Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Tristram D. Wyatt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019102094X
Category: Science
Page: 144
View: 3960

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How animals behave is crucial to their survival and reproduction. The application of new molecular tools such as DNA fingerprinting and genomics is causing a revolution in the study of animal behaviour, while developments in computing and image analysis allow us to investigate behaviour in ways never previously possible. By combining these with the traditional methods of observation and experiments, we are now learning more about animal behaviour than ever before. In this Very Short Introduction Tristram D. Wyatt discusses how animal behaviour has evolved, how behaviours develop in each individual (considering the interplay of genes, epigenetics, and experience), how we can understand animal societies, and how we can explain collective behaviour such as swirling flocks of starlings. Using lab and field studies from across the whole animal kingdom, he looks at mammals, butterflies, honeybees, fish, and birds, analysing what drives behaviour, and exploring instinct, learning, and culture. Looking more widely at behavioural ecology, he also considers some aspects of human behaviour. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Evolution

eine Einführung
Author: Brian Charlesworth,Deborah Charlesworth
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783150187050
Category:
Page: 211
View: 4320

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Evolution auf den Punkt gebracht. Eine kurze Einführung in die Prinzipien und Fragen der Entstehung und Entwicklung des Lebens auf unserem Planeten.

Animal Rights: A Very Short Introduction


Author: David DeGrazia
Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks
ISBN: 9780192853608
Category: Nature
Page: 131
View: 2842

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Do animals have moral rights? If so what does this mean? What sorts of mental lives do animals have, and how should we understand their welfare? This fascinating introduction to the rights of animals addresses these perplexing questions, and explores their implications in contexts such as food consumption, zoos, and research.

Learning


Author: Mark Haselgrove
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199688362
Category: Psychology
Page: 144
View: 5407

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What is learning? How does it take place? What happens when it goes wrong? The topic of learning has been central to the development of the science of psychology since its inception. Without learning there can be no memory, no language and no intelligence. Indeed it is rather difficult to imagine a part of psychology, or neuroscience, that learning does not touch upon. In this Very Short Introduction Mark Haselgrove describes learning from the perspective of associative theories of classical and instrumental conditioning, and considers why these are the dominant, and best described analyses of learning in contemporary psychology. Tracing the origins of these theories, he discusses the techniques used to study learning in both animals and humans, and considers the importance of learning for animal behaviour and survival. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Animal Kingdom: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Peter Holland
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199593213
Category: Science
Page: 126
View: 7889

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Molecular biology has revolutionized our understanding of animals and their evolution. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Holland provides an authoritative summary of the modern view of animal life, its origins, and the new classification resulting from DNA studies.

Gedächtnis und Gehirn

Reclam Sachbuch
Author: Jonathan K. Foster
Publisher: Reclam Verlag
ISBN: 3159606287
Category: Psychology
Page: 192
View: 2349

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Warum machen unsere Erinnerungen einen so wichtigen Teil unserer Persönlichkeit aus? Gibt es nur ein Gedächtnis quasi als Ganzes - oder handelt es sich um mehrere? Verändert sich unsere Fähigkeit zu erinnern im Alter? Was gibt es für Ansätze, unsere Erinnerungsfähigkeit zu stärken? Und was kann mit der Erinnerung schiefgehen - etwa bei Demenz, Hirnverletzungen, déja-vu-Erfahrungen? Der kleine Band erklärt kompakt und verständlich, was eigentlich im Gehirn passiert, wenn wir uns erinnern.

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642553915
Category: Science
Page: 489
View: 1892

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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

Behavioural Economics


Author: Michelle Baddeley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019875499X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 160
View: 8278

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Traditionally economists have based their economic predictions on the assumption that humans are super-rational creatures, using the information we are given efficiently and generally making selfish decisions that work well for us as individuals. Economists also assume that we're doing thevery best we can possibly do - not only for today, but over our whole lifetimes too. But increasingly the study of behavioural economics is revealing that our lives are not that simple. Instead, our decisions are complicated by our own psychology. Each of us makes mistakes every day. We don't alwaysknow what's best for us and, even if we do, we might not have the self-control to deliver on our best intentions. We struggle to stay on diets, to get enough exercise and to manage our money. We misjudge risky situations. We are prone to herding: sometimes peer pressure leads us blindly to copyothers around us; other times copying others helps us to learn quickly about new, unfamiliar situations. This Very Short Introduction explores the reasons why we make irrational decisions; how we decide quickly; why we make mistakes in risky situations; our tendency to procrastination; and how we are affected by social influences, personality, mood and emotions. The implications of understanding therationale for our own financial behaviour are huge. Behavioural economics could help policy-makers to understand the people behind their policies, enabling them to design more effective policies, while at the same time we could find ourselves assaulted by increasingly savvy marketing. MichelleBaddeley concludes by looking forward, to see what the future of behavioural economics holds for us.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Entwurfsmuster von Kopf bis Fuß


Author: Eric Freeman,Elisabeth Robson,Kathy Sierra,Bert Bates
Publisher: O'Reilly Media
ISBN: 3955619877
Category: Computers
Page: 696
View: 3774

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Jetzt aktuell zu Java 8: Dieses Buch ist ein moderner Klassiker zum Thema Entwurfsmuster. Mit dem einzigartigen Von Kopf bis Fuß-Lernkonzept gelingt es den Autoren, die anspruchsvolle Materie witzig, leicht verständlich und dennoch gründlich darzustellen. Jede Seite ist ein Kunstwerk für sich, mit vielen visuellen Überraschungen, originellen Comic-Zeichnungen, humorvollen Dialogen und geistreichen Selbstlernkontrollen. Spätestens, wenn es mal wieder heißt "Spitzen Sie Ihren Bleistift", wird dem Leser klar, dass bei diesem Buch sein Mitmachen gefragt ist. Das ist nicht nur unterhaltsam, sondern auch effektiv: Komplexe Sachverhalte lassen sich nach Erkenntnis der modernen Lernwissenschaft am gründlichsten über mehrere verschiedene Kanäle verstehen. Das Buch verspricht dem Leser daher nicht nur Spaß beim Lernen, er wird nach der Lektüre auch die Herausforderungen des Software-Designs meistern können.

Quantentheorie

eine Einführung
Author: John C. Polkinghorne
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783150188613
Category:
Page: 176
View: 5488

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Eine afrikanische Liebesgeschichte

Mein Leben unter Elefanten
Author: Daphne Sheldrick
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641080479
Category: Fiction
Page: 496
View: 6025

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Mein Paradies im Herzen von Kenia Von Kindesbeinen an gilt Daphne Sheldricks ganze Liebe den wilden Tieren Afrikas. Bereits als junge Frau leistet sie wahre Pionierarbeit, als sie unermüdlich kämpft für die Errichtung von Schutzgebieten, doch die große Wende ihres Lebens ereignet sich, als sie David Sheldrick begegnet, dem charismatischen Leiter des Tsavo Nationalparks. Es ist eine leidenschaftliche und tiefe Liebe, die sie verbindet, und sie bleiben unzertrennlich bis zu Davids tragischem und viel zu frühen Tod. Daphne Sheldrick, entschlossen, das Werk ihres Mannes fortzusetzen, gründet eine Rettungsorganisation für verwaiste Elefantenkinder. Ihr Buch legt Zeugnis ab von den unvergleichlichen und zutiefst berührenden Freundschaften zwischen Menschen und Tieren - und ist eine großartige Liebeserklärung an den schwarzen Kontinent.

Black Beauty


Author: Anna Sewell,Milada Krautmann
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783401504742
Category:
Page: 219
View: 3843

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Hormones

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Martin Luck
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISBN: 0199672873
Category: Science
Page: 136
View: 5314

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Hormones are vital to the workings of the body, and while many people are aware of what hormones do, few have an appreciation of the nature and importance of the endocrine system. In this very short introduction, Martin Luck explains what hormones are, what they do, where they come from, and how they work.

Cognitive Neuroscience


Author: Richard Passingham
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198786220
Category:
Page: 152
View: 3799

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Up to the 1960s, psychology was deeply under the influence of behaviourism, which focused on stimuli and responses, and regarded consideration of what may happen in the mind as unapproachable scientifically. This began to change with the devising of methods to try to tap into what was going on in the 'black box' of the mind, and the development of 'cognitive psychology'. With the study of patients who had suffered brain damage or injury to limited parts of the brain, outlines of brain components and processes began to take shape, and by the end of the 1970s, a new science, cognitive neuroscience, was born. But it was with the development of ways of accessing activation of the working brain using imaging techniques such as PET and fMRI that cognitive neuroscience came into its own, as a science cutting across psychology and neuroscience, with strong connections to philosophy of mind. Experiments involving subjects in scanners while doing various tasks, thinking, problem solving, and remembering are shedding light on the brain processes involved. The research is exciting and new, and often makes media headlines. But there is much misunderstanding about what brain imaging tells us, and the interpretation of studies on cognition. In this Very Short Introduction Richard Passingham, a distinguished cognitive neuroscientist, gives a provocative and exciting account of the nature and scope of this relatively new field, and the techniques available to us, focusing on investigation of the human brain. He explains what brain imaging shows, pointing out common misconceptions, and gives a brief overview of the different aspects of human cognition: perceiving, attending, remembering, reasoning, deciding, and acting. Passingham concludes with a discussion of the exciting advances that may lie ahead. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Darwin: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Jonathan Howard
Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks
ISBN: 0192854542
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 125
View: 5627

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Arguments still rage about the implications of the evolutionary theory, and scepticism about Darwin's contribution to knowledge is widespread. This accessible study reasserts the importance of Darwin's work for the development of modern biology.