What Is Archaeology?

An Essay on the Nature of Archaeological Research
Author: Paul Courbin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226116563
Category: Social Science
Page: 197
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Paul Courbin puts forward a penetrating and eloquent critique of the New Archeology, a movement of primarily American and British archaeologists that began in the 1960s and continues today. The New Archeologists dropped the "ae" spelling, symbolizing their intent to put the field on a modern and scientific footing. They questioned the bases, the objectives, and consequently the methods of traditional archaeology. Courbin examines this movement, its latent philosophy, its methods and their application, its theories, and its results. He declares that the record shows a devastating failure. The New Archeologists, he contends, may have developed scientific hypotheses, but in most cases they failed to carry out what is necessary to test their theories, thus contradicting the very goals they had set for the discipline. Reevaluating the field as a whole, Courbin asks, What is archaeology? He distinguishes it from such related fields as history and anthropology, emphatically arguing that the primary task of archaeology is what the archaeologist alone can accomplish: the establishment of facts—stratigraphies, time sequences, and identification tools, bones, potsherds, and so on. When archaeological findings lead to historical or anthropological conclusions, as they very often do, archaeologists must be aware that this involves a specific change in their work; they are no longer archaeologists proper. The archaeologist's work, Courbin stresses, is not a humble auxiliary of anthropology or history, but the foundation upon which historians and anthropologists of ancient civilizations will build and without which their theories cannot but collapse. What Is Archaeology? was originally published in French in 1982.

A Future for Archaeology

The Past in the Present
Author: Robert Layton,Stephen Shennan
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781844721269
Category: Archaeology
Page: 251
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Over the last thirty years issues of culture, identity and meaning have moved out of the academic sphere to become central to politics and society at all levels from the local to the global. Archaeology has been at the forefront of these moves towards a greater engagement with the non-academic world, often in an extremely practical and direct way, for example in the disputes about the repatriation of human burials. Such disputes have been central to the recognition that previously marginalised groups have rights in their own past which are important for their future. The essays in this book look back at some of the most important events where a role for an archaeology concerned with the past in the present first emerged and look forward to the practical and theoretical issues now central to a socially engaged discipline and shaping its future. This book is published in honour of Professor Peter Ucko, who has played an unparalleled role in promoting awareness of the core issues in this volume among archaeologists.

Archaeology and World Religion


Author: Timothy Insoll
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415221559
Category: Religion
Page: 226
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Archaeology and World Religion is an important new work, being the first to examine these two vast topics together. The volume explores the relationship between, and the contribution archaeology can make to the study of 'World Religions'. The contributors consider a number of questions: * can religious (sacred) texts be treated as historical documents, or do they merit special treatment? * Does archaeology with its emphasis on material culture dispel notions of the ideal/divine? * Does the study of archaeology and religion lead to differing interpretations of the same event? * In what ways does the notion of a uniform religious identity exist and is this recognisable in the archaeological record? Clearly written and up-to-date, this volume will be an indispensable research tool for academics and specialists in these fields.

The Archaeology of the Roman Economy


Author: Kevin Greene
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520074019
Category: History
Page: 192
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Kevin Greene shows how archaeology can help provide a more balanced view of the Roman economy by informing the classical historian about geographical areas and classes of society that received little attention from the largely aristocratic classical writers whose work survives.

Archaeology

The Key Concepts
Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415317573
Category: Social Science
Page: 298
View: 5198

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This invaluable resource provides an up-to-date and comprehensive survey of key ideas in archaeology and their impact on archaeological thinking and method. Featuring over fifty detailed entries by international experts, the book offers definitions of key terms, explaining their origin and development. Entries also feature guides to further reading and extensive cross-referencing. Archaeology: The Key Concepts is the ideal reference guide for students, teachers and anyone with an interest in archaeology.

Jesus and Archaeology


Author: James H. Charlesworth
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802848802
Category: Religion
Page: 740
View: 9185

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Archaeology still has many things to reveal about the life and world of Jesus of Nazareth. To touch a two-thousand-year-old pot held by a Jew who lived in a small village frequented by Jesus can bring us closer to understanding those who were touched by Jesus. Jesus and Archaeology contains the revised and edited lectures that leading archaeologists and biblical scholars presented at a gathering in Jerusalem to celebrate the new millennium. Many contributors came directly from their excavations in places like Bethsaida, Capernaum, Nazareth, and Jerusalem to share their discoveries and insights, focusing on the question In what ways do new archaeological discoveries clarify the world, life, and thought of Jesus from Nazareth? Readers of Jesus and Archaeology will gain many new insights into the life and times of this fascinating Galilean J ew. Contributors: Paul N. Anderson Rami Arav Dan Bahat Richard A. Batey Avraham Biran Brian J. Capper James H. Charlesworth Bruce Chilton James D. G. Dunn J. K. Elliott Esther Eshel Craig A. Evans Sean Freyne Yizhar Hirschfeld William Klassen John S. Kloppenborg Achim Lichtenberger Frédéric Manns John Painter Michele Piccirillo, O.F.M. Bargil Pixner, O.S.B. Emile Puech John Reumann Peter Richardson Henry W. M. Rietz Daniel R. Schwartz Benedict Thomas Viviano, O.P. Urban C. von Wahlde John W. Welch Jürgen Zangenberg Joseph E. Zias

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant

C. 8000-332 BCE
Author: Margreet L. Steiner,Ann E. Killebrew
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019921297X
Category: History
Page: 885
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This Handbook aims to serve as a research guide to the archaeology of the Levant, an area situated at the crossroads of the ancient world that linked the eastern Mediterranean, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. Unique in its treatment of the entire region, it offers a comprehensive overview and analysis of the current state of the archaeology of the Levant within its larger cultural, historical, and socio-economic contexts. Written by leading scholars inthe field, it focuses chronologically on the Neolithic through Persian periods - a time span during which the Levant was often in close contact with the imperial powers of Egypt, Anatolia, Assyria, Babylon, andPersia. This volume will serve as an invaluable reference work for those interested in a contextualised archaeological account of this region, beginning with the tenth millennium BC 'agricultural revolution', until the conquest of Alexander the Great that marked the end of the Persian period.

Archaeology

The Widening Debate
Author: Barry W. Cunliffe,Colin Renfrew
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780197262559
Category: Social Science
Page: 627
View: 522

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Twenty-six leading scholars from around the world have come together to celebrate the strengths, the energies and the sheer intellectual excitement of their discipline. They unashamedly proclaim that over the last hundred years archaeology has transformed itself from a genteel antiquarian pursuit, deeply rooted in the classical tradition, to a rigorous and demanding discipline, spanning the humanities and the sciences, yet at the same time one widely accessible to the public at large.The contributors show how our understanding of the past has changed, reveal the exciting ideas under current debate, and offer their visions of the future. The result is a remarkable overview of world archaeology, focusing on new and unexpected themes at the cutting edge of the discipline.

Sculpture and Archaeology


Author: Paul Bonaventura,Andrew Jones
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754658313
Category: Art
Page: 221
View: 6137

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In recent years the intersections between art history and archaeology have become the focus of critical analysis by both disciplines. Contemporary sculpture has played a key role in this dialogue. These essays by art historians, archaeologists and artists, take the intersection between sculpture and archaeology as the prelude for analysis, examining the metaphorical and conceptual role of archaeology as subject matter for sculptors, and the significance of sculpture as a three-dimensional medium for exploring historical attitudes to archaeology.

Empires

Perspectives from Archaeology and History
Author: Susan E. Alcock
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521770200
Category: History
Page: 523
View: 2073

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Empires, the largest political systems of the ancient and early modern world, powerfully transformed the lives of people within and even beyond their frontiers in ways quite different from other, non-imperial societies. Appearing in all parts of the globe, and in many different epochs, empires invite comparative analysis - yet few attempts have been made to place imperial systems within such a framework. This book brings together studies by distinguished scholars from diverse academic traditions, including anthropology, archaeology, history and classics. The empires discussed include case studies from Central and South America, the Mediterranean, Europe, the Near East, South East Asia and China, and range in time from the first millennium BC to the early modern era. The book organises these detailed studies into five thematic sections: sources, approaches and definitions; empires in a wider world; imperial integration and imperial subjects; imperial ideologies; and the afterlife of empires.

Maritime Archaeology


Author: Keith Muckelroy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521293488
Category: Social Science
Page: 270
View: 5772

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Archaeology has made enormous advances recently, both in volume of discoveries and in its character as an intellectual discipline; new techniques have helped to further the range and rigour of enquiry, and encouraged interdisciplinary communication. The aim of this series is to make available to a wider audience the results of these developments. The coverage will be world-wide and will extend from the earliest period to medieval and industrial archaeology.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World


Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019960200X
Category: Art
Page: 823
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This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of a rapidly expanding sub-field in archaeology, the study of the present and recent past. It seeks to explore the boundaries of this emerging area, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods, which are applicable to this new sub-field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research.

Gender and Archaeology


Author: Rita Wright
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812215748
Category: Architecture
Page: 296
View: 5497

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Gender and Archaeology challenges archaeologists to draw on wider feminist discourses in their interpretations of past societies—and also challenges feminist scholars in other disciplines to consider new engendered approaches to archaeology.

Ethical Issues in Archaeology


Author: Larry J. Zimmerman,Karen D. Vitelli,Julia J. Hollowell
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759102712
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 300
View: 7814

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Edited volume exploring key issues in ethics for archaeologists. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Archaeology

The Discipline of Things
Author: Bjørnar Olsen
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520274172
Category: Social Science
Page: 255
View: 7367

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"This book exhorts the reader to embrace the materiality of archaeology by recognizing how every step in the discipline's scientific processes involves interaction with myriad physical artifacts, ranging from the camel-hair brush to profile drawings to virtual reality imaging. At the same time, the reader is taken on a phenomenological journey into various pasts, immersed in the lives of peoples from other times, compelled to engage their senses with the sights, smells, and noises of the publics and places whose remains they study. This is a refreshingly original and provocative look at the meaning of the material culture that lies at the foundation of the archaeological discipline."--Michael Brian Schiffer, author of The Material Life of Human Beings "This volume is a radical call to fundamentally rethink the ontology, profession, and practice of archaeology. The authors present a closely reasoned, epistemologically sound argument for why archaeology should be considered the discipline of things, rather than its more commonplace definition as the study of the human past through material traces. All scholars and students of archaeology will need to read and contemplate this thought-provoking book."--Wendy Ashmore, Professor of Anthropology, UC Riverside "A broad, illuminating, and well-researched overview of theoretical problems pertaining to archaeology. The authors make a calm defense of the role of objects against tedious claims of 'fetishism.'"--Graham Harman, author of The Quadruple Object

Multispecies Archaeology


Author: Suzanne E. Pilaar Birch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317480643
Category: Social Science
Page: 376
View: 2617

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Multispecies Archaeology explores the issue of ecological and cultural novelty in the archaeological record from a multispecies perspective. Human exceptionalism and our place in nature have long been topics of academic consideration and archaeology has been synonymous with an axclusively human past, to the detriment of gaining a more nuanced understanding of one that is shared. Encompassing more than just our relationships with animals, the book considers what we can learn about the human past without humans as the focus of the question. The volume digs deep into our understanding of interaction with plants, fungi, microbes, and even the fundamental building blocks of life, DNA. Multispecies Archaeology examines what it means to be human—and non-human—from a variety of perspectives, providing a new lens through which to view the past. Challenging not only the subject or object of archaeology but also broader disciplinary identities, the volume is a landmark in this new and evolving area of scholarly interest.

ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE MEDIA


Author: Timothy Clack,Marcus Brittain
Publisher: Left Coast Press
ISBN: 1598742345
Category: Social Science
Page: 323
View: 3877

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The public's fascination with archaeology has meant that archaeologists have had to deal with media more regularly than other scholarly disciplines. In this volume, a group of archaeologists address a wide range of questions in this intersection of fields.

Companion Encyclopedia of Archaeology


Author: Graeme Barker
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415213295
Category: Anthropology
Page: 1219
View: 7223

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This comprehensive, fully illustrated Companion answers the need for an in-depth archaeology reference that provides authoritative coverage of this complex and interdisciplinary field. The work brings together the myriad strands and the great temporal and spatial breadth of the field into two thematically organized volumes. In twenty-six authoritative and clearly-written essays, this Companion explores the origins, aims, methods and problems of archaeology. Each essay is written by a scholar of international standing and illustrations complement the text.

Handbook of Gender in Archaeology


Author: Sarah M. Nelson
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759106789
Category: Social Science
Page: 913
View: 4681

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First reference work to explore the research on gender in archaeology.