Anthropology and Social Change

Author: Lucy Mair
Publisher: Berg Publishers
ISBN: 9780485196382
Category: Reference
Page: 203
View: 1783

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Focusing mainly on Africa, collected essays on land tenure, chieftainship, clientship, race, tribalism and nationalism.

Questions of Anthropology

Author: Rita Astuti,Jonathan Parry,Charles Stafford
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1847883729
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 6392

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Anthropology today seems to shy away from the big, comparative questions that ordinary people in many societies find compelling. Questions of Anthropology brings these issues back to the centre of anthropological concerns.Individual essays explore birth, death and sexuality, puzzles about the relationship between science and religion, questions about the nature of ritual, work, political leadership and genocide, and our personal fears and desires, from the quest to control the future and to find one's 'true' identity to the fear of being alone. Each essay starts with a question posed by individual ethnographic experience and then goes on to frame this question in a broader, comparative context. Written in an engaging and accessible style, Questions of Anthropology presents an exciting introduction to the purpose and value of Anthropology today.

Colonialism and Change

Essays presented to Lucy Mair
Author: Maxwell Owusu
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110812630
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 2991

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Ordinary Ethics in China

Author: Charles Stafford
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0857858106
Category: Philosophy
Page: 288
View: 1506

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Drawing on a wide range of anthropological case studies, this book focuses on ordinary ethics in contemporary China. The book examines the kinds of moral and ethical issues that emerge (sometimes almost unnoticed) in the flow of everyday life in Chinese communities. How are schoolchildren judged to be good or bad by their teachers and their peers - and how should a 'bad' student be dealt with? What exactly do children owe their parents, and how should this debt be repaid? Is it morally acceptable to be jealous if one's neighbours suddenly become rich? Should the wrongs of the past be forgotten, e.g. in the interests of communal harmony, or should they be dealt with now? In the case of China, such questions have obviously been shaped by the historical contexts against which they have been posed, and by the weight of various Chinese traditions. But this book approaches them on a human scale. More specifically, it approaches them from an anthropological perspective, based on participation in the flow of everyday life during ethnographic fieldwork in Chinese communities.

Other Histories

Author: Kirsten Hastrup
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415061223
Category: History
Page: 133
View: 377

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The historization of anthropology has entailed a radically new view upon history and the nature of history. This collection of papers from the first conference of the newly formed European Association of Social Anthropologists demonstrate how ways of thinking about history are important features of any production of history, and how cultural concepts enter as forcs of historical causation.

Kinship and Social Organisation

Author: W. H. R. Rivers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415670470
Category: Social Science
Page: 106
View: 2299

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First published in 1914, W. H. R. Rivers' hugely influential study was the first to effectively demonstrate the close connection between methods of denoting relationship or kinship and forms of social organisation, including those based on different forms of the institution of marriage. He also shows that the terminology of relationship has been rigorously determined by social conditions and that, therefore, systems of relationship furnish us with a most valuable instrument in studying the history of social institutions. This series of lectures was orginally delivered by the author in May 1914, at the London School of Economics. They are based on the experiences of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to Melanesia in 1908.

Essays on Social Organization and Values

Author: Raymond Firth
Publisher: Berg Publishers
ISBN: 9780485196283
Category: Social Science
Page: 326
View: 9831

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In this volume Professor Firth has brought together and commented upon a number of his papers on anthropological subjects published over the last thirty years. All these essays relate in different ways to his continuing interest in the study of social process, especially in the significance within a social context of individual choice and decision. Although some specialist studies are included, e.g. the group of papers dealing with the Polynesian island of Tikopia, the main themes of the book are broad ones and there are important general essays on such topics as social change; social structure and organization; modern society in relation to scientific and technological progress; and the study of values, mysticism, and religion by anthropologists. There is also a hitherto unpublished chapter on anthropology as a developing science.

Contingent Citizens

Professional Aspiration in a South African Hospital
Author: Elizabeth Hull
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350027774
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
View: 6529

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Contingent Citizens examines the ambiguous state of South Africa's public sector workers and the implications for contemporary understandings of citizenship. It takes us inside an ethnography of the professional ethic of nurses in a rural hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, shaped by a deep history of mission medicine and changing forms of new public management. Liberal democratic principles of 'transparency', 'decentralization' and 'rights', though promising freedom from control, often generate fear and insecurity instead. But despite the pressures they face, Elizabeth Hull shows that nurses draw on a range of practices from international migration to new religious movements, to assert new forms of citizenship. Focusing an anthropological lens on 'professionalism', Hull explores the major fault lines of South Africa's fragmented social landscape – class, gender, race, and religion – to make an important contribution to the study of class formation and citizenship. This prize-winning monograph will be of interest to scholars of anthropology, development studies, sociology and global public health.

Space and Society in Central Brazil

A Panará Ethnography
Author: Elizabeth Ewart
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0857855808
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 8726

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Hailed once as giants of the Amazon , Panará people emerged onto a world stage in the early 1970s. What followed is a remarkable story of socio-demographic collapse, loss of territory, and subsequent recovery. Reduced to just 79 survivors in 1976, Panará people have gone on to recover and reclaim a part of their original lands in an extraordinary process of cultural and social revival. Space and Society in Central Brazil is a unique ethnographic account, in which analytical approaches to social organisation are brought into dialogue with Panará social categories and values as told in their own terms. Exploring concepts such as space, material goods, and ideas about enemies, this book examines how social categories transform in time and reveals the ways in which Panará people themselves produce their identities in constant dialogue with the forms of alterity that surround them. Clearly and accessibly written, this book will appeal to students, scholars and anyone interested in the complex lives and histories of indigenous Amazonian societies.

Work, Sleep, Repeat

The Abstract Labour of German Management Consultants
Author: Felix Stein
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350027812
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 408

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Work, Sleep, Repeat is a fascinating account of the work regime of German management consultants. Examining one of the most sought-after – and secretive – graduate professions, the book provides a first-hand account of the boardroom culture of Europe's strongest economy. Analyzing how knowledge and power operate in this sector, Felix Stein explores a number of paradoxes. For example, while it is the job of management consultants to analyse the activities of other employees, they actually spend most of their time in luxurious seclusion away from them. In addition, despite having a strong sense of the importance of their work, consultants often find it difficult to explain to outsiders what it is they do. The book addresses these and other paradoxes by arguing that consultants are engaged in abstract labour. Anthropologists have long struggled with the question of how to describe contemporary work regimes which do not produce anything tangible. Stein demonstrates that elite work is predominantly abstract, in the fourfold sense that it is epistemically removed from the object of analysis, emotionally detached from it, several steps away from the assumed sources of economic value creation, and increasingly hard to grasp. In doing so, he offers new ways to think about white collar work and elites in the 21st century and establishes the notion of 'abstract labour' as a key category in social anthropology.

Somali, Muslim, British

Striving in Securitized Britain
Author: Giulia Liberatore
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350027723
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 5028

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Somalis are one of the most chastised Muslim communities in Europe. Depicted in the news as victims of female genital mutilation, perpetrators of gang violence, or more recently, as radical Islamists, Somalis have been cast as a threat to social cohesion, national identity, and security in Britain and beyond. Somali, Muslim, British shifts attention away from these public representations to provide a detailed ethnographic study of Somali Muslim women's engagements with religion, political discourses, and public culture in the United Kingdom. The book chronicles the aspirations of different generations of Somali women as they respond to publicly charged questions of what it means to be Muslim, Somali, and British. By challenging and reconfiguring the dominant political frameworks in which they are immersed, these women imagine new ways of being in securitized Britain. Giulia Liberatore provides a nuanced account of Islamic piety, arguing that it needs to be understood as one among many forms of striving that individuals pursue throughout their lives. Bringing new perspectives to debates about Islam and multiculturalism in Europe, this book makes an important contribution to the anthropology of religion, subjectivity, and gender.

Pre-tsarist and Tsarist Central Asia

Communal Commitment and Political Order in Change
Author: Paul Georg Geiss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134384750
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 2018

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This study, written from the perspective of political sociology, represents the first comparative examination of Central Asian communal and political organisation before and after the tsarist conquest of the region. It covers Turkman, Kyrgyz, Kazakh and other tribal societies, analyses the patrimonial state structures of the Emirate of Bukhara and the Khanates of Khiva and Khokand, and discusses the impacts of the established tsarist civil military administration on communal and political orientations of the Muslim population.

Two Studies of Kinship in London

Author: Raymond Firth
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
ISBN: 9781845200091
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 6689

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In 1947 members of the Department of Anthropology at the London School of Economics, under the leadership of Professor Firth, made a study of kinship in a South London borough. More recently, to provide comparative material, Professor Garigue investigated kinship patterns among Italian immigrants in London. The results of these two pioneering studies are here presented, with an introductory essay by Professor Firth. This book is an important contribution both to the intensive study of modern urban society, and to the more technical discipline of kinship, especially the relatively neglected problems of bilateral systems.

Applied Anthropology in Australasia

Author: Sandy Toussaint,Jim Taylor
Publisher: Uwa Pub
ISBN: 9781876268282
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 6310

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Intended for students of anthropology, consultants, academics and applied anthropologists, this text examines issues such as the importance of cultural analysis, representation, ethics, advocacy, reflexivity, the limitations and advantages of short-term and long-term research, and the relationship between pure and applied anthropology.

The Individualization of Chinese Society

Author: Yunxiang Yan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
ISBN: 9781847883797
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 6769

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Chinese society has seen phenomenal change in the last 30 years. Two of the most profound changes have been the rise of the individual in both public and private spheres and the consequent individualization of Chinese society itself. Yet, despite China's recent dramatic entrance into global politics and economics, neither of these significant shifts has been fully analyzed. China presents an alternative model of social transformation in the age of globalization, therfore its path to development may have particular implications for the developing world. The Individualization of Chinese Society reveals how individual agency has been on the rise since the 1970s and how this has impacted on everyday life and Chinese society more broadly. The book presents a wide range of detailed case studies focusing on the impact of economic policy, patterns of kinship, changes in marriage relations and the socio-economic position of women, the development of youth culture, the politics of consumerism, and shifting power relations in everyday life. Exploring the rise of the individual in both rural and urban settings, The Individualization of Chinese Society provides a detailed overview of this major social phenomenon and its wider implications.

Leadership and Change in the Western Pacific

Essays Presented to Sir Raymond Firth on the Occasion of His Ninetieth Birthday
Author: Raymond Firth,Richard Feinberg,Karen Ann Watson-Gegeo
Publisher: Berg Publishers
Category: Social Science
Page: 416
View: 5312

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An ethnographic exploration of the rise of new forms of leadership at community and national levels with islanders are synthesising traditional and Western models.