An Introduction to the Earth-Life System


Author: Charles Cockell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521493918
Category: Science
Page: 319
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This concise textbook combines Earth and biological sciences to explore the co-evolution of the Earth and life over geological time.

Geological Field Techniques


Author: Angela L. Coe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144434823X
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 2703

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The understanding of Earth processes and environments over geological time is highly dependent upon both the experience that can only be gained through doing fieldwork, and the collection of reliable data and appropriate samples in the field. This textbook explains the main data gathering techniques used by geologists in the field and the reasons for these, with emphasis throughout on how to make effective field observations and record these in suitable formats. Equal weight is given to assembling field observations from igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock types. There are also substantial chapters on producing a field notebook, collecting structural information, recording fossil data and constructing geological maps. The volume is in a robust and handy size, with colour coded chapters for ease of use and quick reference in the field. Geological Field Techniques is designed for students, amateur enthusiasts and professionals who have a background in geology and wish to collect field data on rocks and geological features. Teaching aspects of this textbook include: step-by-step guides to essential practical skills such as using a compass-clinometer, making a geological map and drawing a field sketch; tricks of the trade, checklists, flow charts and short worked examples; over 200 illustrations of a wide range of field notes, maps and geological features; appendices with the commonly used rock description and classification diagrams; a supporting website hosted by Wiley Blackwell.

An Introduction to Astrobiology


Author: Iain Gilmour,Mark A. Sephton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521837361
Category: Science
Page: 358
View: 2385

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Compiled by a team of experts, this textbook has been designed for introductory university courses in astrobiology. It starts with a detailed examination of how life may have arisen on Earth and looks at fossil evidence of early life. The evidence for possible life on Mars is reviewed in detail and the potential for life on Europa and Titan is also examined. The possibility of life in exoplanetary systems is considered and the book concludes with a discussion of the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Written in an accessible style that avoids complex mathematics, and illustrated in colour throughout, this book is suitable for self-study and will appeal to amateur enthusiasts as well as undergraduate students. It contains numerous helpful learning features such as boxed summaries, student exercises with full solutions, and a glossary of terms. The book is also supported by a website hosting further teaching materials.

Protecting Life on Earth

An Introduction to the Science of Conservation
Author: Michael P. Marchetti,Peter B. Moyle
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520264320
Category: Nature
Page: 220
View: 9877

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"An excellent introduction to the science and policy of conservation biology for anyone interested in becoming better informed about today's pressing environmental challenges." Wayne P. Sousa, University of California, Berkeley --

The Blue Planet

An Introduction to Earth System Science
Author: Brian J. Skinner,Stephen C. Porter,Daniel B. Botkin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 552
View: 6149

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The image of the Earth on the front cover was acquired from the GOES-8 Imager by the Laboratory for Atmosphere at NASA'S Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. It was taken on September 2, 1994, using two channels for the Imager to produce a "natural color" effect. The photos shown here on the back cover illustrate the four spheres of the Earth system - the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere - together with changes being produced by human activities.

Earth System Science

From Biogeochemical Cycles to Global Changes
Author: Michael Jacobson,Robert J. Charlson,Henning Rodhe,Gordon H. Orians
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080530648
Category: Science
Page: 527
View: 1132

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Over the last decade, the study of cycles as a model for the earth's changing climate has become a new science. Earth Systems Science is the basis for understanding all aspects of anthropogenic global change, such as chemically forced global climate change. The work is aimed at those students interested in the emerging scientific discipline. Earth Systems Science is an integrated discipline that has been rapidly developing over the last two decades. New information is included in this updated edition so that the text remains relevant. This volume contains five new chapters, but of special importance is the inclusion of an expanded set of student exercises. The two senior authors are leading scientists in their fields and have been awarded numerous prizes for their research efforts. * First edition was widely adopted * Authors are highly respected in their field * Global climate change, integral to the book, is now one of the most important issues in atmospheric sciences and oceanography

An Introduction to the Solar System


Author: Neil McBride,Iain Gilmour
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521546201
Category: Science
Page: 412
View: 3966

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Compiled by a team of experts, this textbook has been designed for introductory university courses in planetary science. It starts with a tour of the Solar System and an overview of its formation. The composition, internal structure, surface morphology and atmospheres of the terrestrial planets are then described. This leads naturally to a discussion of the giant planets and why they are compositionally different. Minor bodies are reviewed and the book concludes with a discussion of the origin of the Solar System and the evidence from meteorites. Written in an accessible style that avoids complex mathematics, and illustrated in colour throughout, this book is suitable for self-study and will appeal to amateur enthusiasts as well as undergraduate students. It contains numerous helpful learning features such as boxed summaries, student exercises with full solutions, and a glossary of terms. The book is also supported by a website hosting further teaching materials.

Space and Life

An Introduction to Space Biology and Medicine
Author: Hubert Planel
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203602102
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 2384

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Since our first manned space flights we have learned much about how the human body adapts to the space environment and in particular, to the absence of gravity. Today, space research provides a better understanding of our physiological response mechanisms to microgravity. Space and Life: An Introduction to Space Biology and Medicine describes the results of space research in the context of core concepts in human physiology to depict the effects of both long-term and short-term absence of gravity on the human body. The book explains the scientific basis for the physiological reactions so common to astronauts who experience zero gravity, such as bone calcium loss, puffy faces, and nausea. It includes discussions of cosmic rays, cells, plants, embryonic development, and the origins of life on Earth from a space research standpoint. Updating the current knowledge about how the human body adapts to the space environment and the absence of gravity, this book is ideal for space research scientists, physiologists, NASA employees, and students involved in space study.

Introduction to Mayans' Treatise on Astronomy


Author: M. R. Sowrirajan
Publisher: Partridge Publishing
ISBN: 1482834545
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 160
View: 3650

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This book is the first documentation of ancient Thamizh (Tamil, as its known) Vallhuvamviz, astronomy; calendars followed in other parts of the world; brief historical notes on Asia, wherever necessary; anthropology from creation of nature from the core; evolution of basic particles; and evolution of neutron star leading to the creation of stellar system. In addition are interlinked subjects, such as various stages of evolution of Earth from the core of sun; its age, as mentioned in Vallhuvam; and also evolution of the life system on Earth. The contents can be understood by all, and in particular, it is a useful reference book for students, scholars, and for researchers who are interested in Oriental studies.

Encyclopedia of the Solar System


Author: Lucy-Ann McFadden,Torrence Johnson,Paul Weissman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080474984
Category: Science
Page: 992
View: 1157

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Long before Galileo published his discoveries about Jupiter, lunar craters, and the Milky Way in the Starry Messenger in 1610, people were fascinated with the planets and stars around them. That interest continues today, and scientists are making new discoveries at an astounding rate. Ancient lake beds on Mars, robotic spacecraft missions, and new definitions of planets now dominate the news. How can you take it all in? Start with the new Encyclopedia of the Solar System, Second Edition. This self-contained reference follows the trail blazed by the bestselling first edition. It provides a framework for understanding the origin and evolution of the solar system, historical discoveries, and details about planetary bodies and how they interact—and has jumped light years ahead in terms of new information and visual impact. Offering more than 50% new material, the Encyclopedia includes the latest explorations and observations, hundreds of new color digital images and illustrations, and more than 1,000 pages. It stands alone as the definitive work in this field, and will serve as a modern messenger of scientific discovery and provide a look into the future of our solar system. · Forty-seven chapters from 75+ eminent authors review fundamental topics as well as new models, theories, and discussions · Each entry is detailed and scientifically rigorous, yet accessible to undergraduate students and amateur astronomers · More than 700 full-color digital images and diagrams from current space missions and observatories amplify the chapters · Thematic chapters provide up-to-date coverage, including a discussion on the new International Astronomical Union (IAU) vote on the definition of a planet · Information is easily accessible with numerous cross-references and a full glossary and index

An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany

Or, A Systematic View of the Organisation, Natural Affinities, and Geographical Distribution, of the Whole Vegetable Kingdom : Together with the Uses of the Most Important Species in Medicine, the Arts, and Rural Or Domestic Economy
Author: John Lindley
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Botany
Page: 374
View: 441

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Introduction to Biological Physics for the Health and Life Sciences


Author: Kirsten Franklin,Paul Muir,Terry Scott,Paul Yates
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 1118934504
Category: Science
Page: 600
View: 1426

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A thoroughly updated and extended new edition of this well-regarded introduction to the basic concepts of biological physics for students in the health and life sciences. Designed to provide a solid foundation in physics for students following health science courses, the text is divided into six sections: Mechanics, Solids and Fluids, Thermodynamics, Electricity and DC Circuits, Optics, and Radiation and Health. Filled with illustrative examples, Introduction to Biological Physics for the Health and Life Sciences, Second Edition features a wealth of concepts, diagrams, ideas and challenges, carefully selected to reference the biomedical sciences. Resources within the text include interspersed problems, objectives to guide learning, and descriptions of key concepts and equations, as well as further practice problems. NEW CHAPTERS INCLUDE: Optical Instruments Advanced Geometric Optics Thermodynamic Processes Heat Engines and Entropy Thermodynamic Potentials This comprehensive text offers an important resource for health and life science majors with little background in mathematics or physics. It is also an excellent reference for anyone wishing to gain a broad background in the subject. Topics covered include: Kinematics Force and Newton’s Laws of Motion Energy Waves Sound and Hearing Elasticity Fluid Dynamics Temperature and the Zeroth Law Ideal Gases Phase and Temperature Change Water Vapour Thermodynamics and the Body Static Electricity Electric Force and Field Capacitance Direct Currents and DC Circuits The Eye and Vision Optical Instruments Atoms and Atomic Physics The Nucleus and Nuclear Physics Ionising Radiation Medical imaging Magnetism and MRI Instructor’s support material available through companion website, www.wiley.com/go/biological_physics

The NeuroMuscular System: From Earth to Space Life Science

Neuromuscular Cell Signalling in Disuse and Exercise
Author: Dieter Blottner,Michele Salanova
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319122983
Category: Medical
Page: 92
View: 4876

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The book provides fundamental new insights in the structure and function of the healthy NeuroMuscular system. Recent findings suggest that the musculoskeletal system that supports movement control on Earth is controlled by unique principles of structural, biochemical and molecular characteristics. Mechanical loading by working against normal gravity helps to support principal structures in bone, muscle and associated subcellular scaffold components. Disuse or immobilization of the body in bed rest on Earth or in microgravity in Space result in considerable loss of bone, muscle and force with downregulation of neuromuscular activity resulting in impaired performance control. The goal is to develop exercise prescriptions to maintain postural control in normal life, aging and rehabilitation on Earth as well as for an adequate human performance management in Space.

Introduction to Environmental Physics

Planet Earth, Life and Climate
Author: Peter Hughes,N.J. Mason
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780748407651
Category: Science
Page: 384
View: 5518

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The changing climate and its affect on all of us is becoming increasingly apparent - ozone depletion, hurricanes, floods and extreme weather behaviour. Introduction to Environmental Physics challenges the way we think about how and why environmental change occurs. This authoritative book aims to cover some of the more common and popular topics addressed in "physics of the earth", "physics of the environment" and "environmental physics" courses. It provides an essentially non- mathematical treatment suitable for a first year undergraduate level course. The principle topics covered are the physics of the built environment, the physics of human survival, energy for living, environmental health, revealing the planet, the sun and the atmosphere, the biosphere, the global climate and climate change. With contributions from well-respected experts on the subject, this textbook contains a summary, references and questions at the end of each chapter. This is an ideal textbook for first year undergraduates in a variety of courses, particularly physical geography, physics, environmental and earth science, with worked examples illustrating principles and vignettes from scientists who have made a significant contribution to the field enlightening the student along the way. As the authors say in the preface to this book, "At the outset of the 21st century there are many environmental challenges to be wrestled with, and though the environment is changing, the Physics is not!"

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science

New View of Earth, Planets and Humans
Author: Naotatsu Shikazono
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431540571
Category: Science
Page: 177
View: 9579

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This book presents basic information on material science (geochemistry, geophysics, geology, mineralogy, etc.), interaction between subsystem consisting earth system (atmosphere, hydrosphere, litho (geo) sphere, biosphere, humans) and in earth-planet system and evolution of earth-planetary system. The nature-humans interactions are described and new view on earth, planets and humans (integration of anthropocentrism and naturecentrism) are presented.

An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea


Author: Michael E. Q. Pilson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521887070
Category: Science
Page: 533
View: 6078

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Engagingly introduces marine chemistry and the ocean's geochemical interactions with the solid earth and atmosphere, for students of oceanography.

Earth Environments

Past, Present and Future
Author: David Huddart,Tim Stott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118688120
Category: Science
Page: 912
View: 1013

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This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major topicswithin undergraduate study programmes in geosciences, environmentalscience, physical geography, natural hazards and ecology. This text introduces students to the Earth's four keyinterdependent systems: the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphereand biosphere, focussing on their key components, interactionsbetween them and environmental change. Topics covered include: An earth systems model; componentssystems and processes: atmospheric systems; oceanography, endogenicgeological systems and exogenic geological systems, biogeographyand, aspects of the Earth's Record. The impact of climate and environmental change is discussed in afinal chapter which draws together Earth's systems and theirevolution and looks ahead to future earth changes and environmentsand various time periods in the geological record. Throughout the book geological case studies are used in additionto the modern processes.

Bringing Fossils to Life

An Introduction to Paleobiology
Author: Donald R. Prothero
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231536909
Category: Science
Page: 672
View: 8830

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One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy

Life, Earth, and Beyond
Author: Axel Kleidon,Ralph D. Lorenz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540224952
Category: Science
Page: 264
View: 6665

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The present volume studies the application of concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics to a variety of research topics. Emphasis is on the Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle and applications to Geosphere-Biosphere couplings. Written by leading researchers from a wide range of backgrounds, the book presents a first coherent account of an emerging field at the interface of thermodynamics, geophysics and life sciences.