Women in Britain, 1900-2000


Author: Annette Mayer
Publisher: Hodder Education
ISBN: 9780340780749
Category: Great Britain
Page: 153
View: 2878

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During the 20th century, women experienced significant changes in their political, social and economic status within British society. This volume offers a detailed examination of the forces that influenced those developments. It identifies the range of factors, which helped to shift opinions and attitudes, and assisted in the continuing emancipation of women. Particular attention is given to the impact on women's lives of two World Wars, political, social, economic and educational reforms, technological change and evolving feminist ideas. The role played by key individuals is also examined. Finally, the book provides an overview of the progress achieved by women and questions the extent to which they have secured equality with men.

Women in Twentieth-Century Britain

Social, Cultural and Political Change
Author: Ina Zweiniger-Bargielowska
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131787692X
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 9707

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Women's lives have changed dramatically over the course of the twentieth century: reduced fertility and the removal of formal barriers to their participation in education, work and public life are just some examples. At the same time, women are under-represented in many areas, are paid significantly less than men, continue to experience domestic violence and to bear the larger part of the burden in the domestic division of labour. Women in 2000 may have many more choices and opportunities than they had a hundred years ago, but genuine equality between men and women remains elusive. This unique, illustrated history discusses a wide range of topics organised into four parts: the life course - the experience of girlhood, marriage and the ageing process; the nature of women's work, both paid and unpaid; consumption, culture and transgression; and citizenship and the state.

The Female Figure in Contemporary Historical Fiction


Author: K. Cooper,E. Short
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137283386
Category: Social Science
Page: 241
View: 7592

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From The Other Boleyn Girl to Fingersmith , this collection explores the popularity of female-centred historical novels in recent years. It asks how these representations are influenced by contemporary gender politics, and whether they can be seen as part of a wider feminist project to recover women's history.

Health and Girlhood in Britain, 1874-1920


Author: H. Marland
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137328142
Category: Science
Page: 270
View: 3566

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This first major study of girls' health in modern Britain explores how debates and advice on healthy girlhood shaped ideas about the lives of young women from the 1870s to the 1920s, as theories concerning the biological limitations of female adolescence were challenged and girls moved into new arenas in the workplace, sport and recreation.

21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook


Author: Rhona C. Free
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412961424
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 1000
View: 5994

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Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Americans are debating the proper role of the government in company bailouts, the effectiveness of tax cuts versus increased government spending to stimulate the economy, and potential effects of deflation. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance. Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is intended to meet the needs of several types of readers. Undergraduate students preparing for exams will find summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics. Readers interested in learning about economic analysis of an issue as well students embarking on research projects will find introductions to relevant theory and empirical evidence. And economists seeking to learn about extensions of analysis into new areas or about new approaches will benefit from chapters that introduce cutting-edge topics. To make the book accessible to undergraduate students, models have been presented only in graphical format (minimal calculus) and empirical evidence has been summarized in ways that do not require much background in statistics or econometrics. It is thereby hoped that chapters will provide both crucial information and inspiration in a non-threatening, highly readable format.

Sociology in Perspective


Author: Mark Kirby
Publisher: Heinemann
ISBN: 9780435331603
Category: Sociology
Page: 831
View: 673

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This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.

A Farewell to Alms

A Brief Economic History of the World
Author: Gregory Clark
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400827817
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 432
View: 5919

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Why are some parts of the world so rich and others so poor? Why did the Industrial Revolution--and the unprecedented economic growth that came with it--occur in eighteenth-century England, and not at some other time, or in some other place? Why didn't industrialization make the whole world rich--and why did it make large parts of the world even poorer? In A Farewell to Alms, Gregory Clark tackles these profound questions and suggests a new and provocative way in which culture--not exploitation, geography, or resources--explains the wealth, and the poverty, of nations. Countering the prevailing theory that the Industrial Revolution was sparked by the sudden development of stable political, legal, and economic institutions in seventeenth-century Europe, Clark shows that such institutions existed long before industrialization. He argues instead that these institutions gradually led to deep cultural changes by encouraging people to abandon hunter-gatherer instincts-violence, impatience, and economy of effort-and adopt economic habits-hard work, rationality, and education. The problem, Clark says, is that only societies that have long histories of settlement and security seem to develop the cultural characteristics and effective workforces that enable economic growth. For the many societies that have not enjoyed long periods of stability, industrialization has not been a blessing. Clark also dissects the notion, championed by Jared Diamond in Guns, Germs, and Steel, that natural endowments such as geography account for differences in the wealth of nations. A brilliant and sobering challenge to the idea that poor societies can be economically developed through outside intervention, A Farewell to Alms may change the way global economic history is understood.

Gender in History

Global Perspectives
Author: Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444351729
Category: History
Page: 248
View: 443

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Updated with new material to reflect the latest developments in the field, Gender in History: Global Perspectives, 2nd Edition, provides a concise overview of the construction of gender in world cultures from the Paleolithic era to modern times. Includes examples drawn from the most recent scholarship relating to a diverse range of cultures, from Ancient Mesopotamia to post-Soviet Russia, and from the Igbo of Nigeria, to the Iroquois of north eastern North America. Reflects new developments in the field with added coverage of primates, slavery, colonialism, masculinity, and transgender issues Features significant discussion of the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods, an important trend in the study of world history Lays out key theoretical and methodological issues in an introduction that is written in accessible language Supplementary material for instructors and students available at www.wiley.com/go/wiesnerhanks

Social Work: The Basics


Author: Mark Doel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113629029X
Category: Social Science
Page: 206
View: 3327

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Social Work: The Basics is an insightful introduction to the often misrepresented world of social work. This accessible book presents a broad view of contemporary social work, exploring its roots and its possible future. It dispels myths surrounding social work, addresses media debates, and offers a balanced account of what social workers do. The book argues for a social work that is partisan in support of social justice. Questions covered include: How did social work arise? How and why do people come into contact with social workers? What are the true aims of social work - to help or to control? What is the relationship between social work and social policy? How and why do people become social workers? What’s it like to be a social worker? Can social work cross borders? Drawing examples from the full range of social work practice, this book is valuable reading for all individuals interested in the field of social work. It will provide a helpful introduction for students considering a career in social work, those beginning social work courses, and other professionals whose work brings them into contact with social workers and who want to find out more about what social work is.

Women and the Irish Nation

Gender, Culture and Irish Identity, 1890-1914
Author: J. MacPherson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137284587
Category: History
Page: 214
View: 3316

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At the turn of the twentieth century women played a key role in debates about the nature of the Irish nation. Examining women's participation in nationalist and rural reform groups, this book is an important contribution to our understanding of Irish identity in the prelude to revolution and how it was shaped by women.

The History of British Women's Writing, 1750-1830

Volume Five
Author: Caroline Bicks,Jennifer Summit
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 296
View: 5602

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Provides essays offering a critical analysis and describing the history of British women's literature, from 700 to the present day.

Lawyers' Medicine

The Legislature, the Courts and Medical Practice, 1760-2000
Author: Imogen Goold,Catherine Kelly
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847315348
Category: Law
Page: 230
View: 8149

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This book investigates how the requirements, limitations and intellectual structure of the British legal process have shaped medicine and medical practice. The story of this inter-relationship is greatly under-researched, which is particularly concerning given that the legal system remains a significant and pervasive influence on medicine and its practice to this day. The question which unifies the series of historical studies presented here is whether legal consideration of medical practice and concepts has played a part in the construction of medical concepts and affected developments in medical practice - in other words how the external, legal gaze has shaped the way medicine itself conceptualises some of its practices and classifications. The majority of the chapters consider this question in the context of the development and application of legislation, but the influence of court processes is also considered. Other themes which emerge from the book include the nature and exclusivity of medical expertise, the impact of public opinion on the development of medical legislation, and the difficulty the legal system has faced in dealing with new medical developments. The chapters are arranged chronologically, with an introduction drawing out themes that emerge from the chapters as a whole.

Gender and Ventriloquism in Victorian and Neo-Victorian Fiction

Passionate Puppets
Author: H. Davies
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137271167
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 219
View: 2234

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Is ventriloquism just for dummies? What is at stake in neo-Victorian fiction's desire to 'talk back' to the nineteenth century? This book explores the sexual politics of dialogues between the nineteenth century and contemporary fiction, offering a new insight into the concept of ventriloquism as a textual and metatextual theme in literature.

Poverty in Contemporary Literature

Themes and Figurations on the British Book Market
Author: B. Korte,G. Zipp
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137429291
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 149
View: 8119

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Poverty and inequality have gained a new public presence in the United Kingdom. Literature, and particularly narrative literature, (re-)configures how people think, feel and behave in relation to poverty. This makes the analysis of poverty-themed fiction an important aspect in the new transdisciplinary field of poverty studies.

Boy Racer Culture

Youth, Masculinity and Deviance
Author: Karen Lumsden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113618435X
Category: Social Science
Page: 198
View: 7112

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On the public roads boy racers are a foreboding presence, viewed with suspicion and derision by the ‘respectable’ motorist. The problem of the young (male) driver is one which has plagued authorities and governments due to youths’ acclaimed propensity to engage in deviant and dangerous driving behaviours. Boy Racer Culture sheds light on the boy racer phenomenon through ethnographic research with the notorious ‘Bouley Basher’ culture in the city of Aberdeen, Scotland, and the moral panic on the part of outside groups including the local community, police, politicians and media. This book examines the creation of masculine and feminine identities in a traditionally male-dominated subculture through car-related rituals such as ‘modding’, subcultural media and events, and the quest for celebrity status via public performances. Boy Racer Culture challenges common misconceptions surrounding the boy racer, the ‘problematic’ young (male) motorist and the car modifier. It will be essential reading for an international audience including sociologists and criminologists, particularly those with an interest in youth culture, subcultures, moral panics, car culture, anti-social behaviour, and the governance and policing of the roads.

Femininity, Crime and Self-Defence in Victorian Literature and Society

From Dagger-Fans to Suffragettes
Author: E. Godfrey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137284560
Category: Fiction
Page: 192
View: 7456

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This exploration into the development of women's self-defence from 1850 to 1914 features major writers, including H.G. Wells, Elizabeth Robins and Richard Marsh, and encompasses an unusually wide-ranging number of subjects from hatpin crimes to the development of martial arts for women.

Research Methods for History


Author: Simon Gunn
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748654046
Category: Reference
Page: 256
View: 9178

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Providing a lively critical survey of methods for historical research at all levels, this textbook covers well-established sources and methods together with those that are less widely known. It reflects current theoretical and technical approaches to hist

Nursing Research Using Historical Methods

Qualitative Designs and Methods in Nursing
Author: Mary De Chesnay, PhD, RN, PMHCNS-BC, FAAN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826126189
Category: Medical
Page: 236
View: 1163

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This is a concise, step-by-step guide to conducting qualitative nursing research using various forms of historical analysis. It is part of a unique series of books devoted to seven different qualitative designs and methods in nursing, written for both novice researchers and specialists seeking to develop or expand their competency. Historical research is a qualitative research method that systematically examines past events from existing documents or other data, or by interviewing individuals who lived through those events, in order to understand the past. Written by a noted qualitative research scholar and contributing experts, the book describes the philosophical basis for conducting research using historical analysis and delivers an in-depth plan for applying its methodologies to a particular study, including appropriate methods, ethical considerations, and potential challenges. It presents practical strategies for solving problems related to the conduct of research using the various forms of analysis and presents a rich array of case examples from published nursing research. These include author analyses to support readers in decision making regarding their own projects. The book provides a variety of examples of historical method studies, on topics such as mental health research, working with Navajo communities, World War II evacuation nursing, and many others. Focused on the needs of both novice researchers and specialists, it will be of value to health institution research divisions, in-service educators and students, and graduate nursing educators and students. Key Features: Explains how to conduct nursing research using autobiography, biography, oral history, and document review Presents state-of-the-art designs and protocols Focuses on solving practical problems related to the conduct of research Features rich nursing exemplars in a variety of health/mental health clinical settings in the United States and internationally

Tokyo in Transit

Japanese Culture on the Rails and Road
Author: Alisa Freedman
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804778574
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 352
View: 5859

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Increased use of mass transportation in the early twentieth century enabled men and women of different social classes to interact in ways they had not before. Using a cultural studies approach that combines historical research and literary analysis, author Alisa Freedman investigates fictional, journalistic, and popular culture depictions of how mass transportation changed prewar Tokyo's social fabric and artistic movements, giving rise to gender roles that have come to characterize modern Japan. Freedman persuasively argues that, through descriptions of trains and buses, stations, transport workers, and passengers, Japanese authors responded to contradictions in Tokyo's urban modernity and exposed the effects of rapid change on the individual. She shines a light on how prewar transport culture anticipates what is fascinating and frustrating about Tokyo today, providing insight into how people make themselves at home in the city. An approachable and enjoyable book, Tokyo in Transit offers an exciting ride through modern Japanese literature and culture, and includes the first English translation of Kawabata Yasunari's The Corpse Introducer, a 1929 crime novella that presents an important new side of its Nobel Prizewinning author.

Body Failure

Medical Views of Women, 1900-1950
Author: Wendy Mitchinson
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442665289
Category: History
Page: 456
View: 6157

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In this energetic new study, Wendy Mitchinson traces medical perspectives on the treatment of women in Canada in the first half of the twentieth century. It is based on in-depth research in a variety of archival sources, including Canadian medical journals, textbooks used in many of Canada’s medical faculties, popular health literature, patient case records, and hospital annual reports, as well as interviews with women who lived during the period. Each chapter examines events throughout a woman’s life cycle – puberty, menstruation, sexuality, marriage and motherhood – and the health problems connected to them – infertility, birth control and abortion, gynaecology, cancer, nervous disorders, and menopause. Mitchinson provides a sensitive understanding of the physician/patient relationship, the unease of many doctors about the bodies of their female patients, as well as overriding concerns about the relationship between female and male bodies. Throughout the book, Mitchinson takes care to examine the roles and agency of both patients and practitioners as diverse individuals.