Alan Turing, Enigma


Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783709158326
Category: Computers
Page: 662
View: 9664

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Alan Turing, Enigma ist die Biographie des legendären britischen Mathematikers, Logikers, Kryptoanalytikers und Computerkonstrukteurs Alan Mathison Turing (1912-1954). Turing war einer der bedeutendsten Mathematiker dieses Jahrhunderts und eine höchst exzentrische Persönlichkeit. Er gilt seit seiner 1937 erschienenen Arbeit "On Computable Numbers", in der er das Prinzip des abstrakten Universalrechners entwickelte, als der Erfinder des Computers. Er legte auch die Grundlagen für das heute "Künstliche Intelligenz" genannte Forschungsgebiet. Turings zentrale Frage "Kann eine Maschine denken?" war das Motiv seiner Arbeit und wird die Schlüsselfrage des Umgangs mit dem Computer werden. Die bis 1975 geheimgehaltene Tätigkeit Turings für den britischen Geheimdienst, die zur Entschlüsselung des deutschen Funkverkehrs führte, trug entscheidend zum Verlauf und Ausgang des Zweiten Weltkriegs bei.

Alan Turing: The Enigma

The Enigma
Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448137810
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 768
View: 6582

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The official book behind the Academy Award-winning film The Imitation Game, starring Benedict Cumberbatch and Keira Knightley Alan Turing was the mathematician whose cipher-cracking transformed the Second World War. Taken on by British Intelligence in 1938, as a shy young Cambridge don, he combined brilliant logic with a flair for engineering. In 1940 his machines were breaking the Enigma-enciphered messages of Nazi Germany’s air force. He then headed the penetration of the super-secure U-boat communications. But his vision went far beyond this achievement. Before the war he had invented the concept of the universal machine, and in 1945 he turned this into the first design for a digital computer. Turing's far-sighted plans for the digital era forged ahead into a vision for Artificial Intelligence. However, in 1952 his homosexuality rendered him a criminal and he was subjected to humiliating treatment. In 1954, aged 41, Alan Turing took his own life.

Enigma

Roman
Author: Robert Harris
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 3641108306
Category: Fiction
Page: 384
View: 3818

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England im März 1943. In Bletchley Park wird fieberhaft daran gearbeitet, die Wunder-Chiffrier-Maschine Enigma, die den Funkverkehr der deutschen U-Boote verschlüsselt, zu knacken. Eine nahezu unlösbare Aufgabe für den Secret Intelligence Service, der seine letzten Hoffnungen in den genialen Kryptoanalytiker Tom Jericho setzt. Es beginnt ein Wettlauf mit der Zeit, der plötzlich sogar in den eigenen Reihen sabotiert zu werden scheint.

Alan Turing

The Enigma : the Book that Inspired the Film The Imitation Game
Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1784700088
Category: Mathematicians
Page: 736
View: 8024

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The official book behind the film, The Imitation Game, this is a dramatic portrayal of the life and work of Alan Turing, one of Britain's most extraordinary unsung heroes, and one of the world's greatest innovators. This is the official story that has inspired the British film, The Imitation Game, a nail-biting race against time following Alan Turing, the pioneer of modern-day computing and credited with cracking the German Enigma code, and his brilliant team at Britain's top-secret code-breaking centre, Bletchley Park, during the darkest days of World War II. Turing, whose contributions and genius significantly shortened the war, saving thousands of lives, was the eventual victim of an unenlightened British establishment, but his work and legacy live on. Prime Minister Gordon Brown released a statement of apology in 2009 on behalf of the British government for the "appalling" treatment of Turing.

Alan Turing


Author: Rebecca Kraft Rector
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1499462808
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 112
View: 5682

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Not only was Turing one of the founders of computer science, he also helped the British military break Nazi codes, allowing them to decipher messages that helped the Allies win World War II. Turing was a pioneer in the field of artificial intelligence; he developed the Turing test, which determines whether a machine is capable of intelligence like that of a human being. Despite his impressive list of accomplishments, Turing was persecuted for his homosexuality. Sidebars offer extra information about topics such as Bletchley Park, ciphers, and the times Turing lived in, while a timeline serves as a quick reference for the chronology of key events in Turing’s life.

Alan Turing and Enigma Machine


Author: Alan Moon
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 1312728906
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: N.A
View: 851

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Read the amazing life of this English mathematician and logician, Alan Turing, who helps crack the Enigma code during World War II. Now in theaters with "The imitation Game" film.

Alan Turing

The Enigma Man
Author: Nigel Cawthorne
Publisher: Arcturus Publishing
ISBN: 1784280429
Category: History
Page: 128
View: 589

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According to Winston Churchill, Alan Turing made the single biggest contribution to the Allied victory over Nazi Germany with his code-breaking machine. The world is also indebted to Turing's genius for the modern computer. It was clear that Turing had a remarkable mind from an early age. He taught himself to read in just three weeks. At his first school, the headmistress said, 'I have had clever and hardworking boys, but Alan has genius.' In 1954, he was found dead, poisoned by an apple laced with cyanide. This is the story of his life.

Alan Turing: His Work and Impact


Author: S. Barry Cooper,J. van Leeuwen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123870127
Category: Mathematics
Page: 944
View: 9576

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In this 2013 winner of the prestigious R.R. Hawkins Award from the Association of American Publishers, as well as the 2013 PROSE Awards for Mathematics and Best in Physical Sciences & Mathematics, also from the AAP, readers will find many of the most significant contributions from the four-volume set of the Collected Works of A. M. Turing. These contributions, together with commentaries from current experts in a wide spectrum of fields and backgrounds, provide insight on the significance and contemporary impact of Alan Turing's work. Offering a more modern perspective than anything currently available, Alan Turing: His Work and Impact gives wide coverage of the many ways in which Turing's scientific endeavors have impacted current research and understanding of the world. His pivotal writings on subjects including computing, artificial intelligence, cryptography, morphogenesis, and more display continued relevance and insight into today's scientific and technological landscape. This collection provides a great service to researchers, but is also an approachable entry point for readers with limited training in the science, but an urge to learn more about the details of Turing's work. 2013 winner of the prestigious R.R. Hawkins Award from the Association of American Publishers, as well as the 2013 PROSE Awards for Mathematics and Best in Physical Sciences & Mathematics, also from the AAP Named a 2013 Notable Computer Book in Computing Milieux by Computing Reviews Affordable, key collection of the most significant papers by A.M. Turing Commentary explaining the significance of each seminal paper by preeminent leaders in the field Additional resources available online

Alan Turing, het Enigma

Het boek waarop de film The Imitation Game is gebaseerd
Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher: Overamstel Uitgevers
ISBN: 9048829747
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 848
View: 1442

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Er is niet veel overdreven aan de stelling dat de Britse wiskundige Alan Turing de geallieerden heeft gered in hun strijd tegen de Nazi's, dat hij de uitvinder was van de computer, de bedenker van kunstmatige intelligentie en een voorloper in de strijd om vrijheid voor homoseksuelen - en dat alles voordat hij, 41 jaar oud, zelfmoord pleegde. Deze schitterende biografie vertelt het definitieve verhaal van een uitzonderlijk genie en een even uitzonderlijk leven. Alan Turings grote kracht was zijn briljante analytische geest gecombineerd met zijn gave voor het ontwerpen van 'intelligente' machines. In 1940 wist hij met zijn vindingen de Duitse Enigma-code te kraken - de code waarmee de Duitse lucht- en zeemacht alle communicatie beveiligde. Hij bracht er het Duitse oorlogscommando een slag mee toe die de oorlog bekortte en vele mensenlevens redde. Het was niet Turings enige wapenfeit. Al voor de oorlog werkte de briljante wiskundige aan het concept van een universele machine, een idee dat hij in 1945 uitwerkte tot de allereerste digitale computer. In 1952 kwam een abrupt einde aan de glansrijke carrière van Alan Turing, toen hij door de autoriteiten werd opgepakt wegens homoseksualiteit, een strafbaar feit dat in die tijd nog actief werd vervolgd. In het land dat hij zes jaar lang in het belang van de vrijheid had gediend, volgde een veroordeling en een mensonterende behandeling. In 1954 pleegde Alan Turing, 41 jaar oud, zelfmoord. Alan Turing, het Enigmaverscheen voor het eerst in 1983 en kreeg een glorieuze ontvangst. Enkele jaren geleden volgde een herziene editie, ingeleid door Douglas Hofstadter.

Alan Turing. Sein Leben und sein Werk


Author: Stephanie Kretschmar
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638727661
Category:
Page: 68
View: 3877

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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Biographien, einseitig bedruckt, Note: 1,3, FOM Essen, Hochschule fur Oekonomie & Management gemeinnutzige GmbH, Hochschulleitung Essen fruher Fachhochschule, 9 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: Alan Mathison Turing ist einer der Urvater des digitalen Computers. Seine Turing-Maschine ist das theoretische Modell der Computer. Alan Turing wusste bereits damals, was ein Computer irgendwann leisten wird. Im zweiten Weltkrieg entschlusselt er die Funkspruche der Deutschen und knackt die Dechiffriermaschine Enigma., Abstract: Alan Mathison Turing ist einer der Urvater des digitalen Computers. Seine Turing- Maschine ist das theoretische Modell der Computer. Alan Turing wusste bereits damals, was ein Computer irgendwann leisten wird. Im zweiten Weltkrieg entschlusselt er die Funkspruche der Deutschen und knackt die Dechiffriermaschine Enigma. Jahrelang bleibt dies allerdings ein Geheimnis. Erst mit der umfangreichen Biographie von Andrew Hodges 1985 bekommt Alan Turing die Anerkennung, die er zu seinen Lebzeiten nicht bekommen durfte.

Kurt Gödel

Jahrhundertmathematiker und großer Entdecker
Author: Rebecca Goldstein
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783492249607
Category:
Page: 312
View: 4761

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Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker


Author: Christof Teuscher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662056429
Category: Computers
Page: 542
View: 5843

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Written by a distinguished cast of contributors, Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker is the definitive collection of essays in commemoration of the 90th birthday of Alan Turing. This fascinating text covers the rich facets of his life, thoughts, and legacy, but also sheds some light on the future of computing science with a chapter contributed by visionary Ray Kurzweil, winner of the 1999 National Medal of Technology. Further, important contributions come from the philosopher Daniel Dennett, the Turing biographer Andrew Hodges, and from the distinguished logician Martin Davis, who provides a first critical essay on an emerging and controversial field termed "hypercomputation".

Ecce Cortex


Author: Michael Hagner
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
ISBN: 9783892443605
Category: Brain
Page: 352
View: 2304

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Alan Turing

Genialer Computerpionier und tragischer Held
Author: Nadja Podbregar
Publisher: YOUPublish
ISBN: 3958801161
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 100
View: 4279

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Er gilt als einer der Väter des Computers, als Bezwinger des Enigma-Geheimcodes und als vergessenes Genie der Mathematik: Alan Turing wurde am 23. Juni 1912 geboren. Seine Konzepte und Erkenntnisse haben das Denken und die Technik seiner und unserer Zeit entscheidend beeinflusst. Turing war der erste, der eine Maschine mit getrennter Hard- und Software konzipierte. Damit erfand er das Grundprinzip aller heutigen Rechner - vom Smartphone bis zum Supercomputer. Bereits 1936 stellte sich Turing auch als erster die Frage, wie ein Intelligenztest für einen Computer aussehen könnte und entwickelte wichtige Grundlagen für die Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz. Den nach ihm benannten Turing-Test hat allerdings bis heute kein Rechner bestanden. Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs trug Turing entscheidend dazu bei, dass die Alliierten die berühmten Enigma- Codes der deutschen U-Boot-Flotte entziffern konnten. Er half dabei, die "Bomben" - spezielle Entschlüsselungsmaschinen - zu konstruieren, die die chiffrierten Befehle in Klartext umwandelten. Dadurch konnten Schiffskonvois rechtzeitig vor U-Boot-Angriffen gewarnt werden. Von seinen Verdiensten ums Vaterland und die Technikentwicklung hatte der geniale Mathematiker allerdings nicht viel: Weil er homosexuell war und darin nichts Falsches sah, wurde er wegen Unzucht angeklagt und verurteilt. Er willigte zwar in eine Hormonbehandlung ein, um dem Gefängnis zu entgehen, beging aber zwei Jahre später, 1954, Selbstmord. Mit nur 42 Jahren starb damit einer der genialen Denker seiner Zeit - diskriminiert, seines Ruhms beraubt und lange Zeit vergessen.

The Essential Turing


Author: B. Jack. Copeland
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780191520280
Category: Science
Page: 622
View: 3384

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Alan Turing, pioneer of computing and WWII codebreaker, is one of the most important and influential thinkers of the twentieth century. In this volume for the first time his key writings are made available to a broad, non-specialist readership. They make fascinating reading both in their own right and for their historic significance: contemporary computational theory, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and artificial life all spring from this ground-breaking work, which is also rich in philosophical and logical insight. An introduction by leading Turing expert Jack Copeland provides the background and guides the reader through the selection. About Alan Turing Alan Turing FRS OBE, (1912-1954) studied mathematics at King's College, Cambridge. He was elected a Fellow of King's in March 1935, at the age of only 22. In the same year he invented the abstract computing machines - now known simply as Turing machines - on which all subsequent stored-program digital computers are modelled. During 1936-1938 Turing continued his studies, now at Princeton University. He completed a PhD in mathematical logic, analysing the notion of 'intuition' in mathematics and introducing the idea of oracular computation, now fundamental in mathematical recursion theory. An 'oracle' is an abstract device able to solve mathematical problems too difficult for the universal Turing machine. In the summer of 1938 Turing returned to his Fellowship at King's. When WWII started in 1939 he joined the wartime headquarters of the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire. Building on earlier work by Polish cryptanalysts, Turing contributed crucially to the design of electro-mechanical machines ('bombes') used to decipher Enigma, the code by means of which the German armed forces sought to protect their radio communications. Turing's work on the version of Enigma used by the German navy was vital to the battle for supremacy in the North Atlantic. He also contributed to the attack on the cyphers known as 'Fish'. Based on binary teleprinter code, Fish was used during the latter part of the war in preference to morse-based Enigma for the encryption of high-level signals, for example messages from Hitler and other members of the German High Command. It is estimated that the work of GC&CS shortened the war in Europe by at least two years. Turing received the Order of the British Empire for the part he played. In 1945, the war over, Turing was recruited to the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in London, his brief to design and develop an electronic computer - a concrete form of the universal Turing machine. Turing's report setting out his design for the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) was the first relatively complete specification of an electronic stored-program general-purpose digital computer. Delays beyond Turing's control resulted in NPL's losing the race to build the world's first working electronic stored-program digital computer - an honour that went to the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory at Manchester University, in June 1948. Discouraged by the delays at NPL, Turing took up the Deputy Directorship of the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory in that year. Turing was a founding father of modern cognitive science and a leading early exponent of the hypothesis that the human brain is in large part a digital computing machine, theorising that the cortex at birth is an 'unorganised machine' which through 'training' becomes organised 'into a universal machine or something like it'. He also pioneered Artificial Intelligence. Turing spent the rest of his short career at Manchester University, being appointed to a specially created Readership in the Theory of Computing in May 1953. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in March 1951 (a high honour).

Alan Turing


Author: Jim Eldridge
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 147290012X
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 144
View: 7181

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Alan Turing was one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century. He created one of the first designs for a stored-program computer and is widely considered to be the father of computer science and artificial intelligence. During World War II, Turing worked for the Government Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking centre, where he was responsible for breaking German naval codes, including the supposedly unbreakable Enigma code, and helping the Atlantic convoys avoid German U-boat attacks. This work probably shortened World War II by up to four years, saving millions of lives. This is the story of the amazing life and work of a British hero and one of the greatest thinkers of the 20th century.

Alan Turing

Erzählung
Author: Rolf Hochhuth,Dietmar Dath
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783499269974
Category:
Page: 224
View: 4691

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