Computational Logic


Author: Dov M. Gabbay,Jörg H. Siekmann,John Woods
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080930670
Category: Mathematics
Page: 736
View: 6111

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Handbook of the History of Logic brings to the development of logic the best in modern techniques of historical and interpretative scholarship. Computational logic was born in the twentieth century and evolved in close symbiosis with the advent of the first electronic computers and the growing importance of computer science, informatics and artificial intelligence. With more than ten thousand people working in research and development of logic and logic-related methods, with several dozen international conferences and several times as many workshops addressing the growing richness and diversity of the field, and with the foundational role and importance these methods now assume in mathematics, computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, linguistics, law and many engineering fields where logic-related techniques are used inter alia to state and settle correctness issues, the field has diversified in ways that even the pure logicians working in the early decades of the twentieth century could have hardly anticipated. Logical calculi, which capture an important aspect of human thought, are now amenable to investigation with mathematical rigour and computational support and fertilized the early dreams of mechanised reasoning: “Calculemus . The Dartmouth Conference in 1956 – generally considered as the birthplace of artificial intelligence – raised explicitly the hopes for the new possibilities that the advent of electronic computing machinery offered: logical statements could now be executed on a machine with all the far-reaching consequences that ultimately led to logic programming, deduction systems for mathematics and engineering, logical design and verification of computer software and hardware, deductive databases and software synthesis as well as logical techniques for analysis in the field of mechanical engineering. This volume covers some of the main subareas of computational logic and its applications. Chapters by leading authorities in the field Provides a forum where philosophers and scientists interact Comprehensive reference source on the history of logic

Specification and Verification of Declarative Open Interaction Models

A Logic-Based Approach
Author: Marco Montali
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364214537X
Category: Computers
Page: 411
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Many novel application scenarios and architectures in business process management or service composition are characterized by a distribution of activities and resources, and by complex interaction and coordination dynamics. In this book, Montali answers fundamental questions on open and declarative modeling abstractions via the integration and extension of quite diverse approaches into a computational logic-based comprehensive framework. This framework allows non IT experts to graphically specify interaction models that are then automatically transformed into a corresponding formal representation and a set of fully automated sound and complete verification facilities. The book constitutes a revised and extended version of the author’s PhD thesis, which was honored with the 2009 “Marco Cadoli” prize, awarded by the Italian Association for Logic Programming for the most outstanding thesis focusing on computational logic, discussed between the years 2007 and 2009.

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation

9th Annual Conference, TAMC 2012, Beijing, China, May 16-21, 2012. Proceedings
Author: Manindra Agrawal,Barry S. Cooper,Angsheng Li
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642299520
Category: Computers
Page: 622
View: 9989

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Models of Computation, TAMC 2012, held in Beijing, China, in May 2012. The conference was combined with the Turing Lectures 2012, dedicated to celebrating Alan Turing’s unique impact on mathematics, computing, computer science, informatics, morphogenesis, philosophy, and the wider scientific world. Eight Turing Lectures were given at the TAMC 2012. The 40 revised full papers presented together with invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 86 submissions. The papers address 4 special sessions at TAMC 2012 which were algorithms and information in networks, complexity and cryptography, models of computing and networking, programming and verification.

Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 1

Introduction to Combinatorics on Words
Author: Michel Rigo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119008220
Category: Computers
Page: 338
View: 6386

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Formal Languages, Automaton and Numeration Systems presents readers with a review of research related to formal language theory, combinatorics on words or numeration systems, such as Words, DLT (Developments in Language Theory), ICALP, MFCS (Mathematical Foundation of Computer Science), Mons Theoretical Computer Science Days, Numeration, CANT (Combinatorics, Automata and Number Theory). Combinatorics on words deals with problems that can be stated in a non-commutative monoid, such as subword complexity of finite or infinite words, construction and properties of infinite words, unavoidable regularities or patterns. When considering some numeration systems, any integer can be represented as a finite word over an alphabet of digits. This simple observation leads to the study of the relationship between the arithmetical properties of the integers and the syntactical properties of the corresponding representations. One of the most profound results in this direction is given by the celebrated theorem by Cobham. Surprisingly, a recent extension of this result to complex numbers led to the famous Four Exponentials Conjecture. This is just one example of the fruitful relationship between formal language theory (including the theory of automata) and number theory.

Computational Logic — CL 2000

First International Conference London, UK, July 24–28, 2000 Proceedings
Author: John Lloyd,Veronica Dahl,Ulrich Furbach,Manfred Kerber,Kung-Kiu Lau,Catuscia Palamidessi,Luis M. Pereira,Yehoshua Sagiv,Peter J. Stuckey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540449574
Category: Computers
Page: 1382
View: 4550

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These are the proceedings of the First International Conference on Compu- tional Logic (CL 2000) which was held at Imperial College in London from 24th to 28th July, 2000. The theme of the conference covered all aspects of the theory, implementation, and application of computational logic, where computational logic is to be understood broadly as the use of logic in computer science. The conference was collocated with the following events: { 6th International Conference on Rules and Objects in Databases (DOOD 2000) { 10th International Workshop on Logic-based Program Synthesis and Tra- formation (LOPSTR 2000) { 10th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming (ILP 2000). CL 2000 consisted of seven streams: { Program Development (LOPSTR 2000) { Logic Programming: Theory and Extensions { Constraints { Automated Deduction: Putting Theory into Practice { Knowledge Representation and Non-monotonic Reasoning { Database Systems (DOOD 2000) { Logic Programming: Implementations and Applications. The LOPSTR 2000 workshop constituted the program development stream and the DOOD 2000 conference constituted the database systems stream. Each stream had its own chair and program committee, which autonomously selected the papers in the area of the stream. Overall, 176 papers were submitted, of which 86 were selected to be presented at the conference and appear in these proceedings. The acceptance rate was uniform across the streams. In addition, LOPSTR 2000 accepted about 15 extended abstracts to be presented at the conference in the program development stream.

The Parametric Lambda Calculus

A Metamodel for Computation
Author: Simona Ronchi Della Rocca,Luca Paolini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 366210394X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 248
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The book contains a completely new presentation of classical results in the field of Lambda Calculus, together with new results. The text is unique in that it presents a new calculus (Parametric Lambda Calculus) which can be instantiated to obtain already known lambda-calculi. Some properties, which in the literature have been proved separately for different calculi, can be proved once for the Parametric one. The lambda calculi are presented from a Computer Science point of view, with a particular emphasis on their semantics, both operational and denotational.

Program Development in Computational Logic

A Decade of Research Advances in Logic-Based Program Development
Author: Maurice Bruynooghe,Kung-Kiu Lau
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540259511
Category: Computers
Page: 539
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1 The tenth anniversary of the LOPSTR symposium provided the incentive for this volume. LOPSTR started in 1991 as a workshop on logic program synthesis and transformation, but later it broadened its scope to logic-based program development in general, that is, program development in computational logic, and hence the title of this volume. The motivating force behind LOPSTR has been the belief that declarative paradigms such as logic programming are better suited to program development tasks than traditional non-declarative ones such as the imperative paradigm. Speci?cation, synthesis, transformation or specialization, analysis, debugging and veri?cation can all be given logical foundations, thus providing a unifying framework for the whole development process. In the past 10 years or so, such a theoretical framework has indeed begun to emerge. Even tools have been implemented for analysis, veri?cation and speci- ization. However,itisfairtosaythatsofarthefocushaslargelybeenonprogrammi- in-the-small. So the future challenge is to apply or extend these techniques to programming-in-the-large, in order to tackle software engineering in the real world. Returning to this volume, our aim is to present a collection of papers that re?ect signi?cant research e?orts over the past 10 years. These papers cover the wholedevelopmentprocess:speci?cation,synthesis,analysis,transformationand specialization, as well as semantics and systems.

Computer Science Logic

18th International Workshop, CSL 2004, 13th Annual Conference of the EACSL, Karpacz, Poland, September 20-24, 2004, Proceedings
Author: Jerzy Marcinkowski,European Association for Computer Science Logic. Conference,Andrzej Tarlecki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540230246
Category: Computers
Page: 520
View: 8876

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th International Workshop on Computer Science Logic, CSL 2004, held as the 13th Annual Conference of the EACSL in Karpacz, Poland, in September 2004. The 33 revised full papers presented together with 5 invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from 88 papers submitted. All current aspects of logic in computer science are addressed ranging from mathematical logic and logical foundations to methodological issues and applications of logics in various computing contexts.

Understanding Concurrent Systems


Author: A.W. Roscoe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781848822580
Category: Computers
Page: 530
View: 3067

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CSP notation has been used extensively for teaching and applying concurrency theory, ever since the publication of the text Communicating Sequential Processes by C.A.R. Hoare in 1985. Both a programming language and a specification language, the theory of CSP helps users to understand concurrent systems, and to decide whether a program meets its specification. As a member of the family of process algebras, the concepts of communication and interaction are presented in an algebraic style. An invaluable reference on the state of the art in CSP, Understanding Concurrent Systems also serves as a comprehensive introduction to the field, in addition to providing material for a number of more advanced courses. A first point of reference for anyone wanting to use CSP or learn about its theory, the book also introduces other views of concurrency, using CSP to model and explain these. The text is fully integrated with CSP-based tools such as FDR, and describes how to create new tools based on FDR. Most of the book relies on no theoretical background other than a basic knowledge of sets and sequences. Sophisticated mathematical arguments are avoided whenever possible. Topics and features: presents a comprehensive introduction to CSP; discusses the latest advances in CSP, covering topics of operational semantics, denotational models, finite observation models and infinite-behaviour models, and algebraic semantics; explores the practical application of CSP, including timed modelling, discrete modelling, parameterised verifications and the state explosion problem, and advanced topics in the use of FDR; examines the ability of CSP to describe and enable reasoning about parallel systems modelled in other paradigms; covers a broad variety of concurrent systems, including combinatorial, timed, priority-based, mobile, shared variable, statecharts, buffered and asynchronous systems; contains exercises and case studies to support the text; supplies further tools and information at the associated website: http://www.comlab.ox.ac.uk/ucs/. From undergraduate students of computer science in need of an introduction to the area, to researchers and practitioners desiring a more in-depth understanding of theory and practice of concurrent systems, this broad-ranging text/reference is essential reading for anyone interested in Hoare’s CSP.

Rewriting Techniques and Applications

20th International Conference, RTA 2009, Brasília, Brazil, June 29 - July 1, 2009 Proceedings
Author: Ralf Treinen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642023479
Category: Computers
Page: 391
View: 7427

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications, RTA 2009, held in Brasília, Brazil, during June 29 - July 1, 2009. The 22 revised full papers and four system descriptions presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 59 initial submissions. The papers cover current research on all aspects of rewriting including typical areas of interest such as applications, foundational issues, frameworks, implementations, and semantics.

Computational Logic: Logic Programming and Beyond

Essays in Honour of Robert A. Kowalski
Author: A.C. Kakas,Robert Kowalski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540439595
Category: Computers
Page: 684
View: 8865

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The book contains the proceedings of the 12th European Testis Workshop and gives an excellent overview of the state of the art in testicular research. The chapters are written by leading scientists in the field of male reproduction, who were selceted on the basis of their specific area of research. The book covers all important aspects of testicular functioning, for example, Sertoli and Leydig cell functioning, spermatogonial development and transplantation, meiosis and spermiogenesis. Even for those investigators who were not present at the workshop, this volume provides a clear impression of the topics discussed during that meeting.

Programming with Higher-Order Logic


Author: Dale Miller,Gopalan Nadathur
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139510428
Category: Computers
Page: N.A
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Formal systems that describe computations over syntactic structures occur frequently in computer science. Logic programming provides a natural framework for encoding and animating such systems. However, these systems often embody variable binding, a notion that must be treated carefully at a computational level. This book aims to show that a programming language based on a simply typed version of higher-order logic provides an elegant, declarative means for providing such a treatment. Three broad topics are covered in pursuit of this goal. First, a proof-theoretic framework that supports a general view of logic programming is identified. Second, an actual language called λProlog is developed by applying this view to higher-order logic. Finally, a methodology for programming with specifications is exposed by showing how several computations over formal objects such as logical formulas, functional programs, and λ-terms and π-calculus expressions can be encoded in λProlog.

Theoretical Computer Science

7th Italian Conference, ICTCS 2001, Torino, Italy, October 4-6, 2001. Proceedings
Author: Antonio Restivo,Simona Ronchi Della Rocca,Luca Roversi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662198278
Category: Computers
Page: 448
View: 6180

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th Italian Conference on Theoretical Computer Science, ICTCS 2001, held in Torino, Italy in October 2001. The 25 revised full papers presented together with two invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 45 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on lambda calculus and types, algorithms and data structures, new computing paradigms, formal languages, objects and mobility, computational complexitiy, security, and logics and logic programming.

Constraint Logic Programming using Eclipse


Author: Krzysztof R. Apt,Mark Wallace
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139460862
Category: Computers
Page: N.A
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Constraint logic programming lies at the intersection of logic programming, optimisation and artificial intelligence. It has proved a successful tool in many areas including production planning, transportation scheduling, numerical analysis and bioinformatics. Eclipse is one of the leading software systems that realise its underlying methodology. Eclipse is exploited commercially by Cisco, and is freely available and used for teaching and research in over 500 universities. This book has a two-fold purpose. It's an introduction to constraint programming, appropriate for one-semester courses for upper undergraduate or graduate students in computer science or for programmers wishing to master the practical aspects of constraint programming. By the end of the book, the reader will be able to understand and write constraint programs that solve complex problems. Second, it provides a systematic introduction to the Eclipse system through carefully-chosen examples that guide the reader through the language and illustrate its power, versatility and utility.

Proceedings of the 1993 International Conference on Parallel Processing


Author: Alok N. Choudhary,P. Bruce Berra
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849389856
Category: Computers
Page: 336
View: 359

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This three-volume work presents a compendium of current and seminal papers on parallel/distributed processing offered at the 22nd International Conference on Parallel Processing, held August 16-20, 1993 in Chicago, Illinois. Topics include processor architectures; mapping algorithms to parallel systems, performance evaluations; fault diagnosis, recovery, and tolerance; cube networks; portable software; synchronization; compilers; hypercube computing; and image processing and graphics. Computer professionals in parallel processing, distributed systems, and software engineering will find this book essential to their complete computer reference library.

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices


Author: An Chen,James Hutchby,Victor Zhirnov,George Bourianoff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118958276
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 576
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Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices focuses on the future direction of semiconductor and emerging nanoscale device technology. As the dimensional scaling of CMOS approaches its limits, alternate information processing devices and microarchitectures are being explored to sustain increasing functionality at decreasing cost into the indefinite future. This is driving new paradigms of information processing enabled by innovative new devices, circuits, and architectures, necessary to support an increasingly interconnected world through a rapidly evolving internet. This original title provides a fresh perspective on emerging research devices in 26 up to date chapters written by the leading researchers in their respective areas. It supplements and extends the work performed by the Emerging Research Devices working group of the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). Key features: • Serves as an authoritative tutorial on innovative devices and architectures that populate the dynamic world of “Beyond CMOS” technologies. • Provides a realistic assessment of the strengths, weaknesses and key unknowns associated with each technology. • Suggests guidelines for the directions of future development of each technology. • Emphasizes physical concepts over mathematical development. • Provides an essential resource for students, researchers and practicing engineers.

Semantics of Probabilistic Processes

An Operational Approach
Author: Yuxin Deng
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662451980
Category: Computers
Page: 249
View: 9099

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This book discusses the semantic foundations of concurrent systems with nondeterministic and probabilistic behaviour. Particular attention is given to clarifying the relationship between testing and simulation semantics and characterising bisimulations from metric, logical, and algorithmic perspectives. Besides presenting recent research outcomes in probabilistic concurrency theory, the book exemplifies the use of many mathematical techniques to solve problems in computer science, which is intended to be accessible to postgraduate students in Computer Science and Mathematics. It can also be used by researchers and practitioners either for advanced study or for technical reference.

Constraint Handling Rules


Author: Thom Frühwirth
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521877768
Category: Computers
Page: 296
View: 6768

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The definitive reference on Constraint Handling Rules, from the creator of the language.