An Introduction to the Earth-Life System


Author: Charles Cockell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521493918
Category: Science
Page: 319
View: 5430

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This concise textbook combines Earth and biological sciences to explore the co-evolution of the Earth and life over geological time.

Protecting Life on Earth

An Introduction to the Science of Conservation
Author: Michael P. Marchetti,Peter B. Moyle
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520264320
Category: Nature
Page: 220
View: 3622

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"An excellent introduction to the science and policy of conservation biology for anyone interested in becoming better informed about today's pressing environmental challenges." Wayne P. Sousa, University of California, Berkeley --

The Blue Planet: An Introduction to Earth System Science, 3rd Edition

An Introduction to Earth System Science
Author: Brian J. Skinner,Barbara W. Murck
Publisher: Wiley Global Education
ISBN: 1118139720
Category: Science
Page: 656
View: 6458

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The Blue Planet: An Introduction to Earth System Sciences, 3rd Edition is an innovative text for the earth systems science course. It treats earth science from a systems perspective, now showing the five spheres and how they are interrelated. There are many photos and figures in the text to develop a strong understanding of the material presented. This along with the new media for instructors makes this a strong text for any earth systems science course.

Impossible Extinction

Natural Catastrophes and the Supremacy of the Microbial World
Author: Charles Cockell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521817363
Category: Science
Page: 181
View: 402

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A fascinating tour of biological history focuses on microbial life, revealing how these micro organisms have managed to survive and thrive across three billion years of tumultuous history. (Biology & Natural History)

An Introduction to Astrobiology


Author: David A. Rothery,Iain Gilmour,Mark A. Sephton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110843083X
Category: Science
Page: 398
View: 4919

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This updated third edition explores the origin and nature of life, habitable environments in our solar system and exoplanet discoveries.

Planet Earth

Cosmology, Geology, and the Evolution of Life and Environment
Author: Cesare Emiliani
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521409490
Category: Science
Page: 718
View: 8132

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The next few decades are likely to witness deep environmental crises, crises we will be able to cope with only through a clear understanding of the complex, delicate system of which we are part. Fortunately, the great advances made in all fields of science since World War II make it possible to reconstruct the entire life history of the world we live in, from the Big Bang to the present, and thus to understand how the system works. This book presents a global picture of our world - how it originated, how it evolved, how it works - and provides the background necessary to assess ways to stabilize it. Although the science is rigorous and quantitative, the book is written in an informal style and is readily accessible to anyone with a knowledge of high-school algebra.

Space and Life

An Introduction to Space Biology and Medicine
Author: Hubert Planel
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203602102
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 4334

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Since our first manned space flights we have learned much about how the human body adapts to the space environment and in particular, to the absence of gravity. Today, space research provides a better understanding of our physiological response mechanisms to microgravity. Space and Life: An Introduction to Space Biology and Medicine describes the results of space research in the context of core concepts in human physiology to depict the effects of both long-term and short-term absence of gravity on the human body. The book explains the scientific basis for the physiological reactions so common to astronauts who experience zero gravity, such as bone calcium loss, puffy faces, and nausea. It includes discussions of cosmic rays, cells, plants, embryonic development, and the origins of life on Earth from a space research standpoint. Updating the current knowledge about how the human body adapts to the space environment and the absence of gravity, this book is ideal for space research scientists, physiologists, NASA employees, and students involved in space study.

Maps of Time

An Introduction to Big History
Author: David Christian
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520950674
Category: History
Page: 672
View: 9357

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An introduction to a new way of looking at history, from a perspective that stretches from the beginning of time to the present day, Maps of Time is world history on an unprecedented scale. Beginning with the Big Bang, David Christian views the interaction of the natural world with the more recent arrivals in flora and fauna, including human beings. Cosmology, geology, archeology, and population and environmental studies—all figure in David Christian's account, which is an ambitious overview of the emerging field of "Big History." Maps of Time opens with the origins of the universe, the stars and the galaxies, the sun and the solar system, including the earth, and conducts readers through the evolution of the planet before human habitation. It surveys the development of human society from the Paleolithic era through the transition to agriculture, the emergence of cities and states, and the birth of the modern, industrial period right up to intimations of possible futures. Sweeping in scope, finely focused in its minute detail, this riveting account of the known world, from the inception of space-time to the prospects of global warming, lays the groundwork for world history—and Big History—true as never before to its name.

Introduction to Artificial Life


Author: Christoph Adami
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387946467
Category: Computers
Page: 374
View: 1466

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Developed from a lab-orientated multidisciplinary course, this book and CD-ROM package brings together the theoretical groundwork for understanding the dynamics of systems of self-replicating information, as well as the results of initial experiments carried out with artificial living systems based on this paradigm. It assumes prior knowledge of statistical physics, thermodynamics and basic biology and a familiarity with computer architectures and scientific computing techniques.

An Introduction to the Solar System


Author: David A. Rothery,Neil McBride,Iain Gilmour
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108430848
Category: Science
Page: 440
View: 4465

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Updated third edition introduces undergraduates to the Solar System's bodies, the processes upon and within them, and their origins and evolution.

Paganism

An Introduction to Earth-centered Religions
Author: Joyce Higginbotham,River Higginbotham
Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide
ISBN: 0738702226
Category: Religion
Page: 250
View: 5286

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Paganism is a broad term that includes such paths as Wicca, Druidism, and Asatru, whose practitioners embrace the idea that the natural world is sacred. Introduces the beliefs, ethics, and practices of modern Pagans and answers such questions about Pagan beliefs as: What are Pagan rituals like? ; When are the Pagan holidays? ; What do Pagans believe about God? ; What is magick? ; How do Pagans view Satan? ; and What ethics do Pagans follow?

How to Find a Habitable Planet


Author: James Kasting
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691138052
Category: Science
Page: 326
View: 1108

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Ever since Carl Sagan first predicted that extraterrestrial civilizations must number in the millions, the search for life on other planets has gripped our imagination. Is Earth so rare that advanced life forms like us--or even the simplest biological organisms--are unique to the universe? How to Find a Habitable Planet describes how scientists are testing Sagan's prediction, and demonstrates why Earth may not be so rare after all. James Kasting has worked closely with NASA in its mission to detect habitable worlds outside our solar system, and in this book he introduces readers to the advanced methodologies being used in this extraordinary quest. He addresses the compelling questions that planetary scientists grapple with today: What exactly makes a planet habitable? What are the signatures of life astronomers should look for when they scan the heavens for habitable worlds? In providing answers, Kasting explains why Earth has remained habitable despite a substantial rise in solar luminosity over time, and why our neighbors, Venus and Mars, haven't. If other Earth-sized planets endowed with enough water and carbon are out there, he argues, chances are good that some of those planets sustain life. Kasting describes the efforts under way to find them, and predicts that future discoveries will profoundly alter our view of the universe and our place in it. This book is a must-read for anyone who has ever dreamed of finding other planets like ours--and perhaps even life like ours--in the cosmos.

An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea


Author: Michael E. Q. Pilson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521887070
Category: Science
Page: 533
View: 5287

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Engagingly introduces marine chemistry and the ocean's geochemical interactions with the solid earth and atmosphere, for students of oceanography.

Life Everywhere


Author: David Darling
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0465009980
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 2046

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To many people, the main question about extraterrestrial life is whether it exists. But to the scientific community, that question has already been answered: it does, and within our solar system. The new science of astrobiology is already being practiced at NASA's Astrobiology Institute and the University of Washington's new Department of Astrobiology. Life Everywhere is the first book to lay out what the new science of astrobiology is all about. It asks the fascinating questions researchers in astrobiology are asking themselves: What is life? How does it originate? How often does life survive once it arises? How does evolution work? And what determines whether complex or intelligent life will emerge from more primitive forms? Informed by interviews with most of the top people in this nascent field, this book introduces readers to one of the most important scientific developments of the next century.

An Introduction to the Sun and Stars


Author: Simon F. Green,Mark H. Jones,S. Jocelyn Burnell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521546225
Category: Science
Page: 373
View: 5610

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Compiled by a team of experts, this textbook has been designed for elementary university courses in astronomy and astrophysics. It starts with a detailed discussion of our nearest star, the Sun, and describes how solar physicists have come to understand its internal workings. It then considers how astronomers go about studying the basic physical properties and life-cycles of more distant stars, and culminates with a discussion of the formation of exotic objects such as neutron stars and black holes. Written in an accessible style that avoids complex mathematics, and illustrated in colour throughout, this book is suitable for self-study and will appeal to amateur astronomers as well as undergraduate students. It contains numerous helpful learning features such as boxed summaries, student exercises with full solutions, and a glossary of terms. The book is also supported by a website hosting further teaching materials.

An Introduction to Planetary Atmospheres


Author: Agustin Sanchez-Lavega
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420067354
Category: Science
Page: 629
View: 9985

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Planetary atmospheres is a relatively new, interdisciplinary subject that incorporates various areas of the physical and chemical sciences, including geophysics, geophysical fluid dynamics, atmospheric science, astronomy, and astrophysics. Providing a much-needed resource for this cross-disciplinary field, An Introduction to Planetary Atmospheres presents current knowledge on atmospheres and the fundamental mechanisms operating on them. The author treats the topics in a comparative manner among the different solar system bodies—what is known as comparative planetology. Based on an established course, this comprehensive text covers a panorama of solar system bodies and their relevant general properties. It explores the origin and evolution of atmospheres, along with their chemical composition and thermal structure. It also describes cloud formation and properties, mechanisms in thin and upper atmospheres, and meteorology and dynamics. Each chapter focuses on these atmospheric topics in the way classically done for the Earth’s atmosphere and summarizes the most important aspects in the field. The study of planetary atmospheres is fundamental to understanding the origin of the solar system, the formation mechanisms of planets and satellites, and the day-to-day behavior and evolution of Earth’s atmosphere. With many interesting real-world examples, this book offers a unified vision of the chemical and physical processes occurring in planetary atmospheres. Ancillaries are available at www.ajax.ehu.es/planetary_atmospheres/

Fire on Earth

An Introduction
Author: Andrew C. Scott,David M. J. S. Bowman,William J. Bond,Stephen J. Pyne,Martin E. Alexander
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111995357X
Category: Science
Page: 434
View: 9995

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Fire on Earth puts fire in its rightful place as an integral part of the study of geology, biology, human history, physics, and global chemistry. Fire is ubiquitous in various forms throughout Earth, and belongs as part of formal inquiries about our world. In recent years fire literature has multiplied exponentially; dedicated journals exist and half a dozen international conferences are held annually. A host of formal sciences, or programs announcing interdisciplinary intentions, are willing to consider fire. Wildfire also appears routinely in media reporting.

Geological Field Techniques


Author: Angela L. Coe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144434823X
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 9363

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The understanding of Earth processes and environments over geological time is highly dependent upon both the experience that can only be gained through doing fieldwork, and the collection of reliable data and appropriate samples in the field. This textbook explains the main data gathering techniques used by geologists in the field and the reasons for these, with emphasis throughout on how to make effective field observations and record these in suitable formats. Equal weight is given to assembling field observations from igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock types. There are also substantial chapters on producing a field notebook, collecting structural information, recording fossil data and constructing geological maps. The volume is in a robust and handy size, with colour coded chapters for ease of use and quick reference in the field. Geological Field Techniques is designed for students, amateur enthusiasts and professionals who have a background in geology and wish to collect field data on rocks and geological features. Teaching aspects of this textbook include: step-by-step guides to essential practical skills such as using a compass-clinometer, making a geological map and drawing a field sketch; tricks of the trade, checklists, flow charts and short worked examples; over 200 illustrations of a wide range of field notes, maps and geological features; appendices with the commonly used rock description and classification diagrams; a supporting website hosted by Wiley Blackwell.

How the Ocean Works

An Introduction to Oceanography
Author: Mark Denny
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400842883
Category: Nature
Page: 344
View: 8624

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The world's oceans account for roughly 71 percent of the planet's surface and 99 percent of its livable volume. Any study of this huge habitat requires a solid foundation in the principles that underlie marine biology and physical and chemical oceanography, yet until now undergraduate textbooks have largely presented compilations of facts rather than explanations of principles. How the Ocean Works fills this gap, providing a concise and accessible college-level introduction to marine science that is also ideal for general readers. How are winds and currents driven? What is the dilemma of the two-layered ocean? Mark Denny explains key concepts like these in rich and fascinating detail. He explores early scientific knowledge of oceans, photosynthesis, trophic interactions and energy flow, and the impacts of human activities on marine and atmospheric systems. Focusing each chapter on a major topic and carefully explaining the principles and theory involved, Denny gives readers the conceptual building blocks needed to develop a coherent picture of the living ocean. How the Ocean Works is an indispensable resource that teaches readers how to think about the ocean--its biology, mechanics, and conservation. Provides a concise, up-to-date introduction to marine science Develops the conceptual basis needed to understand how the ocean works Explains fundamental principles and theory Includes color illustrations and informative diagrams Serves as a college textbook and a reference for general readers Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

An Introduction to the Solar System


Author: Neil McBride,Iain Gilmour
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521546201
Category: Science
Page: 412
View: 8550

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Compiled by a team of experts, this textbook has been designed for introductory university courses in planetary science. It starts with a tour of the Solar System and an overview of its formation. The composition, internal structure, surface morphology and atmospheres of the terrestrial planets are then described. This leads naturally to a discussion of the giant planets and why they are compositionally different. Minor bodies are reviewed and the book concludes with a discussion of the origin of the Solar System and the evidence from meteorites. Written in an accessible style that avoids complex mathematics, and illustrated in colour throughout, this book is suitable for self-study and will appeal to amateur enthusiasts as well as undergraduate students. It contains numerous helpful learning features such as boxed summaries, student exercises with full solutions, and a glossary of terms. The book is also supported by a website hosting further teaching materials.