Archive That, Comrade!

Left Legacies and the Counter Culture of Remembrance
Author: Phil Cohen
Publisher: PM Press
ISBN: 1629635316
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 9394

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After a brief introduction that sets the contemporary scene of "archive fever," this book considers the political legacy of 1960s counterculture for what it reveals about the process of commemoration. How far can the archive serve as a platform for dialogue and debate between different generations of activists in a culture that fetishizes the evanescent present, practices a profound amnesia about its counterfactual past, and forecloses the sociological imagination of an alternative future? Can the Left establish its own autonomous model of commemoration?

Comrade Heart

A Life of Randall Swingler
Author: Andy Croft
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719063343
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 301
View: 2814

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This is the extraordinary story of the English poet Randall Swingler, godson of the Archbishop of Canterbury, communist, librettist, publisher, propagandist, poet and war-hero. It is a book about the Second World War and the story of the African and Italian campaigns, recorded uniquely through the eyes of the ordinary soldier. It is a case study of the intellectual consequences of the Cold War in Britain, McCarthyism and Zhdanovism. Croft's retelling of Randall Swingler's life from comfortable childhood and public school through to crushing penury will appeal to cultural, political and literary historians.

Comrade Haldane Is Too Busy to Go on Holiday

The Genius Who Spied for Stalin
Author: Gavan Tredoux
Publisher: Encounter Books
ISBN: 1594039844
Category: Political Science
Page: 464
View: 7478

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John Burdon Sanderson Haldane F.R.S. (1892–1964) was one of the leading scientists of the twentieth century, renowned for helping, through statistical wizardry, to reconcile Darwin’s theory of natural selection with Mendel’s discovery of genes. The product of a distinguished family of scientists and public figures, “JBS” trained and influenced a swathe of students and colleagues at Oxford, Cambridge, and University College London, many of whom, such as the evolutionary theorist John Maynard Smith, went on to distinction in their own right. As a widely known left-wing “public intellectual,” Haldane gained fame as a popularizer of science and commentator on public affairs, broadcasting often on the BBC and publishing extensively in newspapers and magazines. His collections of popular scientific essays influenced a generation of upcoming scientists and remain in print today. On his death in 1964, he was accorded the rare tribute of a televised self-obituary on the BBC. Celebrated for his ability to connect seemingly disparate subjects, during the Second World War Haldane was extensively involved in scientific research to aid the British war effort. Using evidence gathered from VENONA Signals Intelligence intercepts, MI5 files, and the Haldane papers, this book reveals that Haldane was also a Soviet spy—a member of the “X Group,” an espionage ring that was run out of the Soviet Embassy in London. His interlocking associations with other spies, such as Ivor Montagu and Hans Kahle; his role as a hardline Stalinist propagandist through the onset of the Cold War; his betrayal of his colleague and friend, the Soviet geneticist Nikolai Vavilov; his long-standing support for the charlatan Soviet “scientist” Trofim D. Lysenko; and his concealed stalemate with the Communist Party of Great Britain once his ability to finesse Lysenko was extinguished, are unraveled here for the first time.

The Strange Comrade Balabanoff

The Life of a Communist Rebel
Author: Maria Lafont
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476623635
Category: History
Page: 244
View: 4135

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Born in 1878 to a wealthy Ukrainian family, Angelica Balabanoff broke ties with her parents and left for Europe to become one of the leading female socialists of the early 20th century. Just five feet tall, plump and plain, she was rumored to be a lover of Mussolini, Lenin, and Trotsky. Returning to Russia at the beginning of the October Revolution, she became one of the few women to occupy high-ranking positions within the all-male Bolshevik government, later fleeing Russia in disagreement with Lenin’s politics. She was accused by European and American secret services of promoting communist propaganda, and by the Soviets of disloyalty. She lived in small dormitory-like rooms, moving on average every two years with her two suitcases of important documents. She died in Rome at the age of 96, concluding her 65-year career by supporting Giuseppe Saragat in his quest to become president of Italy. During her nomadic life, state and police agencies in the countries she visited compiled documents on her. The author draws on this extensive, scattered archive in this first biography of Balabanoff.

Refiguring the Archive

Author: Carolyn Hamilton,Verne Harris,Michèle Pickover,Graeme Reid,Jane Taylor,Razia Saleh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402007439
Category: Art
Page: 368
View: 4173

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Refiguring the Archive at once expresses cutting-edge debates on `the archive' in South Africa and internationally, and pushes the boundaries of those debates. It brings together prominent thinkers from a range of disciplines, mainly South Africans but a number from other countries. Traditionally archives have been seen as preserving memory and as holding the past. The contributors to this book question this orthodoxy, unfolding the ways in which archives construct, sanctify, and bury pasts. In his contribution, Jacques Derrida (an instantly recognisable name in intellectual discourse worldwide) shows how remembering can never be separated from forgetting, and argues that the archive is about the future rather than the past. Collectively the contributors demonstrate the degree to which thinking about archives is embracing new realities and new possibilities. The book expresses a confidence in claiming for archival discourse previously unentered terrains. It serves as an early manual for a time that has already begun.

Soviet and Kosher

Jewish Popular Culture in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939
Author: Anna Shternshis
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253218414
Category: History
Page: 252
View: 3616

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Kosher pork—an oxymoron? Anna Shternshis's fascinating study traces the creation of a Soviet Jewish identity that disassociated Jewishness from Judaism. The cultural transformation of Soviet Jews between 1917 and 1941 was one of the most ambitious experiments in social engineering of the past century. During this period, Russian Jews went from relative isolation to being highly integrated into the new Soviet culture and society, while retaining a strong ethnic and cultural identity. This identity took shape during the 1920s and 1930s, when the government attempted to create a new Jewish culture, "national in form" and "socialist in content." Soviet and Kosher is the first study of key Yiddish documents that brought these Soviet messages to Jews, notably the "Red Haggadah," a Soviet parody of the traditional Passover manual; songs about Lenin and Stalin; scripts from regional theaters; Socialist Realist fiction; and magazines for children and adults. More than 200 interviews conducted by the author in Russia, Germany, and the United States testify to the reception of these cultural products and provide a unique portrait of the cultural life of the average Soviet Jew.

Waterloo Archive

Volume 1: British Sources
Author: Gareth Glover
Publisher: Frontline Books
ISBN: 147382057X
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 1993

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In the first groundbreaking volume of a new series, acclaimed Napoleonic scholar Gareth Glover brings together previously unpublished material relating to the Battle of Waterloo. The range and unique nature of much of the research will intrigue and fascinate enthusiasts and historians alike. The wealth of hitherto unseen British material contained in Volume I includes: a series of letters written by a senior officer on Wellington's staff to Sir Thomas Graham immediately following the battle; the letters of a member of the Wedgwood family in the Guards at Waterloo; the journal of Sergeant Johnston of the Scots Greys, detailing all his experiences, including a very rare transcript of his own court martial; and letters from eminent surgeons – including those of Hume, Davy and Haddy James – who recall their harrowing tales of the horrific wounds suffered at Waterloo. In addition to these letters and journals, this volume will include 21 original line drawings created by Cavalié Mercer to accompany his famous book on his experiences at Waterloo, but which was never published. Subsequent volumes will include French, German, Dutch and Belgian material that has never been translated into English before.

Comrade Pavlik

The Rise and Fall of a Soviet Boy Hero
Author: Catriona Kelly
Publisher: Granta Books (UK)
ISBN: 9781862078451
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 8888

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1932. Gerasimovka, Western Siberia. Two children are found dead in the forest outside a remote village. Both have been stabbed and their bloody bodies are covered in cranberry juice. Who committed these horrific murders has never been proved, but the elder boy, Pavlik Morozov, was quickly to become the most famous child in Soviet history.

Comrade Rockstar

Author: Reggie Nadelson
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1409008878
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 352
View: 702

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Dean Reed was an American and the biggest rock star in the history of the Soviet Union. He was so famous his icons were sold alongside those of Josef Stalin. Reggie Nadelson first saw him in 1986 on a TV chat show. Few people in the West had ever heard of him. Six weeks later Reed was found dead in a lake in East Berlin. Was he murdered by the CIA? The KGB? A jealous husband? Nobody knew. Commissioned to write a film about him, she chased the mystery of his life and death across America and Eastern Europe, her own journey mirroring his. For a quarter of a century, from 1961 to 1986, Dean Reed, his guitar on his back, took the music with him. He played 32 countries: his albums went gold from Bulgaria to Berlin. The Russians gave him a Lenin Prize. He was their American. Comrade Rockstar is not just the story of Dean Reed's progress from Hollywood starlet to Cold War Cowboy, but an account of the search that took Reggie Nadelson from Denver to Berlin, and from Hawaii to Moscow. As she travelled, the Berlin Wall was breached and Dean Reed became an increasingly alluring figure, his life an unrepeatable tale from the Cold War. Encountering the characters who peopled Dean Reed's world, she was caught in the seedy, sometimes moving, often hilarious subculture, of sex, politics and rock 'n' roll.

No Accident, Comrade

Chance and Design in Cold War American Narratives
Author: Steven Belletto
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199826889
Category: History
Page: 206
View: 5592

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Presents an examination of American novels and nonfiction texts, published between 1947 and 2005, that looks at the concept of chance and how it was denied in the Soviet Union.

The KGB's Literary Archive

Author: Vitalii Shentalinskii
Publisher: Harvill Press
ISBN: 9781860460739
Category: Authors, Russian
Page: 322
View: 3540

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Fifty years after the Soviet regime cracked down totally on its creative artists, the combination of perestroika and his own initiative gave Vitaly Shentalinsky the chance to find out what really happened to Stalin's writer-victims and to relaim their stolen words.

Beyond Marx and Tito

Theory and Practice in Yugoslav Socialism
Author: Sharon Zukin
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521206303
Category: History
Page: 302
View: 711

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This study examines the distance between theory and practice in the lives of ordinary Yugoslavs living under socialist self-management.

We Called Each Other Comrade

Charles H. Kerr & Company, Radical Publishers
Author: N.A
Publisher: PM Press
ISBN: 1604865725
Category: History
Page: 342
View: 6146

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Featuring a new foreword and comprehensive bibliography of all titles published by Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company, this updated record chronicles the history of the most significant translator, publisher, and distributor of left-wing literature in the United States history. These pioneers of the publishing world fought battles in court and presented unpopular ideas so that great new literary, scientific, and historical thought could be expressed and propagated. The Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company was one of the forefathers of this type of publishing house, and this book demonstrates the great works they produced ties into many of the great aspects of social movements from the 20th century up through the present day.