Architecture and Violence


Author: Bechir Kenzari
Publisher: ACTAR Publishers
ISBN: 8492861738
Category: Architecture
Page: 285
View: 6146

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"In today's turbulent times few subjects deserve a closer scrutiny than the interactions between violence and constructed environment. Modernity's contradictory histories laid bare the fact that it is impossible to consider architecture simply a benign, passive victim of humanity's violent vices. Built space is as capable of incarnating violent acts as enacting them, disciplining and silencing the subject in the process. In this compelling volume, some of the most incisive thinkers of contemporary architectural theory make manifest the intricacies of interrelations between architecture and violent events. Employing a wide variety of perspectives and methodical approaches, the authors examine some of the most dramatic and unexpected instances of these vexing relations"--Back cover.

Architecture and Disjunction


Author: Bernard Tschumi
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262700603
Category: Architecture
Page: 268
View: 4681

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Avant-garde theorist and architect Bernard Tschumi is equally well known for his writing and his practice. Architecture and disjunction, which brings together Tschumi's essays from 1975 to 1990, is a lucid and provocative analysis of many of the key issues that have engaged architectural discourse over the past two decades--from deconstructivist theory to recent concerns with the notions of event and program. Included are seminal essays that incited broad attention when they first appeared in magazines and journals, as well as more recent and topical texts--from back cover.

La Rambla in/out Barcelona


Author: Jordi Bernadó,Massimo Vitali
Publisher: Actarbirkhauser
ISBN: N.A
Category: Photography
Page: 95
View: 4684

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LA RAMBLA, a joint project that has emerged from the shared concerns of two highly acclaimed contemporary photographers, the Catalan Jordi Bernadó (Lleida, 1966) and the Italian Massimo Vitali (Como, 1944), sets out to portray present-day Barcelona by way of one of its most emblematic public spaces, La Rambla. Each photographer, faithful to his own visual poetics, presents his personal vision of La Rambla: taken together, the photos show us two faces, two profiles, which are no less than two ways of looking and seeing. Bernadó probes the interiors of buildings on La Rambla. Vitali captures the more cosmopolitan, public face of La Rambla, the popular international thoroughfare, in panoramas of crowds in the urban space.

Philosophical Designs for a Socio-cultural Transformation

Beyond Violence and the Modern Era
Author: Tetsuji Yamamoto
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847695386
Category: Religion
Page: 856
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This volume presents original writings and interviews with prominent thinkers on the front lines of an international intellectual effort to reconsider the fundamental terms of modernity and promote a philosophical design that reconsiders the significance of modernity itself.

Violence Taking Place

The Architecture of the Kosovo Conflict
Author: Andrew Herscher
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804769354
Category: Architecture
Page: 198
View: 4432

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The first history ever of violence against architecture as political violence, this book examines the case of the former Yugoslavia and the ways in which architecture is a site where power, agency, and ethnicity are constituted.

Spatial Violence

Studies in Architecture
Author: Andrew Herscher,Anooradha Siddiqi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134881045
Category: Architecture
Page: 152
View: 6691

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This book poses spatial violence as a constitutive dimension of architecture and its epistemologies, as well as a method for theoretical and historical inquiry intrinsic to architecture; and thereby offers an alternative to predominant readings of spatial violence as a topic, event, fact, or other empirical form that may be illustrated by architecture. Exploring histories of and through architecture at sites across the globe, the chapters in the book blur the purportedly distinctive borders between war and peace, framing violence as a form of social, political, and economic order rather than its exceptional interruption. Regarding space and violence as co-constitutive, the book’s collected essays critique modernization and capitalist accumulation as naturalized modes for the extraction of violence from everyday life. Focusing on the mediation of violence through architectural registers of construction, destruction, design, use, representation, theory, and history, the book suggests that violence is not only something inflicted upon architecture, but also something that architecture inflicts. In keeping with Walter Benjamin’s formulation that there is no document of civilization that is not also a document of barbarism, the book offers "spatial violence" as another name for "architecture" itself. This book was previously published as a special issue of Architectural Theory Review.

Forensic Architecture

Violence at the Threshold of Detectability
Author: Eyal Weizman
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 1942130023
Category: Law
Page: 368
View: 8375

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In recent years, the group Forensic Architecture began using novel research methods to undertake a series of investigations into human rights abuses. Today, the group provides crucial evidence for international courts and works with a wide range of activist groups, NGOs, Amnesty International, and the UN. Forensic Architecture has not only shed new light on human rights violations and state crimes across the globe, but has also created a new form of investigative practice that bears its name. The group uses architecture as an optical device to investigate armed conflicts and environmental destruction, as well as to cross-reference a variety of evidence sources, such as new media, remote sensing, material analysis, witness testimony, and crowd-sourcing. In Forensic Architecture, Eyal Weizman, the group's founder, provides, for the first time, an in-depthintroduction to the history, practice, assumptions, potentials, and double binds of this practice. The book includes an extensive array of images, maps, and detailed documentation that records the intricate work the group has performed. Traversing multiple scales and durations, the case studies in this volume include the analysis of the shrapnel fragments in a room struck by drones in Pakistan, the reconstruction of a contested shooting in the West Bank, the architectural recreation of a secret Syrian detention center from the memory of its survivors, a blow-by-blow account of a day-long battle in Gaza, and an investigation of environmental violence and climate change in the Guatemalan highlands and elsewhere. Weizman's Forensic Architecture,stunning and shocking in its critical narrative, powerful images,and daring investigations, presents a new form of public truth, technologically, architecturally, and aesthetically produced. The practice calls for a transformative politics in which architecture as a field of knowledge and a mode of interpretation exposes and confronts ever-new forms of state violence and secrecy.

Deconstruction

A Reader
Author: Martin McQuillan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415936880
Category: Philosophy
Page: 579
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First published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Interdisciplinary Handbook of Trauma and Culture


Author: Yochai Ataria,David Gurevitz,Haviva Pedaya,Yuval Neria
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319294040
Category: Psychology
Page: 399
View: 971

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This lofty volume analyzes a circular cultural relationship: not only how trauma is reflected in cultural processes and products, but also how trauma itself acts as a critical shaper of literature, the visual and performing arts, architecture, and religion and mythmaking. The political power of trauma is seen through US, Israeli, and Japanese art forms as they reflect varied roles of perpetrator, victim, and witness. Traumatic complexities are traced from spirituality to movement, philosophy to trauma theory. And essays on authors such as Kafka, Plath, and Cormac McCarthy examine how narrative can blur the boundaries of personal and collective experience. Among the topics covered: Television: a traumatic culture. From Hiroshima to Fukushima: comics and animation as subversive agents of memory in Japan. The death of the witness in the era of testimony: Primo Levi and Georges Perec. Sigmund Freud’s Moses and Monotheism and the possibility of writing a traumatic history of religion. Placing collective trauma within its social context: the case of the 9/11 attacks. Killing the killer: rampage and gun rights as a syndrome. This volume appeals to multiple readerships including researchers and clinicians, sociologists, anthropologists, historians, and media researchers.

Social Urbanism and the Politics of Violence

The Medellín Miracle
Author: K. Maclean
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137397365
Category: Social Science
Page: 147
View: 7217

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Medellín, Colombia, used to be the most violent city on earth, but in recent years, allegedly thanks to its 'social urbanism' approach to regeneration, it has experienced a sharp decline in violence. The author explores the politics behind this decline and the complex transformations in terms of urban development policies in Medellín.

Sacred Violence

Torture, Terror, and Sovereignty
Author: Paul W. Kahn
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472022946
Category: Philosophy
Page: 248
View: 4547

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In Sacred Violence, the distinguished political and legal theorist Paul W. Kahn investigates the reasons for the resort to violence characteristic of premodern states. In a startling argument, he contends that law will never offer an adequate account of political violence. Instead, we must turn to political theology, which reveals that torture and terror are, essentially, forms of sacrifice. Kahn forces us to acknowledge what we don't want to see: that we remain deeply committed to a violent politics beyond law. Paul W. Kahn is Robert W. Winner Professor of Law and the Humanities at Yale Law School and Director of the Orville H. Schell, Jr. Center for International Human Rights. Cover Illustration: "Abu Ghraib 67, 2005" by Fernando Botero. Courtesy of the artist and the American University Museum.

The Architecture of Deconstruction

Derrida's Haunt
Author: Mark Wigley
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262731140
Category: Architecture
Page: 278
View: 5725

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Nowhere, Mark Wigley asserts, are the stakes higher for deconstruction than inarchitecture - architecture is the Achilles' heel of deconstructive discourse, the point ofvulnerability upon which all of its arguments -depend. In this book Wigley redefines the question ofdeconstruction and architecture. By locating the architecture already hidden within deconstructivediscourse, he opens up more radical possibilities for both architecture and deconstruction, offeringa way of rethinking the institution of architecture while using architecture to rethinkdeconstructive discourse.Wigley relentlessly tracks the tacit argument about architecture embeddedwithin Jacques Derrida's discourse, a curious line of argument that passes through each of thephilosopher's texts. He argues that this seemingly tenuous thread actually binds those texts, actingas their source of strength but also their point of greatest weakness. Derrida's work is seen torender architecture at once more complex, uncanny, pervasive, unstable, brutal, enigmatic, anddevious, if not insidious, while needing itself to be subjected to an architecturalinterrogation.Wigley provocatively turns Derrida's reading strategy back on his texts to expose thearchitectural dimension of their central notions like law, economy, writing, place, domestication,translation, vomit, spacing, laughter, and dance. Along the way he highlights new aspects of therelationship between Heidegger and Derrida, explores the structural role of ornament and the elusivearchitecture of haunting, while presenting a fascinating account of the institutional politics ofarchitecture.Mark Wigley is Assistant Professor in the School of Architecture at PrincetonUniversity.

Walter Benjamin and the Architecture of Modernity


Author: Andrew Benjamin,Charles Rice
Publisher: re.press
ISBN: 0980544092
Category: Architecture
Page: 224
View: 1527

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Walter Benjamin is universally recognised as one of the key thinkers of modernity: his writings on politics, language, literature, media, theology and law have had an incalculable influence on contemporary thought. Yet the problem of architecture in and for Benjamin's work remains relatively underexamined. Does Benjamin's project have an architecture and, if so, how does this architecture affect the explicit propositions that he offers us? In what ways are Benjamin's writings centrally caught up with architectural concerns, from the redevelopment of major urban centres to the movements that individuals can make within the new spaces of modern cities? How can Benjamin's theses help us to understand the secret architectures of the present? This volume takes up the architectural challenge in a number of innovative ways, collecting essays by both well-known and emerging scholars on time in cinema, the problem of kitsch, the design of graves and tombs, the orders of road-signs, childhood experience in modern cities, and much more. Engaged, interdisciplinary, bristling with insights, the essays in this collection will constitute an indispensable supplement to the work of Walter Benjamin, as well as providing a guide to some of the obscurities of our own present.

Prison Architecture


Author: Leslie Fairweather,Sean McConville
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135142572
Category: Architecture
Page: 162
View: 9139

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Current and future prison designs are examined in this book, within the government's prison building programme, and the confines of current penal philosophies and legislation. America has led the way in prison design, with two main types of architecture predominating: radial layouts (outside cells with windows) and linear blocks (inside cells with grilles). Now, 'new' generation prisons (central association surrounded by small groups of cells) look set to become the fashion. But are they a better answer, and should they be copied worldwide before we know? Architects and administrators show in this book the designs of these 'new generation' prisons and assess their impact. Most countries in central Europe also have a rising crime rate and a demand for new prisons. Contributions from significant architects from the UK, Europe and America comment on these issues. Other topics within the book are: setting current prison architecture and design against an historical setting; looking at penal ideas and prison architecture and design in the post-war period; the psychological effects of the prison environment; the influence of technology and design on security management; and how prison architecture and design can be more flexible and innovative.

Crime in Rural Australia


Author: Elaine Barclay
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 9781862876354
Category: Social Science
Page: 214
View: 5212

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Contemporary rural crime is more varied and sophisticated than it once was. The new forms range from agricultural crimes, such as the theft of water designated for agricultural production, to environmental crimes such as the illegal dumping of waste. They take place side by side with "traditional" rural crimes such as cattle duffing while "urban" crimes such as drug and alcohol abuse and violent assaults are also prevalent, and on the rise. Crime in Rural Australia covers them all. It brings together leading academics who examine the major dimensions of crime and justice in rural and regional Australia including:the extent of rural crime farm crime violence juvenile crime policing Indigenous crime and justice crime prevention drugs fear of crime, and sentencing and punishment.It includes vignettes on rural policing and the stock squad from the perspectives of the NSW police. An ideal text for rural crime and criminology courses, Crime in Rural Australia will also be of interest to criminal justice practitioners, policy-makers, and criminology scholars. Three of the editors, Dr Elaine Barclay, Dr John Scott and Associate Professor Russell Hogg, are associated with the Centre for Rural Crime at the University of New England. Professor Joseph F. Donnermeyer is the International Research Co-ordinator for the Rural Crime Centre and is a leading US scholar on rural crime at Ohio State University.