes may not be negative - but actually will usher in some new and very promising aspects of our society. Steiner will probe how the liberation of technology and innovation, triggered by climbing gas prices, will change our lives. The book may start as an alarmist's exercise.... but don't be misled. The future will be exhilarating.

Inflection Point

How the Convergence of Cloud, Mobility, Apps, and Data Will Shape the Future of Business
Author: Scott Stawski
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0134388941
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 4207

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Today, a hurricane is forming, and businesses are headed straight into it. This hurricane is arising from the convergence of several enormous trends in information technology, including cloud, mobility, Software as a Service, and Big Data. In Inflection Point, Scott Stawski shows how to harness these fierce winds of change, put them at your back, and sail towards greater competitiveness and customer value. Stawski explains the strategic implications of today’s new technology paradigms, helping you reshape strategy to embrace and profit from them. You’ll discover how technology and other factors are driving a radical new round of disintermediation, reintermediation, and disruption–and what that means to you and your company. Stawski shows how to go beyond inadequate incremental improvements, dramatically reducing IT spend and virtually eliminating IT capital expenditures. One meaningful step at a time, you’ll learn how to transform Operational IT into both a utility and a true business enabler, bringing new speed, flexibility, and focus to what really matters: your true core competencies. BUILD A CONTINUAL TRANSFORMATION ENVIRONMENT THAT’S READY FOR ANYTHING Focus on high-value core competencies, not fixed assets or unchanging processes CONSUME IT THE WAY YOU CONSUME ELECTRICITY Stop running data centers, buying software, and managing applications–forever! LEVERAGE THE CLOUD’S SIMPLICITY WITHOUT LOSING CONTROL OR SECURITY Use standards and governance to maximize cloud benefits with minimal risk HARNESS THE PRECIOUS ASSET YOU MUST ALWAYS KEEP CLOSE: DATA Build data-centric operations to deliver the right knowledge, right now, wherever it’s needed

Rise of the Robots

Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future
Author: Martin Ford
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465040675
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 352
View: 1796

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Winner of the 2015 FT & McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award A New York Times Bestseller Top Business Book of 2015 at Forbes One of NBCNews.com 12 Notable Science and Technology Books of 2015 What are the jobs of the future? How many will there be? And who will have them? As technology continues to accelerate and machines begin taking care of themselves, fewer people will be necessary. Artificial intelligence is already well on its way to making "good jobs" obsolete: many paralegals, journalists, office workers, and even computer programmers are poised to be replaced by robots and smart software. As progress continues, blue and white collar jobs alike will evaporate, squeezing working- and middle-class families ever further. At the same time, households are under assault from exploding costs, especially from the two major industries-education and health care-that, so far, have not been transformed by information technology. The result could well be massive unemployment and inequality as well as the implosion of the consumer economy itself. The past solutions to technological disruption, especially more training and education, aren't going to work. We must decide, now, whether the future will see broad-based prosperity or catastrophic levels of inequality and economic insecurity. Rise of the Robots is essential reading to understand what accelerating technology means for our economic prospects-not to mention those of our children-as well as for society as a whole.

Learning Robotic Process Automation

Create Software robots and automate business processes with the leading RPA tool – UiPath
Author: Alok Mani Tripathi
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1788396510
Category: Computers
Page: 360
View: 7460

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Design RPA solutions to perform a wide range of transactional tasks with minimal cost and maximum ROI Key Features A beginner's guide to learn Robotic Process Automation and its impact on the modern world Design, test, and perform enterprise automation task with UiPath Create Automation apps and deploy them to all the computers in your department. Book Description Robotic Process Automation (RPA) enables automating business processes using software robots. Software robots interpret, trigger responses, and communicate with other systems just like humans do. Robotic processes and intelligent automation tools can help businesses improve the effectiveness of services faster and at a lower cost than current methods. This book is the perfect start to your automation journey, with a special focus on one of the most popular RPA tools: UiPath. Learning Robotic Process Automation takes you on a journey from understanding the basics of RPA to advanced implementation techniques. You will become oriented in the UiPath interface and learn about its workflow. Once you are familiar with the environment, we will get hands-on with automating different applications such as Excel, SAP, Windows and web applications, screen and web scraping, working with user events, as well as understanding exceptions and debugging. By the end of the book, you'll not only be able to build your first software bot, but also you'll wire it to perform various automation tasks with the help of best practices for bot deployment. What you will learn Understand Robotic Process Automation technology Learn UiPath programming techniques to deploy robot configurations Explore various data extraction techniques Learn about integrations with various popular applications such as SAP and MS Office Debug a programmed robot including logging and exception handling Maintain code version and source control Deploy and control Bots with UiPath Orchestrator Who this book is for If you would like to pursue a career in Robotic Process Automation or improve the efficiency of your businesses by automating common tasks, then this book is perfect for you. Prior programming knowledge of either Visual Basic or C# will be useful.

Outnumbered

From Facebook and Google to Fake News and Filter-bubbles – The Algorithms That Control Our Lives (featuring Cambridge Analytica)
Author: David Sumpter
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472947428
Category: Mathematics
Page: 288
View: 4437

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Algorithms are running our society, and as the Cambridge Analytica story has revealed, we don't really know what they are up to. Our increasing reliance on technology and the internet has opened a window for mathematicians and data researchers to gaze through into our lives. Using the data they are constantly collecting about where we travel, where we shop, what we buy and what interests us, they can begin to predict our daily habits. But how reliable is this data? Without understanding what mathematics can and can't do, it is impossible to get a handle on how it is changing our lives. In this book, David Sumpter takes an algorithm-strewn journey to the dark side of mathematics. He investigates the equations that analyse us, influence us and will (maybe) become like us, answering questions such as: Who are Cambridge Analytica? And what are they doing with our data? How does Facebook build a 100-dimensional picture of your personality? Are Google algorithms racist and sexist? Why do election predictions fail so drastically? Are algorithms that are designed to find criminals making terrible mistakes? What does the future hold as we relinquish our decision-making to machines? Featuring interviews with those working at the cutting edge of algorithm research, including Alex Kogan from the Cambridge Analytica story, along with a healthy dose of mathematical self-experiment, Outnumbered will explain how mathematics and statistics work in the real world, and what we should and shouldn't worry about. A lot of people feel outnumbered by algorithms – don't be one of them.

Jobocalypse

The End of Human Jobs and How Robots Will Replace Them
Author: Ben Way
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781482701968
Category: Computers
Page: 174
View: 9715

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Is your job in danger of getting replaced by robots? Jobocalypse is a look at the rapidly changing face of robotics and how it will revolutionize employment and jobs over the next thirty years. Ben Way lays out the arguments in favor of and against the mechanization of our society, as well as the amazing advantages and untold risks, as we march into this ever-present future. Each entertaining chapter covers the past, present and future of robotic technology, from sex bots to military killing drones, in an easy to understand way. Top #100 Best Selling Books across all Amazon books(July) #1 Amazon Best Seller in Robotics(July) "A fascinating look into the future of robotics and their impact on humanity, be prepared to question when robots will replace you" - Kevin Warwick, Professor of Cybernetics at the University of Reading "The future of work is changing thanks to a variety of things like 3D printing, open source software, and robots. Ben Way has a front-row seat on these huge changes and what they mean for both rich and poor workers. Yes, the robots may take our jobs, but who will build the robots? This book will tell you." - Robert Scoble, Technology Evangelist Chapter 1: The future, backed up Chapter 2: Odd jobs Chapter 3: Adult industry and how to eject safely Chapter 4: Logistics with hard drives Chapter 5: Police, military and the rise of the machines Chapter 6: Agriculture, mining and when bots get dirty Chapter 7: Education and the baby bots Chapter 8: Retail, drink and food with boozy bots Chapter 9: Manufacturing and when robots build themselves Chapter 10: Being probed, digital doctors and numeric nurses Chapter 11: Entertainment and the funny bots Chapter 12: Slavery 2.0 and when bots go wrong Chapter 13: Robot humans and bionics Chapter 14: Humans and the crumbs left for us

What To Do When Machines Do Everything

How to Get Ahead in a World of AI, Algorithms, Bots, and Big Data
Author: Malcolm Frank,Paul Roehrig,Ben Pring
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119278678
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 8808

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The essential playbook for the future of your business What To Do When Machines Do Everything is a guidebook to succeeding in the next generation of the digital economy. When systems running on Artificial Intelligence can drive our cars, diagnose medical patients, and manage our finances more effectively than humans it raises profound questions on the future of work and how companies compete. Illustrated with real-world cases, data, and insight, the authors provide clear strategic guidance and actionable steps to help you and your organization move ahead in a world where exponentially developing new technologies are changing how value is created. Written by a team of business and technology expert practitioners—who also authored Code Halos: How the Digital Lives of People, Things, and Organizations are Changing the Rules of Business—this book provides a clear path to the future of your work. The first part of the book examines the once in a generation upheaval most every organization will soon face as systems of intelligence go mainstream. The authors argue that contrary to the doom and gloom that surrounds much of IT and business at the moment, we are in fact on the cusp of the biggest wave of opportunity creation since the Industrial Revolution. Next, the authors detail a clear-cut business model to help leaders take part in this coming boom; the AHEAD model outlines five strategic initiatives—Automate, Halos, Enhance, Abundance, and Discovery—that are central to competing in the next phase of global business by driving new levels of efficiency, customer intimacy and innovation. Business leaders today have two options: be swallowed up by the ongoing technological evolution, or ride the crest of the wave to new profits and better business. This book shows you how to avoid your own extinction event, and will help you; Understand the untold full extent of technology's impact on the way we work and live. Find out where we're headed, and how soon the future will arrive Leverage the new emerging paradigm into a sustainable business advantage Adopt a strategic model for winning in the new economy The digital world is already transforming how we work, live, and shop, how we are governed and entertained, and how we manage our money, health, security, and relationships. Don't let your business—or your career—get left behind. What To Do When Machines Do Everything is your strategic roadmap to a future full of possibility and success. Or peril.

The Drunkard's Walk

How Randomness Rules Our Lives
Author: Leonard Mlodinow
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307275175
Category: Mathematics
Page: 252
View: 8194

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An irreverent look at how randomness influences our lives, and how our successes and failures are far more dependent on chance events than we recognize.

Big Data

A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think
Author: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger,Kenneth Cukier
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0544002938
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 7031

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A revelatory exploration of the hottest trend in technology and the dramatic impact it will have on the economy, science, and society at large. Which paint color is most likely to tell you that a used car is in good shape? How can officials identify the most dangerous New York City manholes before they explode? And how did Google searches predict the spread of the H1N1 flu outbreak? The key to answering these questions, and many more, is big data. “Big data” refers to our burgeoning ability to crunch vast collections of information, analyze it instantly, and draw sometimes profoundly surprising conclusions from it. This emerging science can translate myriad phenomena—from the price of airline tickets to the text of millions of books—into searchable form, and uses our increasing computing power to unearth epiphanies that we never could have seen before. A revolution on par with the Internet or perhaps even the printing press, big data will change the way we think about business, health, politics, education, and innovation in the years to come. It also poses fresh threats, from the inevitable end of privacy as we know it to the prospect of being penalized for things we haven’t even done yet, based on big data’s ability to predict our future behavior. In this brilliantly clear, often surprising work, two leading experts explain what big data is, how it will change our lives, and what we can do to protect ourselves from its hazards. Big Data is the first big book about the next big thing. www.big-data-book.com

Uberland

How Algorithms Are Rewriting the Rules of Work
Author: Alex Rosenblat
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520970632
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 296
View: 3712

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Silicon Valley technology is transforming the way we work, and Uber is leading the charge. An American startup that promised to deliver entrepreneurship for the masses through its technology, Uber instead built a new template for employment using algorithms and Internet platforms. Upending our understanding of work in the digital age, Uberland paints a future where any of us might be managed by a faceless boss. The neutral language of technology masks the powerful influence algorithms have across the New Economy. Uberland chronicles the stories of drivers in more than twenty-five cities in the United States and Canada over four years, shedding light on their working conditions and providing a window into how they feel behind the wheel. The book also explores Uber’s outsized influence around the world: the billion-dollar company is now influencing everything from debates about sexual harassment and transportation regulations to racial equality campaigns and labor rights initiatives. Based on award-winning technology ethnographer Alex Rosenblat’s firsthand experience of riding over 5,000 miles with Uber drivers, daily visits to online forums, and face-to-face discussions with senior Uber employees, Uberland goes beyond the headlines to reveal the complicated politics of popular technologies that are manipulating both workers and consumers.

Data, Models, and Decisions

The Fundamentals of Management Science
Author: Dimitris Bertsimas,Robert Michael Freund
Publisher: South-Western Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 530
View: 8407

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The book combines topics from two traditionally distinct quantitative subjects: probability/statistics and optimization models, into one unified treatment of quantitative methods and models for management and business. The book stresses those fundamental concepts that are most important for the practical analysis of management decisions: modeling and evaluating uncertainty explicitly, understanding the dynamic nature of decision-making, using historical data and limited information effectively, simulating complex systems, and allocating scarce resources optimally.

Automating Inequality

How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police, and Punish the Poor
Author: Virginia Eubanks
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1466885963
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 3338

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The New York Times Book Review: "Riveting." Naomi Klein: "This book is downright scary." Ethan Zuckerman, MIT: "Should be required reading." Dorothy Roberts, author of Killing the Black Body: "A must-read." Astra Taylor, author of The People's Platform: "The single most important book about technology you will read this year." Cory Doctorow: "Indispensable." A powerful investigative look at data-based discrimination—and how technology affects civil and human rights and economic equity The State of Indiana denies one million applications for healthcare, foodstamps and cash benefits in three years—because a new computer system interprets any mistake as “failure to cooperate.” In Los Angeles, an algorithm calculates the comparative vulnerability of tens of thousands of homeless people in order to prioritize them for an inadequate pool of housing resources. In Pittsburgh, a child welfare agency uses a statistical model to try to predict which children might be future victims of abuse or neglect. Since the dawn of the digital age, decision-making in finance, employment, politics, health and human services has undergone revolutionary change. Today, automated systems—rather than humans—control which neighborhoods get policed, which families attain needed resources, and who is investigated for fraud. While we all live under this new regime of data, the most invasive and punitive systems are aimed at the poor. In Automating Inequality, Virginia Eubanks systematically investigates the impacts of data mining, policy algorithms, and predictive risk models on poor and working-class people in America. The book is full of heart-wrenching and eye-opening stories, from a woman in Indiana whose benefits are literally cut off as she lays dying to a family in Pennsylvania in daily fear of losing their daughter because they fit a certain statistical profile. The U.S. has always used its most cutting-edge science and technology to contain, investigate, discipline and punish the destitute. Like the county poorhouse and scientific charity before them, digital tracking and automated decision-making hide poverty from the middle-class public and give the nation the ethical distance it needs to make inhumane choices: which families get food and which starve, who has housing and who remains homeless, and which families are broken up by the state. In the process, they weaken democracy and betray our most cherished national values. This deeply researched and passionate book could not be more timely.

Algorithmic Life

Calculative Devices in the Age of Big Data
Author: Louise Amoore,Volha Piotukh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317527372
Category: Political Science
Page: 212
View: 9949

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This book critically explores forms and techniques of calculation that emerge with digital computation, and their implications. The contributors demonstrate that digital calculative devices matter beyond their specific functions as they progressively shape, transform and govern all areas of our life. In particular, it addresses such questions as: How does the drive to make sense of, and productively use, large amounts of diverse data, inform the development of new calculative devices, logics and techniques? How do these devices, logics and techniques affect our capacity to decide and to act? How do mundane elements of our physical and virtual existence become data to be analysed and rearranged in complex ensembles of people and things? In what ways are conventional notions of public and private, individual and population, certainty and probability, rule and exception transformed and what are the consequences? How does the search for ‘hidden’ connections and patterns change our understanding of social relations and associative life? Do contemporary modes of calculation produce new thresholds of calculability and computability, allowing for the improbable or the merely possible to be embraced and acted upon? As contemporary approaches to governing uncertain futures seek to anticipate future events, how are calculation and decision engaged anew? Drawing together different strands of cutting-edge research that is both theoretically sophisticated and empirically rich, this book makes an important contribution to several areas of scholarship, including the emerging social science field of software studies, and will be a vital resource for students and scholars alike.

World Without Mind

The Existential Threat of Big Tech
Author: Franklin Foer
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101981113
Category: HISTORY
Page: 257
View: 2390

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Elegantly tracing the intellectual history of computer science, Foer puts the DNA of the very idea of "tech" under the microscope. Google, Facebook, Apple, and Amazon, he argues, are breaking laws intended to protect intellectual property and privacy. This is not the path towards freedom and prosperity, but the total automation and homogenization of our social, political, and intellectual lives. Today's corporate giants want access to every facet of our identities and influence over every corner of our lives. Foer both indicts these companies, and shapes a path towards reining them in.

Nine Algorithms That Changed the Future

The Ingenious Ideas That Drive Today's Computers
Author: John MacCormick
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691147140
Category: Computers
Page: 219
View: 7725

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Every day, we use our computers to perform remarkable feats. A simple web search picks out a handful of relevant needles from the world's biggest haystack: the billions of pages on the World Wide Web. Uploading a photo to Facebook transmits millions of pieces of information over numerous error-prone network links, yet somehow a perfect copy of the photo arrives intact. Without even knowing it, we use public-key cryptography to transmit secret information like credit card numbers; and we use digital signatures to verify the identity of the websites we visit. How do our computers perform these tasks with such ease? This is the first book to answer that question in language anyone can understand, revealing the extraordinary ideas that power our PCs, laptops, and smartphones. Using vivid examples, John MacCormick explains the fundamental "tricks" behind nine types of computer algorithms, including artificial intelligence (where we learn about the "nearest neighbor trick" and "twenty questions trick"), Google's famous PageRank algorithm (which uses the "random surfer trick"), data compression, error correction, and much more. These revolutionary algorithms have changed our world: this book unlocks their secrets, and lays bare the incredible ideas that our computers use every day.