Ancient Cities

The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome
Author: Charles Gates
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 113682328X
Category: History
Page: 504
View: 6615

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Ancient Cities surveys the cities of the Ancient Near East, Egypt, and the Greek and Roman worlds from the perspectives of archaeology and architectural history, bringing to life the physical world of ancient city dwellers by concentrating on evidence recovered from archaeological excavations. Urban form is the focus: the physical appearance and overall plans of the cities, their architecture and natural topography, and the cultural and historical contexts in which they flourished. Attention is also paid to non-urban features such as religious sanctuaries and burial grounds, places and institutions that were a familiar part of the city dweller's experience. Objects or artifacts that represented the essential furnishings of everyday life are discussed, such as pottery, sculpture, wall paintings, mosaics and coins. Ancient Cities is unusual in presenting this wide range of Old World cultures in such comprehensive detail, giving equal weight to the Preclassical and Classical periods, and in showing the links between these ancient cultures. User-friendly features include: use of clear and accessible language, assuming no previous background knowledge lavishly illustrated with over 300 line drawings, maps, and photos historical summaries, further reading arranged by topic, plus a consolidated bibliography and comprehensive index new to the second edition: a companion website with an interactive timeline, chapter summaries, study questions, illustrations and a glossary of archaeological and historical terms. Visit the website at http://cw.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415498647/ In this second edition, Charles Gates has comprehensively revised and updated his original text, and Neslihan Yılmaz has reworked her acclaimed illustrations. Readers and lecturers will be delighted to see a new chapter on Phoenician cities in the first millennium BC, and new sections on Göbekli Tepe, the sensational Neolithic sanctuary; Sinope, a Greek city on the Black Sea coast; and cities of the western Roman Empire. With its comprehensive presentation of ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern cities, its rich collection of illustrations, and its new companion website, Ancient Cities will remain an essential textbook for university and high school students across a wide range of archaeology, ancient history, and ancient Near Eastern, Biblical, and classical studies courses.

Cities and the Shaping of Memory in the Ancient Near East


Author: Ömür Harmanşah
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107311187
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 8476

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This book investigates the founding and building of cities in the ancient Near East. The creation of new cities was imagined as an ideological project or a divine intervention in the political narratives and mythologies of Near Eastern cultures, often masking the complex processes behind the social production of urban space. During the Early Iron Age (c.1200–850 BCE), Assyrian and Syro-Hittite rulers developed a highly performative official discourse that revolved around constructing cities, cultivating landscapes, building watercourses, erecting monuments and initiating public festivals. This volume combs through archaeological, epigraphic, visual, architectural and environmental evidence to tell the story of a region from the perspective of its spatial practices, landscape history and architectural technologies. It argues that the cultural processes of the making of urban spaces shape collective memory and identity as well as sites of political performance and state spectacle.

The Natural History of the Bible

An Environmental Exploration of the Hebrew Scriptures
Author: Daniel J. Hillel
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231508336
Category: Religion
Page: 376
View: 1065

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Traversing river valleys, steppes, deserts, rain-fed forests, farmlands, and seacoasts, the early Israelites experienced all the contrasting ecological domains of the ancient Near East. As they grew from a nomadic clan to become a nation-state in Canaan, they interacted with indigenous societies of the region, absorbed selective elements of their cultures, and integrated them into a radically new culture of their own. Daniel Hillel reveals the interplay between the culture of the Israelites and the environments within which it evolved. More than just affecting their material existence, the region's ecology influenced their views of creation and the creator, their conception of humanity's role on Earth, their own distinctive identity and destiny, and their ethics. In The Natural History of the Bible, Hillel shows how the eclectic experiences of the Israelites shaped their perception of the overarching unity governing nature's varied manifestations. Where other societies idolized disparate and capricious forces of nature, the Israelites discerned essential harmony and higher moral purpose. Inspired by visionary prophets, they looked to a singular, omnipresent, omnipotent force of nature mandating justice and compassion in human affairs. Monotheism was promoted as state policy and centralized in the Temple of Jerusalem. After it was destroyed and the people were exiled, a collection of scrolls distilling the nation's memories and spiritual quest served as the focus of faith in its stead. A prominent environmental scientist who surveyed Israel's land and water resources and has worked on agricultural development projects throughout the region, Daniel Hillel is a uniquely qualified expert on the natural history of the lands of the Bible. Combining his scientific work with a passionate, life-long study of the Bible, Hillel offers new perspectives on biblical views of the environment and the origin of ethical monotheism as an outgrowth of the Israelites' internalized experiences.

Die Stadt im Zwölfprophetenbuch


Author: Aaron Schart,Jutta Krispenz
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110269082
Category: Religion
Page: 477
View: 6331

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Im Zwölfprophetenbuch spielen verschiedene Städte (Samaria, Bet-El, Jerusalem, Ninive, Babel u.a.) und deren religiöser Anspruch eine große Rolle. Der Sammelband enthält Aufsätze, die sich dem Thema von verschiedenen Seiten nähern. Das Selbstverständnis der kanonischen biblischen Texte kommt zu Wort, aber auch die Redaktionsgeschichte des Prophetenbuches, die Religion des alten Israels, der religionsgeschichtliche Vergleich und der archäologische Befund. Das eisenzeitliche Israel erlebte über die Jahrhunderte einen Urbanisierungsschub, der in seiner Wirkung auf die sozialen Strukturen der Wirkung der modernen Urbanisierung vergleichbar ist. Bei den Propheten des Alten Testaments finden wir die Auseinandersetzung mit den Folgen der Urbanisierung, der Segmentierung und der Pauperisierung von Teilen der Gesellschaft, dem sinkenden Einfluss familiärer Netzwerke und der steigenden Uneindeutigkeit bei der Zugehörigkeit zu Deutungsgemeinschaften. Die urbanen Zentren stehen für eine gewandelte Lebensform, die ambivalent gesehen wird. Sie stehen aber auch für eine Option der Präsenz Gottes in der Stadt, denn nach Auskunft der Propheten will YHWH nicht „auf jedem grünen Hügel und unter jedem grünen Baum“ verehrt werden.

City

A Guidebook for the Urban Age
Author: P.D. Smith
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1408811200
Category: History
Page: 400
View: 1626

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For the first time in the history of our planet, more than half the population-3.3 billion people-is now living in cities. City is the ultimate guidebook to our urban centers-the signature unit of human civilization. With erudite prose and carefully chosen illustrations, this unique work of metatourism explores what cities are and how they work. It covers history, customs and language, districts, transport, money, work, shops and markets, and tourist sites, creating a fantastically detailed portrait of the city through history and into the future. The urban explorer will revel in essays on downtowns, suburbs, shantytowns and favelas, graffiti, skylines, crime, the theater, street food, sport, eco-cities, and sacred sites, as well as mini essays on the Tower of Babel, flash mobs, ghettos, skateboarding, and SimCity, among many others. Drawing on a vast range of examples from across the world and throughout history, City is extensively illustrated with full-color photographs, maps, and other images. Acclaimed author and independent scholar P. D. Smith explores what it was like to live in the first cities, how they have evolved, and why in the future, cities will play an even greater role in human life.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 9874

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Encyclopedia of urban studies


Author: Ray Hutchison
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 1039
View: 7988

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The United Nations estimates that by 2030, more than two-thirds of the total world population will live in urban areas. Most of this increase will take place not in Europe or in the United States but in the megacities and newly emerging urban regions of what used to be called the developing world. Urban studies is an expansive and growing field, covering many disciplines and professional fields, each with its own schedule of conferences, journals, and publication series. These two volumes address the specific theories, key studies, and important figures that have influenced not just the individual discipline but also the field of urban studies more generally. The Encyclopedia of Urban Studies is intended to present an overview of current work in the field and to serve as a guide for further reading in the field. Key Features Includes important work and traditions from each of the urban disciplines, including urban anthropology, urban economics, urban geography, urban history, urban politics, urban psychology, and urban sociology Addresses both the growth and expansion of urban areas (urbanization) and the nature and quality of urban life (urbanism) Demonstrates the international and interdisciplinary nature of the field with contributions from scholars in many different countries Confronts a number of important issues, ranging from individual problems of poverty to societal problems of provision of adequate housing and social exclusion Provides entries on a number of cities, including those in different historical periods and regions of the world and those that have been important in the development of urban studies Key Themes Disciplinary Approaches in Urban Studies Urban Studies-Topical Areas Urban Issues Urban Planning Urban Theory Urban Transportation Urban Culture Places Cities Persons The Encyclopedia of Urban Studies serves as an introduction to topics of significance in urban studies for an audience that includes undergraduate students, beginning graduate students of urban studies and the related urban disciplines, a broader public that has an interest in the new urban world, and even established teachers and scholars who are exploring new areas of study.

Pompeji

Das Leben in einer römischen Stadt
Author: Mary Beard
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104904707
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 3500

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Im Jahr 79 n. Chr. regnete glühende Asche auf Pompeji nieder. Lava überflutete Menschen, Tiere und Gebäude – und konservierte sie für die Ewigkeit. Jahrhunderte später ist Pompeji eine der wichtigsten Fundstätten der Archäologie. Die weltweit bekannte Historikerin Mary Beard nimmt uns mit auf einen faszinierenden Spaziergang durch die Geschichte Pompejis. Sie schildert, wie die Menschen dort gelebt und geliebt haben, beschreibt Häuser, Kneipen und Gärten, Kunstwerke und Dinge des Alltags. Zugleich entlarvt sie die Irrtümer, die Forschern immer wieder unterliefen, und zeigt, wie es wirklich war. Mit jedem faszinierenden Rätsel, das sie dabei präsentiert, wächst die Sehnsucht, diesen Ort mit eigenen Augen zu sehen. »Pompeji« wurde 2008 mit dem renommierten Wolfson History Prize ausgezeichnet. »Dieses fantastische Buch ... ist ein Vorbild für ebenso scharfsinniges wie spannendes Erzählen über die Vergangenheit.« The Guardian

Egypt, Greece, and Rome

Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean
Author: Charles Freeman
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191509701
Category: History
Page: 784
View: 6286

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Egypt, Greece, and Rome is regarded as one of the best general histories of the ancient world, having sold more than 80,000 copies in its first two editions. It is written for the general reader and the student coming to the subject for the first time and provides a reliable and highly accessible point of entry to the period. Beginning with the early Middle Eastern civilizations of Sumer, and continuing right through to the Islamic invasions and the birth of modern Europe after the collapse of the Roman empire, the book ranges beyond political history to cover art and architecture, philosophy, literature, society, and economy. A wide range of maps, illustrations, and photographs complements the text. This third edition has been extensively revised to appeal to the general reader with several chapters completely rewritten and a great deal of new material added, including a new selection of images.

The Middle East

the cradle of civilization revealed
Author: Stephen Bourke
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Art
Page: 368
View: 6676

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Explores the history, religion, political and social organization, art, science, and architecture of the peoples' of the Middle East region. This text contains maps and photographs.

Ancient West & East


Author: Gocha R. Tsetskhladze
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789004149502
Category: Art
Page: 398
View: 1198

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Originally published as a double issue of Volume 5 (2006) of Brill's bi-annual "Ancient West & East,"

How Petra was built

an analysis of the construction techniques of the Nabataean freestanding buildings and rock-cut monuments in Petra, Jordan
Author: Shaher Moh'd Ahmad Rababeh
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd
ISBN: 9781841718989
Category: Social Science
Page: 237
View: 9652

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Until now, no study has been made of the construction techniques of the Nabataean freestanding buildings and the rock-cut monuments of Petra, Jordan (built from the 1st cent. BC to the 2nd cent. AD). The results of this study reveal the sources of the building techniques used at Petra and why they were further developed there.

Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Ancient World


Author: Peter I. Bogucki
Publisher: Facts on File
ISBN: 9780816069415
Category: History
Page: 1600
View: 1707

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Presents sixty-nine articles devoted to coverage of social and cultural considerations in the ancient world from prehistory through the fall of Rome in 476 C.E.

Gymnasium

Zeitschrift für Kultur der Antike und humanistische Bildung
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Classical education
Page: N.A
View: 7037

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Historien

2 Bände. Griechisch - Deutsch
Author: Herodot
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 305009091X
Category: History
Page: 1446
View: 8272

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Herodot (geb. um 484 v. Chr., gest. um 425) wird mit Recht der Vater der Geschichtsschreibung genannt. Er verfasste eine Urgeschichte der alten Kulturen: des Vorderen Orients, Ägyptens und Griechenlands. Die welthistorische Auseinandersetzung zwischen Persern und Griechen, die Beschreibung der Schlachten von Marathon, den Thermopylen, Salamis und Platää sind von außerordentlicher Lebendigkeit. Der Weitgereiste ist zugleich aber auch der meisterhafte Erzähler von Geschichten, die in die Weltliteratur eingegangen sind, wie z. B. das Schicksal des Krösus, Gyges und sein Ring oder der Ring des Polykrates. Herodot gehört zu den Klassikern der griechischen Literatur, zu ihren ernstesten - und schwierigsten - Autoren, trotz oder gerade wegen seiner scheinbaren Leichtigkeit. Herodots Werk birgt in sich verhaltene Größe, Leiden und Leidenschaft, Welterfahrung und tiefe Klugheit.