Anthropology in the City

Methodology and Theory
Author: Italo Pardo,Giuliana B. Prato
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317180399
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 8761

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With half of humanity already living in towns and cities and that proportion expected to increase in the coming decades, society - both Western and non-Western - is fast becoming urban and even mega-urban. As such, research in urban settings is evidently timely and of great importance. Anthropology in the City brings together a leading team of anthropologists to address the complex methodological and theoretical challenges posed by field-research in urban settings, clearly identifying the significance of the anthropological paradigm in urban research and its centrality both to mainstream academic debates and to society more broadly. With essays from experts on wide-ranging ethnographic research from fields as diverse as China, Europe, India, Latin and North America and South East Asia, this book demonstrates the contribution that empirically-based anthropological analysis can make to our understanding of our increasingly urban world.

A Companion to Urban Anthropology

Author: Donald M. Nonini
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118378652
Category: Social Science
Page: 536
View: 3263

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A Companion to Urban Anthropology presents a collection oforiginal essays from international scholars on key issues in urbananthropology and broader cross-disciplinary urban studies. Features newly commissioned essays from 35 leadinginternational scholars in urban and global studies Includes essays in classic areas of concern to urbananthropologists such as built structures and urban planning,community, security, markets, and race Covers emergent areas in the field including:21st-century cities borders, citizenship, sustainability, and urbansexualities

Das Bild der Stadt

Author: Kevin Lynch
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3035602166
Category: Architecture
Page: 215
View: 6471

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Wie orientieren wir uns in einer Stadt? Woher rühren unsere ganz fest umrissenen visuellen Vorstellungen? Um diese Fragen beantworten zu können, studierte Kevin Lynch die Erfahrungen von Menschen und zeigt damit, wie man das Bild der Stadt wieder lebendiger und einprägsamer machen könnte.

The Liminal Worker

An Ethnography of Work, Unemployment and Precariousness in Contemporary Greece
Author: Dr Manos Spyridakis
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472400984
Category: Social Science
Page: 274
View: 4163

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The Liminal Worker examines the experience of work, employment, employment insecurity and precariousness in a context of high unemployment and welfare state crisis in modern Greece. A theoretically-informed, anthropological exploration of the notion of work in contemporary western society and its relation to processes of political decision making, this book challenges the mainstream conception of work as an economic or purely productive activity, presenting a comparative analysis of work as a social phenomenon. Drawing on original empirical research, it explores the key themes of the transformation, experience, meaning and narrative of work and its relation to attendant social policies. A unique examination of the complicated experience of work and labour relations within power systems, institutions and organisations, as well as the reactions and survival strategies of ordinary actors facing precariousness in their daily existence, The Liminal Worker elaborates upon the notion of the anthropology of work and investigates the connection between ethnographic data (and its critical analysis) and the formation of policy. As such, it will be of interest to anthropologists, sociologists, policy makers and geographers concerned with questions of work, labour relations and policy formation.

Fleisch und Stein

der Körper und die Stadt in der westlichen Zivilisation
Author: Richard Sennett
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518391693
Category: Cities and towns
Page: 523
View: 4779

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"Fleisch und Stein" ist eine neue Geschichte der Stadt in der westlichen Kultur. Ihr Thema ist das Verhältnis des Steins, der Gebäude und Strassen, zum Fleisch, zu den Menschen und ihren Bedürfnissen. Der Autor geht dabei von sehr einfachen Fragen aus: Was bedeutet der Schutz der Mauern für die Einwohner der Stadt? Wie bilden sich Sehnsüchte und Bedürfnisse der Menschen in ihren Bauten ab? Die körperliche Erfahrung der Menschen hat die Geschichte der Stadt bestimmt: wie Frauen und Männer sich in den Strassen bewegten, was sie gesehen und gehört haben, wo sie assen, wie sie sich kleideten, wann sie sich wuschen und wo sie sich liebten. Im ersten Teil gibt der Autor unter anderem einen Einblick in die Stadt und das Leben der Griechen (ab dem Jahre 431 vor Chr.) und der Römer. Er schreibt seine Texte so, dass die Leser das Gefühl haben, mit ihm selbst durch die alten Strassen zu wandeln, das griechische "Gymnasium " zu besuchen und am Leben der Stadt teilzuhaben. Er erklärt mit Hilfe verschiedenster Theorien, wie zum Beispiel die unterschiedlichen Stellungen in der Gesellschaft von Männern, Frauen und Sklaven begründet wurde und wie sich die Stadt mit ihrem gesamten Leben mit der Zeit veränderte. In seinem zweiten Teil schreibt er über Paris und über das jüdische Ghetto im Venedig der Renaissance. In seinem dritten und letzten Teil nimmt er die Stadt London noch hinzu.

Urban Anthropology in the United States

Four Cases : Chicano Prisoners, Black Families in Chicago, Portland Longshoremen, Fun City
Author: George Dearborn Spindler
Publisher: Harcourt School
Category: Social Science
Page: 504
View: 9565

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Australian Ways

Anthropological studies in an industrialised society
Author: Lenore Manderson
Publisher: Allen & Unwin
ISBN: 1742696546
Category: Social Science
Page: 150
View: 4832

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This collection illustrates the richness of data and analysis born of the anthropological study of contemporary white Australian society. Inspired by the need to demonstrate the especial skills and insights of anthropology when brought to bear on familiar 'everyday' data, Australian Ways will be of interest to anyone curious about the colour and diversity of Australian life.

Urban Life in Post-Soviet Asia

Author: Catharine Alexander,Victor Buchli,Caroline Humphrey
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1135392080
Category: Law
Page: 224
View: 8312

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Capturing a unique historical moment, this book examines the changes in urban life since the collapse of the Soviet Union from an ethnographic perspective, thus addressing significant gaps in the literature on cities, Central Asia and post-socialism. It encompasses Tashkent, Almaty, Astana and Ulan-Ude: four cities with quite different responses to the fall of the Soviet Union. Each chapter takes a theme of central significance across this huge geographical terrain, addresses it through one city and contextualizes it by reference to the other sites in this volume. The structure of the book moves from nostalgia and memories of the Soviet past to examine how current changes are being experienced and imagined through the shifting materialities, temporalities and political economies of urban life. Privatization is giving rise to new social geographies, while ethnic and religious sensibilities are creating emergent networks of sacred sites. But, however much ideologies are changing, cities also provide a constant lived mnemonic of lost configurations of ideology and practice, acting as signposts to bankrupted futures. Urban Life in Post-Soviet Asia provides a detailed account of the changing nature of urban life in post-Soviet Asia, clearly elucidating the centrality of these urban transformations to citizens’ understandings of their own socio-economic condition.

Companion to Urban Design

Author: Tridib Banerjee,Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136920080
Category: Architecture
Page: 736
View: 9960

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Today the practice of urban design has forged a distinctive identity with applications at many different scales – ranging from the block or street scale to the scale of metropolitan and regional landscapes. Urban design interfaces many aspects of contemporary public policy – multiculturalism, healthy cities, environmental justice, economic development, climate change, energy conservations, protection of natural environments, sustainable development, community liveability, and the like. The field now comprises a core body of knowledge that enfolds a right history of ideas, paradigms, principles, tools, research and applications, enriched by electric influences from the humanities, and social and natural sciences. Companion to Urban Design includes more than fifty original contributions from internationally recognized authorities in the field. These contributions address the following questions: What are the important ideas that have shaped the field and the current practice of urban design? What are the major methods and processes that have influenced the practice of urban design at various scales? What are the current innovations relevant to the pedagogy of urban design? What are the lingering debates, conflicts ad contradictions in the theory and practice of urban design? How could urban design respond to the contemporary challenges of climate change, sustainability, active living initiatives, globalization, and the like? What are the significant disciplinary influences on the theory, research and practice of urban design in recent times? There has never before been a more authoritative and comprehensive companion that includes core, foundational and pioneering ideas and concepts of urban design. This book serves as an invaluable guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students, future professionals, and practitioners interested in architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning, but also in urban studies, urban affairs, geography, and related fields.

On Our Own Terms

Race, Class, and Gender in the Lives of African-American Women
Author: Leith Mullings
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113666274X
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 1937

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This volume utilizes the cross-cultural, historical and ethnographic perspective of anthropology to illuminate the intrinsic connections of race, class and gender. The author begins by discussing the manner in which her experience as a participant observer led her to research and write about various aspects of African-American women's experiences. She goes on to provide a critical analysis of the new scholarship on African-American women, and explores issues of race, class and gender in the arenas of work, kinship and resistance.

Urban Theory and the Urban Experience

Encountering the City
Author: Simon Parker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134541341
Category: Architecture
Page: 224
View: 1784

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For the first time Urban Theory and the Urban Experience brings together classic and contemporary approaches to urban research in order to reveal the intellectual origins of urban studies, and the often unacknowledged debt that empirical and theoretical perspectives on the city owe to one another. Both students and urban scholars will appreciate the critical way in which classical and contemporary debates on the nature of the city are presented. Extensive use is made throughout of documentary, literary and cultural sources to bring the different theoretical perspectives to life. Discussion points introduce and explain key concepts and intellectual histories in a jargon free manner. End of chapter further readings have also been annotated to encourage additional study.

Economic Development

An Anthropological Approach
Author: Jeffrey Harris Cohen,Norbert Dannhaeuser
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759102125
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 298
View: 846

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Economic development is an important focus of anthropological work in rural and urban communities around the world, and in this volume the contributors offer expert analyses on the theory and practice of development. Chapters cover the key topics of market systems, agricultural knowledge, modernization, population growth, participatory development, conservation strategies, culturally sustainable development, globalization and privatization, tourism, urban development, and financial markets. The cross-cultural focus of the volume provides original data on development processes in many countries, including the Philippines, Bali, Costa Rica, Mexico, Honduras, Venezuela, Kazakstan, and the United States. The book will be a welcome source of comparative research for anthropologists, development specialists, agricultural researchers, environmentalists, and geographers. Published in cooperation with the Society for Economic Anthropology. Visit their web page.

Urban Assemblages

How Actor-Network Theory Changes Urban Studies
Author: Ignacio Farías,Thomas Bender
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135202737
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 8089

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This book takes it as a given that the city is made of multiple partially localized assemblages built of heterogeneous networks, spaces, and practices. The past century of urban studies has focused on various aspects—space, culture, politics, economy—but these too often address each domain and the city itself as a bounded and cohesive entity. The multiple and overlapping enactments that constitute urban life require a commensurate method of analysis that encompasses the human and non-human aspects of cities—from nature to socio-technical networks, to hybrid collectivities, physical artefacts and historical legacies, and the virtual or imagined city. This book proposes—and its various chapters offer demonstrations—importing into urban studies a body of theories, concepts, and perspectives developed in the field of science and technology studies (STS) and, more specifically, Actor-Network Theory (ANT). The essays examine artefacts, technical systems, architectures, place and eventful spaces, the persistence of history, imaginary and virtual elements of city life, and the politics and ethical challenges of a mode of analysis that incorporates multiple actors as hybrid chains of causation. The chapters are attentive to the multiple scales of both the object of analysis and the analysis itself. The aim is more ambitious than the mere transfer of a fashionable template. The authors embrace ANT critically, as much as a metaphor as a method of analysis, deploying it to think with, to ask new questions, to find the language to achieve more compelling descriptions of city life and of urban transformations. By greatly extending the chain or network of causation, proliferating heterogeneous agents, non-human as well as human, without limit as to their enrolment in urban assemblages, Actor-Network Theory offers a way of addressing the particular complexity and openness characteristic of cities. By enabling an escape from the reification of the city so common in social theory, ANT’s notion of hybrid assemblages offers richer framing of the reality of the city—of urban experience—that is responsive to contingency and complexity. Therefore Urban Assemblages is a pertinent book for students, practitioners and scholars as it aims to shift the parameters of urban studies and contribute a meaningful argument for the urban arena which will dominate the coming decades in government policies.

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur

Author: Philippe Descola
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518768409
Category: Social Science
Page: 638
View: 1453

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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Explorations in Urban Design

An Urban Design Research Primer
Author: Professor Matthew Carmona
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409462641
Category: Political Science
Page: 398
View: 5326

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This book advances an interdisciplinary and innovative approach to urban design, whilst recognising that distinctly different traditions exist within its study and practice. It informs users who are grappling with urban design research problems, but who need the inspiration to move from idea to methodological approach. Through the work of 32 urban researchers from the arts, sciences and social sciences, it demonstrates a wide range of problems and approaches and shows how the diverse range of complementary approaches can come together to provide a holistic understanding to the design of cities.

Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology

Author: Clifford Wilcox
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739117774
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 235
View: 9506

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Relying upon close readings of virtually all of his published and unpublished writings as well as extensive interviews with former colleagues and students, Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology traces the development of Robert Redfield's ideas regarding social change and the role of social science in American society. Reconsideration of these debates will enrich contemporary thinking regarding the history of American anthropology and international development.

Qualitative Urban Analysis

An International Perspective
Author: Paul J. Maginn,S. Thompson,Matthew Tonts,Christopher Pole
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1849505632
Category: Social Science
Page: 260
View: 3567

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Advocates a 'pragmatic renaissance' within qualitative research - a systematic approach to conducting qualitative research and representing the findings. This book includes chapters that showcase the utility of qualitative research by providing theoretical, methodological and empirical insights into real life research.

The Evolving Arab City

Tradition, Modernity and Urban Development
Author: Yasser Elsheshtawy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134128215
Category: Architecture
Page: 328
View: 9289

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Today cities of the Arab world are subject to many of the same problems as other world cities, yet too often they are ignored in studies of urbanisation. This collection reveals the contrasts and similarities between older, traditional Arab cities and the newer oil-stimulated cities of the Gulf in their search for development and a place in the world order. The eight cities which form the core of the book – Rabat, Amman, Beirut, Kuwait, Manama, Doha, Abu Dhabi and Riyadh – provide a unique insight into today’s Middle Eastern city. Winner of The International Planning History Society (IPHS) Book Prize.