Neurosis and Assimilation

Contemporary Revisions on The Life of the Concept
Author: Charles William Johns
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319475428
Category: Philosophy
Page: 66
View: 1922

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This book deals with the possibility of an ontological and epistemological account of the psychological category 'neurosis'. Intertwining thoughts from German idealism, Continental philosophy and psychology, the book shows how neurosis precedes and exists independently from human experience and lays the foundations for a non-essentialist, non-rational theory of neurosis; in cognition, in perception, in linguistics and in theories of object-relations and vitalism. The personal essays collected in this volume examine such issues as assimilation, the philosophy of neurosis, aneurysmal philosophy, and the connection between Hegel and Neurosis, among others. The volume establishes the connection between a now redundant psycho-analytic term and an extremely progressive discipline of Continental philosophy and Speculative realism.

The Oxford Handbook of Hume


Author: Paul Russell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199742847
Category:
Page: 840
View: 2775

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The Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) is widely regarded as the greatest and most significant English-speaking philosopher and often seen as having had the most influence on the way philosophy is practiced today in the West. His reputation is based not only on the quality of his philosophical thought but also on the breadth and scope of his writings, which ranged over metaphysics, epistemology, morals, politics, religion, and aesthetics. The Handbook's 38 newly commissioned chapters are divided into six parts: Central Themes; Metaphysics and Epistemology; Passion, Morality and Politics; Aesthetics, History, and Economics; Religion; Hume and the Enlightenment; and After Hume. The volume also features an introduction from editor Paul Russell and a chapter on Hume's biography.

Introducing Empiricism

A Graphic Guide
Author: Dave Robinson
Publisher: Icon Books Ltd
ISBN: 1785780174
Category: Philosophy
Page: 176
View: 8634

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Our knowledge comes primarily from experience – what our senses tell us. But is experience really what it seems? The experimental breakthroughs in 17th-century science of Kepler, Galileo and Newton informed the great British empiricist tradition, which accepts a ‘common-sense’ view of the world – and yet concludes that all we can ever know are ‘ideas’. Dave Robinson, with the aid of Bill Mayblin’s brilliant illustrations, outlines the arguments of Locke, Berkeley, Hume, J.S. Mill, Bertrand Russell and the last British empiricist, A.J. Ayer. They also explore criticisms of empiricism in the work of Kant, Wittgenstein, Karl Popper and others, providing a unique overview of this compelling area of philosophy.

Warum es die Welt nicht gibt


Author: Markus Gabriel
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843705100
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 3714

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Die Welt gibt es nicht. Aber das bedeutet nicht, dass es überhaupt nichts gibt. Mit Freude an geistreichen Gedankenspielen, Sprachwitz und Mut zur Provokation legt der Philosoph Markus Gabriel dar, dass es zwar nichts gibt, was es nicht gibt – die Welt aber unvollständig ist. Wobei noch längst nicht alles gut ist, nur weil es alles gibt. Und Humor hilft durchaus dabei, sich mit den Abgründen des menschlichen Seins auseinanderzusetzen.

Die Naturgeschichte der Religion. Über Aberglaube und Schwärmerei. Über die Unsterblichkeit der Seele. Über Selbstmord


Author: David Hume
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 3787323562
Category: Philosophy
Page: 144
View: 3146

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In der Naturgeschichte der Religion (1757) trägt Hume eine Entwicklungsgeschichte des Religiösen vor und ergänzt damit die systematisch orientierte Fragestellung der Dialoge. Über Aberglaube und Schwärmerei ist ausschließlich religionsphilosophisch orientiert. In Über die Unsterblichleit der Seele und Über Selbstmord systematisiert Hume zunächst die jeweils entgegenstehenden Argumente, entkräftet sie dann und hält so nicht nur ein Plädoyer für die moralische wie politisch-rechtliche Legalität des Selbstmords, sondern erweist auch die Unsterblichkeitslehre als philosophisch unbegründet.

Die Philosophischen Schriften


Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von Leibniz,Karl Immanuel Gerhardt
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 1421245582
Category:
Page: 642
View: 7006

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This Elibron Classics title is a reprint of the original edition published by Weidmann in Berlin, 1885.

Vom Kriege


Author: C. von Clausewitz
Publisher: Рипол Классик
ISBN: 5874182594
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 3612

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Denken

Die großen Fragen der Philosophie
Author: Simon Blackburn
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783863120511
Category:
Page: 260
View: 482

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Locke


Author: Edward Feser
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780744536
Category: Philosophy
Page: 192
View: 6021

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The philosophy of John Locke has dramatically shaped the way we live today. He is quoted in the Declaration of Independence and has had a lasting influence on many of our political systems, shaping our ideas on rights, government by consent, religious toleration, psychology and empirical science. Thought by many to be the quintessential philosopher of the modern age, his ideas are the key to understanding society and politics in the West. In this accessible introduction, Edward Feser explores Locke in historical context as well as his lasting influence, and looks critically at his legacy. In this, the author argues, we find the origins of many of the conflicts that dominate modern Western social and political life.

Shakespeare's Sonnette


Author: William Shakespeare
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 151
View: 1357

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1905 edition. Excerpt: ...as his own" (Dowden). For the references to the poet's age.in the Sonnets, see p. 41 above. 3. Furrows. Cf. Sonn. 2 above, and Rich. III. i. 3. 229. 4. Expiate. Bring to an end. Cf. Rich. III. iii. 3. 23: "Make haste; the hour of death is expiate." Here, as there, Steevens conjectures "expirate," which White and Hudson adopt. Surely there is no need of coining a word to replace one which S. twice uses and which can be plausibly explained. Malone quotes Chapman's Byron's Conspiracie, in which an old courtier speaks of himself as " A poor and expiate humour of the court." XXIII 1. Vnperfect. Used by S. only here; but unperfectness occurs in Oth. ii. 3. 298. Imperfect we find in Sonn. 43. 11 and elsewhere, and imperfection six times in the plays. On the present passage, cf. Cor. v. 3. 40: --"Like a dull actor now, I have forgot my part, and I am out, Even to a full disgrace." 2. Besides. For the prepositional use, cf. T. N, iv. 2. 92: "Alas, sir, how fell you besides your five wits?" 3. Replete with too much rage. The rage overcoming self-control. 5. For fear of trust. Fearing to trust myself. Schmidt makes it = " doubting of being trusted;" but the context clearly confirms the explanation I have given. Dowden calls attention to the construction of the first eight lines, 5, 6 referring to 1, 2, and 7, 8, to 3. 4 6. Ceremony. Hudson says that the word "is here used as a trisyllable, as if spelt cer'mony;" but how he would scan the verse I cannot imagine. The word is clearly a quadrisyllable, as almost always in S. 9. Books. Sewell reads " looks;" but the old reading is supported by 13 below. The books, as Dowden remarks, are probably the manuscript books in which the poet writes his sonnets. 12. That tongue. Probably = any tongue, however eloquent, ...

The Major Works


Author: Francis Bacon,Brian Vickers
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192840813
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 813
View: 7529

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This authoritative edition was originally published in the acclaimed Oxford Authors series under the general editorship of Frank Kermode. It brings together an extensive collection of Bacon's writing - the major prose in full, together with sixteen other pieces not otherwise available - to give the essence of his work and thinking. Although he had a distinguished career as a lawyer and statesman, Francis Bacon's lifelong goal was to improve and extend human knowledge. In The Advancement of Learning (1605) he made a brilliant critique of the deficiencies of previous systems of thought and proposed improvements to knowledge in every area of human life. He conceived the Essays (1597, much enlarged in 1625) as a study of the formative influences on human behaviour, psychological and social. In The New Atlantis (1626) he outlined his plan for a scientific research institute in the form of a Utopian fable. In addition to these major English works this edition includes 'Of Tribute', an important early work here printed complete for the first time, and a revealing selection of his legal and political writings, together with his poetry. A special feature of the edition is its extensive annotation which identifies Bacon's sources and allusions, and glosses his vocabulary.

Purposiveness

Teleology Between Nature and Mind
Author: Luca Illetterati,Francesca Michelini
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110321246
Category: Philosophy
Page: 219
View: 5623

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Since the rise of modern thought and natural science, teleological discourses have been banished as explanatory tools in natural investigations. The various contributions to this volume embrace the task of rethinking natural purposiveness in accordance with natural science. They set out from the issue of whether, and in which form, it is possible to talk of purposes in nature, without resorting to an account requesting some intentional agent. The legitimacy of such a notion as that of internal teleology has been addressed, together with the issue of what the term "internal" properly denotes. It is meant to be an alternative both to the position of those who assume that teleology in biology requires a dimension transcending nature itself and find in teleological language an argument for the Intelligent Designer, and to the stance of those who aim to eliminate teleology from scientific inquiry altogether.

A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful


Author: Edmund Burke
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191645982
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 4384

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'Pain and pleasure are simple ideas, incapable of definition.' In 1757 the 27-year-old Edmund Burke argued that our aesthetic responses are experienced as pure emotional arousal, unencumbered by intellectual considerations. In so doing he overturned the Platonic tradition in aesthetics that had prevailed from antiquity until the eighteenth century, and replaced metaphysics with psychology and even physiology as the basis for the subject. Burke's theory of beauty encompasses the female form, nature, art, and poetry, and he analyses our delight in sublime effects that thrill and excite us. His revolution in method continues to have repercussions in the aesthetic theories of today, and his revolution in sensibility has paved the way for literary and artistic movements from the Gothic novel through Romanticism, twentieth-century painting, and beyond. In this new edition Paul Guyer conducts the reader through Burke's Enquiry, focusing on its place in the history of aesthetics and highlighting its innovations, as well as its influence on many subsequent authors from Kant and Schiller to Ruskin and Nietzsche. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Locke on Essence and Identity


Author: C.H. Conn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400710054
Category: Philosophy
Page: 212
View: 1260

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This book is a study of John Locke's metaphysics of organisms and persons, with particular emphasis on his theory of identity through time and his conventionalism with respect to kinds and essences. After presenting three arguments for thinking that the organisms and persons in Locke's ontology have both spatial and temporal extent, the author argues that on a four-dimensional ontology there is no contradiction between Locke's theory of identity and his rejection of essentialism.

American Psycho

Roman
Author: Bret Easton Ellis
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783462036992
Category:
Page: 548
View: 4119

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Patrick Bateman sieht gut aus, ist gut erzogen und intelligent. Tagsüber sitzt er in seinem Büro in der Wall Street und vergrößert seinen Reichtum. Seine Nächte hingegen verbringt er auf unfaßbare Weise. Er ist ein Serienmörder und lebt seinen ganz eigenen amerikanischen Traum.

Worlds Without End

The Many Lives of the Multiverse
Author: Mary-Jane Rubenstein
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023152742X
Category: Science
Page: 360
View: 2237

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"Multiverse" cosmologies imagine our universe as just one of a vast number of others. While this idea has captivated philosophy, religion, and literature for millennia, it is now being considered as a scientific hypothesis—with different models emerging from cosmology, quantum mechanics, and string theory. Beginning with ancient Atomist and Stoic philosophies, Mary-Jane Rubenstein links contemporary models of the multiverse to their forerunners and explores the reasons for their recent appearance. One concerns the so-called fine-tuning of the universe: nature's constants are so delicately calibrated that it seems they have been set just right to allow life to emerge. For some thinkers, these "fine-tunings" are evidence of the existence of God; for others, however, and for most physicists, "God" is an insufficient scientific explanation. Hence the allure of the multiverse: if all possible worlds exist somewhere, then like monkeys hammering out Shakespeare, one universe is bound to be suitable for life. Of course, this hypothesis replaces God with an equally baffling article of faith: the existence of universes beyond, before, or after our own, eternally generated yet forever inaccessible to observation or experiment. In their very efforts to sidestep metaphysics, theoretical physicists propose multiverse scenarios that collide with it and even produce counter-theological narratives. Far from invalidating multiverse hypotheses, Rubenstein argues, this interdisciplinary collision actually secures their scientific viability. We may therefore be witnessing a radical reconfiguration of physics, philosophy, and religion in the modern turn to the multiverse.

The Mind


Author: Daniel N. Robinson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 388
View: 9747

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At the end of the twentieth century, it might seem that questions about the nature of the mind are best left to scientists - psychologists, neurophysiologists, and even computer programmers. Modern technology has provided not only artificial versions of what seems to be highly developed `intelligence', but also high-fidelity imaging techniques for visualizing the human brain in action. How could the views of Aristotle or Descartes or Kant possibly contribute anything to debates about these issues, when the relevant neurophysiological facts and principles were completely unknown to them? As this Oxford Reader shows, the arguments of philosophers throughout history still provide essential insights into contemporary questions about the mind, and help to clarify the underlying scientific assumptions. Contributions from thinkers ranging from Plato and Locke to Roger Penrose and Oliver Sacks show that appreciating the full complexity of debates about consciousness, intelligence, and perception demands attention to fundamental questions which have occupied philosophers for over two thousand years.