Ancient Mesopotamia


Author: Susan Pollock
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521575683
Category: Social Science
Page: 259
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Innovative study of the early state and urban societies in Mesopotamia, c. 5000 to 2100 BC.

Early Mesopotamia

Society and Economy at the Dawn of History
Author: Nicholas Postgate
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136788638
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7199

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The roots of our modern world lie in the civilization of Mesopotamia, which saw the development of the first urban society and the invention of writing. The cuneiform texts reveal the technological and social innovations of Sumer and Babylonia as surprisingly modern, and the influence of this fascinating culture was felt throughout the Near East. Early Mesopotamia gives an entirely new account, integrating the archaeology with historical data which until now have been largely scattered in specialist literature.

Ancient Central China

Centers and Peripheries along the Yangzi River
Author: Rowan K. Flad,Pochan Chen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139851314
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 8493

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Ancient Central China provides an up-to-date synthesis of archaeological discoveries in the upper and middle Yangzi River region of China, including the Three Gorges Dam reservoir zone. It focuses on the Late Neolithic (late third millennium BC) through the end of the Bronze Age (late first millennium BC) and considers regional and interregional cultural relationships in light of anthropological models of landscape. Rowan K. Flad and Pochan Chen show that centers and peripheries of political, economic and ritual activities were not coincident, and that politically peripheral regions such as the Three Gorges were crucial hubs in interregional economic networks, particularly related to prehistoric salt production. The book provides detailed discussions of recent archaeological discoveries and data from the Chengdu Plain, Three Gorges and Hubei to illustrate how these various components of regional landscape were configured across Central China.

Ancient Middle Niger

Urbanism and the Self-organizing Landscape
Author: Roderick J. McIntosh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521813006
Category: History
Page: 261
View: 3596

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Survey of the emergence of the ancient urban civilization of Middle Niger.

Women's Writing of Ancient Mesopotamia

An Anthology of the Earliest Female Authors
Author: N.A
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108514715
Category: History
Page: 238
View: 4262

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Women's Writing of Ancient Mesopotamia presents fresh and engaging translations of works that were composed or edited by female scribes and elite women of the ancient Near East. These texts provide insight into the social status, struggles, and achievements of women during the earliest periods of recorded human history (c.2300–540 BCE). In three introductory chapters and a concluding chapter, Charles Halton and Saana Svärd provide an overview of the civilization of ancient Mesopotamia and examine gender by analyzing these different kinds of texts. The translations cover a range of genres, including hymns, poems, prayers, letters, inscriptions, and oracles. Each text is accompanied by a short introduction that situates the composition within its ancient environment and explores what it reveals about the lives of women within the ancient world. This anthology will serve as an essential reference book for scholars and students of ancient history, gender studies, and world literature.

Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia


Author: Stephen Bertman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195183641
Category: History
Page: 416
View: 8117

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Modern-day archaeological discoveries in the Near East continue to illuminate man's understanding of the ancient world. This illustrated handbook describes the culture, history, and people of Mesopotamia, as well as their struggle for survival and happiness.

Archaeological Perspectives on Houses and Households in Third Millennium Mesopotamian Society


Author: Alessandra Salvin
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527516806
Category: Social Science
Page: 337
View: 8506

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There have been few studies in Ancient Near Eastern archaeology that have concentrated on domestic buildings, with little existent information about houses. This represents a serious lacuna in the knowledge of Mesopotamian culture, considering the importance of the house in society, as the main space of social dynamics. This book addresses this gap, analysing the characteristics and the variations of Mesopotamian houses in the third millennium, which represents a critical period for early urbanization. It identifies common aspects and differences, and relates those characteristics to the socio-economical history of the period to broaden the understanding of this interesting period in Mesopotamian culture. To examine variations and use of space, seven sites were analysed from north (Tell Melebiya, Titris Höyük, and Tell Taya), central (Khafajah and Tell Asmar) and south Mesopotamia (Tell Abu Salabikh and Shuruppak) for a total number of 68 house plans. Several aspects have been investigated, such as the size of households, the evidence of wealth, the concept of privacy, and the role of women in society. The database of houses collected in this book also offers a reference for other sites to analyse houses and households.

Egyptian Archaeology


Author: Willeke Wendrich
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444359339
Category: Social Science
Page: 312
View: 7071

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Egyptian Archaeology explores ancient Egypt using a uniquely archaeological approach, drawing on original research to both synthesize and challenge existing scholarship. Written by leading Egyptologists, based on original research and fieldwork Illustrates how practical research is a vital component of any theory-based discussion about the ancient world Examines the cultural and historical processes of ancient Egypt from a global perspective Visually engaging with over 80 illustrations Chapters explore fundamental issues and themes, but focus on specific periods and key archaeological sites

The Early History of the Ancient Near East, 9000-2000 B.C.


Author: Hans J. Nissen
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022618269X
Category: History
Page: 224
View: 8205

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Hans J. Nissen here provides a much-needed overview of 7000 years of development in the ancient Near East from the beginning of settled life to the formation of the first regional states. His approach to the study of Mesopotamian civilization differs markedly from conventional orientations, which impose a sharp division between prehistoric and historic, literate, periods. Nissen argues that this approach is too rigid to explain the actual development of that civilization. He deemphasizes the invention of writing as a turning point, viewing it as simply one more phase in the evolution of social complexity and as the result of specific social, economic, and political factors. With a unique combination of material culture analysis written data, Nissan traces the emergence of the earliest isolated settlements, the growth of a network of towns, the emergence of city states, and finally the appearance of territorial states. From his synthesis of the prehistoric and literate periods comes a unified picture of the development of Mesopotamian economy, society, and culture. Lavishly illustrated, The Early History of the Ancient Near East, 9000-2000 B.C. is an authoritative work by one of the most insightful observers of the evolution and character of Mesopotamian civilization.

Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia


Author: Jean Bott?ro,André Finet,Bertrand Lafont,Georges Roux
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801868641
Category: History
Page: 276
View: 4455

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Fifteen articles on the history of ancient Mesopotamia explore such topics as women's rights, architecture, myth, sexuality, and cuisine.

Archaeologies of the Middle East

Critical Perspectives
Author: Susan Pollock,Reinhard Bernbeck
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405137231
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 4728

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Archaeologies of the Middle East provides an innovative introduction to the archaeology of this fascinating region and a window on both its past and present. Written by some of the top archaeologists of the Middle East: scholars from diverse backgrounds with a wide range of interests and intellectual approaches Coverage spans 100,000 years: from the Paleolithic to Hellenistic times Explores the connections between modern-day politics and the social context of archaeological practice and various underutilized approaches to archaeological interpretation Designed for student use

Ancient Maya

The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization
Author: Arthur Demarest
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521533904
Category: History
Page: 373
View: 8906

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Ancient Maya comes to life in this new holistic and theoretical study.

The Role of Women in Work and Society in the Ancient Near East


Author: Brigitte Lion,Cécile Michel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1614519978
Category: History
Page: 585
View: 1273

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Economic history is well documented in Assyriology thanks to the good preservation of numerous private and official archives; however, the contribution of women has seldom been addressed. This volume examines the many aspects of women as economic agents, inside and outside of the family structure over the three millennia of Near Eastern history. Papers address issues from historical and archaeological points of view and with a gender perspective.

The Neolithic Revolution in the Near East

Transforming the Human Landscape
Author: Alan H. Simmons
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816501270
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 7344

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One of humanity's most important milestones was the transition from hunting and gathering to food production and permanent village life. This Neolithic Revolution first occurred in the Near East, changing the way humans interacted with their environment and each other, setting the stage, ultimately, for the modern world. Based on more than thirty years of fieldwork, this timely volume examines the Neolithic Revolution in the Levantine Near East and the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. Alan H. Simmons explores recent research regarding the emergence of Neolithic populations, using both environmental and theoretical contexts, and incorporates specific case studies based on his own excavations. In clear and graceful prose, Simmons traces chronological and regional differences within this land of immense environmental contrasts—woodland, steppe, and desert. He argues that the Neolithic Revolution can be seen in a variety of economic, demographic, and social guises and that it lacked a single common stimulus. Each chapter includes sections on history, terminology, geographic range, specific domesticated species, the composition of early villages and households, and the development of social, symbolic, and religious behavior. Most chapters include at least one case study and conclude with a concise summary. In addition, Simmons presents a unique chapter on the island of Cyprus, where intriguing new research challenges assumptions about the impact and extent of the Neolithic. The Neolithic Revolution in the Near East conveys the diversity of our Neolithic ancestors, providing a better understanding of the period and the new social order that arose because of it. This insightful volume will be especially useful to Near Eastern scholars and to students of archaeology and the origins of agriculture.

Myths of the Archaic State

Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States, and Civilizations
Author: Norman Yoffee
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521521567
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 277
View: 4648

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Classical archaeology promotes the view that a state's evolution reflects general, universal forces. Norman Yoffee challenges the model in this book by presenting more complex and multi-linear models for the evolution of civilizations. Yoffee questions the definition of the prehistoric state, particularly that which heralds "the chiefdom" as the forerunner of the ancient state and explores case studies on the role of women in ancient societies.

Ancient Teotihuacan

Early Urbanism in Central Mexico
Author: George L. Cowgill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316298019
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 5428

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First comprehensive English-language book on the largest city in the Americas before the 1400s. Teotihuacan is a UNESCO world heritage site, located in highland central Mexico, about twenty-five miles from Mexico City, visited by millions of tourists every year. The book begins with Cuicuilco, a predecessor that arose around 400 BCE, then traces Teotihuacan from its founding in approximately 150 BCE to its collapse around 600 CE. It describes the city's immense pyramids and other elite structures. It also discusses the dwellings and daily lives of commoners, including men, women, and children, and the craft activities of artisans. George L. Cowgill discusses politics, economics, technology, art, religion, and possible reasons for Teotihuacan's rise and fall. Long before the Aztecs and 800 miles from Classic Maya centers, Teotihuacan was part of a broad Mesoamerican tradition but had a distinctive personality that invites comparison with other states and empires of the ancient world.

Daily Life in Ancient Mesopotamia


Author: Karen Rhea Nemet-Nejat
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313294976
Category: History
Page: 346
View: 7217

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The ancient world of Mesopotamia (from Sumer to the subsequent division into Babylonia and Assyria) vividly comes alive in this portrayal of the time period from 3100 bce to the fall of Assyria (612 bce) and Babylon (539 bce). Students, teachers, and interested readers will discover fascinating details about the lives of these people taken from the ancients' own quotations and descriptions. These detailed anecdotes from the people themselves easily convey factual material. A wealth of information is provided on such varied topics as: education; literature; mathematics and science; city vs. country life; family life; and religion, as well as many other subjects.

The Sumerian World


Author: Harriet Crawford
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136219110
Category: History
Page: 688
View: 3176

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The Sumerian World explores the archaeology, history and art of southern Mesopotamia and its relationships with its neighbours from c.3,000 - 2,000BC. Including material hitherto unpublished from recent excavations, the articles are organised thematically using evidence from archaeology, texts and the natural sciences. This broad treatment will also make the volume of interest to students looking for comparative data in allied subjects such as ancient literature and early religions. Providing an authoritative, comprehensive and up to date overview of the Sumerian period written by some of the best qualified scholars in the field, The Sumerian World will satisfy students, researchers, academics, and the knowledgeable layperson wishing to understand the world of southern Mesopotamia in the third millennium.

Ancient Jomon of Japan


Author: Junko Habu
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521776707
Category: History
Page: 332
View: 8231

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It will prove invaluable to students and researchers alike."--BOOK JACKET.

Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries

The Archaeological Evidence
Author: Peter Roger Stuart Moorey
Publisher: Eisenbrauns
ISBN: 9781575060422
Category: Social Science
Page: 415
View: 1281

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This is the first systematic attempt to survey in detail the archaeological evidence for the crafts and craftsmanship of the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians in ancient Mesopotamia, covering the period ca. 8000-300 B.C.E. As creators of some of the earliest farming and urban communities known to us, these people were among the first pioneers of many crafts and skills that remain fundamental to modern ways of life. Many of the raw materials for crafts had to be imported from outside the river valley of the Tigris and Euphrates, providing an unusually sensitive indicator of the commercial and cultural contacts of Mesopotamia. In this book, Dr. Moorey reviews briefly the textual evidence, and then goes on to examine in detail the material evidence for a wide range of crafts using stones, both common and ornamental, animal products--from hippopotamus ivory to ostrich egg-shells--ceramics, glazed materials and glass, metals, and building materials. With a comprehensive bibliography, this will be a key work of reference for archaeologists and those interested in the early history of crafts and technology, as well as for specialist historians of the ancient Near East.