Anthropos Today

Reflections on Modern Equipment
Author: Paul Rabinow
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400825905
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 4620

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The discipline of anthropology is, at its best, characterized by turbulence, self-examination, and inventiveness. In recent decades, new thinking and practice within the field has certainly reflected this pattern, as shown for example by numerous fruitful ventures into the "politics and poetics" of anthropology. Surprisingly little attention, however, has been given to the simple insight that anthropology is composed of claims, whether tacit or explicit, about anthropos and about logos--and the myriad ways in which these two Greek nouns have been, might be, and should be, connected. Anthropos Today represents a pathbreaking effort to fill this gap. Paul Rabinow brings together years of distinguished work in this magisterial volume that seeks to reinvigorate the human sciences. Specifically, he assembles a set of conceptual tools--"modern equipment"--to assess how intellectual work is currently conducted and how it might change. Anthropos Today crystallizes Rabinow's previous ethnographic inquiries into the production of truth about life in the world of biotechnology and genome mapping (and his invention of new ways of practicing this pursuit), and his findings on how new practices of life, labor, and language have emerged and been institutionalized. Here, Rabinow steps back from empirical research in order to reflect on the conceptual and ethical resources available today to conduct such inquiries. Drawing richly on Foucault and many other thinkers including Weber and Dewey, Rabinow concludes that a "contingent practice" must be developed that focuses on "events of problematization." Brilliantly synthesizing insights from American, French, and German traditions, he offers a lucid, deeply learned, original discussion of how one might best think about anthropos today.

Marking Time

On the Anthropology of the Contemporary
Author: Paul Rabinow
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400827992
Category: Social Science
Page: 168
View: 429

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In Marking Time, Paul Rabinow presents his most recent reflections on the anthropology of the contemporary. Drawing richly on the work of Michel Foucault, John Dewey, Niklas Luhmann, and, most interestingly, German painter Gerhard Richter, Rabinow offers a set of conceptual tools for scholars examining cutting-edge practices in the life sciences, security, new media and art practices, and other emergent phenomena. Taking up topics that include bioethics, anger and competition among molecular biologists, the lessons of the Drosophila genome, the nature of ethnographic observation in radically new settings, and the moral landscape shared by scientists and anthropologists, Rabinow shows how anthropology remains relevant to contemporary debates. By turning abstract philosophical problems into real-world explorations and offering original insights, Marking Time is a landmark contribution to the continuing re-invention of anthropology and the human sciences.

An der Grenze

Die biotechnologische Überwachung von Migration
Author: Torsten Heinemann,Martin G. Weiß
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593501414
Category: Social Science
Page: 204
View: 4987

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Die Staaten der Europäischen Union haben in den vergangenen Jahren ein »biotechnologisches Grenzregime« errichtet, das über ein nahezu totales Wissen über die Körper von Einwanderern und Staatsbürgern verfügt. Die gesammelten biometrischen Daten reichen von Fingerabdrücken und Iris-Scans zur Identitätsfeststellung über Röntgenbilder des Körpers zum Zweck der Altersbestimmung bis hin zu DNAAnalysen im Rahmen von Familienzusammenführungen. Dieser interdisziplinäre Band bietet einen detaillierten Einblick in gegenwärtige biotechnologische Grenzregime im Kontext neoliberaler Herrschaftsstrukturen und analysiert zentrale politische, soziale und ethische Implikationen dieser Praxis.

Two Bits

The Cultural Significance of Free Software
Author: Christopher M. Kelty
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822342649
Category: Computers
Page: 378
View: 8701

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DIVEthnographic study of the programmers, engineers, and hackers who have shaped the internet since the 1970s and the battles that have been waged amongst them over the development of open source software./div

Morale

Social Citizenship and Democracy in Modern Britain
Author: Daniel Ussishkin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 722
View: 6806

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The Accompaniment

Assembling the Contemporary
Author: Paul Rabinow
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226701719
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 3713

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In this culmination of his search for anthropological concepts and practices appropriate to the twenty-first century, Paul Rabinow contends that to make sense of the contemporary anthropologists must invent new forms of inquiry. He begins with an extended rumination on what he gained from two of his formative mentors: Michel Foucault and Clifford Geertz. Reflecting on their lives as teachers and thinkers, as well as human beings, he poses questions about their critical limitations, unfulfilled hopes, and the lessons he learned from and with them. This spirit of collaboration animates The Accompaniment, as Rabinow assesses the last ten years of his career, largely spent engaging in a series of intensive experiments in collaborative research and often focused on cutting-edge work in synthetic biology. He candidly details the successes and failures of shifting his teaching practice away from individual projects, placing greater emphasis on participation over observation in research, and designing and using websites as a venue for collaboration. Analyzing these endeavors alongside his efforts to apply an anthropological lens to the natural sciences, Rabinow lays the foundation for an ethically grounded anthropology ready and able to face the challenges of our contemporary world.

Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary


Author: Paul Rabinow,George E. Marcus,James D. Faubion,Tobias Rees
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 082239006X
Category: Social Science
Page: 150
View: 1660

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In this compact volume two of anthropology’s most influential theorists, Paul Rabinow and George E. Marcus, engage in a series of conversations about the past, present, and future of anthropological knowledge, pedagogy, and practice. James D. Faubion joins in several exchanges to facilitate and elaborate the dialogue, and Tobias Rees moderates the discussions and contributes an introduction and an afterword to the volume. Most of the conversations are focused on contemporary challenges to how anthropology understands its subject and how ethnographic research projects are designed and carried out. Rabinow and Marcus reflect on what remains distinctly anthropological about the study of contemporary events and processes, and they contemplate productive new directions for the field. The two converge in Marcus’s emphasis on the need to redesign pedagogical practices for training anthropological researchers and in Rabinow’s proposal of collaborative initiatives in which ethnographic research designs could be analyzed, experimented with, and transformed. Both Rabinow and Marcus participated in the milestone collection Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Published in 1986, Writing Culture catalyzed a reassessment of how ethnographers encountered, studied, and wrote about their subjects. In the opening conversations of Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary, Rabinow and Marcus take stock of anthropology’s recent past by discussing the intellectual scene in which Writing Culture intervened, the book’s contributions, and its conceptual limitations. Considering how the field has developed since the publication of that volume, they address topics including ethnography’s self-reflexive turn, scholars’ increased focus on questions of identity, the Public Culture project, science and technology studies, and the changing interests and goals of students. Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary allows readers to eavesdrop on lively conversations between anthropologists who have helped to shape their field’s recent past and are deeply invested in its future.

Representations on the Margins of Europe

Politics and Identities in the Baltic and South Caucasian States
Author: Tsypylma Darieva,Wolfgang Kaschuba
Publisher: Campus Verlag Gmbh
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 354
View: 6466

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Since the first Baltic nations joined the European Union, debates about reorganizing post-Soviet republics have grown increasingly heated. How do citizens in the Baltic and South Caucasian states cope with EU expansion and the feeling of existing simultaneously “inside” and “outside” Europe? Based on ethnographies and archival work, Representations on the Margins of Europe offers new insights into shifts in the national identity, cultural geography, and symbolic boundaries. This exploration of local responses to Europe’s new hegemony will appeal to anyone interested in anthropology, history, and politics.

Alien Ocean

Anthropological Voyages in Microbial Seas
Author: Stefan Helmreich
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 403
View: 4481

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"Alien Ocean immerses readers in worlds being newly explored by marine biologists: the deep sea, the microscopic realm, and oceans beyond national boundaries. Working alongside scientists on ships at sea, in coastal research labs, and at undersea volcanoes, Stefan Helmreich charts how revolutions in genomics, bioinformatics, and remote sensing have pressed marine bioligists to view the sea as animated by its smallest inhabitants: marine microbes. Thriving in astonishingly extreme conditions, such microbes have become key figures in scientific and public debates about the origin of life, climate change, biotechnology, and even the possibility of life on other worlds."--Cover.

Wild profusion

biodiversity conservation in an Indonesian archipelago
Author: Celia Lowe
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691124612
Category: Nature
Page: 196
View: 5853

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Wild Profusion tells the fascinating story of biodiversity conservation in Indonesia in the decade culminating in the great fires of 1997-98--a time when the country's environment became a point of concern for social and environmental activists, scientists, and the many fishermen and farmers nationwide who suffered from degraded environments and faced accusations that they were destroying nature. Celia Lowe argues that biodiversity, in 1990s Indonesia, implied a particular convergence of nature, nation, science, and identity that made Indonesians' mapping of the concept distinct within transnational practices of nature conservation at the time.Lowe recounts the efforts of Indonesian biologists to document the species of the Togean Islands, to "develop" Togean people, and to turn this archipelago off the coast of Sulawesi into a national park. Indonesian scientists aspired to a conservation biology that was both internationally recognizable and politically effective in the Indonesian context. Simultaneously, Lowe describes the experiences of Togean Sama people who had their own understandings of nature and nation. To place Sama and scientist into the same conceptual frame, Lowe studies Sama ideas in the context of transnational thought rather than local knowledge.In tracking the practice of conservation biology in a postcolonial setting, Wild Profusion explores what in nature can count as important and for whom.

Frontiers of capital

ethnographic reflections on the new economy
Author: Melissa Suzanne Fisher,Greg Downey
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 381
View: 406

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A collection of ethnographic essays that consider the optimism associated with globaling business and technology developments in the 1990s, from Wall Street IPOs to China's new capitalism.

Insurgent Citizenship

Disjunctions of Democracy and Modernity in Brazil
Author: James Holston
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 416
View: 4064

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Insurgent citizenships have arisen in cities around the world. This book examines the insurgence of democratic citizenship in the urban peripheries of São Paulo, Brazil, its entanglement with entrenched systems of inequality, and its contradiction in violence. James Holston argues that for two centuries Brazilians have practiced a type of citizenship all too common among nation-states--one that is universally inclusive in national membership and massively inegalitarian in distributing rights and in its legalization of social differences. But since the 1970s, he shows, residents of Brazil's urban peripheries have formulated a new citizenship that is destabilizing the old. Their mobilizations have developed not primarily through struggles of labor but through those of the city--particularly illegal residence, house building, and land conflict. Yet precisely as Brazilians democratized urban space and achieved political democracy, violence, injustice, and impunity increased dramatically. Based on comparative, ethnographic, and historical research, Insurgent Citizenship reveals why the insurgent and the entrenched remain dangerously conjoined as new kinds of citizens expand democracy even as new forms of violence and exclusion erode it. Rather than view this paradox as evidence of democratic failure and urban chaos, Insurgent Citizenship argues that contradictory realizations of citizenship characterize all democracies--emerging and established. Focusing on processes of city- and citizen-making now prevalent globally, it develops new approaches for understanding the contemporary course of democratic citizenship in societies of vastly different cultures and histories.

Law and Bioethics


Author: Michael D. A. Freeman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 482
View: 2584

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Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems, is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year, leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Bioethics, the latest volume in the Current Legal Issues series, contains a broad range of essays by scholars interested in the interactions between law and bioethics. It includes studies examining the regulation of stem cell research, human rights and bioethics, the regulation of reproductive technologies, and distributive justice in healthcare and pandemic planning.

Thinking about dementia

culture, loss, and the anthropology of senility
Author: Annette Leibing,Lawrence Cohen
Publisher: Rutgers Univ Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 299
View: 1630

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Bodies of Difference

Experiences of Disability and Institutional Advocacy in the Making of Modern China
Author: Matthew Kohrman
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520226445
Category: History
Page: 285
View: 4025

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Annotation A study of the culture of disability in China and the emergence of the government institution known as the China Disabled Persons' Federation.