Animal Behavior

An Evolutionary Approach
Author: John Alcock
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 9780878939664
Category: Science
Page: 522
View: 2233

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This title offers a treatment of the underlying mechanisms and evolutionary bases of behaviour with a focus on the importance of evolutionary theory for the unification of the different behavioural disciplines.

Exploring Animal Behavior

Readings from American Scientist
Author: Paul W. Sherman,John Alcock
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 9781605351957
Category: Science
Page: 372
View: 5589

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This anthology contains 37 articles published since 1974 in American Scientist, the journal of the scientific society Sigma Xi. While sequenced particularly to complement John Alcock's Animal Behavior, this readily comprehensible and richly illustrated reader can stand alone as a sampler of the excitement and diversity of research approaches and organisms that constitute the modern study of animal behavior.

Principles of Animal Behavior

Third International Student Edition
Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393922332
Category: Science
Page: 648
View: 1143

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Principles of Animal Behavior has long been considered the most current and engaging introduction to animal behavior. The Third Edition is now also the most comprehensive and balanced in its approach to the theoretical framework behind how biologists study behavior.

Animal Behavior

An Evolutionary Approach
Author: Victor S. Lamoureux
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466562099
Category: Medical
Page: 320
View: 1638

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This comprehensive volume looks at a range of topics covering the habits of a variety of animals, including how macaques teach their offspring, how rats transmit avoidance behavior, how supplementary feeding of tree frogs affects their breeding behavior, and more. Studies in animal behavior can have far-reaching implications for animals and humans alike—suggesting how humans can improve conservation efforts, how we can better protect animals both in the wild and in captivity, and what can be learned about humans from animals.

Observing Animal Behaviour

Design and analysis of quantitative data
Author: Marian Stamp Dawkins
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191037443
Category: Nature
Page: 176
View: 9933

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This book introduces the reader to the power of observation before, and sometimes instead of, experimental manipulation in the study of animal behaviour. It starts with simple and easily accessible methods suitable for student projects, before going on to demonstrate the possibilities that now exist for far more sophisticated analyses of observational data. At a time when animal welfare considerations are attracting political as well as scientific debate, the potential for non-intrusive studies on animals is being increasingly recognized. Observation emerges as a valuable alternative approach, often yielding highly informative results in situations (such as on zoos, farms or for wild animals) where more invasive experimental techniques would be undesirable, unethical or just plain impossible. However, to justify its place alongside experimentation as a rigorous scientific method, observation needs to be just as disciplined and systematic and have just as much attention paid to project design in the way that observations are made and recorded. Observing Animal Behaviour takes the reader through all these stages: from the initial observations, to the formulation of hypotheses, and their subsequent testing with further systematic observations. Although designed principally as a companion text for advanced undergraduate and students taking courses in animal behaviour, this accessible text will be essential reading for anyone wanting to study animal behaviour using observational methods rather than experimentation, and assumes no previous knowledge of animals, statistics or scientific method. It will be of particular relevance and use to those professional researchers and consultants in the behavioural sciences who seek a compact but comprehensive introduction to the quantitative observation of animal behaviour.

Comparative Psychology

Evolution and Development of Behavior, 2nd Edition
Author: Mauricio R. Papini
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136873198
Category: Psychology
Page: 800
View: 9010

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This textbook introduces the student to evolutionary and developmental approaches to the study of animal behavior. It can be used as a core textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in Comparative Psychology, Animal Behavior, and Evolutionary Psychology.

Perspectives on Animal Behavior


Author: Judith Goodenough,Betty McGuire,Elizabeth Jakob
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470045175
Category: Science
Page: 544
View: 903

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Perspectives on Animal Behavior introduces biologists and psychologists to the scientific reasoning and methodology in the field while also addressing development and mechanisms. Rather than just focusing on evolutionary behavior, the book presents a variety of different perspectives including genetics, neurological, learning, and behavioral ecology. The third edition walks them through experimentation and data analysis, which are critical in the field. It includes classical studies that form the foundation of this field but concentrates on more current work in order to present the thinking and experiments. Biologists and psychologists will then gain a modern understanding of animal behavior.

Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior


Author: Sara J. Shettleworth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199717811
Category: Psychology
Page: 720
View: 945

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How do animals perceive the world, learn, remember, search for food or mates, communicate, and find their way around? Do any nonhuman animals count, imitate one another, use a language, or have a culture? What are the uses of cognition in nature and how might it have evolved? What is the current status of Darwin's claim that other species share the same "mental powers" as humans, but to different degrees? In this completely revised second edition of Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior, Sara Shettleworth addresses these questions, among others, by integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a unique and wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research on animal cognition, in the broadest sense--from species-specific adaptations of vision in fish and associative learning in rats to discussions of theory of mind in chimpanzees, dogs, and ravens. She reviews the latest research on topics such as episodic memory, metacognition, and cooperation and other-regarding behavior in animals, as well as recent theories about what makes human cognition unique. In every part of this new edition, Shettleworth incorporates findings and theoretical approaches that have emerged since the first edition was published in 1998. The chapters are now organized into three sections: Fundamental Mechanisms (perception, learning, categorization, memory), Physical Cognition (space, time, number, physical causation), and Social Cognition (social knowledge, social learning, communication). Shettleworth has also added new chapters on evolution and the brain and on numerical cognition, and a new chapter on physical causation that integrates theories of instrumental behavior with discussions of foraging, planning, and tool using.

Molecular Basis of Neuropharmacology : A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience

A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience
Author: Eric J. Nestler,Steven E. Hyman,Robert Malenka
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780838563793
Category: Medical
Page: 539
View: 1257

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* The most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of the relationship of brain function and neuroactive chemicals * Authors are world-known leaders in the field * Molecular Neuropharmacology is the hot topic in medicine

Patterns of Behavior

Konrad Lorenz, Niko Tinbergen, and the Founding of Ethology
Author: Richard W. Burkhardt
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226080900
Category: Science
Page: 636
View: 1603

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Ethology, the study of animal behaviour, has emerged as a serious discipline only within the past century. This volume recounts the development of scientific interest in animals when they are alive, rather than dead on the dissecting table.

The Evolution of Primate Societies


Author: John C. Mitani,Josep Call,Peter M. Kappeler,Ryne A. Palombit,Joan B. Silk
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226531732
Category: Science
Page: 728
View: 9694

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In 1987, the University of Chicago Press published Primate Societies, the standard reference in the field of primate behavior for an entire generation of students and scientists. But in the twenty-five years since its publication, new theories and research techniques for studying the Primate order have been developed, debated, and tested, forcing scientists to revise their understanding of our closest living relatives. Intended as a sequel to Primate Societies, The Evolution of Primate Societies compiles thirty-one chapters that review the current state of knowledge regarding the behavior of nonhuman primates. Chapters are written by the leading authorities in the field and organized around four major adaptive problems primates face as they strive to grow, maintain themselves, and reproduce in the wild. The inclusion of chapters on the behavior of humans at the end of each major section represents one particularly novel aspect of the book, and it will remind readers what we can learn about ourselves through research on nonhuman primates. The final section highlights some of the innovative and cutting-edge research designed to reveal the similarities and differences between nonhuman and human primate cognition. The Evolution of Primate Societies will be every bit the landmark publication its predecessor has been.

Animal Behavior

Concepts, Methods, and Applications
Author: Shawn Nordell,Thomas Valone
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780190276782
Category: Nature
Page: 480
View: 8031

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EMPHASIZES CONCEPTS. Animal Behavior: Concepts, Methods, and Applications, Second Edition, takes a conceptual approach that highlights the process of science and the real-world applications of animal behavior research. In an engaging, question-driven style, Shawn E. Nordell and Thomas J. Valone offer readers a clear learning progression for understanding and evaluating empirical research examples. FOCUSES ON METHODOLOGY AND THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE. Featured studies illustrate each concept and emphasize research methods, immersing students in the process of animal behavior research. The authors clearly identify the research question, hypothesis, and prediction for each featured study and then demonstrate how the methods allow the prediction to be tested. HIGHLIGHTS REAL-WORLD APPLICATIONS. To help students understand the broader significance of animal behavior research, each chapter contains examples of how various people and groups are applying the concepts to societal problems and issues. DISTINCTIVE FEATURES Bolded key terms, a running glossary, chapter summaries, and thought-provoking discussion questions provide additional support for students "Scientific Process" boxes clearly and concisely lay out each step of the research process "Toolboxes" explain essential skills or complex terms in the science of animal behavior "Applying the Concepts" boxes provide examples of how animal behavior research is being applied to real-life problems Diverse research examples represent all major taxa and highlight both classic and contemporary research Beautiful illustrations and photos help readers visualize complex processes and connect with the natural world

Behavioural Ecology


Author: Etienne Danchin,Luc-Alain Giraldeau,Frank Cézilly
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199206292
Category: Science
Page: 912
View: 6967

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Behavioural Ecology gives a fresh, contemporary account of the evolutionary and ecological processes that underpin animal behaviour. Contributions from subject experts and meticulous editing yield a text with all the qualities of a multi-author book, but without the potential drawbacks.

Animal Behavior


Author: Michael D. Breed,Janice Moore
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128016833
Category: Science
Page: 552
View: 9585

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Animal Behavior, Second Edition, covers the broad sweep of animal behavior from its neurological underpinnings to the importance of behavior in conservation. The authors, Michael Breed and Janice Moore, bring almost 60 years of combined experience as university professors to this textbook, much of that teaching animal behavior. An entire chapter is devoted to the vibrant new field of behavior and conservation, including topics such as social behavior and the relationship between parasites, pathogens, and behavior. Thoughtful coverage has also been given to foraging behavior, mating and parenting behavior, anti-predator behavior, and learning. This text addresses the physiological foundations of behavior in a way that is both accessible and inviting, with each chapter beginning with learning objectives and ending with thought-provoking questions. Additionally, special terms and definitions are highlighted throughout. Animal Behavior provides a rich resource for students (and professors) from a wide range of life science disciplines. Provides a rich resource for students and professors from a wide range of life science disciplines Updated and revised chapters, with at least 50% new case studies and the addition of contemporary in-text examples Expanded and updated coverage of animal welfare topics Includes behavior and homeostatic mechanisms, behavior and conservation, and behavioral aspects of disease Available lab manual with fully developed and tested laboratory exercises Companion website includes newly developed slide sets/templates (PowerPoints) coordinated with the book

Animal Behavior

Mechanisms, Ecology, Evolution
Author: Lee C. Drickamer,Stephen H. Vessey,Elizabeth M. Jakob
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780071130202
Category: Animal behavior
Page: 422
View: 3259

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Uses evolutionary principles as a unifying theme to provide students with an exposure to approaches in the field of animal behavior. This work demonstrates that the varied perspectives used to study behavior are complementary and often integrated. It is designed for a one-semester introductory course in Animal Behavior.

The Triumph of Sociobiology


Author: John Alcock
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198032892
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 5211

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In The Triumph of Sociobiology, John Alcock reviews the controversy that has surrounded evolutionary studies of human social behavior following the 1975 publication of E.O. Wilson's classic, Sociobiology, The New Synthesis. Denounced vehemently as an "ideology" that has justified social evils and inequalities, sociobiology has survived the assault. Twenty-five years after the field was named by Wilson, the approach he championed has successfully demonstrated its value in the study of animal behavior, including the behavior of our own species. Yet, misconceptions remain--to our disadvantage. In this straight-forward, objective approach to the sociobiology debate, noted animal behaviorist John Alcock illuminates how sociobiologists study behavior in all species. He confronts the chief scientific and ideological objections head on, with a compelling analysis of case histories that involve such topics as sexual jealousy, beauty, gender difference, parent-offspring relations, and rape. In so doing, he shows that sociobiology provides the most satisfactory scientific analysis of social behavior available today. Alcock challenges the notion that sociobiology depends on genetic determinism while showing the shortcoming of competing approaches that rely on cultural or environmental determinism. He also presents the practical applications of sociobiology and the progress sociobiological research has made in the search for a more complete understanding of human activities. His reminder that "natural" behavior is not "moral" behavior should quiet opponents fearing misapplication of evolutionary theory to our species. The key misconceptions about this evolutionary field are dissected one by one as the author shows why sociobiologists have had so much success in explaining the puzzling and fascinating social behavior of nonhuman animals and humans alike.

Evolutionary Parasitology

The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics
Author: Paul Schmid-Hempel
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0199229481
Category: Science
Page: 536
View: 1539

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Parasites are among the most serious threats for any organism. This book brings together the latest knowledge from different fields and traces the basic ecological and evolutionary principles behind the eternal and momentous struggle between hosts and their parasites, providing a synthesis of current understanding.

Dog Sense

How the New Science of Dog Behavior Can Make You A Better Friend to Your Pet
Author: John Bradshaw
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465031633
Category: Pets
Page: 352
View: 4294

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Dogs have been mankind's faithful companions for tens of thousands of years, yet today they are regularly treated as either pack-following wolves or furry humans. The truth is, dogs are neither--and our misunderstanding has put them in serious crisis. What dogs really need is a spokesperson, someone who will assert their specific needs. Renowned anthrozoologist Dr. John Bradshaw has made a career of studying human-animal interactions, and in Dog Sense he uses the latest scientific research to show how humans can live in harmony with--not just dominion over-- their four-legged friends. From explaining why positive reinforcement is a more effective (and less damaging) way to control dogs' behavior than punishment to demonstrating the importance of weighing a dog's unique personality against stereotypes about its breed, Bradshaw offers extraordinary insight into the question of how we really ought to treat our dogs.

An Introduction to Animal Behaviour


Author: Aubrey Manning,Marian Stamp Dawkins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107000165
Category: Medical
Page: 458
View: 1138

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"Wolves excitedly greet each other as members of the pack come together; a bumble bee uses its long tongue to reach the nectar at the base of a foxglove flower; a mongoose swiftly and deftly bites its prey to death; young cheetahs rest quietly together, very close to sleep. Now in full colour, this revised and updated edition of Manning and Dawkins' classic text provides a beautifully written introduction to the fundamentals of animal behaviour. Tinbergen's four questions of causation, evolution, development and function form the fundamental framework of the text, illustrated with fascinating examples of complex behavioural mechanisms. The authors provide accounts of all levels of behaviour from the nerve cell to that of the population. The strengths of An Introduction to Animal Behaviour as a textbook include its clear explanations and concise, readable text and the enthusiasm of the authors for their subject"--