An American Scientist on the Research Frontier

Edward Morley, Community, and Radical Ideas in Nineteenth-Century Science
Author: Ralph R. Hamerla
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402040887
Category: Education
Page: 260
View: 3675

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An American Scientist on the Research Frontier is the first scholarly study of the nineteenth-century American scientist Edward Williams Morley. In part, it is the long-overdue story of a man who lent his name to the Michelson and Morley Ether-Drift Experiment, and who conclusively established the atomic weight of oxygen. It is also the untold story of science in provincial America: what Hamerla presents as science on the "American research frontier". Hamerla carefully and usefully directs our attention away from more familiar sites of scientific activity during the nineteenth century, such as Harvard, Yale and Johns Hopkins. In so doing, he expands and reframes our understanding of how—and where—important scientific inquiry occurred during these years: not only in the Northeastern centers of elite academia, but also in the vastly different cultural contexts of Hudson and Cleveland, Ohio. This important examination of Morley’s struggle for personal and professional legitimacy extends and transforms our understanding of science during a foundational period, and leads to a number of unique conclusions that are vital to the literature and historiography of science. By revealing important aspects of the scientific culture of the American heartland, An American Scientist on the Research Frontier deepens our understanding of an individual scientist and of American science more broadly. In so doing, Hamerla changes the way we approach and understand the creation of scientific knowledge, scientific communities, and the history of science itself.

An American Scientist

The Autobiography of Gabor A. Somorjai with Mitch Jacoby
Author: Gabor Somorjai
Publisher: ArchwayPublishing
ISBN: 1480801461
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 268
View: 7778

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As a young man, Gabor Somorjai couldn’t have known he would one day be forced to flee his native Hungary. But upheaval in Europe during and after World War II led him to the U.S. where he immersed himself in science and soon began building a research group at one of the powerhouses of scientific discovery. The timing couldn’t have been better. The Sputnik wakeup call that triggered the huge influx of government support for scientific research in the second half of the 20th century bolstered fundamental research programs like the one Somorjai established at the University of California, Berkeley, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Key discoveries in his field—surface science—led the way to advances in catalysis know-how that underpin today’s energy storage and transformation technology and safeguard the environment. By revealing the unique ways microscopically thin layers of atoms and molecules control the chemistry and physics of surfaces, modern surface science also spawned rapid development in microelectronics, high-power computing, and communication and information technology. But the scientific impact of the field that Professor Somorjai shaped doesn’t end there. Key discoveries in surface science also supported the development of new medical instruments for non-invasive investigation of the human body, as well as tools and techniques for repairing organs and bones. These discoveries have helped increase our life expectancy and vastly improved our quality of life. Through a fascinating account of his life story, Gabor Somorjai leads us through the dramatic changes in science and technology that took hold during the last half century and are sure to influence our lives in the years to come.

The American Scientist and Diplomacy

Author: Mario Nabliba
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1503589838
Category: Computers
Page: 58
View: 3261

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What does one intend to do with this book (The American scientist and Diplomacy)? It is a part of a new trend to teach an understanding of new science information technology that embraces diplomacy as a new culture in this new century, showing people that this new technology can bring people closer than ever before. It calls attention to what this book is about, to encourage and give an entrepreneur the vision to perform their profession and expand the business plan in the real world. That is the layout in this book. Please follow my curriculum above as an example of how this book will walk the talk. There are many people with great expectation for this book, and some look forward to endorsing it. Therefore, The American scientist and Diplomacy book will be useful for many people in the field of science/technology, and the content has very inspiring issues that one will need to care about.

American Science in the Age of Jackson

Author: George H. Daniels
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817307400
Category: History
Page: 304
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George Daniels studies the 56 scientists most published in the 16 scientific journals identified as national during the period 1815 to 1845 and shows how American scientists emerged from a disorganized group of amateurs into a professional body sharing a common orientation and common goals."

Is American Science in Decline?

Author: Yu Xie,Alexandra A Killewald
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674065042
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 248
View: 3777

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Alarmists argue that the United States urgently needs more and better-trained scientists to compete with the rest of the world. Their critics counter that, far from facing a shortage, we are producing a glut of young scientists with poor employment prospects. Both camps have issued reports in recent years that predict the looming decline of American science. Drawing on their extensive analysis of national data sets, Yu Xie and Alexandra Killewald have welcome news to share: American science is in good health. "Is American Science in Decline?" does reveal areas of concern, namely scientists low earnings, the increasing competition they face from Asia, and the declining number of doctorates who secure academic positions. But the authors argue that the values inherent in American culture make the country highly conducive to science for the foreseeable future. They do not see globalization as a threat but rather a potential benefit, since it promotes efficiency in science through knowledge-sharing. In an age when other countries are catching up, American science will inevitably become less dominant, even though it is not in decline relative to its own past. As technology continues to change the American economy, better-educated workers with a range of skills will be in demand. So as a matter of policy, the authors urge that science education not be detached from general education."

Master Mechanics & Wicked Wizards

Images of the American Scientist as Hero and Villain from Colonial Times to the Present
Author: Glen Scott Allen
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
ISBN: 9781558497030
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 5591

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A wide-ranging examination of how scientists have been portrayed in American culture.

Latin American Science Fiction

Theory and Practice
Author: M. Ginway,J. Brown
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137312777
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 241
View: 2586

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Combining work by critics from Latin America, the USA, and Europe, Latin American Science Fiction: Theory and Practice is the first anthology of articles in English to examine science fiction in all of Latin America, from Mexico and the Caribbean to Brazil and the Southern Cone. Using a variety of sophisticated theoretical approaches, the book explores not merely the development of a science fiction tradition in the region, but more importantly, the intricate ways in which this tradition has engaged with the most important cultural and literary debates of recent year.

American Scientists

Author: Charles W. Carey
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438108079
Category: Scientists
Page: 449
View: 3307

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Profiles more than 200 American men and women who made significant contributions to science during the twentieth century.

The Cold War in Science Fiction: Soviet and American Science Fiction Films in the 1950s

Author: Natalia Voinova
Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
ISBN: 3954895587
Category: Computers
Page: 42
View: 743

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This study will compare the USSR and the United States according to their cinematic use of science fiction in the late 1950s and 1960s in order to coincide with the period of de-Stalinisation and thaw in the USSR, and late McCarthyism in the United States. The genre provides an opportunity to express the two powers' scientific stand-off through fiction, and serves as a vehicle for the dissemination of ideas and propaganda. Post-1956 marks the time when the period of de-Stalinisation officially began and science fiction saw a carefully crafted rebirth for it served as a tool that could reflect the socialist ideal and quasi-religious faith in science that was promoted by the party. Science fiction uniquely demands for an imaginative view of the future, and therefore, corresponds with the Marxist- Leninist future-oriented ideology. For this period, the themes for American science fiction are hyperbolised monsters and invasion, and reflect the fear of the otherness of the Soviet Union, and its threat on domestic ideals. These themes are reflected in movies as 'Angry Red Planet', and 'Them!'. On the other hand, Soviet science fiction movies focus on the heroic Soviet man who frequently receives calls for help from outer space, and overcomes great trials to save those not living in utopia. This storyline is represented in 'Towards a Dream', and 'The Sky is calling'. The author gives special attention to the Soviet movie 'The Sky is calling' and the subsequent redubbed American version 'Battle beyond the Sun'. Further, she addresses alterations or plot, and subtle propaganda messages in the Soviet movies 'Planet of Storms', and the Hollywood remake 'Journey to the Prehistoric Planet'.

The American Science of Politics

Its Origins and Conditions
Author: Prof. Bernard Crick,Bernard Crick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134685750
Category: Social Science
Page: 268
View: 9364

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Originally published between 1943 and 1969, the volumes in the International Library of Sociology Political Sociology set were written against a backdrop of rapid and radical political change. Covering topics as wide-ranging as European federalism, democracy and dictatorship and voting, these titles are as relevant today as when they were first published.

The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2010

Author: Freeman J. Dyson
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0547327846
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 385
View: 4568

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The author of the National Book Critics Circle Award-winning Weapons and Hope edits a collection of the finest science and nature writing. Original. 30,000 first printing.

American Science Fiction Tv

Star Trek, Stargate and Beyond
Author: Jan Johnson-Smith
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860648823
Category: Science fiction television programs
Page: 308
View: 1999

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Annotation From Star Trek to Farscape and Stargate SG-1, and the epic series Babylon 5, Jan Johnson-Smith shows how, in line with national political upheavals in the 1960s, this vibrant and perplexing genre set about developing the myth of the Western frontier into deep space. Looking at the sense of wonder that infuses science fiction, she traces the genre back to the heroic journeys of the Classical epic as well as to the notion of the sublime so deeply embedded in the American consciousness. Drawing on Caldwell's notion of televisuality, she show how sfx and cgi technologies have made it possible to visually render whole new worlds - and so deliver whole new stories.

The Cambridge Companion to American Science Fiction

Author: Gerry Canavan,Eric Carl Link
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107052467
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 290
View: 8553

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This Companion explores the relationship between the ideas and themes of American science fiction and their roots in the American cultural experience.

Race in American Science Fiction

Author: Isiah Lavender
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253222591
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 269
View: 6539

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Noting that science fiction is characterized by an investment in the proliferation of racial difference, Isiah Lavender III argues that racial alterity is fundamental to the genre's narrative strategy. Race in American Science Fiction offers a systematic classification of ways that race appears and how it is silenced in science fiction, while developing a critical vocabulary designed to focus attention on often-overlooked racial implications. These focused readings of science fiction contextualize race within the genre's better-known master narratives and agendas. Authors discussed include Isaac Asimov, Ray Bradbury, Philip K. Dick, and Ursula K. Le Guin, among many others.

An Anthology of Nineteenth-Century American Science Writing

Author: C. R. Resetarits
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783080620
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 3831

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This volume is a brief anthology of the most influential writing by American scientists between 1800 and 1900. Arranged thematically and chronologically to highlight the progression of American science throughout the nineteenth century – from its beginnings in self-taught classification and exploration to the movement towards university education and specialization – it is the first collection of its kind. Each section begins with a biography, putting human faces to each time period, and introducing such notable figures as Thomas Jefferson and Louis Agassiz.

American Science Policy since World War II

Author: Bruce L.R. Smith
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815705475
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 8968

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Just after the close of World War II, America's political and scientific leaders reached an informal consensus on how science could best serve the nation and how government might best support science. The consensus lasted a generation before it broke under the pressures created by the Vietnam War. Since then the nation has struggled to reestablish shared beliefs about the means and goals of science policy. In American Science Policy Since World War II, author Bruce L. R. Smith makes sense of the break between science and government and identifies the patterns on postwar science affairs. He explains that what might otherwise seem to be a miscellaneous set of separate episodes actually constituted a continuing debate of national importance that was closely linked to broad political and economic trends. Smith's precise and unique analysis gives both the scholar and historian a better understanding of where we are and how we got there while casting a modest light on future policy directions.