Archaeological Chemistry


Author: Zvi Goffer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471915157
Category: Science
Page: 576
View: 7735

Continue Reading →

The chemical study of archaeological materials Archaeological Chemistry, Second Edition is about the application of the chemical sciences to the study of ancient man and his material activities. The text of the book centers on the use of chemical methods, but also refers to the contributions of physics, biology, and genetics to archaeological research. Subjects discussed in the book include the determination of the nature of ancient materials, their provenance and age, the technologies used for the production of man-made materials, and the analysis of ancient human and animal remains (such as bone, dried blood, and coprolites), which yields information on ancient diets, kinship, habitancy, and migratory patterns. New developments in analytical chemistry and in related disciplines, which have contributed to archaeological research since the first edition of the book was published, are dealt with in this edition, which also includes: * Updated information on the study of the nature, age, and provenance of ancient materials * New sections on organic, biological and genetic studies * Glossary * Extensive bibliography The book is intended primarily for archaeologists, physical anthropologists and students of archaeology and physical anthropology, but will also be of use to conservators, curators, and art historians. Natural scientists reading it will become acquainted with advances in archaeological research which were made possible only by the application of chemical, physical, and biological methods and techniques.

Archaeological Chemistry (3rd Edition)


Author: A Mark Pollard,Carl Heron,Ruth Ann Armitage
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782624260
Category: Archaeological chemistry
Page: 585
View: 1047

Continue Reading →

Third edition of a comprehensive textbook, ideal for students in archaeological science and chemistry, archaeologists, and those involved in conserving human artefacts.

An Introduction to Archaeological Chemistry


Author: T. Douglas Price,James H. Burton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441963765
Category: Social Science
Page: 311
View: 3334

Continue Reading →

Archaeological chemistry is a subject of great importance to the study and methodology of archaeology. This comprehensive text covers the subject with a full range of case studies, materials, and research methods. With twenty years of experience teaching the subject, the authors offer straightforward coverage of archaeological chemistry, a subject that can be intimidating for many archaeologists who do not already have a background in the hard sciences. With clear explanations and informative illustrations, the authors have created a highly approachable text, which will help readers overcome that intimidation. Topics covered included: Materials (rock, pottery, bone, charcoal, soils, metals, and others), Instruments (microscopes, NAA, spectrometers, mass spectrometers, GC/MS, XRF & XRD, Case Studies (Provinience, Sediments, Diet Reconstruction, Past Human Movement, Organic Residues). The detailed coverage and clear language will make this useful as an introduction to the study of archaeological chemistry, as well as a useful resource for years after that introduction.

Archaeological Chemistry

A Symposium
Author: Martin Levey
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781512803891
Category:
Page: 368
View: 3317

Continue Reading →

Papers in English, French, and German. Sponsored by the Division of History of Chemistry of the American Chemical Society. Includes bibliographical references. This collection of studies in archeological chemistry is the most important ever devoted to this field. In these pages its difficult experimental problems are treated by an impressive group of experts from all over the globe. Nearly all archeological chemistry's investigative methods are described: infrared spectra, emission spectroscopy, chemical analysis, X-ray fluorescent spectroscopy, petrographic examination, probing by electronic sound and micrography, C 14 dating, and others. These papers were first presented at the Third Symposium on Archeological Chemistry in September 1962 under the auspices of the American Chemical Society. The symposium was to bring together the knowledge and techniques so that more and better investigation might be encouraged and receive the proper recognition. The studies in this book possess not only great qualitative interest in their own areas but have a collective value in their portrayal of the state of affairs in the chemistry of ancient artifacts.

Archaeological Chemistry

Materials, Methods, and Meaning
Author: Kathryn A. Jakes,American Chemical Society. Division of the History of Chemistry
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: 9780841238107
Category: Science
Page: 261
View: 6211

Continue Reading →

This book provides examples of analytical methods in a variety of archaeological materials. It presents analytical techniques that incur no visible destruction of the artifact under examination. Using patterns in the analytical data derived from a wide variety of analytical methods, different components of past human behaviour are inferred, including diet, technology of manufacture, source of raw materials, trade routes, and determination of age.

Archaeological Chemistry VIII


Author: Ruth Ann Armitage,James Hutson Burton
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: 9780841229242
Category: Science
Page: 472
View: 8310

Continue Reading →

The 12th Archaeological Chemistry Symposium was held as part of the Spring ACS National Meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana, April 7-11, 2013. This volume is a compilation of presentations from the Symposium, the latest in a long tradition that began at the ACS National Meeting in Philadelphia in 1950. The papers herein show that archaeological chemistry today is more than the usual studies of trace elements in pottery and lithics, which continue to contribute to our understanding of human behavior in the past. New areas of research include more focus on portability to analyze pigments in situ and artifacts in museums, nascent developments in non- and minimally destructive chemical characterization, new applications of isotopic analyses, and an increasing interest in archaeological biomolecules. This volume is divided into sections that roughly follow those of the Symposium: Pigments, Residues and Material Analysis, X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy, and Isotopes in Archaeology. The first section, Pigments and Dyes, begins with a review of manuscript pigments by Dr. Mary Virginia Orna, the organizer of the 9th Archaeological Chemistry Symposium and Editor of Archaeological Chemistry: Organic, Inorganic, and Biochemical Analysis (2). Each of the following sections begins with a review paper from one of the invited speakers. Dr. Valerie Steele, now at the University of Bradford in the Department of Archaeological Science, provides an overview of the state - for better and for worse - of analyses of archaeological residues. Portable X-ray fluorescence instruments are becoming extremely common in archaeological chemistry investigations; Dr. Aaron Shugar of Buffalo State University provides in his chapter some perspectives and warnings against the indiscriminate use of this technology. Finally, Dr. Matthew Sponheimer gives an overview of the contributions of stable carbon isotope and trace metal studies in understanding early hominin diets. The final chapter of the book provides a perspective on the earliest work in archaeological chemistry in the 18th century and brings us up to today's challenges.

Archaeological Chemistry IV

Developed from a Symposium Sponsored by the Division of History of Chemistry at the 193rd Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Denver, Colorado, April 5-10, 1987
Author: Ralph O. Allen
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 508
View: 7714

Continue Reading →

Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology


Author: A. M. Pollard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521655729
Category: Science
Page: 404
View: 5566

Continue Reading →

This book is an introductory manual that explains the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and that reviews their application to archaeology. It explains key terminology, outlines the procedures to be followed in order to produce good data, and describes the function of the basic instrumentation required to carry out those procedures. The manual contains chapters on the basic chemistry and physics necessary to understand the techniques used in analytical chemistry, with more detailed chapters on Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, Neutron Activation Analysis, X-ray Flourescence, Electron Microscopy, Infra-red and Raman Spectroscopy, and Mass Spectrometry. Each chapter describes the operation of the instruments, some hints on the practicalities, and a review of the application of the technique to archaeology, including some case studies. With guides to further reading on the topic, it is an essential tool for practitioners, researchers and advanced students alike.

Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology


Author: A. M. Pollard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521655729
Category: Science
Page: 404
View: 1502

Continue Reading →

This book is an introductory manual that explains the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and that reviews their application to archaeology. It explains key terminology, outlines the procedures to be followed in order to produce good data, and describes the function of the basic instrumentation required to carry out those procedures. The manual contains chapters on the basic chemistry and physics necessary to understand the techniques used in analytical chemistry, with more detailed chapters on Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, Neutron Activation Analysis, X-ray Flourescence, Electron Microscopy, Infra-red and Raman Spectroscopy, and Mass Spectrometry. Each chapter describes the operation of the instruments, some hints on the practicalities, and a review of the application of the technique to archaeology, including some case studies. With guides to further reading on the topic, it is an essential tool for practitioners, researchers and advanced students alike.

Archaeological wood

properties, chemistry, and preservation
Author: Roger M. Rowell,R. James Barbour,American Chemical Society. Meeting
Publisher: An American Chemical Society Publication
ISBN: 9780841216235
Category: Fiction
Page: 472
View: 9310

Continue Reading →

This is the first book to combine chemistry with techniques of preserving archaeological wood. Among the topics discussed in its 17 chapters are the chemical composition of wood and changes brought about by the decay process, biopredators, radiation curing, freeze-drying, chemical preservation techniques, museum environments, the ethics of conservation, and value systems for choosing among the qualities of wood that can be preserved. This volume provides understanding, from a scientific perspective of archaeological wood, its properties, its chemistry and its preservation.

Analytical Archaeometry

Selected Topics
Author: Howell Edwards,Peter Vandenabeele
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782626247
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 6298

Continue Reading →

Analytical Archaeometry describes this interesting and challenging field of research - on the border between natural sciences (chemistry, spectroscopy, biology, geology) and humanities (archaeology, (art-)history, conservation sciences). It fills the gap between these two areas whilst focussing on the analytical aspects of this research field. The first part of the book studies the main analytical techniques used in this research field. The second part expands from the different types of materials usually encountered, and the final part is organised around a series of typical research questions. The book is not only focussed on archaeological materials, but is also accessible to a broader lay audience. Overall the book is clearly structured and gives insight into different approaches to the study of analytical providing extensive discussion on a wide range of techniques, materials, questions and applications. Due to the advances in analytical instrumentation and applications in this field, it is important to have all this information merged together. Academics as well as professionals in archaeology, art history, museum labs and conservation science will find this an invaluable reference source ensuring the reader is provided with the latest progress in this research field.

Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art History


Author: Howell G. M. Edwards,John M. Chalmers
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 0854045228
Category: Science
Page: 476
View: 1563

Continue Reading →

Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art History highlights the important contributions Raman spectroscopy makes for characterising the chemical composition and structure and in determining the provenance and authenticity of objects of archaeological and historical importance. It brings together studies from diverse areas and represents the first dedicated work on the use of this technique in this increasingly important field. With its extensive examples, Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art History will be of particular interest to specialists in the field, including researchers and scientific/conservation staff in museums. Academics will find it an invaluable reference to the use of Raman spectroscopy.

Principles of Archaeology


Author: T. Douglas Price,Kelly J. Knudson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780500293614
Category: Archaeology
Page: 448
View: 3520

Continue Reading →

Principles of Archaeology provides the building blocks for students to learn how archaeologists think. Retaining its focus on teaching the major methods of thought and analysis and the importance of scientific techniques, this new edition has been thoroughly redesigned and revised to include the most recent technologies and ethical issues involved in studying the past. A new co-author specializing in archaeological chemistry means the book leads the way with coverage of the most pioneering scientific approaches in archaeology, while up-to-date examples show students the complexity of practising archaeology, and how archaeological sites and finds impact how we understand our present and future. Principles of Archaeology remains the most accessible and engaging entry point for those wanting to learn more about this fascinating field of study.