Astronomy: A Physical Perspective


Author: Marc L. Kutner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521529273
Category: Science
Page: 582
View: 6987

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A comprehensive introduction to astronomical objects and phenomena, for undergraduate students.

Sizing Up the Universe

The Cosmos in Perspective
Author: J. Richard Gott,Robert J. Vanderbei
Publisher: National Geographic Books
ISBN: 9781426206511
Category: Science
Page: 246
View: 3184

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Using space photographs and scaled maps, demonstrates the actual size of objects in the cosmos, from Buzz Aldrin's historic footprint on the Moon to the entire visible universe, with a gatefold of the Gott-Juric Map of the Universe.

Cosmological Physics


Author: J. A. Peacock
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521422703
Category: Science
Page: 682
View: 6798

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An eagerly-awaited, comprehensive and authoritative introduction to contemporary cosmology; for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Solar System Evolution

A New Perspective
Author: Stuart Ross Taylor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521641302
Category: Science
Page: 460
View: 4957

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This book describes the origin and evolution of the solar system, with an emphasis on interpretation.

Astrophysics Processes

The Physics of Astronomical Phenomena
Author: Hale Bradt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139469584
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 1611

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Bridging the gap between physics and astronomy textbooks, this book provides step-by-step physical and mathematical development of fundamental astrophysical processes underlying a wide range of phenomena in stellar, galactic, and extragalactic astronomy. The book has been written for upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students, and its strong pedagogy ensures solid mastery of each process and application. It contains over 150 tutorial figures, numerous examples of astronomical measurements, and 201 exercises. Topics covered include the Kepler–Newton problem, stellar structure, binary evolution, radiation processes, special relativity in astronomy, radio propagation in the interstellar medium, and gravitational lensing. Applications presented include Jeans length, Eddington luminosity, the cooling of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), the Sunyaev–Zeldovich effect, Doppler boosting in jets, and determinations of the Hubble constant. This text is a stepping stone to more specialized books and primary literature. Password-protected solutions to the exercises are available to instructors at www.cambridge.org/9780521846561.

Measuring the Universe

A Multiwavelength Perspective
Author: George H. Rieke
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521762294
Category: Science
Page: 343
View: 4356

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A one-stop guide to astronomical instrumentation and data acquisition, with a focus on the underlying principles behind each instrument's operation.

Astronomy and Astrology

Finding a Relationship to the Cosmos
Author: Rudolf Steiner
Publisher: Rudolf Steiner Press
ISBN: 1855842238
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 250
View: 5195

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In the Middle Ages, Astronomia - one of the Seven Liberal Arts - was as much about astrology as astronomy. In fact the two disciplines only parted company in the seventeenth century, as the materialistic world-view gained greater prominence. Where once human destiny was connected to stars and planets, and spiritual or soul qualities were associated with the natural world, now the cosmos was seen as consisting of gases, fire and dead rock. Rudolf Steiner brings a new spiritual perspective to our study of the heavens. Humanity, he says, is intimately connected to cosmic beings, who in turn are related to planets and stars. There is meaning in the cosmos. Although Steiner rejects the simplistic notion of the planets determining our lives and behaviour, he makes a clear connection between the heavenly bodies and human beings. Whilst criticizing the superficial nature of much astrology, Steiner shows that as individuals, and with the guidance of spiritual beings, we choose an appropriate time of birth to match the destiny we are to live.This enlightening anthology, expertly collated by Margaret Jonas, features excerpts of Steiner's work on the spiritual individualities of the planets, the determination of human characteristics by the constellation at birth, the cultural epochs and the passage of the equinox, cosmic influences on the individual and humanity, life in the planetary spheres between death and rebirth, solar and lunar eclipses, comets, and much more.

Principles of Physical Cosmology


Author: Phillip James Edwin Peebles
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691019338
Category: Science
Page: 718
View: 4263

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During the last twenty years, dramatic improvements in methods of observing astrophysical phenomena from the ground and in space have added to our knowledge of what the universe is like now and what it was like in the past, going back to the hot big bang. In this overview of today's physical cosmology, P.J.E. Peebles shows how observation has combined with theoretical elements to establish the subject as a mature science, while he also discusses the most notable recent attempts to understand the origin and structure of the universe. A successor to Peebles's classic volume Physical Cosmology (Princeton, 1971), the book is a comprehensive overview addressed not only to students but also to scientists active in fields outside cosmology. The first chapter of the work presents the elements of physical cosmology, including the history of the discovery of the expanding universe. The second, on the cosmological tests that measure the geometry of spacetime, discusses general relativity theory as the basis for the tests, and then surveys the broad variety of ways the tests can be applied with the new generations of telescopes and detectors. The third chapter deals with the origin of galaxies and the large-scale structure of the universe, and reviews ideas about how the evolution of the universe might be traced back to very early epochs when structure originated. Each section of these chapters begins with an introduction that can be understood with no special knowledge beyond undergraduate physics, and then progresses to more specialized topics. P.J.E. Peebles is Albert Einstein Professor of Science at Princeton University. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Royal Society.

Secrets of the Hoary Deep

A Personal History of Modern Astronomy
Author: Riccardo Giacconi
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421402068
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 3813

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Crisp, informative, and prognostic, Giacconi’s story will captivate, inspire, and, at times, possibly infuriate professional and amateur astronomers across the breadth of the field and at all stages of their personal and professional development.

Astrophysics for People in a Hurry


Author: Neil deGrasse Tyson
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393609405
Category: Science
Page: 144
View: 8704

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Over a year on the New York Times bestseller list and more than a million copies sold. The essential universe, from our most celebrated and beloved astrophysicist. What is the nature of space and time? How do we fit within the universe? How does the universe fit within us? There’s no better guide through these mind-expanding questions than acclaimed astrophysicist and best-selling author Neil deGrasse Tyson. But today, few of us have time to contemplate the cosmos. So Tyson brings the universe down to Earth succinctly and clearly, with sparkling wit, in tasty chapters consumable anytime and anywhere in your busy day. While you wait for your morning coffee to brew, for the bus, the train, or a plane to arrive, Astrophysics for People in a Hurry will reveal just what you need to be fluent and ready for the next cosmic headlines: from the Big Bang to black holes, from quarks to quantum mechanics, and from the search for planets to the search for life in the universe.

The Earth in Context

A Guide to the Solar System
Author: David M. Harland
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781852333751
Category: Science
Page: 469
View: 5367

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Distinguished space historian Harland tells an inspiring tale of scientific discovery with two interwoven strands tracing the earths geological history and the Earth in relation to the solar system. 100 illustrations.

The Rise of Radio Astronomy in the Netherlands

The People and the Politics
Author: Astrid Elbers
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319490796
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 9309

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Radio astronomy was born during the Second World War, but as this book explains, the history of early Dutch radio astronomy is in several respects rather anomalous in comparison to the development of radio astronomy in other countries. The author describes how these very differences led the Netherlands to become one of the world leaders in radio astronomy. Dominated by the Leiden astronomer Jan Hendrik Oort, the field embarked on an era of success, and to this day, the country still holds a leading position. To tell this story, the book focuses on three key events in the period 1940-1970, namely the construction of the radio telescopes in Kootwijk (1948), in Dwingeloo (1956), and in Westerbork (1970). These projects show that Dutch radio astronomers must not be seen as merely scientists, but also as strategic lobbyists, networkers and organizers in a specific political and economic context. It was in the process of planning, designing and constructing these instruments that the interests of the astronomers, industrial partners, politicians and lobby groups merged to create today's existing research centers for radio astronomy.

CMOS Test and Evaluation

A Physical Perspective
Author: Manjul Bhushan,Mark B. Ketchen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493913492
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 424
View: 4266

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CMOS Test and Evaluation: A Physical Perspective is a single source for an integrated view of test and data analysis methodology for CMOS products, covering circuit sensitivities to MOSFET characteristics, impact of silicon technology process variability, applications of embedded test structures and sensors, product yield, and reliability over the lifetime of the product. This book also covers statistical data analysis and visualization techniques, test equipment and CMOS product specifications, and examines product behavior over its full voltage, temperature and frequency range.

Introductory Astronomy & Astrophysics


Author: Michael Zeilik,Stephen A. Gregory
Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780030062285
Category: Science
Page: 672
View: 6629

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This advanced undergraduate text provides broad coverage of astronomy and astrophyscis with a strong emphasis on physics. It has an algebra and trigonometry prerequisite, but calculus is preferred.

The Physical Universe

An Introduction to Astronomy
Author: Frank H. Shu
Publisher: University Science Books
ISBN: 9780935702057
Category: Science
Page: 584
View: 3521

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This is a truly astonishing book, invaluable for anyone with an interest in astronomy. Physics Bulletin Just the thing for a first year university science course. Nature This is a beautiful book in both concept and execution. Sky & Telescope

Science in India

A Historical Perspective
Author: B. V. Subbarayappa
Publisher: Rupa Publications
ISBN: 8129120968
Category: Science
Page: 604
View: 2629

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In the fascinating saga of ancient scientific ideas and techniques, Indian accomplishments hold an exalted position. India displayed its originality not only in mathematics and computational astronomy but also in holistic medicine, metallurgy and other fields. For reasons known and unknown, however, India did not develop a rational, methodological and verifiable matrix for ushering in modern science until the nineteenth century. But when modern science was finally introduced to India by the British, it did not view it as alien to its ethos. India welcomed it instead, and several bright Indian scientists scaled the peaks of excellence. The main objective of Science in India is to present to the general reader a comprehensive narrative about the history of science in the country. Based on authentic sources and their in-depth study, this book deals with the origins, ramifications and achievements in traditional astronomy, mathematics, medicine and chemical practices, besides certain concepts related to the physical world as well as plant life. It also discusses the advent and growth of modern science till Independence, highlighting the seminal contributions of Indian scientists who won international acclaim. This is a historical and factual perspective on science in India, traversing a span of more than 5,000 years.

Between Science and Technology


Author: P. Kroes,A. Sarlemijn
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444597301
Category: Science
Page: 223
View: 5227

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This book contains the papers presented at a conference organised in honour of H.B.G. Casimir's 80th birthday. Outstanding scientists from different fields of research were invited to discuss important recent developments and put them in a broader perspective. The resulting book is devoted to the following relationships between fundamental physical research and technological developments:- - the prognoses of technologically relevant phenomena on the basis of physical research; - the dependence of technological developments on physical research; - the spin-off of physical research for other disciplines; - the fact that fundamental research is required for the advancement of physics in general and of applied physics in particular. The famous Dutch physicist H.B.G. Casimir has made substantial contributions to the development of 20th century physics and was for several years head of Philips Research Laboratories. The diversity of topics addressed in this book reflects his wide range of interests.

Cosmos


Author: Carl Sagan
Publisher: Ballantine Books
ISBN: 0345539435
Category: Science
Page: 396
View: 3024

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Presents an illustrated guide to the universe and to Earth's relationship to it, moving from theories of creation to humankind's discovery of the cosmos, to general relativity, to space missions, and beyond.

Primitive Meteorites and Asteroids

Physical, Chemical, and Spectroscopic Observations Paving the Way to Exploration
Author: Neyda M. Abreu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128133260
Category: Science
Page: 558
View: 7036

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Primitive Meteorites and Asteroids: Physical, Chemical, and Spectroscopic Observations Paving the Way to Exploration covers the physical, chemical and spectroscopic aspects of asteroids, providing important data and research on carbonaceous chondrites and primitive meteorites. This information is crucial to the success of missions to parent bodies, thus contributing to an understanding of the early solar system. The book offers an interdisciplinary perspective relevant to many fields of planetary science, as well as cosmochemistry, planetary astronomy, astrobiology, geology and space engineering. Including contributions from planetary and missions scientists worldwide, the book collects the fundamental knowledge and cutting-edge research on carbonaceous chondrites and their parent bodies into one accessible resource, thus contributing to the future of space exploration. Presents the most current data and information on the mission-relevant characteristics of primitive asteroids Addresses the physical, chemical and spectral characteristics of carbonaceous chondritic meteorites and the bearings on successful exploration of their parent asteroids Includes chapters on geotechnical properties and resource extraction