Affective Information Processing


Author: Jianhua Tao,Tieniu Tan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848003064
Category: Computers
Page: 345
View: 8096

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Affective information processing assigns computers the human-like capabilities of observation, interpretation and generation of affect features. It is an important topic for harmonious human-computer interaction, by increasing the quality of human-computer communication and improving the intelligence of the computer. Discussing state of art of the research in affective information processing, this book summarises key technologies researched, such as facial expression recognition, face animation, emotional speech synthesis, intelligent agent, and virtual reality. The detailed discussion covers a wide range of topics including hot topics which look to challenge and improve current research work. Written to provide an opportunity for scientists, engineers and graduate students to learn problems, solutions and technologies in the topic area, this book will provide insight and prove a valuable reference tool.

Adaptive Hot Cognition: How Emotion Drives Information Processing and Cognition Steers Affective Processing


Author: Mariska E. Kret,Bruno R. Bocanegra
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889451658
Category:
Page: N.A
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Influential theories have argued that affective processing is fundamentally different from cognitive processing. Others have suggested that theoretical boundaries between affective and cognitive processing are artificial and inherently problematic. Over recent years, different positions on these issues have fueled many empirical studies investigating the mechanisms underlying cognitive and affective processing. Where and on what basis should we draw the line between cognition and emotion? Are there fundamental distinctions to be made between the way emotion influences cognition and cognition influences emotion? How does the reciprocal interaction between emotion and cognition lead to adaptive behavior? This Research Topic explores the nature of the reciprocal interaction between emotion and cognition from a functional perspective.

Information Systems and Neuroscience

Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2015
Author: Fred D. Davis,René Riedl,Jan vom Brocke,Pierre-Majorique Léger,Adriane B. Randolph
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319187023
Category: Computers
Page: 219
View: 9257

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This book presents the proceedings of the Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2015, reporting on topics at the intersection of Information Systems (IS) research, neurophysiology and the brain sciences. Readers will discover the latest findings from top scholars in the field of NeuroIS, which offer detailed insights on the neurobiology underlying IS behavior, essential methods and tools and their applications for IS, as well as the application of neuroscience and neurophysiological theories to advance IS theory.

Perception and Machine Intelligence

First Indo-Japan Conference, PerMIn 2012, Kolkata, India, January 12-13, 2011, Proceedings
Author: Malay K. Kundu,Sushmita Mitra,Debasis Mazumdar,Sankar K. Pal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642273866
Category: Computers
Page: 380
View: 7671

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This book constitutes the proceedings of the First Indo-Japanese conference on Perception and Machine Intelligence, PerMIn 2012, held in Kolkata, India, in January 2012. The 41 papers, presented together with 1 keynote paper and 3 plenary papers, were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections named perception; human-computer interaction; e-nose and e-tongue; machine intelligence and application; image and video processing; and speech and signal processing.

Emotion in Psychotherapy


Author: Leslie S. Greenberg
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9780898625226
Category: Psychology
Page: 338
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The study of psychotherapy has often been limited to the ways in which cognitive and behavioral processes promote personal change. Introducing a ground breaking perspective, Greenberg and Safran's compelling new work argues that the presently-felt experience of emotional material in therapy forms a vital underpinning in the generation of change. By including emotion as a psychotherapeutic catalyst, the book offers a more complete and encompassing approach to the process of psychotherapy than has ever before been available. EMOTION IN PSYCHOTHERAPY draws from the literature of both clinical and experimental psychology to provide a critical review of theory and research on the role of emotion in the process of change. Providing a general theoretical framework for understanding the impact of affect in therapy, this unique volume describes specific change events in which emotions enhance the achievement of therapeutic goals. Case examples and extensive transcripts vividly portray a variety of affective modes--such as completing emotional expression, accessing previously unacknowledged feelings, and restructuring emotions--and illustrate in clear, practical terms how certain processes apply to particular patient problems. Moving beyond the standard approaches to therapy, this volume offers an integrated approach that carefully consider's the client's state in the session that must be amenable to intervention as well as any given intervention and its resulting changes. Its attention to both the theoretical and practical considerations of implementing a balanced psychotherapeutic approach--combining behavioral, cognitive, and affective modes--makes this an invaluable volume for practitioners and researchers of all orientations. The book will be of particular interest to clinicians seeking integrative approaches to psychotherapy, and to academic psychologists concerned with expanding the paradigm of cognitive psychology.

Human-Robot Personal Relationships

Third International Conference, HRPR 2010, Leiden, The Netherlands, June 23-24, 2010, Revised Selected Papers
Author: Maarten H. Lamers,Fons J. Verbeek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642193846
Category: Computers
Page: 139
View: 6035

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Third International Conference on Human-Robot Personal Relationships, held in Leiden, The Netherlands, in June 2010. The 16 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers and 1 keynote lecture were carefully reviewed and selected from 22 submissions. The papers feature and discuss studies of personal relationships with artificial partners, their formation, their possibilities and their consequences. Such personal relationships are increasingly attracting attention from scientific fields as (social) robotics, human-computer interaction, artificial intelligence, psychology, philosophy, sociology.

Cognitive and affective control


Author: Gilles Pourtois,Wim Notebaert,Tom Verguts
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 2889190927
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7844

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Traditionally, cognition and emotion are seen as separate domains that are independent at best and in competition at worst. The French scientist and philosopher Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) famously said “Le coeur a ses raisons que la raison ne connaît point” (The heart has its reasons that reason does not know). Over the last century, however, psychologists and neuroscientists have increasingly appreciated their very strong reciprocal connections and interactions. Initially this was demonstrated in cognitive functions such as attention, learning and memory, and decision making. For instance, an emotional stimulus captures attention (e.g., Anderson & Phelps, 2001). Likewise, emotional stimuli are better learned and remembered than neutral ones (e.g., McGaugh, 1990) and they can provide strong incentives to bias decision making (Bechara et al., 1997). In more recent years, cognitive control has also been found to be intimately intertwined with emotion. This is consistent with an approach that considers cognitive control as an adaptive learning process (Braver & Cohen, 1999), reinforcement learning in particular (Holroyd & Coles, 2002; Verguts & Notebaert, 2009). From this perspective, cognitive control is not a cool encapsulated executive function, but instead involves rapidly calculating the value of situational, contextual, and action cues (Rushworth & Behrens, 2008) for the purpose of adapting the cognitive system toward future optimal performance. A wide array of research has shed light on cognitive control and its interactions with affect or motivation. Behaviorally, important phenomena include how people respond to difficult stimuli (e.g., incongruent stimuli, task switches), negative feedback, or errors and how this influences subsequent task processing. Neurally, an important target structure has been the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and its connections to traditional “emotional” (e.g., amygdala) and “cognitive” areas (e.g., (pre)motor cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex). ACC seems to play a predominant role in integrating distant effects from remote cognitive and emotion systems in order to guide and optimize behavior. The current special issue focuses on the bi-directional link between emotion and cognitive control. We invite studies that investigate the influence from emotion on cognitive control, or vice versa, the influence of cognitive control on emotion. Contributions can be of different types: We welcome empirical contributions (behavioral or neuroscientific) but also computational modeling, theory, or review papers. By bringing together researchers from the traditionally separated domains, we hope to further stimulate the crosstalk between emotion and cognitive control, and thus to deepen our understanding of both.

Speech Technology

Theory and Applications
Author: Fang Chen,Kristiina Jokinen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387738192
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 331
View: 677

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This book gives an overview of the research and application of speech technologies in different areas. One of the special characteristics of the book is that the authors take a broad view of the multiple research areas and take the multidisciplinary approach to the topics. One of the goals in this book is to emphasize the application. User experience, human factors and usability issues are the focus in this book.

Analysis of the psychological effects of communication policy in consideration of a consumer brand


Author: Charicea Kaspers
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668811229
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 305
View: 6859

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Bachelor Thesis from the year 2018 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 2,3, FOM Duisburg, language: English, abstract: This thesis aims to expound the psychological impact that the communication policies of a company actually have on a customer’s buying decisions and the extent to which the purchasing behaviour of the consumer is influenced by such policies. In the light of this, the thesis thereby primarily is intent on focussing on the correlation between psychology and communication policy while at the same time taking into account different factors, such as, what in detail does communication policy actually involve, does the processing of information have an impact on the buying decisions of customers and to what extent is this behaviour driven by external influencing factors. Moreover, the theory, which the thesis includes shall be reinforced by a market research, examining and establishing the extent to which advertising methods have an impact on the consumer, which in turn would most likely affect his buying behaviour. During the past few years it has become essential for companies to adjust their strategies when it comes to marketing and the ways in which marketing is established. This change in thinking has been considerably influenced not only by environmental factors, but also by changes in the needs and demands of different target groups, as well as changes in developing trends. Nowadays, these are exactly the challenges a great number of companies are being forced to address. Moreover, in the last few years, it has become more and more apparent, that a consumer’s psychology plays an important role when it comes to the acquisition of goods and services. In view of this finding it becomes vital for companies to strive to increase their chances of success by implementing communication strategies efficiently and effectively. As a result, nowadays is has become more common for companies to make use of research institutes in order to find out more about the needs of their customers, in other words, demand and supply. In doing so they attempt to combine marketing strategies with psychological aspects, especially with regard to communication policy. This approach can help them to become more prominent and as a consequence, appear more attractive to the consumer, which in turn not only influences his way of thinking, but also his actions when deciding to purchase certain products or services.

The Psychology of Evaluation

Affective Processes in Cognition and Emotion
Author: Jochen Musch,Karl C. Klauer
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135640599
Category: Psychology
Page: 432
View: 4208

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The affective connotations of environmental stimuli are evaluated spontaneously and with minimal cognitive processing. The activated evaluations influence subsequent emotional and cognitive processes. Featuring original contributions from leading researchers active in this area, this book reviews and integrates the most recent research and theories on this exciting new topic. Many fundamental issues regarding the nature of and relationship between evaluations, cognition, and emotion are covered. The chapters explore the mechanisms and boundary conditions of automatic evaluative processes, the determinants of valence, indirect measures of individual differences in the evaluation of social stimuli, and the relationship between evaluations and mood, as well as emotion and behavior. Offering a highly integrated and comprehensive coverage of the field, this book is suitable as a core textbook in advanced courses dealing with the role of evaluations in cognition and emotion.

Affects As Process

An Inquiry into the Centrality of Affect in Psychological Life
Author: Joseph M. Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134883617
Category: Psychology
Page: 296
View: 2242

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In this readable meditation on the nature of emotional experience, Joseph Jones takes the reader on a fascinating walking-tour of current research findings bearing on emotional development. Beginning with a nuanced reappraisal of Freud's philosophical premises, he argues that Freud's reliance on "primary process" as the means of linking body and mind inadvertantly stripped affects of their process role. Further, the resulting emphasis on fantasy left the problem of conceptualizing the mental life of the prerepresentational infant in a theoretical limbo. Affects as Process offers an elegantly simple way out of this impasse. Drawing in the literatures of child development, ethology, and neuroscience, Jones argues that, in their simplest form, affects are best understood as the presymbolic representatives and governors of motivational systems. So conceptualized, affects, and not primary process, constitute the initial processing system of the prerepresentational infant. It then becomes possible to re-vision early development as the sequential maturation of different motivational systems, each governed by a specific presymbolic affect. More complex emotional states, which emerge when the toddler begins to think symbolically, represent the integration of motivational systems and thought as maturation plunges the child into a world of loves and hates that cannot be escaped simply through behavior. Jones' reappraisal of emotional development in early childhood and beyond clarifies the strengths and weaknesses of such traditional concepts as infantile sexuality, object relations, internalization, splitting, and the emergence of the dynamic unconscious. The surprising terminus of his excursion, moreover, is the novel perspective on the self as an emergent phenomenon reflecting the integration of affective and symbolic processing systems.

Handbook of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Volume II

Phenotypic and Endophenotypic Presentations
Author: Michael S. Ritsner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400708310
Category: Medical
Page: 526
View: 5074

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A few disorders have some of the same symptoms as schizophrenia including schizoaffective disorders, schizophreniform disorder, schizotypal and schizoid personality disorders, delusional disorder, and autism (schizophrenia spectrum disorders). Since the 2000 there has been significant progress in our understanding of the early presentations, assessment, suspected neuropathology, and treatment of these disorders. Recent technological breakthroughs in basic sciences hold promise for advancing our understanding of the pathophysiology of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. This collective monograph reviewers recent researches regarding the origins, onset, course, and outcome of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. In particular, this book will be illustrate new developments in terms of conceptual models, and research methodology, genetics and genomics, brain imaging and neurochemical studies, neurophysiology and information processing in schizophrenia spectrum disorders patients. Also will be highlighted new developments in our understanding of the childhood psychosis, prodromal and first-episode states, in treatment and rehabilitation. Thus, the purpose of this book is to provide up-to-date overview of the rapid advances made in the clinical and basic science studies supporting our understanding of the relationship between cerebral processes and clinical, cognitive and other presentations of the schizophrenia spectrum disorders. In addition, this book aims to monitor important research developments, which may be relevant to treatment, and rehabilitation of patients.

Expressive Therapies Continuum

A Framework for Using Art in Therapy
Author: Lisa D. Hinz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113589356X
Category: Psychology
Page: 318
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Expressive Therapies Continuum is distinctive in its application as a foundational theory in the field of art therapy. First developed by Vija Lusebrink, this theory can be used by persons of any theoretical orientation, and has the ability to unite art therapists of varying backgrounds. The information contained in this book demonstrates how the Expressive Therapies Continuum provides a framework for the organization of assessment information, the formulation of treatment goals, and the planning of art therapy interventions. It provides rich clinical detail and many case examples that enliven the text and promote student engagement and learning. Hinz divides material into three parts. The first describes the historical roots of the Expressive Therapies Continuum and pays homage to contributions from the fields of art and psychology. The seven component parts of the ETC are examined in the second part, and the last part of the book is dedicated to assessment and clinical applications. This book’s easy-to-use format and effectiveness in teaching history and application make it an essential reference for therapists and students.

Sleep, Memory and Learning, An Issue of Sleep Medicine Clinics - E-Book


Author: Robert Stickgold
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455709549
Category: Medical
Page: 152
View: 4589

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This issue dives into the study of sleep function, particularly as it relates to memory and cognition. Any clinician who sees patients with sleep disorders, or in particular any sleep medicine specialist, will find this information enlightening and invaluable, as it discusses the current state of understanding of how sleep affects humans’ waking cognitive functions. These review articles describe the research that has taken place, and the lessons that can be taken away from them, so that clinicians can confidently advise their patients on the functional importance of adequate sleep, and recognize cognitive symptoms of inadequate sleep. Articles discuss such topics as animal and human research on sleep and memory, various imaging techniques to describe brain activity during sleep, and the role of dreams.

The Handbook of Emotion and Memory

Research and Theory
Author: Sven-Ake Christianson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317783581
Category: Psychology
Page: 528
View: 8736

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This important volume defines the state of the art in the field of emotion and memory by offering a blend of research review, unpublished findings, and theory on topics related to its study. As the first contemporary reference source in this area, it summarizes findings on implicit and explicit aspects of emotion and memory, addresses conceptual and methodological difficulties associated with different paradigms and current procedures, and presents broad theoretical perspectives to guide further research. This volume articulates the accomplishments of the field and the points of disagreement, and gives the brain, clinical, and cognitive sciences an invaluable resource for 21st-century researchers. Citing and analyzing the results of experiments as well as field and case studies, the chapters are organized around methodological approaches, biological-evolutionary perspectives, and clinical perspectives, and bring together experts in neuroscience, and both cognitive and clinical psychology. Questions addressed include: * What is the nature of emotional events and what do we retain from them? * Is there something about emotional events that causes them to be processed differently in memory? * Do emotional memories have special characteristics that differ from those produced by "ordinary" memory mechanisms or systems? * Do people with emotional disturbances remember differently than normal people? * Which factors play the most crucial role in functional amnesia?

Neural Information Processing

20th International Conference, ICONIP 2013, Daegu, Korea, November 3-7, 2013. Proceedings
Author: Minho Lee,Akira Hirose,Zeng-Guang Hou,Rhee Man Kil
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642420516
Category: Computers
Page: 638
View: 8631

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The three volume set LNCS 8226, LNCS 8227, and LNCS 8228 constitutes the proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Neural Information Processing, ICONIP 2013, held in Daegu, Korea, in November 2013. The 180 full and 75 poster papers presented together with 4 extended abstracts were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. These papers cover all major topics of theoretical research, empirical study and applications of neural information processing research. The specific topics covered are as follows: cognitive science and artificial intelligence; learning theory, algorithms and architectures; computational neuroscience and brain imaging; vision, speech and signal processing; control, robotics and hardware technologies and novel approaches and applications.

The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood


Author: Paul Verhaeghen,Christopher Hertzog
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199383073
Category: Psychology
Page: 480
View: 4926

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Over the last decade, the field of socio-emotional development and aging has rapidly expanded, with many new theories and empirical findings emerging. This trend is consistent with the broader movement in psychology to consider social, motivational, and emotional influences on cognition and behavior. The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood provides the first overview of a new field of adult development that has emerged out of conceptualizations and research at the intersections between socioemotional development, social cognition, emotion, coping, and everyday problem solving. This field roundly rejects a universal deficit model of aging, highlighting instead the dynamic nature of socio-emotional development and the differentiation of individual trajectories of development as a function of variation in contextual and experiential influences. It emphasizes the need for a cross-level examination (from biology and neuroscience to cognitive and social psychology) of the determinants of emotional and socio-emotional behavior. This volume also serves as a tribute to the late Fredda Blanchard-Fields, whose thinking and empirical research contributed extensively to a life-span developmental view of emotion, problem solving, and social cognition. Its chapters cover multiple aspects of adulthood and aging, presenting developmental perspectives on emotion; antecedents and consequences of emotion in context; everyday problem solving; social cognition; goals and goal-related behaviors; and wisdom. The landmark volume in this new field, The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood is an important resource for cognitive, developmental, and social psychologists, as well as researchers and graduate students in the field of aging, emotion studies, and social psychology.

Social and Emotional Prevention and Intervention Programming for Preschoolers


Author: Susanne A. Denham,Rosemary Burton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461500559
Category: Psychology
Page: 251
View: 7572

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- Theoretical foundations, explanations and practical guides for implementation of social and emotional programming in early childhood settings - Review of all extant programming for both in-class and parenting applications to further social and emotional development during early childhood - Chapters presenting the major components of emotional competence are followed directly by another chapter detailing applications, or "lessons from the field."

Progress in Communication Sciences

Advances in Persuasion
Author: George Barnett
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781567502770
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 262
View: 7391

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This volume focuses on persuasion and the structure and analysis of persuasive communication. It brings together contributions from scholars from a variety of backgrounds in communication sciences and psychology, with insights into the processing of persuasive messages, attitude theory as viewed from a neural network model, and models of resistance to influence.

Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition


Author: N.A
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464963401
Category: Medical
Page: 4090
View: 6358

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Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice. The editors have built Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.