Archive That, Comrade!

Left Legacies and the Counter Culture of Remembrance
Author: Phil Cohen
Publisher: PM Press
ISBN: 1629635316
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 7415

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After a brief introduction that sets the contemporary scene of "archive fever," this book considers the political legacy of 1960s counterculture for what it reveals about the process of commemoration. How far can the archive serve as a platform for dialogue and debate between different generations of activists in a culture that fetishizes the evanescent present, practices a profound amnesia about its counterfactual past, and forecloses the sociological imagination of an alternative future? Can the Left establish its own autonomous model of commemoration?

Refiguring the Archive


Author: Carolyn Hamilton,Verne Harris,Michèle Pickover,Graeme Reid,Razia Saleh,Jane Taylor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401005702
Category: Social Science
Page: 368
View: 2428

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Refiguring the Archive at once expresses cutting-edge debates on `the archive' in South Africa and internationally, and pushes the boundaries of those debates. It brings together prominent thinkers from a range of disciplines, mainly South Africans but a number from other countries. Traditionally archives have been seen as preserving memory and as holding the past. The contributors to this book question this orthodoxy, unfolding the ways in which archives construct, sanctify, and bury pasts. In his contribution, Jacques Derrida (an instantly recognisable name in intellectual discourse worldwide) shows how remembering can never be separated from forgetting, and argues that the archive is about the future rather than the past. Collectively the contributors demonstrate the degree to which thinking about archives is embracing new realities and new possibilities. The book expresses a confidence in claiming for archival discourse previously unentered terrains. It serves as an early manual for a time that has already begun.

Co. Aytch - Erinnerungen eines Konföderierten an den Bürgerkrieg


Author: Sam Watkins
Publisher: neobooks
ISBN: 3738011617
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 183
View: 1959

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Als im April 1861 der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg ausbricht, ist der 21jährige Sam Watkins aus Maury County, Tennessee einer der tausenden von Kriegsfreiwilligen, die sich zu den Armeen der Südstaaten melden. Watkins schließt sich der „Co. Aytch" (so die lautmalerische Ausschreibung für „Kompanie H") des 1. Tennessee-Infanterieregiments an und folgt dem Regiment von den ersten kleinen Gefechten in Virginia bis zur vernichtenden Niederlage der konföderierten Tennessee-Armee in der Schlacht von Nashville. In seinen im Jahre 1881 entstandenen Kriegserinnerungen schildert Watkins mit scharfem Blick für das Erzählenswerte und feinem Sinn für Humor all jene furchtbaren und absurd-komischen Geschehnisse, die der Wahnsinn des Krieges für einen Soldaten der konföderierten Tennessee-Armee bereithielt. Dabei gewährt „Co. Aytch", das zu Recht als Standardwerk der Bürgerkriegsliteratur gilt, nicht nur einen wertvollen Einblick in die Erlebnisse und Gedanken des durchschnittlichen „Johnny Reb", sondern ist zugleich bewegendes Zeugnis eines Versuchs der literarischen Vergangenheitsbewältigung. Ein Anhang der erhaltenen, vom Regimentskommandeur verfassten Gefechtsberichte des 1. Tennessee-Regiments zu den Schlachten von Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro und Chickamauga ermöglicht einen aufschlussreichen Vergleich zu den Schilderungen des unmittelbar beteiligten Soldaten.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 2177

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Comrade Haldane Is Too Busy to Go on Holiday

The Genius Who Spied for Stalin
Author: Gavan Tredoux
Publisher: Encounter Books
ISBN: 1594039844
Category: Political Science
Page: 464
View: 5917

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John Burdon Sanderson Haldane F.R.S. (1892–1964) was one of the leading scientists of the twentieth century, renowned for helping, through statistical wizardry, to reconcile Darwin’s theory of natural selection with Mendel’s discovery of genes. The product of a distinguished family of scientists and public figures, “JBS” trained and influenced a swathe of students and colleagues at Oxford, Cambridge, and University College London, many of whom, such as the evolutionary theorist John Maynard Smith, went on to distinction in their own right. As a widely known left-wing “public intellectual,” Haldane gained fame as a popularizer of science and commentator on public affairs, broadcasting often on the BBC and publishing extensively in newspapers and magazines. His collections of popular scientific essays influenced a generation of upcoming scientists and remain in print today. On his death in 1964, he was accorded the rare tribute of a televised self-obituary on the BBC. Celebrated for his ability to connect seemingly disparate subjects, during the Second World War Haldane was extensively involved in scientific research to aid the British war effort. Using evidence gathered from VENONA Signals Intelligence intercepts, MI5 files, and the Haldane papers, this book reveals that Haldane was also a Soviet spy—a member of the “X Group,” an espionage ring that was run out of the Soviet Embassy in London. His interlocking associations with other spies, such as Ivor Montagu and Hans Kahle; his role as a hardline Stalinist propagandist through the onset of the Cold War; his betrayal of his colleague and friend, the Soviet geneticist Nikolai Vavilov; his long-standing support for the charlatan Soviet “scientist” Trofim D. Lysenko; and his concealed stalemate with the Communist Party of Great Britain once his ability to finesse Lysenko was extinguished, are unraveled here for the first time.

Unbroken (deutsch)

Die unfassbare Lebengeschichte des Louis Zamperini
Author: Laura Hillenbrand
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608102396
Category: Fiction
Page: 520
View: 2279

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Louis Zamperini, Sohn italienischer Einwanderer, wird vom jugendlichen Schlitzohr zum Mittelstreckenläufer von Weltrang. Nach seinem fulminanten Schlussspurt beim Finale der Olympischen Spiele in Berlin 1936 beginnt seine Odyssee während des Zweiten Weltkriegs im Pazifik. Er gerät mitten ins Inferno der Gefangenschaft, wo er Folter und Hunger erträgt und überlebt. Laura Hillenbrand, die zurzeit erfolgreichste Sachbuchautorin der USA, erzählt mitreißend und erzeugt eine atemlose Spannung: den Flugzeugabsturz, die 47-tägige Irrfahrt im Schlauchboot durch den Pazifik, den Kampf gegen Haie, die Kriegsgefangenschaft unter einem der grausamsten Verbrecher des Zweiten Weltkriegs.

Behind the Desert Storm

A Secret Archive Stolen from the Kremlin that Sheds New Light on the Arab Revolutions in the Middle East
Author: Pavel Stroilov
Publisher: Price World Publishing
ISBN: 1936910675
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 5098

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Using top secret documents stolen from Russian archives, historian Pavel Stroilov, a Russian dissident living in London in political exile, has written a masterpiece on the behind-the-scenes politicking of the first Gulf War that exposes direct lies in the memoirs of President Bush Senior, Brent Scowcroft and James Baker, and explains the truth behind the current revolutions throughout the Middle East. In addition to revealing a great number of never-before-seen top secret documents, this book delves into closed-doors discussions between world leaders -- something that normally remains secret for a very long time. It tells the hidden history of the events which have largely determined the current state of the Middle East -- from the conflict in Iraq to the Israeli-Palestinian 'peace process' to the development of the 'Eurabia' alliance between the EU and the Arab states. Looking forward, Stroilov draws out relevant lessons from history for future foreign policy.

Waterloo Archive

Volume 1: British Sources
Author: Gareth Glover
Publisher: Frontline Books
ISBN: 147382057X
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 2346

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In the first groundbreaking volume of a new series, acclaimed Napoleonic scholar Gareth Glover brings together previously unpublished material relating to the Battle of Waterloo. The range and unique nature of much of the research will intrigue and fascinate enthusiasts and historians alike. The wealth of hitherto unseen British material contained in Volume I includes: a series of letters written by a senior officer on Wellington's staff to Sir Thomas Graham immediately following the battle; the letters of a member of the Wedgwood family in the Guards at Waterloo; the journal of Sergeant Johnston of the Scots Greys, detailing all his experiences, including a very rare transcript of his own court martial; and letters from eminent surgeons – including those of Hume, Davy and Haddy James – who recall their harrowing tales of the horrific wounds suffered at Waterloo. In addition to these letters and journals, this volume will include 21 original line drawings created by Cavalié Mercer to accompany his famous book on his experiences at Waterloo, but which was never published. Subsequent volumes will include French, German, Dutch and Belgian material that has never been translated into English before.

Comrade Heart

A Life of Randall Swingler
Author: Andy Croft
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719063343
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 301
View: 3650

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This is the extraordinary story of the English poet Randall Swingler, godson of the Archbishop of Canterbury, communist, librettist, publisher, propagandist, poet and war-hero. It is a book about the Second World War and the story of the African and Italian campaigns, recorded uniquely through the eyes of the ordinary soldier. It is a case study of the intellectual consequences of the Cold War in Britain, McCarthyism and Zhdanovism. Croft's retelling of Randall Swingler's life from comfortable childhood and public school through to crushing penury will appeal to cultural, political and literary historians.

Gorbatschow

Der Mann und seine Zeit
Author: William Taubman
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406700454
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 935
View: 8745

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Im Ausland verehrt und bewundert als der Mann, der das Tor zu einem neuen Zeitalter aufstieß, gilt er bei seinen Landsleuten als Schwächling und Totengräber des sowjetischen Imperiums: Michail Gorbatschow ist für die einen ein überragender Staatsmann und für die anderen ein Versager. Pulitzerpreisträger William Taubman legt nun die grundlegende Biographie dieser Jahrhundertgestalt vor – akribisch recherchiert, fundiert im Urteil und fesselnd geschrieben. Als Michail Gorbatschow 1985 mit 54 Jahren jüngster Generalsekretär in der Geschichte der KPdSU wurde, war die Sowjetunion eine von zwei Supermächten. Doch nur vier Jahre später hatten Perestroika und Glasnost die Sowjetunion für immer verändert und Gorbatschow mehr Feinde als Freunde. Seine Politik beendete den Kalten Krieg. Doch im Jahr darauf musste er nach einem gescheiterten Putsch – ohne es zu wollen – dem Kollaps jenes Imperiums zuschauen, das er zu retten versucht hatte. William Taubman schildert in seinem Buch, wie ein Bauernjunge vom Lande es bis an die Spitze im Kreml bringt, sich mit Amerikas erzkonservativem Präsidenten Ronald Reagan anfreundet und es der UdSSR und dem Ostblock erlaubt, sich aufzulösen, ohne Zuflucht zur Gewalt zu nehmen. Wer war dieses „Rätsel Gorbatschow“ – ein wahrhaft großer Politiker oder ein Mann, der an seinen eigenen Fehlern scheiterte und an Mächten, gegen die er nicht gewinnen konnte?

Comrade Pavlik

The Rise And Fall Of A Soviet Boy Hero
Author: Catriona Kelly
Publisher: Granta Books
ISBN: 1783780711
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 3868

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It was September, 1932. Gerasimovka, Western Siberia. Two children are found dead in the forest outside a remote village. Both have been repeatedly stabbed and their bloody bodies are covered in sticky, crimson cranberry juice. Who committed these horrific murders has never been proved, but the elder boy, thirteen-year-old Pavlik Morozov, was quickly to become the most famous boy in Soviet history - statues of him were erected, biographies published, and children across the country were exhorted to emulate him. Catriona Kelly's aim is not to find out who really killed the boys, but rather to explore how Stalin's regime turned Pavlik into a hero designed to produce good Soviet citizens. Pavlik's story is intriguing and multi-layered: did he denounce his own father to the authorities? Was he murdered by members of his own family? Did he ever belong to the Pioneers, the Communist youth organization who claimed him as member No. 001? This is the first book in English on Pavlik's legend, using previously inaccessible local archives.

Das Versprechen, dich zu finden

Roman
Author: Anne Youngson
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 3959677944
Category: Fiction
Page: 272
View: 2476

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Tina und Anders hatten früher große Träume. Doch das Leben zog vorbei, und der eine Moment, sich diese zu erfüllen, kam nie. Jetzt haben beide jemanden verloren, der ihnen sehr nahesteht und der eine Lücke hinterlässt, die zu füllen ihnen unmöglich scheint. Tina und Anders sind sich noch nie begegnet. Zufällig beginnen sie einen Briefwechsel und teilen ihre Trauer miteinander, aber auch ihre Lust am Leben. Durch ihre Freundschaft entwickeln sie einen Hunger nach Veränderung. Mit Anfang sechzig stehen sie beide vor einer Frage, die viele Menschen umtreibt: Haben wir das Leben geführt, das wir führen wollten? »Einfühlsam, sehr ergreifend und faszinierend.« Daily Express »Positiv-nachdenklich stimmend auch durch die bildreiche Sprache ein Genuss. Dringende Empfehlung für die Generation Plus und Jüngere, die sich an ganz besondere Brieffreundschaften erinnern.« ekz Bibliotheksservice

No Accident, Comrade

Chance and Design in Cold War American Narratives
Author: Steven Belletto
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199826889
Category: History
Page: 206
View: 5670

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Presents an examination of American novels and nonfiction texts, published between 1947 and 2005, that looks at the concept of chance and how it was denied in the Soviet Union.

Hell on Earth

Brutality and Violence Under the Stalinist Regime
Author: Ludwik Kowalski
Publisher: Ludwik Kowalski
ISBN: 160047232X
Category: History
Page: 128
View: 1599

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The author's father, a civil engineer, left Poland for the Soviet Union in 1931. An idealistic communist, he believed it was his duty to emigrate, and to contribute to the building of a new society. His wife and his infant son followed soon after. In 1938 he was arrested and sent to a GULAG camp in Kolyma, where he became a slave in Stalin's state of proletarian dictatorship. Two years later he died, most likely from exhaustion, working in a gold mine. In this book The author, who is a retired physics professor (Professor Emeritus at Montclair State University, New Jersey), shares what he knows and thinks about Stalinism. Educated in the Soviet Union (elementary school), in Poland (high school and master's degree) and in France (Ph.D. in nuclear physics), he came to the United States in 1964. He deliberately avoided talking about Stalinism and concentrated on professional activities--teaching and research. Approaching retirement, however, he wrote an essay on Stalinism entitled "Alaska Notes." It describes the gruesome Soviet reality, focusing on Kolyma, and on Stalin's inner circle. The essay contained comments on what has been published by some survivors of Stalinism, and by authors of several scholarly books, such as Leszek Kolakowski. "Alaska Notes" was posted on the Internet discussion list at Montclair State University. This public forum revealed a wide range of opinions about communism. The animated discussion, mostly among professors, convinced the author to transform the essay into this book. It is dedicated to all victims of Stalinism, and in particular to the author's father, a naive idealist deceived by propaganda. Royalties will be donated to a Montclair State Universityscholarship fund.