Fractal Geometry and Stochastics IV


Author: Christoph Bandt,Peter Mörters,Martina Zähle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783034600309
Category: Mathematics
Page: 290
View: 8588

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Over the last fifteen years fractal geometry has established itself as a substantial mathematical theory in its own right. The interplay between fractal geometry, analysis and stochastics has highly influenced recent developments in mathematical modeling of complicated structures. This process has been forced by problems in these areas related to applications in statistical physics, biomathematics and finance. This book is a collection of survey articles covering many of the most recent developments, like Schramm-Loewner evolution, fractal scaling limits, exceptional sets for percolation, and heat kernels on fractals. The authors were the keynote speakers at the conference "Fractal Geometry and Stochastics IV" at Greifswald in September 2008.

Ergodic Theory

Independence and Dichotomies
Author: David Kerr,Hanfeng Li
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319498479
Category: Mathematics
Page: 431
View: 816

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This book provides an introduction to the ergodic theory and topological dynamics of actions of countable groups. It is organized around the theme of probabilistic and combinatorial independence, and highlights the complementary roles of the asymptotic and the perturbative in its comprehensive treatment of the core concepts of weak mixing, compactness, entropy, and amenability. The more advanced material includes Popa's cocycle superrigidity, the Furstenberg-Zimmer structure theorem, and sofic entropy. The structure of the book is designed to be flexible enough to serve a variety of readers. The discussion of dynamics is developed from scratch assuming some rudimentary functional analysis, measure theory, and topology, and parts of the text can be used as an introductory course. Researchers in ergodic theory and related areas will also find the book valuable as a reference.

C*-algebras and Finite-dimensional Approximations


Author: Nathanial Patrick Brown,Narutaka Ozawa
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821843818
Category: Mathematics
Page: 509
View: 1552

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$\mathrm{C}^*$-approximation theory has provided the foundation for many of the most important conceptual breakthroughs and applications of operator algebras. This book systematically studies (most of) the numerous types of approximation properties that have been important in recent years: nuclearity, exactness, quasidiagonality, local reflexivity, and others. Moreover, it contains user-friendly proofs, insofar as that is possible, of many fundamental results that were previously quite hard to extract from the literature. Indeed, perhaps the most important novelty of the first ten chapters is an earnest attempt to explain some fundamental, but difficult and technical, results as painlessly as possible. The latter half of the book presents related topics and applications--written with researchers and advanced, well-trained students in mind. The authors have tried to meet the needs both of students wishing to learn the basics of an important area of research as well as researchers who desire a fairly comprehensive reference for the theory and applications of $\mathrm{C}^*$-approximation theory.

First European Congress of Mathematics Paris, July 6-10, 1992

Vol. II: Invited Lectures
Author: Anthony Joseph,Fulbert Mignot,Francois Murat,Bernard Prum,Rudolf Rentschler
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 9783764327996
Category: Mathematics
Page: 513
View: 1786

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Table of Contents: D. Duffie: Martingales, Arbitrage, and Portfolio Choice • J. Fröhlich: Mathematical Aspects of the Quantum Hall Effect • M. Giaquinta: Analytic and Geometric Aspects of Variational Problems for Vector Valued Mappings • U. Hamenstädt: Harmonic Measures for Leafwise Elliptic Operators Along Foliations • M. Kontsevich: Feynman Diagrams and Low-Dimensional Topology • S.B. Kuksin: KAM-Theory for Partial Differential Equations • M. Laczkovich: Paradoxical Decompositions: A Survey of Recent Results • J.-F. Le Gall: A Path-Valued Markov Process and its Connections with Partial Differential Equations • I. Madsen: The Cyclotomic Trace in Algebraic K-Theory • A.S. Merkurjev: Algebraic K-Theory and Galois Cohomology • J. Nekovár: Values of L-Functions and p-Adic Cohomology • Y.A. Neretin: Mantles, Trains and Representations of Infinite Dimensional Groups • M.A. Nowak: The Evolutionary Dynamics of HIV Infections • R. Piene: On the Enumeration of Algebraic Curves - from Circles to Instantons • A. Quarteroni: Mathematical Aspects of Domain Decomposition Methods • A. Schrijver: Paths in Graphs and Curves on Surfaces • B. Silverman: Function Estimation and Functional Data Analysis • V. Strassen: Algebra and Complexity • P. Tukia: Generalizations of Fuchsian and Kleinian Groups • C. Viterbo: Properties of Embedded Lagrange Manifolds • D. Voiculescu: Alternative Entropies in Operator Algebras • M. Wodzicki : Algebraic K-Theory and Functional Analysis • D. Zagier: Values of Zeta Functions and Their Applications

Mathematics of Complexity and Dynamical Systems


Author: Robert A. Meyers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461418054
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1858
View: 4222

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Mathematics of Complexity and Dynamical Systems is an authoritative reference to the basic tools and concepts of complexity, systems theory, and dynamical systems from the perspective of pure and applied mathematics. Complex systems are systems that comprise many interacting parts with the ability to generate a new quality of collective behavior through self-organization, e.g. the spontaneous formation of temporal, spatial or functional structures. These systems are often characterized by extreme sensitivity to initial conditions as well as emergent behavior that are not readily predictable or even completely deterministic. The more than 100 entries in this wide-ranging, single source work provide a comprehensive explication of the theory and applications of mathematical complexity, covering ergodic theory, fractals and multifractals, dynamical systems, perturbation theory, solitons, systems and control theory, and related topics. Mathematics of Complexity and Dynamical Systems is an essential reference for all those interested in mathematical complexity, from undergraduate and graduate students up through professional researchers.

Groups St Andrews 2005:


Author: C. M. Campbell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521694698
Category: Mathematics
Page: 701
View: 1491

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Selected papers from 'Groups St Andrews 2005' cover a wide spectrum of modern group theory.

Ergodic Theory via Joinings


Author: Eli Glasner
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470419513
Category:
Page: 384
View: 4155

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This book introduces modern ergodic theory. It emphasizes a new approach that relies on the technique of joining two (or more) dynamical systems. This approach has proved to be fruitful in many recent works, and this is the first time that the entire theory is presented from a joining perspective. Another new feature of the book is the presentation of basic definitions of ergodic theory in terms of the Koopman unitary representation associated with a dynamical system and the invariant mean on matrix coefficients, which exists for any acting groups, amenable or not. Accordingly, the first part of the book treats the ergodic theory for an action of an arbitrary countable group. The second part, which deals with entropy theory, is confined (for the sake of simplicity) to the classical case of a single measure-preserving transformation on a Lebesgue probability space.

Kreis und Kugel


Author: Wilhelm Blaschke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3111506932
Category: Mathematics
Page: 175
View: 3103

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Global Aspects of Ergodic Group Actions


Author: A. S. Kechris
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821848941
Category: Mathematics
Page: 237
View: 1739

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The subject of this book is the study of ergodic, measure preserving actions of countable discrete groups on standard probability spaces. It explores a direction that emphasizes a global point of view, concentrating on the structure of the space of measure preserving actions of a given group and its associated cocycle spaces. These are equipped with canonical topological actions that give rise to the usual concepts of conjugacy of actions and cohomology of cocycles. Structural properties of discrete groups such as amenability, Kazhdan's property (T) and the Haagerup Approximation Property play a significant role in this theory as they have important connections to the global structure of these spaces. One of the main topics discussed in this book is the analysis of the complexity of the classification problems of conjugacy and orbit equivalence of actions, as well as of cohomology of cocycles. This involves ideas from topological dynamics, descriptive set theory, harmonic analysis, and the theory of unitary group representations. Also included in this title is a study of properties of the automorphism group of a standard probability space and some of its important subgroups, such as the full and automorphism groups of measure preserving equivalence relations and connections with the theory of costs. The book contains nine appendices that present necessary background material in functional analysis, measure theory, and group representations, thus making the book accessible to a wider audience.