An Introduction to the Earth-Life System


Author: Charles Cockell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521493918
Category: Science
Page: 319
View: 2927

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This concise textbook combines Earth and biological sciences to explore the co-evolution of the Earth and life over geological time.

Protecting Life on Earth

An Introduction to the Science of Conservation
Author: Michael P. Marchetti,Peter B. Moyle
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520264320
Category: Nature
Page: 220
View: 8580

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"An excellent introduction to the science and policy of conservation biology for anyone interested in becoming better informed about today's pressing environmental challenges." Wayne P. Sousa, University of California, Berkeley --

The Blue Planet: An Introduction to Earth System Science, 3rd Edition

An Introduction to Earth System Science
Author: Brian J. Skinner,Barbara W. Murck
Publisher: Wiley Global Education
ISBN: 1118139720
Category: Science
Page: 656
View: 9078

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The Blue Planet: An Introduction to Earth System Sciences, 3rd Edition is an innovative text for the earth systems science course. It treats earth science from a systems perspective, now showing the five spheres and how they are interrelated. There are many photos and figures in the text to develop a strong understanding of the material presented. This along with the new media for instructors makes this a strong text for any earth systems science course.

Impossible Extinction

Natural Catastrophes and the Supremacy of the Microbial World
Author: Charles Cockell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521817363
Category: Science
Page: 181
View: 4236

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A fascinating tour of biological history focuses on microbial life, revealing how these micro organisms have managed to survive and thrive across three billion years of tumultuous history. (Biology & Natural History)

Fire on Earth

An Introduction
Author: Andrew C. Scott,David M. J. S. Bowman,William J. Bond,Stephen J. Pyne,Martin E. Alexander
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118534093
Category: Science
Page: 434
View: 413

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Earth is the only planet known to have fire. The reason is both simple and profound: fire exists because Earth is the only planet to possess life as we know it. Fire is an expression of life on Earth and an index of life’s history. Few processes are as integral, unique, or ancient. Fire on Earth puts fire in its rightful place as an integral part of the study of geology, biology, human history, physics, and global chemistry. Fire is ubiquitous in various forms throughout Earth, and belongs as part of formal inquiries about our world. In recent years fire literature has multiplied exponentially; dedicated journals exist and half a dozen international conferences are held annually. A host of formal sciences, or programs announcing interdisciplinary intentions, are willing to consider fire. Wildfire also appears routinely in media reporting. This full-colour text, containing over 250 illustrations of fire in all contexts, is designed to provide a synthesis of contemporary thinking; bringing together the most powerful concepts and disciplinary voices to examine, in an international setting, why planetary fire exists, how it works, and why it looks the way it does today. Students, lecturers, researchers and professionals interested in the physical, ecological and historical characteristics of fire will find this book, and accompanying web-based material, essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in all related disciplines, for general interest and for providing an interdisciplinary foundation for further study. A comprehensive approach to the history, behaviour and ecological effects of fire on earth Timely introduction to this important subject, with relevance for global climate change, biodiversity loss and the evolution of human culture. Provides a foundation for the interdisciplinary field of Fire Research Authored by an international team of leading experts in the field Associated website provides additional resources

Introduction to Artificial Life


Author: Christoph Adami
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387946467
Category: Computers
Page: 374
View: 3922

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Developed from a lab-orientated multidisciplinary course, this book and CD-ROM package brings together the theoretical groundwork for understanding the dynamics of systems of self-replicating information, as well as the results of initial experiments carried out with artificial living systems based on this paradigm. It assumes prior knowledge of statistical physics, thermodynamics and basic biology and a familiarity with computer architectures and scientific computing techniques.

Introduction to Planetary Science

The Geological Perspective
Author: Gunter Faure,Teresa M. Mensing
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402055447
Category: Science
Page: 526
View: 2982

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This textbook details basic principles of planetary science that help to unify the study of the solar system. It is organized in a hierarchical manner so that every chapter builds upon preceding ones. Starting with historical perspectives on space exploration and the development of the scientific method, the book leads the reader through the solar system. Coverage explains that the origin and subsequent evolution of planets and their satellites can be explained by applications of certain basic principles of physics, chemistry, and celestial mechanics and that surface features of the solid bodies can be interpreted by principles of geology.

Planet Earth

Cosmology, Geology, and the Evolution of Life and Environment
Author: Cesare Emiliani
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521409490
Category: Science
Page: 718
View: 6283

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The next few decades are likely to witness deep environmental crises, crises we will be able to cope with only through a clear understanding of the complex, delicate system of which we are part. Fortunately, the great advances made in all fields of science since World War II make it possible to reconstruct the entire life history of the world we live in, from the Big Bang to the present, and thus to understand how the system works. This book presents a global picture of our world - how it originated, how it evolved, how it works - and provides the background necessary to assess ways to stabilize it. Although the science is rigorous and quantitative, the book is written in an informal style and is readily accessible to anyone with a knowledge of high-school algebra.

Life Everywhere

The Maverick Science of Astrobiology
Author: David Darling
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 9780465009985
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 5294

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To many people, the main question about extraterrestrial life is whether it exists. But to the scientific community, that question has already been answered: it does, and within our solar system. The new science of astrobiology is already being practiced at NASA's Astrobiology Institute and the University of Washington's new Department of Astrobiology. Life Everywhere is the first book to lay out what the new science of astrobiology is all about. It asks the fascinating questions researchers in astrobiology are asking themselves: What is life? How does it originate? How often does life survive once it arises? How does evolution work? And what determines whether complex or intelligent life will emerge from more primitive forms? Informed by interviews with most of the top people in this nascent field, this book introduces readers to one of the most important scientific developments of the next century.

Paganism

An Introduction to Earth-centered Religions
Author: Joyce Higginbotham,River Higginbotham
Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide
ISBN: 0738702226
Category: Religion
Page: 250
View: 5294

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Paganism is a broad term that includes such paths as Wicca, Druidism, and Asatru, whose practitioners embrace the idea that the natural world is sacred. Introduces the beliefs, ethics, and practices of modern Pagans and answers such questions about Pagan beliefs as: What are Pagan rituals like? ; When are the Pagan holidays? ; What do Pagans believe about God? ; What is magick? ; How do Pagans view Satan? ; and What ethics do Pagans follow?

How to Build a Habitable Planet

The Story of Earth from the Big Bang to Humankind
Author: Charles H. Langmuir,Wally Broecker
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400841976
Category: Science
Page: 736
View: 2293

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Since its first publication more than twenty-five years ago, How to Build a Habitable Planet has established a legendary reputation as an accessible yet scientifically impeccable introduction to the origin and evolution of Earth, from the Big Bang through the rise of human civilization. This classic account of how our habitable planet was assembled from the stuff of stars introduced readers to planetary, Earth, and climate science by way of a fascinating narrative. Now this great book has been made even better. Harvard geochemist Charles Langmuir has worked closely with the original author, Wally Broecker, one of the world's leading Earth scientists, to revise and expand the book for a new generation of readers for whom active planetary stewardship is becoming imperative. Interweaving physics, astronomy, chemistry, geology, and biology, this sweeping account tells Earth’s complete story, from the synthesis of chemical elements in stars, to the formation of the Solar System, to the evolution of a habitable climate on Earth, to the origin of life and humankind. The book also addresses the search for other habitable worlds in the Milky Way and contemplates whether Earth will remain habitable as our influence on global climate grows. It concludes by considering the ways in which humankind can sustain Earth’s habitability and perhaps even participate in further planetary evolution. Like no other book, How to Build a Habitable Planet provides an understanding of Earth in its broadest context, as well as a greater appreciation of its possibly rare ability to sustain life over geologic time. Leading schools that have ordered, recommended for reading, or adopted this book for course use: Arizona State University Brooklyn College CUNY Columbia University Cornell University ETH Zurich Georgia Institute of Technology Harvard University Johns Hopkins University Luther College Northwestern University Ohio State University Oxford Brookes University Pan American University Rutgers University State University of New York at Binghamton Texas A&M University Trinity College Dublin University of Bristol University of California-Los Angeles University of Cambridge University Of Chicago University of Colorado at Boulder University of Glasgow University of Leicester University of Maine, Farmington University of Michigan University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Georgia University of Nottingham University of Oregon University of Oxford University of Portsmouth University of Southampton University of Ulster University of Victoria University of Wyoming Western Kentucky University Yale University

Astrobiology

Understanding Life in the Universe
Author: Charles S. Cockell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118913353
Category: Science
Page: 472
View: 7599

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Astrobiology is an interdisciplinary field that asks profound scientific questions. How did life originate on the Earth? How has life persisted on the Earth for over three billion years? Is there life elsewhere in the Universe? What is the future of life on Earth? Astrobiology: Understanding Life in the Universe is an introductory text which explores the structure of living things, the formation of the elements for life in the Universe, the biological and geological history of the Earth and the habitability of other planets in our own Solar System and beyond. The book is designed to convey some of the major conceptual foundations in astrobiology that cut across a diversity of traditional fields including chemistry, biology, geosciences, physics and astronomy. It can be used to complement existing courses in these fields or as a stand-alone text for astrobiology courses. Readership: Undergraduates studying for degrees in earth or life sciences, physics, astronomy and related disciplines, as well as anyone with an interest in grasping some of the major concepts and ideas in astrobiology.

How to Find a Habitable Planet


Author: James Kasting
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691138052
Category: Science
Page: 326
View: 4142

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Ever since Carl Sagan first predicted that extraterrestrial civilizations must number in the millions, the search for life on other planets has gripped our imagination. Is Earth so rare that advanced life forms like us--or even the simplest biological organisms--are unique to the universe? How to Find a Habitable Planet describes how scientists are testing Sagan's prediction, and demonstrates why Earth may not be so rare after all. James Kasting has worked closely with NASA in its mission to detect habitable worlds outside our solar system, and in this book he introduces readers to the advanced methodologies being used in this extraordinary quest. He addresses the compelling questions that planetary scientists grapple with today: What exactly makes a planet habitable? What are the signatures of life astronomers should look for when they scan the heavens for habitable worlds? In providing answers, Kasting explains why Earth has remained habitable despite a substantial rise in solar luminosity over time, and why our neighbors, Venus and Mars, haven't. If other Earth-sized planets endowed with enough water and carbon are out there, he argues, chances are good that some of those planets sustain life. Kasting describes the efforts under way to find them, and predicts that future discoveries will profoundly alter our view of the universe and our place in it. This book is a must-read for anyone who has ever dreamed of finding other planets like ours--and perhaps even life like ours--in the cosmos.

An Introduction to Astrobiology


Author: David A. Rothery,Iain Gilmour,Mark A. Sephton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110843083X
Category: Science
Page: 398
View: 5888

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This updated third edition explores the origin and nature of life, habitable environments in our solar system and exoplanet discoveries.

Maps of Time

An Introduction to Big History
Author: David Christian
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520950674
Category: History
Page: 672
View: 4386

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An introduction to a new way of looking at history, from a perspective that stretches from the beginning of time to the present day, Maps of Time is world history on an unprecedented scale. Beginning with the Big Bang, David Christian views the interaction of the natural world with the more recent arrivals in flora and fauna, including human beings. Cosmology, geology, archeology, and population and environmental studies—all figure in David Christian's account, which is an ambitious overview of the emerging field of "Big History." Maps of Time opens with the origins of the universe, the stars and the galaxies, the sun and the solar system, including the earth, and conducts readers through the evolution of the planet before human habitation. It surveys the development of human society from the Paleolithic era through the transition to agriculture, the emergence of cities and states, and the birth of the modern, industrial period right up to intimations of possible futures. Sweeping in scope, finely focused in its minute detail, this riveting account of the known world, from the inception of space-time to the prospects of global warming, lays the groundwork for world history—and Big History—true as never before to its name.

Introduction to Organic Geochemistry


Author: Stephen D. Killops,Vanessa J. Killops
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118697200
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 1969

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An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry explores the fate of organic matter of all types, biogenic and man-made, in the Earth System. investigates the variety of pathways and biogeochemical transformations that carbon compounds can experience over a range of time scales and in different environments scope widened to provide a broad and up-to-date background - structured to accommodate readers with varied scientific backgrounds essential terminology is defined fully and boxes are used to explain concepts introduced from other disciplines further study aided by the incorporation of carefully selected literature references It investigates the variety of pathways and biogeochemical transformations that carbon compounds can experience over a range of time scales and in different environments.

An Introduction to Complex Systems

Society, Ecology, and Nonlinear Dynamics
Author: Paul Fieguth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319446061
Category: Science
Page: 346
View: 5770

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This undergraduate text explores a variety of large-scale phenomena - global warming, ice ages, water, poverty - and uses these case studies as a motivation to explore nonlinear dynamics, power-law statistics, and complex systems. Although the detailed mathematical descriptions of these topics can be challenging, the consequences of a system being nonlinear, power-law, or complex are in fact quite accessible. This book blends a tutorial approach to the mathematical aspects of complex systems together with a complementary narrative on the global/ecological/societal implications of such systems. Nearly all engineering undergraduate courses focus on mathematics and systems which are small scale, linear, and Gaussian. Unfortunately there is not a single large-scale ecological or social phenomenon that is scalar, linear, and Gaussian. This book offers students insights to better understand the large-scale problems facing the world and to realize that these cannot be solved by a single, narrow academic field or perspective. Instead, the book seeks to emphasize understanding, concepts, and ideas, in a way that is mathematically rigorous, so that the concepts do not feel vague, but not so technical that the mathematics get in the way. The book is intended for undergraduate students in a technical domain such as engineering, computer science, physics, mathematics, and environmental studies.

The Blue Planet, An Introduction to Earth System Science

Earth sciences, Earth sciences
Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1478457813
Category: Education
Page: 210
View: 5491

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Facts101 is your complete guide to The Blue Planet, An Introduction to Earth System Science. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Our Changing Planet, An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change

Earth sciences, Environmental science
Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1478451602
Category: Education
Page: 85
View: 9834

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Our Changing Planet, An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

The Origin and Nature of Life on Earth

The Emergence of the Fourth Geosphere
Author: Eric Smith,Harold J. Morowitz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107121884
Category: Science
Page: 840
View: 1562

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Uniting the foundations of physics and biology, this groundbreaking multidisciplinary and integrative book explores life as a planetary process.