Access to History: Politics, Presidency and Society in the USA 1968-2001


Author: Vivienne Sanders
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1444150499
Category: Education
Page: 192
View: 9643

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The Access to History series is the most popular and trusted series for AS and A level history students. Design features include: AS questions and exam tips; Definitions of key terms; Summaries of key historical debates. This title is designed specifically for the Edexcel AS specifications for 2008. It charts the political course of America in this period, from the Watergate scandal to the Clinton years. It focuses both on the political and presidential developments of the time and analyses how these manifest themselves socially and culturally, from sport to race relations. Finally, the book concludes by examining the state of the USA by 2001. Key dates, terms and issues are highlighted, and historical interpretations of key debates are outlined. Summary diagrams are included to consolidate knowledge and understanding of the period, and exam-style questions and tips for each examination board provide the opportunity to develop exam skills.

Politics, Presidency and Society in the USA, 1968-2001


Author: Vivienne Sanders
Publisher: Hodder Education
ISBN: 9780340965986
Category: History
Page: 234
View: 9769

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Ensure your students have access to the authoritative and in-depth content of this popular and trusted A Level History series. For over twenty years Access to History has been providing students with reliable, engaging and accessible content on a wide range of topics. Each title in the series provides comprehensive coverage of different history topics on current AS and A2 level history specifications, alongside exam-style practice questions and tips to help students achieve their best. The series: - Ensures students gain a good understanding of the AS and A2 level history topics through an engaging, in-depth and up-to-date narrative, presented in an accessible way. - Aids revision of the key A level history topics and themes through frequent summary diagrams - Gives support with assessment, both through the books providing exam-style questions and tips for AQA, Edexcel and OCR A level history specifications and through FREE model answers with supporting commentary at Access to History online (www.accesstohistory.co.uk) Politics, Presidency and Society in the USA 1968-2001 This title charts the political course of America in this period, from the Watergate scandal to the Clinton years. It focuses both on the political and presidential developments of the time and analyses how these manifest themselves socially and culturally, from sport to race relations. Finally, the book concludes by examining the state of the USA by 2001.

Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law, 2nd Edition [3 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law
Author: Gregg Lee Carter
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313386714
Category: History
Page: 1096
View: 8433

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Thoroughly updated and greatly expanded from its original edition, this three-volume set is the go-to comprehensive resource on the legal, social, psychological, political, and public health aspects of guns in American life. • 450 alphabetically organized entries, including 100 new for this edition, covering key issues (suicide, video games and gun violence, firearm injury statistics) and events (workplace shootings, the Virginia Tech massacre) • 102 expert contributors from all academic fields involved in studying the causes and effects of gun violence • A chronology of pivotal moments and controversies in the history of firearm ownership and use in the United States • An exhaustive bibliography of print and online resources covering all aspects of the study of guns in the United States • Appendices on federal gun laws, state gun laws, and pro- and anti-gun-control organizations

Elite Statecraft and Election Administration

Bending the Rules of the Game?
Author: T. James
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137035099
Category: Political Science
Page: 281
View: 5544

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The way in which elections are run is changing, as radical reforms or experiments have been introduced across the world. This book establishes why election administration might be used by political elites to win and maintain power. It identifies the role of elite interests in shaping election administration in USA, UK and Ireland.

America Is the Prison

Arts and Politics in Prison in the 1970s
Author: Lee Bernstein
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 0807898325
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 1627

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In the 1970s, while politicians and activists outside prisons debated the proper response to crime, incarcerated people helped shape those debates though a broad range of remarkable political and literary writings. Lee Bernstein explores the forces that sparked a dramatic "prison art renaissance," shedding light on how incarcerated people produced powerful works of writing, performance, and visual art. These included everything from George Jackson's revolutionary Soledad Brother to Miguel Pinero's acclaimed off-Broadway play and Hollywood film Short Eyes. An extraordinary range of prison programs--fine arts, theater, secondary education, and prisoner-run programs--allowed the voices of prisoners to influence the Black Arts Movement, the Nuyorican writers, "New Journalism," and political theater, among the most important aesthetic contributions of the decade. By the 1980s and '90s, prisoners' educational and artistic programs were scaled back or eliminated as the "war on crime" escalated. But by then these prisoners' words had crossed over the wall, helping many Americans to rethink the meaning of the walls themselves and, ultimately, the meaning of the society that produced them.

Understanding Ukrainian Politics: Power, Politics, and Institutional Design

Power, Politics, and Institutional Design
Author: Paul D'Anieri
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317452984
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 312
View: 3202

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Ukraine made headlines around the world during the winter of 2004-05 as the colorful banners of the Orange Revolution unfurled against the snowy backdrop of Kyiv, signaling the bright promise of democratic rebirth. But is that what is really happening in Ukraine? In the early post-Soviet period, Ukraine appeared to be firmly on the path to democracy. The peaceful transfer of power from Leonid Kravchuk to Leonid Kuchma in the election of 1994, followed by the adoption of a western-style democratic constitution in 1996, seemed to complete the picture. But the Kuchma presidency was soon clouded by dark rumors of corruption and even political murder, and by 2004 the country was in full-blown political crisis. A three-stage presidential contest was ultimately won by Viktor Yushchenko, who took office in 2005 and appointed Yulia Tymoshenko as premier, but the turmoil was far from over. The new government quickly faltered and splintered. This introduction to Ukrainian politics looks beyond these dramatic events and compelling personalities to identify the actual play of power in Ukraine and the operation of its political system. The author seeks to explain how it is that, after each new beginning, power politics has trumped democratic institution-building in Ukraine, as in so many other post-Soviet states. What is really at work here, and how can Ukraine break the cycle of hope and disillusionment?

American Jewry and the Oslo Years


Author: N. Rubin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113727378X
Category: Political Science
Page: 211
View: 5669

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The Oslo Process of September 1993 to January 2001 ultimately brought about a permanent break in American Judaism's traditional wall-to-wall support for any Israeli government. Drawing on extensive new sources, Rubin analyzes what this meant for the American and Israeli Jewish communities—critical constituencies in past and future negotiations.

Workers in America: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]


Author: Robert E. Weir
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598847198
Category: History
Page: 920
View: 9915

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This encyclopedia traces the evolution of American workers and labor organizations from pre-Revolutionary America through the present day. • Suggested reading for each entry, including both print and online resources • A chronology of important labor highlights • 350 entries covering key topics

The Black Power Movement and American Social Work


Author: Joyce M. Bell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538014
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 4510

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The Black Power movement has often been portrayed in history and popular culture as the quintessential "bad boy" of modern black movement-making in America. Yet this impression misses the full extent of Black Power's contributions to U.S. society, especially in regard to black professionals in social work. Relying on extensive archival research and oral history interviews, Joyce M. Bell follows two groups of black social workers in the 1960s and 1970s as they mobilized Black Power ideas, strategies, and tactics to change their national professional associations. Comparing black dissenters within the National Federation of Settlements (NFS), who fought for concessions from within their organization, and those within the National Conference on Social Welfare (NCSW), who ultimately adopted a separatist strategy, she shows how the Black Power influence was central to the creation and rise of black professional associations. She also provides a nuanced approach to studying race-based movements and offers a framework for understanding the role of social movements in shaping the non-state organizations of civil society.

The First Civil Right

How Liberals Built Prison America
Author: Naomi Murakawa
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199380724
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 629

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The explosive rise in the U.S. incarceration rate in the second half of the twentieth century, and the racial transformation of the prison population from mostly white at mid-century to sixty-five percent black and Latino in the present day, is a trend that cannot easily be ignored. Many believe that this shift began with the "tough on crime" policies advocated by Republicans and southern Democrats beginning in the late 1960s, which sought longer prison sentences, more frequent use of the death penalty, and the explicit or implicit targeting of politically marginalized people. In The First Civil Right, Naomi Murakawa inverts the conventional wisdom by arguing that the expansion of the federal carceral state-a system that disproportionately imprisons blacks and Latinos-was, in fact, rooted in the civil-rights liberalism of the 1940s and early 1960s, not in the period after. Murakawa traces the development of the modern American prison system through several presidencies, both Republican and Democrat. Responding to calls to end the lawlessness and violence against blacks at the state and local levels, the Truman administration expanded the scope of what was previously a weak federal system. Later administrations from Johnson to Clinton expanded the federal presence even more. Ironically, these steps laid the groundwork for the creation of the vast penal archipelago that now exists in the United States. What began as a liberal initiative to curb the mob violence and police brutality that had deprived racial minorities of their 'first civil right-physical safety-eventually evolved into the federal correctional system that now deprives them, in unjustly large numbers, of another important right: freedom. The First Civil Right is a groundbreaking analysis of root of the conflicts that lie at the intersection of race and the legal system in America.

The Democratic Imagination

Envisioning Popular Power in the 21st Century
Author: Alan Sears,James Cairns
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442605308
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 8629

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Democracy is very much an open question in the early twenty-first century. While voter participation declines in many traditional democracies, new movements for democracy are emerging around the world. This book brings the question of democracy out of the halls of political power and home to our daily lives, pitting "official democracy" and "democracy from below" against one another in a lively debate. For more information see www.democraticimagination.com.

Cyber-Security and Threat Politics

US Efforts to Secure the Information Age
Author: Myriam Dunn Cavelty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134086695
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 1624

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This book explores the political process behind the construction of cyber-threats as one of the quintessential security threats of modern times in the US. Myriam Dunn Cavelty posits that cyber-threats are definable by their unsubstantiated nature. Despite this, they have been propelled to the forefront of the political agenda. Using an innovative theoretical approach, this book examines how, under what conditions, by whom, for what reasons, and with what impact cyber-threats have been moved on to the political agenda. In particular, it analyses how governments have used threat frames, specific interpretive schemata about what counts as a threat or risk and how to respond to this threat. By approaching this subject from a security studies angle, this book closes a gap between practical and theoretical academic approaches. It also contributes to the more general debate about changing practices of national security and their implications for the international community.

Armed State Building

Confronting State Failure, 1898-2012
Author: Paul D. Miller
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801469538
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 1880

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Since 1898, the United States and the United Nations have deployed military force more than three dozen times in attempts to rebuild failed states. Currently there are more state-building campaigns in progress than at any time in the past century—including Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kosovo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Sudan, Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Lebanon—and the number of candidate nations for such campaigns in the future is substantial. Even with a broad definition of success, earlier campaigns failed more than half the time. In this book, Paul D. Miller brings his decade in the U.S. military, intelligence community, and policy worlds to bear on the question of what causes armed, international state-building campaigns by liberal powers to succeed or fail. The United States successfully rebuilt the West German and Japanese states after World War II but failed to build a functioning state in South Vietnam. After the Cold War the United Nations oversaw relatively successful campaigns to restore order, hold elections, and organize post-conflict reconstruction in Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, and elsewhere, but those successes were overshadowed by catastrophes in Angola, Liberia, and Somalia. The recent effort in Iraq and the ongoing one in Afghanistan—where Miller had firsthand military, intelligence, and policymaking experience—are yielding mixed results, despite the high levels of resources dedicated and the long duration of the missions there. Miller outlines different types of state failure, analyzes various levels of intervention that liberal states have tried in the state-building process, and distinguishes among the various failures and successes those efforts have provoked.

Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peacekeeping

An Analysis of Risk and Prevention Factors
Author: Kelly Neudorfer
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739199617
Category: Political Science
Page: 214
View: 1501

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Using criminological theories to hypothesize risk and prevention factors for sexual exploitation and abuse in UN peacekeeping missions, this book tests these factors in a mixed methods design with the case studies of the UN peacekeeping missions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and the Golan Heights.

Ruling, Resources and Religion in China

Managing the Multiethnic State in the 21st Century
Author: Elizabeth Van Wie Davis
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137033843
Category: Political Science
Page: 196
View: 5795

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China is growing in importance to the economies and governments of the world, and it has been run by men with very different ideas. How China copes with the pressures for good governance with the Asian economic model, treats its ethnic minorities under scrutiny, and gathers resources to fuel its dynamic economy, impacts us all.

Handbook of North American Indians: Indians in contemporary society


Author: Garrick A. Bailey,William C. Sturtevant
Publisher: United States Govt Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160803888
Category: Social Science
Page: 579
View: 4804

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Encyclopedic summary of prehistory, history, cultures and political and social aspects of native peoples in Siberia, Alaska, the Canadian Arctic and Greenland.

The USS Carondelet

A Civil War Ironclad on Western Waters
Author: Myron J. Smith, Jr.
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786456094
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 7401

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The USS Carondelet had a revolutionary ship design and was the most active of all the Union’s Civil War river ironclads. From Fort Henry through the siege of Vicksburg and from the Red River campaign through the Battle of Nashville, the gunboat was prominent in war legend and literature. This history draws on the letters of Ensign Scott Dyer Jordan and Rear Adm. Henry Walke’s memoirs.

Guns in American Society

An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law
Author: Gregg Lee Carter
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1576072681
Category: History
Page: 756
View: 944

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Alphabetally arranged entries look at the controversies surrounding guns, gun control, and gun violence in the United States.