Animal Movement

Statistical Models for Telemetry Data
Author: Mevin B. Hooten,Devin S. Johnson,Brett T. McClintock,Juan M. Morales
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466582154
Category: Mathematics
Page: 320
View: 8356

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The study of animal movement has always been a key element in ecological science, because it is inherently linked to critical processes that scale from individuals to populations and communities to ecosystems. Rapid improvements in biotelemetry data collection and processing technology have given rise to a variety of statistical methods for characterizing animal movement. The book serves as a comprehensive reference for the types of statistical models used to study individual-based animal movement. Animal Movement is an essential reference for wildlife biologists, quantitative ecologists, and statisticians who seek a deeper understanding of modern animal movement models. A wide variety of modeling approaches are reconciled in the book using a consistent notation. Models are organized into groups based on how they treat the underlying spatio-temporal process of movement. Connections among approaches are highlighted to allow the reader to form a broader view of animal movement analysis and its associations with traditional spatial and temporal statistical modeling. After an initial overview examining the role that animal movement plays in ecology, a primer on spatial and temporal statistics provides a solid foundation for the remainder of the book. Each subsequent chapter outlines a fundamental type of statistical model utilized in the contemporary analysis of telemetry data for animal movement inference. Descriptions begin with basic traditional forms and sequentially build up to general classes of models in each category. Important background and technical details for each class of model are provided, including spatial point process models, discrete-time dynamic models, and continuous-time stochastic process models. The book also covers the essential elements for how to accommodate multiple sources of uncertainty, such as location error and latent behavior states. In addition to thorough descriptions of animal movement models, differences and connections are also emphasized to provide a broader perspective of approaches.

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics


Author: Alan E. Gelfand,Montserrat Fuentes,Jennifer A. Hoeting,Richard Lyttleton Smith
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351648543
Category: Mathematics
Page: 854
View: 1145

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This handbook focuses on the enormous literature applying statistical methodology and modelling to environmental and ecological processes. The 21st century statistics community has become increasingly interdisciplinary, bringing a large collection of modern tools to all areas of application in environmental processes. In addition, the environmental community has substantially increased its scope of data collection including observational data, satellite-derived data, and computer model output. The resultant impact in this latter community has been substantial; no longer are simple regression and analysis of variance methods adequate. The contribution of this handbook is to assemble a state-of-the-art view of this interface. Features: An internationally regarded editorial team. A distinguished collection of contributors. A thoroughly contemporary treatment of a substantial interdisciplinary interface. Written to engage both statisticians as well as quantitative environmental researchers. 34 chapters covering methodology, ecological processes, environmental exposure, and statistical methods in climate science.

Connectivity Conservation


Author: Kevin R. Crooks,M. Sanjayan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113946020X
Category: Nature
Page: N.A
View: 6441

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One of the biggest threats to the survival of many plant and animal species is the destruction or fragmentation of their natural habitats. The conservation of landscape connections, where animals, plants, and ecological processes can move freely from one habitat to another, is therefore an essential part of any new conservation or environmental protection plan. In practice, however, maintaining, creating, and protecting connectivity in our increasingly dissected world is a daunting challenge. This fascinating volume provides a synthesis on the current status and literature of connectivity conservation research and implementation. It shows the challenges involved in applying existing knowledge to real-world examples and highlights areas in need of further study. Containing contributions from leading scientists and practitioners, this topical and thought-provoking volume will be essential reading for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners working in conservation biology and natural resource management.

Advances in Marine Biology


Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080493696
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 4296

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Volume 44 is an eclectic volume with timely reviews on invertebrate zooplankton growth rates and movements on marine fish and decapod crustaceans. Advances in Marine Biology was first published in 1963. Now edited by A.J. Southward (Marine Biological Association, UK), P.A. Tyler (Southampton Oceanography Association, UK), C.M. Young (Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, USA) and L.A. Fuiman (University of Texas, USA), the serial publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics which will appeal to postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries science, ecology, zoology, oceanography. Eclectic volumes in the series are supplemented by thematic volumes on such topics as The Biology of Calanoid Copepods. Series features over 35 years of coverage of the research

Camera Traps in Animal Ecology

Methods and Analyses
Author: Allan F. O'Connell,James D. Nichols,K. Ullas Karanth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9784431994954
Category: Science
Page: 271
View: 6849

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Remote photography and infrared sensors are widely used in the sampling of wildlife populations worldwide, especially for cryptic or elusive species. Guiding the practitioner through the entire process of using camera traps, this book is the first to compile state-of-the-art sampling techniques for the purpose of conducting high-quality science or effective management. Chapters on the evaluation of equipment, field sampling designs, and data analysis methods provide a coherent framework for making inferences about the abundance, species richness, and occupancy of sampled animals. The volume introduces new models that will revolutionize use of camera data to estimate population density, such as the newly developed spatial capture–recapture models. It also includes richly detailed case studies of camera trap work on some of the world’s most charismatic, elusive, and endangered wildlife species. Indispensible to wildlife conservationists, ecologists, biologists, and conservation agencies around the world, the text provides a thorough review of the subject as well as a forecast for the use of remote photography in natural resource conservation over the next few decades.

Mechanistic Home Range Analysis. (MPB-43)


Author: Paul R. Moorcroft,Mark A. Lewis
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140084973X
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 9645

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Spatial patterns of movement are fundamental to the ecology of animal populations, influencing their social organization, mating systems, demography, and the spatial distribution of prey and competitors. However, our ability to understand the causes and consequences of animal home range patterns has been limited by the descriptive nature of the statistical models used to analyze them. In Mechanistic Home Range Analysis, Paul Moorcroft and Mark Lewis develop a radically new framework for studying animal home range patterns based on the analysis of correlated random work models for individual movement behavior. They use this framework to develop a series of mechanistic home range models for carnivore populations. The authors' analysis illustrates how, in contrast to traditional statistical home range models that merely describe pattern, mechanistic home range models can be used to discover the underlying ecological determinants of home range patterns observed in populations, make accurate predictions about how spatial distributions of home ranges will change following environmental or demographic disturbance, and analyze the functional significance of the movement strategies of individuals that give rise to observed patterns of space use. By providing researchers and graduate students of ecology and wildlife biology with a more illuminating way to analyze animal movement, Mechanistic Home Range Analysis will be an indispensable reference for years to come.

Amerika!

Auf der Suche nach dem Land der unbegrenzten Möglichkeiten
Author: Geert Mak
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641102766
Category: History
Page: 640
View: 573

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Eine Reise zu den Wurzeln des großen amerikanischen Traums Geert Mak hat sich wieder auf den Weg gemacht. Der Bestsellerautor von »In Europa« ist quer durch die Landschaft, durch Geschichte und Gegenwart, ja durch die Köpfe und Herzen der USA gereist. Dabei trifft er unterschiedlichste Menschen, macht außergewöhnliche Beobachtungen und erzählt hinreißende Geschichten. Mit diesem Buch begibt sich Mak auf die Suche nach den Wurzeln des großen amerikanischen Traums und beschreibt die Mythen und das Selbstverständnis jenes Landes, das uns immer noch am meisten beschäftigt. Was ist aus dem amerikanischen Traum geworden, seit John Steinbeck 1960 die USA gemeinsam mit seinem berühmten Pudel Charley durchquert hat? Dieser Frage folgt der international bekannte Publizist Geert Mak und macht sich dafür selbst auf den Weg durch die Vereinigten Staaten, fernab ausgetrampelter Pfade, quer durch ein Land, das er liebt und zugleich kritisch betrachtet. Meile um Meile dringt er tiefer in das Land und seine Mythen, sein Selbstverständnis, seine Großartigkeit und Zerrissenheit vor. Seine Reise führt ihn von den großen Ostküstenstädten über die Kartoffelacker des Hinterlandes und die Prärie des mittleren Westens bis zum Pazifik. Er trifft Menschen – setzt sich an einen Tisch mit dem Farmer, dem Fabrikarbeiter, dem Fischer, dem Lehrer. Er streift durch die riesigen Malls und die Vororte, und er sucht nach den Wurzeln des Landes, das sich radikal verändert und doch den Glauben an den amerikanischen Traum bewahrt hat.

Neue Trends in den Sozialwissenschaften

Innovative Techniken für qualitative und quantitative Forschung
Author: Sebastian Jäckle
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658171898
Category: Social Science
Page: 372
View: 4706

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Dieses Buch stellt einige wichtige und zukunftsträchtige neuere Methoden in den Sozialwissenschaften vor. Ziel des Buches ist, einerseits deren Grundlogik zu klären und andererseits zu zeigen, inwiefern sie den klassischen Methodenkatalog sinnvoll ergänzen können. Dazu wird das Spektrum an mit diesen Techniken bearbeitbaren Fragestellungen aufgezeigt, Beispielarbeiten diskutiert, nötige Voraussetzungen z.B. in Bezug auf die Datenqualität angesprochen, und damit insgesamt das Potential dieser Verfahren veranschaulicht. Zudem gibt jeder Beitrag praktische Tipps für die Umsetzung eigener Forschungsarbeiten und anhand kommentierter Literaturempfehlungen Ansatzpunkte für die intensivere Beschäftigung mit den Methoden. Daneben wird (sofern angebracht) kurz diskutiert welche Softwarepakete sich für die Anwendung eignen.

Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology

The Legacy of Charles Elton
Author: David M. Richardson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444330004
Category: Science
Page: 456
View: 9724

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Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.

Stochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology

Anomalous Diffusion, Front Propagation and Random Searches
Author: Vicenç Méndez,Daniel Campos,Frederic Bartumeus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642390102
Category: Science
Page: 310
View: 5239

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This book presents the fundamental theory for non-standard diffusion problems in movement ecology. Lévy processes and anomalous diffusion have shown to be both powerful and useful tools for qualitatively and quantitatively describing a wide variety of spatial population ecological phenomena and dynamics, such as invasion fronts and search strategies. Adopting a self-contained, textbook-style approach, the authors provide the elements of statistical physics and stochastic processes on which the modeling of movement ecology is based and systematically introduce the physical characterization of ecological processes at the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic levels. The explicit definition of these levels and their interrelations is particularly suitable to coping with the broad spectrum of space and time scales involved in bio-ecological problems. Including numerous exercises (with solutions), this text is aimed at graduate students and newcomers in this field at the interface of theoretical ecology, mathematical biology and physics.

Linkages in the Landscape

The Role of Corridors and Connectivity in Wildlife Conservation
Author: Andrew F. Bennett
Publisher: IUCN
ISBN: 9782831707440
Category: Nature
Page: 254
View: 7688

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The loss and fragmentation of natural habitats is one of the major issues in wildlife management and conservation. Habitat "corridors" are sometimes proposed as an important element within a conservation strategy. Examples are given of corridors both as pathways and as habitats in their own right. Includes detailed reviews of principles relevant to the design and management of corridors, their place in regional approaches to conservation planning, and recommendations for research and management.

Microservices

Konzeption und Design
Author: Sam Newman
Publisher: MITP-Verlags GmbH & Co. KG
ISBN: 3958450830
Category: Computers
Page: 312
View: 2149

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Feingranulare Systeme mit Microservices aufbauen Design, Entwicklung, Deployment, Testen und Monitoring Sicherheitsaspekte, Authentifizierung und Autorisierung Verteilte Systeme haben sich in den letzten Jahren stark verändert: Große monolithische Architekturen werden zunehmend in viele kleine, eigenständige Microservices aufgespalten. Aber die Entwicklung solcher Systeme bringt Herausforderungen ganz eigener Art mit sich. Dieses Buch richtet sich an Softwareentwickler, die sich über die zielführenden Aspekte von Microservice-Systemen wie Design, Entwicklung, Testen, Deployment und Monitoring informieren möchten. Sam Newman veranschaulicht und konkretisiert seine ganzheitliche Betrachtung der grundlegenden Konzepte von Microservice-Architekturen anhand zahlreicher praktischer Beispiele und Ratschläge. Er geht auf die Themen ein, mit denen sich Systemarchitekten und Administratoren bei der Einrichtung, Verwaltung und Entwicklung dieser Architekturen in jedem Fall auseinandersetzen müssen. Aus dem Inhalt: Vorteile von Microservices Gestaltung von Services Ausrichtung der Systemarchitektur an der Organisationsstruktur Möglichkeiten zur Integration von Services Schrittweise Aufspaltung einer monolithischen Codebasis Deployment einzelner Microservices mittels Continuous Integration Testen und Monitoring verteilter Systeme Sicherheitsaspekte Authentifizierung und Autorisierung zwischen Benutzer und Service bzw. zwischen Services untereinander Skalierung von Microservice-Architekturen »Microservice-Architekturen besitzen viele interessante Eigenschaften, allerdings sind bei der Umstellung so einige Fallstricke zu beachten. Dieses Buch wird Ihnen helfen herauszufinden, ob Microservices für Ihre Zwecke geeignet sind und zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie die Fallstricke umgehen können.« Martin Fowler, Chief Scientist, ThoughtWorks

Spatial Complexity, Informatics, and Wildlife Conservation


Author: Samuel A. Cushman,Falk Huettmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9784431877714
Category: Science
Page: 458
View: 4657

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As Earth faces the greatest mass extinction in 65 million years, the present is a moment of tremendous foment and emergence in ecological science. With leaps in advances in ecological research and the technical tools available, scientists face the critical task of challenging policymakers and the public to recognize the urgency of our global crisis. This book focuses directly on the interplay between theory, data, and analytical methodology in the rapidly evolving fields of animal ecology, conservation, and management. The mixture of topics of particular current relevance includes landscape ecology, remote sensing, spatial modeling, geostatistics, genomics, and ecological informatics. The greatest interest to the practicing scientist and graduate student will be the synthesis and integration of these topics to provide a composite view of the emerging field of spatial ecological informatics and its applications in research and management.

American Marten, Fisher, Lynx, and Wolverine

Survey Methods for Their Detection
Author: William J. Zielinski,Thomas E. Kucera
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788136283
Category:
Page: 175
View: 832

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In the Western U.S., the forest carnivores in this assessment are limited to boreal forest ecosystems. These forests are characterized by extensive landscapes with a component of structurally complex, mesic coniferous stands that are characteristic of late stages of forest development. This report assesses the scientific basis for conserving the American marten, fisher, lynx, & wolverine. It consists of literature reviews for each species & a discussion of management considerations & information needs. Comprehensive!

Data mining

praktische Werkzeuge und Techniken für das maschinelle Lernen
Author: Ian H. Witten,Eibe Frank
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783446215337
Category:
Page: 386
View: 432

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